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Pembrolizumab and Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Circulating Tumor Cells Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03213041
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 11, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Northwestern University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 6, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 11, 2017
Last Update Posted Date April 23, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 14, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 1, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 6, 2017)
Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Every 9 weeks from the first study treatment, assessed up to 3 years ]
Use imaging to evaluate the PFS for patients with CTC positive, HER2 negative MBC treated with the combination pembrolizumab - carboplatin.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03213041 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 6, 2017)
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Assess the combination Carboplatin - pembrolizumab on OS.
  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Evaluate the ORR according to RECIST criteria.
  • Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    CBR will be evaluated according to RECIST criteria.
  • Immune-related response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Immune-related response defined as irPR or irCR and assessed by irRECIST.
  • Immune-related clinical benefit rate [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Immune-related clinical benefit rate defined as immune-related stable disease (irSD), irPR or irCR and assessed by irRECIST.
  • Time to New Metastases (TTNM) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The time to new metastases will be measured.
  • ORR in relation to PDL-1 expression [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    ORR will be evaluated in relation to PDL-1 expression in tissue and CTCs.
  • CBR in relation to PDL-1 expression [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    CBR will be evaluated in relation to PDL-1 expression in tissue and CTCs.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Pembrolizumab and Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Circulating Tumor Cells Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE I-CURE-1: A Phase II, Single Arm Study of Pembroluzimab Combined With Carboplatin in Patients With Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) Positive Her-2 Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC)
Brief Summary The purpose of the study is to evaluate the impact on progression-free survival (PFS) with the combination carboplatin - pembrolizumab in patients with CTC (circulating tumor cells) positive, HER2 negative metastatic breast cancer previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes. Previous studies have indicated that recurrent breast cancers are more resistant to chemotherapy and maybe associated with a weak immune system. This study is investigating the use of an immune therapy drug, pembrolizumab, that has the ability to restore the capacity of controlling and killing cancer cells of an important component of your immune system called T-cells. Pembrolizumab has been found effective in other types of cancer and has already been approved by FDA for those indications, but the efficacy in breast cancer is still unknown. In this study, pembrolizumab will be combined with chemotherapy to increase the cancer cell killing. There is no control or placebo treatment in this study.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the impact on progression free survival (PFS) of the combination pembrolizumab - carboplatin in patients with circulating tumor cells (CTC) positive, HER2 negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes in primary setting.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the impact on overall survival (OS) of the combination carboplatin - pembrolizumab in patients with CTC positive MBC previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes in primary setting.

II. To assess the overall response rate or objective response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria in patients with carboplatin - pembrolizumab in patients with CTC positive MBC previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes in primary setting.

III. To assess immune-related response using tumor response by immune-related RECIST (irRECIST) as immune-related partial response (irPR) or immune-related complete response (irCR).

IV. Measure the time to new metastases (TTNM). V. Evaluate ORR and clinical benefit in relation to PDL-1 expression in tissue and CTCs.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Measure immune biomarkers (PDL-1) in CTCs (CellSearch) and immune cells such as cancer-associated macrophage-like cells (CAMLs) (CellSieve) and correlate with therapeutic benefit.

II. Measure cell-free circulating tumor deoxyribonecleic acid (ctDNA) and T-cell receptor sequencing analysis and correlate them with CTC enumeration and therapeutic benefit.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 beginning with course 3. Courses repeat every 21 days for 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up within 30 days, every 9 weeks for 1 year, and then every 12 weeks.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Estrogen Receptor Negative
  • Estrogen Receptor Positive
  • HER2/Neu Negative
  • Progesterone Receptor Negative
  • Recurrent Breast Carcinoma
  • Stage IV Breast Cancer
  • Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Blastocarb
    • Carboplat
    • Carboplatin Hexal
    • Carboplatino
    • Carbosin
    • Carbosol
    • Carbotec
    • CBDCA
    • Displata
    • Ercar
    • JM-8
    • Nealorin
    • Novoplatinum
    • Paraplatin
    • Paraplatin AQ
    • Paraplatine
    • Platinwas
    • Ribocarbo
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Keytruda
    • Lambrolizumab
    • MK-3475
    • SCH 900475
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Treatment (pembrolizumab, carboplatin)
Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1 beginning with course 3. Courses repeat every 21 days for 24 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Carboplatin
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 6, 2017)
100
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 1, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be:

    • Hormone receptor (HR) negative and HER-2 negative (triple negative breast cancer [TNBC]) metastatic breast cancer and have not received prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
    • Demonstrated HER-2 negative MBC (0 or 1+ by immunohistochemistry [IHC] or non-amplified by fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH]) according to American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAPA) guidelines
  • Patients must be CTC positive (defined as CTCs >= 5)
  • Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1
  • Be willing to provide archival tissue (if available) for correlative studies

    • Note: The archived tumor tissue specimens may be from metastatic tumor specimen (first choice); in alternative, we can consider tissue from prior surgery or from prior diagnostic biopsy (second choice); unavailability of archived tissue will not render subject ineligible for study
  • Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function, all screening labs should be performed within 14 days prior to registration
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL
  • Platelet >= 100,000 / mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
  • Female subject of childbearing potential (FOCBP) should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 7 days prior to registration; and must be repeated within 3 days (72 hours) prior to first dose of study drug; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required

    • (Note: A FOCBP is any woman [regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice] who meets the following criteria:

      • Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy
      • Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months [and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months])
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception as outlined in the appendices; contraception must be used for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication

    • Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

    • Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed HER2-positive (3+ by IHC or non-amplified by FISH) according to ASCO/CAP guidelines
  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device < or equal to 28 days of registration
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Has a known history of active TB (bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or baseline) from adverse events (AEs) due to agents administered more than 28 days earlier
  • Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 14 days prior to registration or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from AEs due to a previously administered agent

    • Note: Subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
  • If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Has known additional malignancy that progressed or required treatment within last 5 years; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer that has been adequately treated
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least 28 days prior to registration and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to registration; this exception does not include known carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Patients who have evidence of active, noninfectious pneumonitis or have a history of severe pneumonitis that required treatment with steroids are not eligible for this study
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject?s participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy

    • Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Study Coordinator (312)695-1301 cancertrials@northwestern.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03213041
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NU 16B14
NU 16B14 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University )
P30CA060553 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
NCI-2017-00330 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Northwestern University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Northwestern University
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Massimo Cristofanilli, MD Northwestern University
PRS Account Northwestern University
Verification Date April 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP