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Cabazitaxel in mCRPC Patients With AR-V7 Positive Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) (CABA-V7)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03050866
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sanofi
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.P.J.K. Lolkema, Erasmus Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 7, 2017
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 13, 2017
Last Update Posted Date August 7, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 21, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date February 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 8, 2017)
PSA response [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after start of treatment ]
The primary endpoint is PSA response, defined as a ≥50% PSA decline from baseline during therapy.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03050866 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 8, 2017)
  • CTC response [ Time Frame: 9-12 weeks after start of treatment ]
    CTC response defined as a decrease from ≥5 CTCs per 7.5 mL blood at baseline to <5 CTCs per 7.5 mL blood
  • PSA change [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after start of treatment ]
    PSA change from baseline at 12 weeks defined as the percent change in PSA from baseline at 12 weeks, according to PCWG2 criteria
  • PSA decrease [ Time Frame: PSA will be assessed at baseline, every 3 weeks during study treatment (before every cycle), and in case of study treatment discontinuation without progression every 3 months until progression, death, whichever comes first ]
    Maximum PSA decrease defined according to PCWG2 criteria
  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Until end of study, which is anticipated to be 3 years after inclusion of first patient. If progression is not observed during the study, data on PFS will be censored ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) defined as time from prescreening to the date of the first documentation of disease progression (PCWG2)
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Until end of study, which is anticipated to be 3 years after inclusion of first patient. If death is not observed during the study, data on OS will be censored at the date patient is known to be alive or at the cut-off date, whichever comes first ]
    Overall survival (OS) calculated from the date of prescreening to death due to any cause
  • Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Until 30 days after end of treatment, Cabazitaxel treatment will consist of a maximum 10 cycles Cabazitaxel (given once every 3 weeks if there are no delays) ]
    Grade 3-4 adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) during cabazitaxel according to CTCAE v4.03 in second and third-line treatment
  • Cumulative dose Cabazitaxel [ Time Frame: Until last day of administration of study medication (Cabazitaxel), Cabazitaxel treatment will consist of a maximum 10 cycles Cabazitaxel (given once every 3 weeks if there are no delays) ]
    Cumulative administered dose of cabazitaxel in second and third-line treatment
  • Splice variants [ Time Frame: Splice variant will be compared before and after cabazitaxel treatment in AR-V7 positive patients, as well as before start of enzalutamide or abiraterone and after disease progression to this treatment. ]
    AR-V7 mRNA expression as well as mRNA expression of other splice variants in CTCs indicated as absent (─) or present (+)
  • Total systemic exposure [ Time Frame: After infusion of first cycle of study treatment (Cabazitaxel) ]
    Cabazitaxel concentration in the blood and total systemic exposure to cabazitaxel, measured by the calculated area under the curve (AUC)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Cabazitaxel in mCRPC Patients With AR-V7 Positive Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs)
Official Title  ICMJE A Single Arm Phase 2 Multicenter Study Determining the Response to Cabazitaxel in Metastatic Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) Patients With AR-V7 Positive Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs)
Brief Summary

After failure on docetaxel, which has been the standard first line therapy for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), several treatment options are currently available.

In retrospective studies, resistance has been described to two of the treatment options, enzalutamide and abiraterone, when a splice variant of the Androgen Receptor (AR-V7) is present on circulating tumor cells (CTCs). The investigators hypothesize that patients with AR-V7 positive CTCs do have a meaningful response to cabazitaxel.

Detailed Description

After failure on docetaxel, which has been the standard first line therapy for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), several treatment options are currently available.

Two of the treatment options are directed against the androgen receptor (AR), enzalutamide and abiraterone. A third option is cabazitaxel, a next generation taxane. No head-to-head comparisons have been done for these three therapies in second-line mCRPC and as of yet, the optimal choice is unknown.

Resistance to the AR-targeted therapies is at least in part a consequence of signaling through constitutively active AR splice variants (AR-Vs). Because AR splice variants only occur after conversion to a castration-resistant tumor, and can be acquired during systemic therapy for mCRPC, analysis of the castration-naïve primary tumor is not informative in the setting of second-line treatment of mCRPC.

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be analyzed repetitively and in real-time. Recently, AR-V7 messenger ribonucleid acid (mRNA) expression in CTCs was shown to be associated with lack of response to AR-targeted therapy (reference 1). AR-V7 mRNA expression does not seem to hinder response to cabazitaxel in our retrospective pilot study (reference 2) nor in two recently published retrospective studies (reference 3 and reference 4).

Therefore we hypothesize that the mRNA expression of AR-V7 in CTCs assessed before start of second-line treatment for mCRPC does not affect prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response to cabazitaxel in patients who have progressed to docetaxel.

Patients who are eligible to undergo second or third line treatment will be asked to undergo prescreening consisting of a CTC count and, in case ≥3 CTCs are detected, AR V7 determination. Patients with ≥3 CTCs with AR-V7 expression will be asked to sign a second informed consent to enter the treatment study. In this study they will receive Cabazitaxel 25 mg/m² every 3 weeks plus prednisone 10 mg daily, and undergo repeated blood sampling for biomarker sample collection.

During the prescreening in all patients, 2 x 10 mL blood will be drawn for enumeration and isolation of CTCs. All patients with ≥3 CTCs with AR-V7 expression will be asked to sign consent for the treatment study.

All patients included in the treatment study will be administrated cabazitaxel intravenously at a dose of 25 mg/m², during a one-hour infusion every 3 weeks, as well as continuous treatment with prednisone 5 mg orally twice daily, or 10 mg once daily. In the treatment study patients, an additional 2 x 10 mL blood will be drawn after the third cycle of treatment for CTC enumeration and isolation. An additional 10 mL blood will be drawn for storage of plasma at baseline and before start of every cycle (i.e., every 3 weeks) for analysis of cell-free DNA (cfDNA). Moreover, 4 x 5 mL blood (baseline; end of infusion, 2 and 6 hours after end of the first cabazitaxel infusion) will be drawn for pharmacokinetic studies, in order to explore a cabazitaxel exposure effect relation.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Condition  ICMJE
  • Circulating Tumor Cell
  • Metastatic Prostate Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Cabazitaxel
    25mg/m2 q3w
    Other Name: Jevtana
  • Other: Antihistamine
    As intravenous premedication (dexchlorpheniramine 5 mg, diphenhydramine 25 mg, or equivalent)
  • Other: Corticosteroid
    As intravenous premedication (dexamethasone 8 mg or equivalent)
  • Other: H2 antagonist
    As intravenous premedication (ranitidine or equivalent)
    Other Name: histamine H2 receptors blockers
  • Other: Antiemetic
    Antiemetic prophylaxis is recommended and can be given orally or intravenously if necessary
Study Arms  ICMJE Treatment
Treatment intervention with Cabazitaxel with premedication as necessary (antihistamine, corticosteroid, H2 antagonist, antiemetic prophylaxis)
Interventions:
  • Drug: Cabazitaxel
  • Other: Antihistamine
  • Other: Corticosteroid
  • Other: H2 antagonist
  • Other: Antiemetic
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 8, 2017)
100
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date February 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features.
  • Continued androgen deprivation therapy either by luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists/antagonists or orchiectomy.
  • Serum testosterone <50 ng/mL (1.7 nmol/L) within 21 days before prescreening.
  • Age ≥18 years
  • Received prior docetaxel, and experienced disease progression during or after treatment with docetaxel.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 (appendix A)
  • Written informed consent according to ICH-GCP (International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use - Good Clinical Practice) before study treatment and any study specific procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Geographical, psychological or other non-medical conditions interfering with follow-up
  • Uncontrolled severe illness or medical condition (including uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or active systemic or local bacterial, viral, fungal - or yeast infection)
  • Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases or history of psychiatric disorder that would prohibit the understanding and giving of informed consent.
  • Chemotherapy or immunotherapy (other than LHRH analogues) within the last 4 weeks before study inclusion.
  • Prior treatment with cabazitaxel
  • Treatment with both abiraterone and enzalutamide in the post-docetaxel setting
  • Radiotherapy to 40% or more of the bone marrow
  • Known hypersensitivity to corticosteroids
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction (≥grade 3) to docetaxel
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction (≥grade 3) to polysorbate 80 containing drugs
  • Concurrent or planned treatment with strong inhibitors or strong inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4/5 (a one week wash-out period is necessary for patients who are already on these treatments)
  • Concomitant vaccination with yellow fever vaccine
  • Abnormal liver functions
  • Abnormal hematological blood counts
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Ilse Oosterom 0107032570 caba.v7@erasmusmc.nl
Contact: Soumia Aammari 0107042129 caba.v7@erasmusmc.nl
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Netherlands
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03050866
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NL58639.056.16
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: Information can be shared by importing it into another databases
Responsible Party M.P.J.K. Lolkema, Erasmus Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Erasmus Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Sanofi
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Erasmus Medical Center
Verification Date August 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP