We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Sodium Deposition in Soft Tissues of Patients With Kidney Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03004547
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 29, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 22, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Chris McIntyre, Lawson Health Research Institute

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date December 16, 2016
First Posted Date December 29, 2016
Last Update Posted Date December 22, 2022
Actual Study Start Date March 5, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 30, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: July 7, 2020)
Na content in the skin, muscle and skeleton of five cohorts [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 22, 2016)
Na content in the skin, muscle and skeleton of 1) chronic in-center hemodialysis patients, 2) chronic peritoneal dialysis patients, 3) CKD stage 4-5 patients and 4) sex and age matched healthy controls [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 22, 2016)
  • Inflammatory Marker: CRP levels [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Uremic symptom scores among the different groups [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Liver function markers [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Liver damage markers (liver enzymes) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • cardiac markers (troponin) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • bone markers (ALP, vitamin D levels) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Uremic toxin levels [ Time Frame: 3-4 years ]
  • Endotoxin levels [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Sodium Deposition in Soft Tissues of Patients With Kidney Disease
Official Title Evaluation of Sodium Deposition in Soft Tissues of Patients With Kidney Disease and Its Association With Patient Symptomatology
Brief Summary Sodium (Na+) hemostasis is abnormal in CKD patients, and this element can be deposited in the skin, muscle, and skeleton - to cope with long term sodium loading. It is known that sodium stored in this non-osmotically active way, is profoundly inflammatory. Furthermore, inflammation has been associated with several uremic symptoms. The investigators will use novel Na+ MRI imaging to examine the Na+ deposition in the skin, muscle, and skeleton of five groups:1) chronic in-center hemodialysis patients, 2) chronic peritoneal dialysis patients, 3) adult and paediatric patients with CKD stage 1-5 and 4) heart failure patients with and without renal dysfunction 5) sex and age-matched healthy adult and paediatric controls. Additionally, they will investigate the association between sodium deposition in these tissues with uremic symptomatology and biochemical markers of metabolism.
Detailed Description

Kidneys have a key role in sodium hemostasis through their excretory function. In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), kidney function is impaired; thus, suggesting that sodium handling is abnormal in this setting with long-term sodium loading (from oral intake) and lack of adequate urinary excretion. Yet, sodium concentration needs to stay relatively constant to prevent fatal intra-cellular accumulation, which would result in cell injury and death. In hemodialysis patients, at least a part of this extra sodium is non-osmotically active and deposited in the skin, muscle, and skeleton.

Furthermore, it has become increasingly recognized that sodium (once accumulated in tissues) is directly pro-inflammatory, affecting the innate immune system by regulating the activity of macrophages in skin. This linkage between sodium and inflammation indicates a potential link between sodium deposition and uremic symptoms experienced by patients.

There have been no studies to date examining the sodium deposition in the skin, muscle, and skeleton of patients with different kidney function and renal replacement therapy.

This is a pilot study involving a single center recruiting patients from the prevalent maintenance hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis , CKD stage 1-5, and heart failure populations of London, Ontario, compared to healthy controls. Once recruited, participants will undergo one study visit with the potential of up to two follow-up visits (on a non-dialysis day for hemodialysis patients). Participants will be followed for up to two years after the first study visit. Each session will include symptom questionnaires, the five times sit to stand and 60-second chair stand test (excluding all children), blood pressure and heart rate measurements, blood work (excluding healthy children and adolescents), urine sampling (excluding those on dialysis), an echocardiogram (excluding healthy controls), and an MRI scan of the lower leg detecting sodium content.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:

We will measure complete blood count, urea and electrolytes, magnesium, calcium, phosphate, liver function tests, clotting markers, cardiac biomarkers (Troponin T), 25-hydroxyVitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyVitamin D, CRP, glucose, intact PTH, creatinine, cystatin C, and lactate.

A portion of this blood sample will be sent to the laboratory on-site and the remaining portion will be for processed on-site and stored in the Kidney Clinical Research Unit, LHSC until the end of the study when endotoxin and uremic toxin measurement will be performed.

Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population We will recruit up to 400 participants; approximately 125 dialysis patients including 50 children/adolescents on dialysis, 200 patients with various stages of chronic kidney disease including heart failure patients and approximately 25 children/adolescents with chronic kidney disease, and 75 individuals with no kidney disease including approximately 25 healthy children/adolescents.
Condition Haemodialysis Complication
Intervention Other: Measuring sodium content
Sodium MRI measurement of sodium content in the tissues of all participants
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Chronic hemodialysis patients
    Patients on standard in-centre 3 times a week hemodialysis
    Intervention: Other: Measuring sodium content
  • Peritoneal dialysis patients
    Patients on peritoneal dialysis
    Intervention: Other: Measuring sodium content
  • Adult and paediatric patients with CKD stage 1-5
    Patients with chronic kidney disease stage 1-5 (not dialysis dependent)
    Intervention: Other: Measuring sodium content
  • Healthy adult and paediatric controls
    Subjects without kidney disease
    Intervention: Other: Measuring sodium content
  • Heart failure patients with and without renal dysfunction
    Heart failure patients (atrial fibrillation etc ...) with and without renal dysfunction
    Intervention: Other: Measuring sodium content
Publications * Lemoine S, Salerno FR, Akbari A, McKelvie RS, McIntyre CW. Tissue Sodium Storage in Patients With Heart Failure: A New Therapeutic Target? Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2021 Nov;14(11):e012910. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.121.012910. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: July 7, 2020)
400
Original Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: December 22, 2016)
70
Estimated Study Completion Date December 30, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 30, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age greater than or equal to 6 years
  • For patients on maintenance hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis: more than 3 months duration of therapy
  • For patients with CKD stage 1-5: CKD stage 1-5 and no indications to start dialysis
  • For heart failure patients: with or without renal dysfunction
  • For healthy controls: lack of kidney disease, heart failure, liver cirrhosis, and peripheral edema

For subsequent visits (must meet 1 of the below indicators):

  • Change in dialysis prescription
  • Change in renal replacement therapy modality
  • Change in medication
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Intervention added to or removed from dialysis (i.e. such as but not limited exercise, cooling, and ischemic preconditioning)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant, breastfeeding or intending pregnancy
  • Unable to give consent or understand written information
  • Contraindication to MRI study
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 6 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Yes
Contacts
Contact: Christopher W McIntyre, PhD, MD 519-685-8500 ext 58502 christopher.mcintyre@lhsc.on.ca
Contact: Alireza Akbari, PhD aakbari@uwo.ca
Listed Location Countries Canada
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT03004547
Other Study ID Numbers 108765
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Chris McIntyre, Lawson Health Research Institute
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor Chris McIntyre
Original Study Sponsor Same as current
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christopher W McIntyre, PhD, MD Western University, Canada
PRS Account Lawson Health Research Institute
Verification Date December 2022