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A Study of the Safety and Antitumoral Efficacy of Nivolumab After SIRT for the Treatment of Patients With HCC (NASIR-HCC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03380130
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Sirtex Medical
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 20, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 20, 2017
Last Update Posted Date November 4, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 11, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date March 1, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 19, 2017)
Rate and type of adverse events, liver decompensation, and transient and permanent drug discontinuations due to toxicity. [ Time Frame: Two years ]
The incidence of observed adverse events (AE) will be evaluated according to NCI CTCAE version 4.03. Particular attention will be given to adverse events that may follow enhanced T cell activation (hepatitis, dermatitis, colitis, pneumonitis, endocrinopathy or other immune-mediated AEs) and radiation damage to non-target organs (REILD, radiation pneumonitis and GI ulcers).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 19, 2017)
  • Response rate [ Time Frame: Two years ]
  • Disease control rate [ Time Frame: Two years ]
  • Duration of response [ Time Frame: From date of complete or partial response to the date of progression, assessed up to 36 months. ]
  • Time to progression [ Time Frame: From date of SIRT to the date of progression, assessed up to 36 months. ]
  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From date of SIRT to the date of progression or death, whichever came first, assessed up to 36 months. ]
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: From date of SIRT to the date of death, assessed up to 36 months ]
  • Pattern of progression according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    Event that trigers the evaluation of tumor assessment as progressive disease according to RECIST 1.1 criteria, subclassified as 1) growth of existing tumor lesions only; 2) occurrence of new lesions inside the liver irrespective of previous criterion; and 3) occurrence of new lesions outside the liver irrespective of the two prior criteria.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study of the Safety and Antitumoral Efficacy of Nivolumab After SIRT for the Treatment of Patients With HCC
Official Title  ICMJE A Multicenter, Open-label, Single-arm Study of the Safety and Antitumoral Efficacy of Nivolumab After SIRT Using SIR-Spheres for the Treatment of Patients With HepatoCellular Carcinoma That Are Candidates for Locoregional Therapies
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) agent nivolumab following selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

SIRT using yttrium90-loaded microspheres is increasingly used to treat patients with HCC, particularly those that are not good candidates for transarterial chemoembolization or TACE. SIRT induces disease control (objective tumor remission or stabilization) in most patients while progression usually results from the growth of new lesions. SIR-Spheres are resin-made microspheres used for SIRT.

On the other hand, nivolumab is under clinical development for the treatment of more advanced HCC. Available data in patients that mostly had progression to other therapies and vascular involvement or metastatic disease show significant systemic antitumor activity that results in durable objective remissions and disease stabilizations.

Therefore, in patients with HCC that has not spread beyond the liver, the systemic action of nivolumab may improve the anti-tumor effect of SIRT. Furthermore, by inducing immunogenic tumor cell death, SIRT may have a synergistic effect with nivolumab.

Detailed Description

Worldwide, intra-arterial therapies are the mainstay of the treatment of patients with HCC in the intermediate stage or in the advanced stage because of portal vein invasion. While transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the most widely applied intra-arterial therapy, not all patients in the intermediate stage are good candidates for this procedure and TACE is formally contraindicated in the presence of portal vein invasion. Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) using yttrium90-loaded microspheres is increasingly used to treat such patients that are not good candidates for TACE. SIR-Spheres are resin-made microspheres extensively used for SIRT and there is consistent level 2 evidence of its activity in HCC. SIRT induces disease control (partial objective remission or tumor stabilization) in the majority of patients while progression usually results from the growth of new lesions.

Nivolumab is under clinical development for the treatment of advanced stage HCC. Preliminary data in a population that mostly had progression to other therapies, vascular involvement or metastatic disease suggest significant systemic antitumor activity that results in durable objective remissions and disease stabilizations. In patients with HCC that has not spread beyond the liver, the systemic action of nivolumab may improve the anti-tumor effect of SIRT by providing eradication or sustained tumor growth control of residual disease in treated lesions and other locations (intrahepatic or extrahepatic micrometastasis). Furthermore, by inducing immunogenic tumor cell death, SIRT may have a synergistic effect with immune checkpoint inhibitors including nivolumab. Besides, SIRT and nivolumab are by and large well tolerated. The sequential use of SIRT and nivolumab could have strong antitumor activity and a favorable safety profile and therefore deserves to be tested in patients with intermediate to advanced tumor stages.

The primary objective of the study is therefore to evaluate the safety of nivolumab in combination with SIRT using SIR-Spheres. The secondary objective is to evaluate the anti-tumor activity of nivolumab in combination with SIRT using SIR-Spheres. Exploratory objectives are to evaluate the role of blood and tissue biomarkers in determining the anti-tumor activity of nivolumab in combination with SIRT using SIR-Spheres; to evaluate the utility of baseline or on-treatment soluble markers that may serve as surrogate markers of efficacy; and to explore the role of the ALBI score in predicting patient outcomes.

SIRT will be performed as a single-day treatment using SIR-Spheres resin microspheres as detailed in Gil-Alzugaray et al. 2013. Three weeks after SIRT, patients will start receiving nivolumab every 2 weeks until completion of 8 courses of 3 bi-weekly nivolumab doses, toxicity, or tumor progression defined using RECIST 1.1 criteria. Patients will be allowed to continue nivolumab treatment beyond progression under strict protocol-defined circumstances. All subjects will undergo tumor assessments at every q6 week for the first year, and then q12 week thereafter until radiographic progression. Patients will complete a follow-up Visit 100 days from the last dose of nivolumab and will then be followed for overall survival.

Patients with all etiologies could be recruited. Those with chronic hepatitis B will be on antiviral therapy per regional standard of care guidelines. Patients with chronic hepatitis C may receive treatment for this condition with direct antiviral agents during the treatment period as per local practice guidelines.

A tumor sample obtained before SIRT and blood samples obtained before SIRT and before and after nivolumab will be used for correlative biomarker studies.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Nivolumab
    An anti-programmed death 1 monoclonal antibody
    Other Name: Opdivo
  • Device: SIR-Spheres
    Resin microspheres labeled with the radioactive isotope yttrium 90 that serves as a source of beta radiation
    Other Name: radioembolization, transarterial radioembolization (TARE)
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: SIRT and Nivolumab
SIRT (selective internal radiation therapy) will be performed in a single session using SIR-Spheres resin microspheres. After 3 weeks, nivolumab 240 mg every 2 weeks will be initiated
Interventions:
  • Drug: Nivolumab
  • Device: SIR-Spheres
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 3, 2020)
41
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 19, 2017)
40
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 4, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date March 1, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of HCC based on histology or non-invasive criteria if cirrhotics. Patients with fibrolamellar carcinoma are not excluded.
  • Cirrhosis absent, non-viral or due to hepatitis C or B virus infection. Subjects with chronic hepatitis B virus infection must be on effective antiviral therapy
  • Preserved liver function (without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis in Child Pugh Class A).
  • ECOG performance status 0 or 1
  • Willing to have a liver biopsy pre-treatment
  • Considered candidates for locoregional therapy using SIR-Spheres based on

    • the absence of extrahepatic disease (patients with regional lymph nodes < 2 cm in short axis are accepted)
    • unsuitability for liver resection or transplantation, or percutaneous ablation
    • considered not good candidates for TACE because they have; Single tumors larger than 5 cm. Multiple tumors that cannot be targeted superselectively. Unilobar tumors with segmental or lobar portal vein thrombosis.
  • At least one measurable lesion by RECIST 1.1 criteria.
  • Adequate organ and marrow function as evidenced by:

    • White blood cell count ≥ 2000/μL.
    • Neutrophils ≥ 1000/μL.
    • Platelets ≥ 60 x 103/μL.
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL.
    • Creatinine Clearance > 40 mL/min.
    • AST and ALT ≤ 5 X ULN
    • Bilirubin ≤ 2 mg/dL
    • INR ≤ 1.8.
    • Albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL
  • Willing and able to comply with immune-monitoring sample collection and required study follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any history of hepatic encephalopathy
  • Any prior (within 6 months) or current clinical ascites.
  • Any history of clinically meaningful variceal bleeding within the last three months.
  • Active coinfection with both hepatitis B and C or hepatitis D infection in subjects with hepatitis B
  • Occlusive main trunk portal vein thrombosis or absence of intrahepatic portal blood flow if patient carries a portocaval shunt.
  • Prior malignancy active within the previous 3 years except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured.
  • Any autoimmune disease that may require immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Any severe organ disease
  • Prior therapy with any drug specifically targeting T-cell costimulation or checkpoint pathways.
  • Prior organ allograft or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
  • Active bacterial or fungal infections within 7 days of study entry.
  • Any condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Spain
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03380130
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NASIR-HCC/CA209-992
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Sirtex Medical
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Bruno Sangro, MD Liver Unit, Clínica Universidad de Navarra
PRS Account Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra
Verification Date November 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP