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Effectiveness of Intense Pulsed Light for Improving Dry Eye Syndrome

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03396913
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 11, 2018
Results First Posted : December 9, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lumenis Be Ltd.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 28, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 11, 2018
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 6, 2020
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 9, 2020
Last Update Posted Date December 9, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 10, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date August 15, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 29, 2020)
Change of Baseline Tear Breakup Time (TBUT) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
Change of Tear breakup time (TBUT) in the study eye, from baseline to follow-up. TBUT is measured in seconds. Higher values mean better outcome.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 4, 2018)
Change of baseline Tear Break-Up Time (TBUT) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
Change of Tear break up time in the study eye, from baseline to follow-up
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 15, 2020)
  • Change From Baseline Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Change of self-assessed symptoms with the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire, from baseline to follow-up. OSDI was collected per patient (one number per patient). The minimal number is 0 and the maximal number is 100. Higher scores mean worse outcome. A score of 0-12 is considered normal. A score of 13-22 is consistent with mild dry eye. A score of 23 to 32 is consistent with moderate dry eye. A score from 33 to 100 is consistent with severe dry eye.
  • Change From Baseline Eye Dryness Score (EDS) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Change of self-assessed symptoms on a visual analog scale (VAS) , from baseline to follow-up, in both eyes. Values were collected separately for each eye. Correlation between eyes was removed by statistical methods. Scores were 0 (minimum) to 100 (maximum). Higher scores = worse outcome. VAS scores are not validated for dry eye. Hence, it is not known how to correlate VAS values to severity levels of dry eye. However, one can make estimations from the literature of VAS in other conditions. For example, in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain, in a VAS scale of 0 to 10 scores below 3.4 corresponded to mild pain, scores between 3.5 and 7.4 corresponded to moderate pain, and scores above 7.5 corresponded to severe pain. Using such results from other conditions, it is *estimated* that values between 0 and 34 correspond to mild symptoms, scores between 35 and 74 correspond to moderate symptoms, and scores above 75 correspond to severe symptoms.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 4, 2018)
  • Change from baseline Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Change of self-assessed symptoms with the OSDI questionnaire, from baseline to follow-up, in both eyes
  • Change from baseline Eye Dryness Score (EDS) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Change of self-assessed symptoms with the EDS visual analog scale (VAS) , from baseline to follow-up, in both eyes
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: September 29, 2020)
  • Qualitative Assessment of Eyelid Appearance [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    High resolution photos of the upper and lower eyelids in both eyes
  • Meiboscore [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the percentage of area loss of meibomian glands, as evaluated using meibography, between eyes in the study arm and eyes in the control arm
  • Percentage of Eyes With Normal Tear Break-Up Time (TBUT) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the proportion of eyes with normal TBUT (TBUT > 10 sec) at follow-up, between study eyes in the study arm and study eyes in the control arm
  • Percentage of Subjects With Normal Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the proportion of subjects with normal OSDI (OSDI < 23) at FU, between study eyes in the study arm and study eyes in the control arm
  • Incidence of Ocular Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the incidence of ocular adverse events, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Incidence of Non-ocular Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the incidence of non ocular adverse events, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Incidence of Unanticipated Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the incidence of unanticipated serious adverse events, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Immediate Biomicroscopy [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    difference in the change of bio-microscopy examinations pre- and post- treatment, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Pain/Discomfort During Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the self-assessment of pain/discomfort during IPL administration, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Pain/Discomfort During Meibomian Gland Expression (MGX) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the self-assessment of pain/discomfort during MGX, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 4, 2018)
  • Qualitative assessment of eyelid appearance [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    High resolution photos of the upper and lower eyelids in both eyes
  • Meiboscore [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the percentage of area loss of meibomian glands, as evaluated using meibography, between eyes in the study arm and eyes in the control arm
  • Percentage of eyes with normal Tear Break-Up Time (TBUT) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the proportion of eyes with normal TBUT (TBUT > 10 sec) at FU, between study eyes in the study arm and study eyes in the control arm
  • Percentage of subjects with normal Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the proportion of subjects with normal OSDI (OSDI < 23) at FU, between study eyes in the study arm and study eyes in the control arm
  • Incidence of ocular adverse events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the incidence of ocular adverse events, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Incidence of non-ocular adverse events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the incidence of non ocular adverse events, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Incidence of unanticipated serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the incidence of unanticipated serious adverse events, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • Immediate biomicroscopy [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    difference in the change of bio-microscopy examinations pre- and post- treatment, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • pain/discomfort during Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the self-assessment of pain/discomfort during IPL administration, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
  • pain/discomfort during Meibomian Gland Expression (MGX) [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    The difference in the self-assessment of pain/discomfort during MGX, between subjects in the study arm and subjects in the control arm
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Effectiveness of Intense Pulsed Light for Improving Dry Eye Syndrome
Official Title  ICMJE Effectiveness of Intense Pulsed Light for Improving Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye Disease Due to Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Brief Summary The aim of the current study is to examine the contribution of intense pulsed light (IPL) for relieving signs and symptoms of dry eye due to meibomian gland dysfunction. The effect of IPL will be examined in a study designed as a randomized controlled trial. In the study arm, subjects will undergo 4 treatment sessions, consisting of IPL pulses immediately followed by meibomian gland expression (MGX). In the control arm, subjects will undergo the same treatments, except that the IPL pulses will be disabled. For each subject, the duration of the study will be 10 weeks, as explained in the detailed description.
Detailed Description

Outcome measures (tear break-up time,meibography, self-assessed symptoms and close up photos of the lid margins) will be measured at baseline. All subjects will receive 4 treatments at 2 weeks intervals. In each treatment session, a subject allocated to the study group will be treated with intense pulsed light (IPL) administered in the malar region, from tragus to tragus including the nose, 2-3 mm below the lower eyelids. Immediately following the IPL administration, the subject will undergo meibomian gland expression (MGX) in both eyelids of both eyes. Subjects in the control arm will receive exactly the same treatment, except that the IPL administration will be sham. A single follow-up will occur at 10 weeks after the baseline (or 4 weeks after the 4th treatment session). At the follow-up, the changes in the outcome measures will be evaluated, and compared between the two arms.

For each subject, the duration of the study will be 10 weeks: 1st treatment at baseline; 2nd treatment at 2 weeks after baseline; 3rd treatment at 4 weeks after baseline; 4th treatment at 6 weeks after baseline; and a single follow-up at 10 weeks after baseline).

Statistically significant differences between the two arms will support the study hypothesis that IPL treatment itself provides relief to both signs and symptoms of dry eye disease.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Subjects will be randomized 1:1 to a study arm and a control arm. Subjects in the study arm will be treated with IPL and meibomian gland expression. Subjects in the control arm will be treated with sham and meibomian gland expression.
Masking: Single (Participant)
Masking Description:
Subjects in the study arm will receive a series of IPL pulses using the M22 IPL handpiece. In subjects of the control arm, the device will be disabled. The subject will feel the lightguide on the skin, will hear clicking sounds, but no light will be actually produced by the M22 device. Since during treatment both eyes of the subject will be fully occluded, no subject will be able to see if the treatment is actual or sham. There is no way to completely mask the subjects, since the IPL generally causes slight redness of the skin, and in some patients is may also cause some discomfort
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Dry Eye Syndrome
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Device: IPL
    Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a non-invasive and non-laser light treatment that is FDA-approved for various conditions in dermatology. Subjects will receive a total of 4 IPL treatments over the course of the study, at intervals of 2 weeks. Each treatment will include applications of 10-15 IPL pulses in the malar region and close to the lower eyelids, followed by meibomian gland expression.
  • Device: Sham IPL
    Sham intense pulsed light (IPL) will be implemented with an IPL device in which all light is blocked by a filter. Subjects will receive a total of 4 sham treatments over the course of the study, at intervals of 2 weeks. Each treatment will include applications of10-15 sham pulses in the malar region and close to the lower eyelids, followed by meibomian gland expression.
  • Procedure: MGX
    Meibomian gland expression (MGX) will be implemented by squeezing the meibomian glands with the aid of two Q-tips positioned on either side of the meibomian glands, or with a meibomian gland expressor forceps
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: IPL followed by Meibomian Gland Expression (MGX)
    Subjects in the experimental arm with receive IPL followed by MGX: IPL pulses will be administered on the skin of the malar region (both cheeks, from tragus to tragus including the nose) and below the lower eyelids. Following IPL therapy, subjects will undergo MGX of both eyelids in both eyes.
    Interventions:
    • Device: IPL
    • Procedure: MGX
  • Sham Comparator: Sham IPL followed by MGX
    Subjects in the sham comparator arm with receive Sham IPL followed by MGX: Sham IPL pulses will be administered on the skin of the malar region (both cheeks, from tragus to tragus including the nose) and below the lower eyelids. Following Sham IPL therapy, subjects will undergo MGX of both eyelids in both eyes.
    Interventions:
    • Device: Sham IPL
    • Procedure: MGX
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 18, 2019)
88
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 4, 2018)
50
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 15, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date August 15, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is able to read, understand and sign an Informed Consent (IC) form
  • 22-85 years of age
  • Subject is able and willing to comply with the treatment/follow-up (FU) schedule and requirements
  • In the study eye, Tear Breakup time (TBUT) ≤ 7 seconds
  • In the study eye, Meibomian Gland Score (MGS) ≤ 12
  • In the study eye, at least 5 non-atrophied meibomian glands in the lower eyelid
  • Symptoms self-assessed using the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire ≥ 23

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Fitzpatrick skin type V or VI
  • Contact lens wear within the month prior to screening
  • Unwilling to discontinue use of contact lenses for the duration of the study
  • Ocular surgery or eyelid surgery, within 6 months prior to screening
  • Neuro-paralysis in the planned treatment area, within 6 months prior to screening
  • Other uncontrolled eye disorders affecting the ocular surface, for example active allergies
  • Current use of punctal plugs
  • Pre-cancerous lesions, skin cancer or pigmented lesions in the planned treatment area
  • Uncontrolled infections or uncontrolled immunosuppressive diseases
  • Subjects with ocular infections, within 6 months prior to screening
  • Prior history of cold sores or rashes in the perioral area or in the planned treatment area that could be stimulated by light at a wavelength of 560 nm to 1200 nm, including: Herpes simplex 1 & 2, Systemic Lupus erythematosus, and porphyria
  • Within 3 months prior to screening, use of photosensitive medication and/or herbs that may cause sensitivity to 560-1200 nm light exposure, including: Isotretinoin, Tetracycline, Doxycycline, and St. John's Wort
  • Over exposure to sun, within 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Use of prescription eye drops for dry eye, within 7 days prior to screening, excluding artificial tears and glaucoma drops
  • Radiation therapy to the head or neck, within 12 months prior to screening
  • Planned radiation therapy, within 8 weeks after the last treatment session
  • Treatment with chemotherapeutic agent, within 8 weeks prior to screening
  • Planned chemotherapy, within 8 weeks after the last treatment session
  • New topical treatments within the area to be treated, or oral therapies, within 3 months prior to screening- except over-the-counter acetaminophen-based analgesics for pain management, new oral omega 3 fatty acid supplements and topical artificial tears
  • Change in dosage of any systemic medication, within 3 months prior to screening
  • Anticipated relocation or extensive travel outside of the local study area preventing compliance with follow-up over the study period
  • Legally blind in either eye
  • History of migraines, seizures or epilepsy
  • Facial IPL treatment, within 12 months prior to screening
  • Any thermal treatment of the eyelids, including Lipiflow, within 6 months prior to screening
  • Expression of the meibomian glands, within 6 months prior to screening
  • In either eye, moderate to severe (Grade 3-4) inflammation of the conjunctiva, including: allergic, vernal or giant papillary conjunctivitis
  • In either eye, severe (Grade 4) inflammation of the eyelid, including: blepharochalasis, staphylococcal blepharitis or seborrheic blepharitis
  • Ocular surface abnormality that may compromise corneal integrity in either eye (e.g., prior chemical burn, recurrent corneal erosion, corneal epithelial defect, Grade 3 corneal fluorescein staining, or map dot fingerprint dystrophy)
  • Eyelid abnormalities that affect lid function in either eye, including: entropion, ectropion, tumor, edema, blepharospasm, lagophthalmos, severe trichiasis, and severe ptosis
  • Any systemic condition that may cause dry eye disease, including: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, vitamin A deficiency, rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, leukemia, Riley-Day syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Sjögren's syndrome
  • Unwilling or unable to abstain from the use of medications known to cause dryness (e.g., isotretinoin, antihistamines) throughout the study duration. Subjects must discontinue these medications for at least 1 month prior to the baseline visit.
  • Any condition revealed whereby the investigator deems the subject inappropriate for this study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 22 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03396913
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE LUM-VBU-M22-IPL-17-01
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Lumenis Be Ltd.
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Lumenis Be Ltd.
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Steven J Dell, MD Dell Laser Consultants
Principal Investigator: Rolando Toyos, MD Toyos Clinic
Principal Investigator: Neel Desai, MD The Eye Institute of West Florida
PRS Account Lumenis Be Ltd.
Verification Date September 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP