Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Phase 2A Evaluation of the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Efficacy of Clofazimine (CFZ) in Cryptosporidiosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03341767
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Insufficient accrual rate)
First Posted : November 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
The Emmes Company, LLC
Calibr, a division of Scripps Research
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
University of Virginia
Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wes Van Voorhis, University of Washington

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 26, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 14, 2017
Last Update Posted Date August 13, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE December 14, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date April 1, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2017)
  • Reduction in Cryptosporidium fecal shedding following Clofazimine administration [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    The reduction in the (log) number of Cryptosporidium shed in stools in the first collected stool of the day over a 6-day period and compared to placebo recipients, as measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in stool samples and analyzed by a mixed effect ANCOVA analysis in subjects treated according to protocol (ATP).
  • Pharmacokinetics (area under curve) of Clofazimine in HIV-infected subjects with Cryptosporidium and diarrhea versus HIV-infected subjects without Cryptosporidium infection or diarrhea [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Clofazimine in plasma will be assessed via area under curve.
  • Peak plasma concentration of Clofazimine in HIV-infected subjects with Cryptosporidium and diarrhea versus HIV-infected subjects without Cryptosporidium infection or diarrhea [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Clofazimine in plasma will be assessed via Cmax and time to reach Cmax (Tmax).
  • Pharmacokinetics (Ke) of Clofazimine in HIV-infected subjects with Cryptosporidium and diarrhea versus HIV-infected subjects without Cryptosporidium infection or diarrhea [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Clofazimine in plasma will be assessed via Ke determined after the last dose on day 5.
  • Stool pharmacokinetics of Clofazimine in HIV-infected subjects with Cryptosporidium and diarrhea versus HIV-infected subjects without Cryptosporidium infection or diarrhea [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    The total daily amount of CFZ eliminated in stool will be assessed on Study Day 2 (2nd dose day), Study Day 5 (last dose day), and Study Day 6 (concentration of CFZ in stool before discharge).
  • Frequency and severity of solicited adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: 5 days ]
    Frequency and severity of solicited AEs throughout study product administration
  • Frequency, severity, and relationship to study product of unsolicited AEs [ Time Frame: 55 days ]
    Frequency, severity, and relationship to study product of unsolicited AEs throughout the course of the study
  • Occurrence of serious adverse events (SAEs), suspected unexpected serious adverse reactions (SUSARs), and adverse events of special interest (AESI). [ Time Frame: 55 days ]
    Occurrence of SAEs, SUSARs, and AESIs throughout the course of the study. AESI include: QT prolongation measured via 12-lead electrocardiogram, liver toxicity, skin discoloration and other skin related AEs/abnormalities (subjects will be evaluated for discoloration of skin of the palms and of the sclera and oral mucous membranes), GI-related AEs.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2017)
  • Evaluation of time to negative ELISA signal in subjects randomized to Clofazimine versus placebo [ Time Frame: 6 days ]
    Evaluate days required to test negative for Cryptosporidium by ELISA test in subjects randomized to Clofazimine versus placebo.
  • Characterization of the reduction in the number of diarrheal episodes following administration of CFZ relative to placebo. [ Time Frame: 6 days ]
    To characterize the reduction in the number of diarrheal episodes following administration of CFZ relative to placebo.
  • Characterization of the stool volume following administration of CFZ relative to placebo. [ Time Frame: 6 days ]
    To characterize the stool volume following administration of CFZ relative to placebo.
  • Characterization of the stool consistency following administration of CFZ relative to placebo. [ Time Frame: 6 days ]
    To characterize the stool consistency based on a defined diarrheal stool grading scale following administration of CFZ relative to placebo.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase 2A Evaluation of the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Efficacy of Clofazimine (CFZ) in Cryptosporidiosis
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 2A, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Evaluation of the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy of Clofazimine (CFZ) in Cryptosporidiosis
Brief Summary This study evaluates the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of treating Cryptosporidiosis in HIV positive patients with Clofazimine. Half of the HIV positive patients with Cryptosporidiosis enrolled will be treated with Clofazimine while the other half will be given placebo. An additional group of HIV positive patients without Cryptosporidium infection or diarrhea will be given Clofazimine to assess the differences in pharmacokinetics between HIV positive patients with and without Cryptosporidiosis and diarrhea.
Detailed Description

Cryptosporidiosium infection and diarrhea is a life-threatening infection in children 6-18 months and in immunocompromised patients. However, Nitazoxanide, the only drug approved for treatment of Cryptosporidiosis, showed little-to-no efficacy in HIV positive patients and low efficacy in malnourished children.

Recently, Love MS et al reported that Clofazimine inhibited proliferation of both Cryptosporidium parvum and C. hominis in vitro and reduced shedding in a mouse model of acute C. parvum infection. Clofazimine has been approved for treatment of leprosy for decades and more recently for the treatment of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Safety and pharmacokinetics of Clofazimine are well documented for a variety of patient populations, but not for HIV positive patients or patients with diarrhea. Thus, this clinical trial seeks to determine the efficacy of 50 or 100 mg of Clofazimine administered 3 times daily for 5 days on fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium oocysts in HIV positive patients, as well as safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics in this patient population.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Parallel assignment, placebo-controlled with later arm for pharmacokinetics
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:
Double-blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Cryptosporidiosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Clofazimine
    50 or 100 mg micronized Clofazimine suspended in an oil-wax base in a gelatin capsule
    Other Name: Lamprene
  • Drug: Placebo
    Oil-wax in gelatin capsule
    Other Name: Placebo (for Clofazimine)
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Clofazimine
    Subjects >/=50 kg: Clofazimine two 50mg gelatin capsules taken orally every 8 hours for 5 days Subjects <50 kg: Clofazimine 50mg gelatin capsule taken orally every 8 hours for 5 days
    Intervention: Drug: Clofazimine
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Placebo gelatin capsule(s) taken orally every 8 hours for 5 days.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Clofazimine, no diarrhea
    Subjects >/=50 kg: Clofazimine two 50mg gelatin capsules taken orally every 8 hours for 5 days Subjects <50 kg: Clofazimine 50mg gelatin capsule taken orally every 8 hours for 5 days
    Intervention: Drug: Clofazimine
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 11, 2019)
33
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2017)
66
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 5, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date April 1, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Part A:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or Female, Aged 18-65 years old, HIV positive, Cryptosporidium positive by qPCR.
  • HIV infection and on stable anti-retroviral therapy treatment for at least 2 weeks
  • Weight >78 lbs/35.4 kg
  • Presents with diarrhea defined as a condition of three or more loose stools per day that has persisted for 3 days or longer
  • If female, either not of reproductive potential (post-menopause, or status-post surgical sterilization) or using highly effective contraception (<1% failure, e.g., intrauterine contraceptive device in place or using injectable contraception) or willing to begin highly effective contraception (probably injectable contraception) and continue for the presumed exposure period of Clofazimine (54 days after initiation of treatment)
  • Willing and able to provide signed written informed consent or witnessed oral consent in the case of illiteracy, prior to undertaking any trial-related procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any condition for which participation in the study, as judged by the investigator, could compromise the well-being of the subject or prevent, limit or confound protocol specified assessments
  • Fever >38.0˚C at presentation
  • Subjects will be screened for evidence of active tuberculosis based on sputum production, fever and chest x-ray. Those with sputum production will be tested by Acid Fast Bacilli stain of sputum smear and/or by GeneXpert testing. Those with positive sputum or chest x-ray suggestive of tuberculosis will be excluded from this study and referred for treatment.
  • Is critically ill, or in the judgment of the investigator has a prognosis that could lead to imminent mortality within 60 days or compromise participation in the trial or endanger the subject by entering the trial.
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to Clofazimine.
  • Significant cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
  • Electrocardiogram exclusions based on the means from triplicate electrocardiograms performed on Day -1:

    1. Marked prolongation of QT/QTc interval, e.g., confirmed demonstration of QTcF or QTcB interval >450 ms
    2. Pathological Q waves (defined as >40 ms or depth >0.4 to 0.5mV);
    3. Electrocardiogram evidence of ventricular pre-excitation
    4. Electrocardiogram evidence of complete or incomplete left bundle branch block or right bundle branch block
    5. Electrocardiogram evidence of second or third degree heart block
    6. Intraventricular conduction delay with QRS duration >120 ms
    7. Bradycardia as defined by sinus rate <50 bpm.
  • History of additional risk factors for Torsade de Pointes, e.g., heart failure; bradycardia with HR<50 bpm, untreated hypothyroidism, hypokalemia <3.0 mEq/L
  • Family history of long QT syndrome
  • Use of concomitant medications that markedly prolong the QT/QTc interval or are predicted to have drug-drug interactions with Clofazimine that may lead to toxicity from the partner drug including Amiodarone, Amprenavir, Atazanavir, Bedaquiline, Bepridil, Chloroquine, Chlorpromazine, Cisapride, Clarithromycin, Cyclobenzaprine, Darunavir, Delamanid, Disopyramide Dofetilide, Domperidone, Droperidol, Erythromycin, Fosamprenavir, Halofantrine, Haloperidol, Ibutilide, Indinavir, Levomethadyl, Lopinavir, Mesoridazine, Methadone, Nelfinavir, Pentamidine, Pimozide, Procainamide, Quinidine, Ritonavir, Simiprinivir, Sotalol, Sparfloxacin, Thioridazine, or Tiprinivir
  • Pregnant and lactating women (screening pregnancy test for females and pregnancy test at the discharge follow up visit)
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids or anti-cryptosporidial treatments within the 28 days preceding Day -1
  • Subjects with clinically significant laboratory value abnormalities at screening including but not limited to (note: exclusionary results may not be returned until after enrollment but should be confirmed by the time of the beginning of administration of study drug):

    1. Hemoglobin <5 g/dL
    2. Serum potassium <3.0 mEq/L
    3. Aspartate Aminotransferase or Alanine Aminotransferase ≥3.0 x ULN

Part B:

Same Eligibility Criteria except without diarrhea and is Cryptosporidium negative by qPCR.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Malawi
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03341767
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CFZ-001
CC-ID8 ( Other Identifier: The Emmes Corporation )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Wes Van Voorhis, University of Washington
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Washington
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  • The Emmes Company, LLC
  • Calibr, a division of Scripps Research
  • Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
  • University of Virginia
  • Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Wes Van Voorhis, MD, PhD University of Washington
PRS Account University of Washington
Verification Date August 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP