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Unresectable Stage IIIA/IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03285321
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 18, 2017
Last Update Posted : September 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Greg Durm, MD, Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 14, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 18, 2017
Last Update Posted Date September 2, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 15, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date August 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 14, 2017)
Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
PFS is defined as the time from randomization until the criteria for disease progression is met as defined by RECIST 1.1 or death as a result of any cause.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 14, 2017)
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    The time from randomization until death from any cause. Will be assessed with RECIST 1.1
  • Time to Metastatic Disease [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    the time from randomization until evidence of disease outside of the radiated field. Will be assessed with RECIST 1.1
  • Assess Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    By the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v4.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Unresectable Stage IIIA/IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Official Title  ICMJE Phase II Study of Consolidation Immunotherapy With Nivolumab and Ipilimumab or Nivolumab Alone Following Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy for Unresectable Stage IIIA/IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): BTCRC-LUN16-081
Brief Summary This study is an open label, multicenter, randomized phase II trial of consolidation immunotherapy with either nivolumab alone or the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab following concurrent chemoradiation in patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC.
Detailed Description

Patients with unresectable stage IIIA or IIIB NSCLC (unresectable as defined by treating physician) will be treated outside this study with concurrent chemoradiation with one of three chemotherapy regimens (cisplatin/etoposide, cisplatin/pemetrexed, or weekly carboplatin/paclitaxel) in addition to standard dose radiation (dosing can range from 59.4 Gy to 66.6 Gy). If repeat imaging between 28-56 days following completion of chemoradiation shows no progressive or metastatic disease, the patients will be eligible for enrollment on the study.

Randomization and Stratification:

At the time of enrollment, patients will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either nivolumab 480mg IV every 4 weeks or the combination of nivolumab 3mg/kg IV every 2 weeks with ipilimumab 1mg/kg IV every 6 weeks. Consolidation immunotherapy will be continued until progression or unacceptable toxicity for up to a total of 24 weeks.

Subjects will be stratified by stage (IIIA vs. IIIB) and histology (squamous vs. non-squamous).

Dose Calculations:

Arm 1: The dose of nivolumab will be a fixed dose (not based on subject's weight) at 480mg.

Arm 2: The dose of nivolumab will be weight-based at 3mg/kg. The dose of ipilimumab will be weight-based at 1mg/kg.

Nivolumab Alone (Arm 1):

Arm 1: Nivolumab Administration:

Nivolumab 480 mg will be administered as a 60 minute IV infusion on Day 1 of each 28 day cycle. Sites should make every effort to target infusion timing to be as close to 60 minutes as possible. However, given the variability of infusion pumps from site to site, a window of -five minutes and +10 minutes is permitted (i.e., infusion time is 60 minutes: -5 min/+10 min). Treatment will continue for up to 6 cycles, in the absence of prohibitive toxicities or disease progression.

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab (Arm 2):

Arm 2: Nivolumb Administration:

Nivolumab 3mg/kg will be administered as a 60 minute IV infusion on Day 1, 15, and 29 of each 42 day cycle. Nivolumab should not be given any earlier than 12 days from the previous dose. Sites should make every effort to target infusion timing to be as close to 60 minutes as possible. However, given the variability of infusion pumps from site to site, a window of -five minutes and +10 minutes is permitted (i.e., infusion time is 60 minutes: -5 min/+10 min). Treatment will continue for up to 4 cycles, in the absence of prohibitive toxicities or disease progression.

Arm 2: Ipilimumab Administration:

Ipilimumab 1mg/kg will be administered as a 90 minute IV infusion on Day 1 of each 42 day cycle. Sites should make every effort to target infusion timing to be as close to 90 minutes as possible. However, given the variability of infusion pumps from site to site, a window of -five minutes and +10 minutes is permitted (i.e., infusion time is 60 minutes: -5 min/+10 min). Treatment will continue for up to 4 cycles, in the absence of prohibitive toxicities or disease progression.

On day 1 of cycle 1, nivolumab will be given first, followed by 30 minutes of monitoring, and then ipilimumab given second, followed by 30 minutes of monitoring. If the subject does not have an infusion reaction during the first cycle, the post-ipilimumab monitoring may be discontinued for subsequent cycles at the discretion of the treating physician. Day 1 monitoring between the nivolumab/ipilimumab infusions will continue throughout all 4 cycles. Post nivolumab monitoring on days 15 and 29 is not mandatory and should follow the guidelines of the local infusion center.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description:
Open label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Nivolumab
    480mg
    Other Name: OPDIVO
  • Drug: Nivolumab
    240mg
    Other Name: OPDIVO
  • Drug: Ipilimumab
    1mg/kg
    Other Name: Yervoy
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Arm 1
    Nivolumab 480mg IV every 4 weeks for up to 6 cycles
    Intervention: Drug: Nivolumab
  • Experimental: Arm 2
    Nivolumab 240mg IV every 2 weeks PLUS Ipilimumab 1mg/kg IV every 6 weeks for up to 4 cycles (12 doses Nivolumab and 4 doses of Ipilimumab)
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Nivolumab
    • Drug: Ipilimumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 16, 2022)
105
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 14, 2017)
108
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date August 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

Subject must meet all of the following applicable inclusion criteria to participate in this study:

  • Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information.
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the time of consent.
  • ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1 within 14 days prior to registration.
  • Histological or cytological confirmation of NSCLC. A pathology report confirming the diagnosis of NSCLC must be obtained and reviewed by the treating physician prior to registration to study.
  • Must have unresectable or inoperable stage IIIA or IIIB disease according to the 7th edition IASLC stage classification for lung cancer. Subjects must be considered unresectable or inoperable based on the judgment of the treating physician.
  • Subjects must have completed concurrent chemoradiation with a platinum doublet and a dose of radiation ranging from 59.4-66.6 Gy. Subjects must have stable disease or disease response as evidenced on CT or PET scan evaluation. For those eligible, protocol therapy should begin within 56 days of completing chemoradiation OR Subjects must have completed up to 2 cycles of consolidation therapy started within 56 days of completion of radiation. After completion of consolidation chemotherapy, subjects must have stable disease or disease response as evidenced by CT or PET scan evaluation. For those eligible, protocol therapy should begin within 56 days after the last cycle of chemotherapy.
  • Prior cancer treatment must be completed between 1-56 days prior to registration and the subject must have recovered from all reversible acute toxic effects of the regimen (other than alopecia) to ≤Grade 1 or baseline.
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function, all screening labs to be obtained within 14 days prior to registration:

Hematological:

  • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 K/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Platelets ≥100,000/mcl

Renal:

  • Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR ≥ 60 mL/min for subjects with creatinine levels >1.5 x institutional ULN

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN OR Direct bilirubin of ≤ ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels of >1.5x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 × ULN
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN

Coagulation:

  • International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT/INR/PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

    • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 7 days prior to registration. NOTE: Women are considered of childbearing potential unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or are post-menopausal. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the age of 62 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/mL to be considered post-menopausal.
    • Women of childbearing potential must be willing to abstain from heterosexual activity or use an effective method of contraception from the time of informed consent until 23 weeks after treatment discontinuation.
    • Men who are sexually active with women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving study drug and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product.
    • As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects meeting any of the criteria below may not participate in the study:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 23 weeks (female) or 31 weeks (male) after the last dose of trial treatment.
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Subjects must undergo a head computed tomography (CT) scan or brain MRI within 28 days prior to registration for protocol therapy to exclude brain metastases if symptomatic or without prior brain imaging.
  • Treatment with any investigational agent within 28 days prior to registration for protocol therapy.
  • Prior chemotherapy, adjuvant therapy, or radiotherapy for lung cancer other than standard concurrent chemoradiation or up to 2 cycles of consolidation.
  • Prior therapy with a PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2 or CTLA-4 inhibitor or a lung cancer-specific vaccine therapy.
  • Presence of metastatic disease (stage IV NSCLC) is not allowed. Subjects must be evaluated with a CT or PET scan prior to registration for protocol therapy to exclude metastatic disease.
  • Active second cancers.
  • Evidence of active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 90 days or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents. Subjects with vitiligo or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule. Subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjogren's syndrome will not be excluded from the study.
  • Interstitial lung disease or history of pneumonitis requiring treatment with corticosteroids.
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic corticosteroid therapy or other immunosuppressive therapy (excludes inhaled corticosteroids) within 7 days of first dose of study drug.
  • History of psychiatric illness or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Clinically active infection as judged by the site investigator (≥ Grade 2 by CTCAE v4).
  • History of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic hepatitis B or C.
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the site investigator.
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
  • Hypersensitivity to nivolumab, ipilimumab, or any of their excipients.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to planned start of study therapy. Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03285321
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE BTCRC-LUN16-081
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Greg Durm, MD, Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Greg Durm, MD
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Greg Durm, M.D. Indiana University Health Simon Cancer Center
PRS Account Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium
Verification Date August 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP