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A Prospective Study of Breast Cancer Patients With Abnormal Strain Imaging

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02993198
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2020
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nausheen Akhter, Northwestern University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 2, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 15, 2016
Last Update Posted Date March 3, 2020
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 12, 2016)
Change in Global Longitudinal Strain [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Improvement or stability in strain from baseline (i.e., increase in strain or decrease by no more than 3%).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 12, 2016)
Number of cancer treatments [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Rate of cancer treatments held for decrement in EF > 10% among groups.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Prospective Study of Breast Cancer Patients With Abnormal Strain Imaging
Official Title  ICMJE A Prospective Study of Early Stage Breast Cancer Patients With Abnormal Myocardial Deformation Treated With Anthracycline and/or Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab-based Cancer Therapy
Brief Summary

The Cardio-Oncology program at Northwestern offers care to cancer patients who develop cardiac toxicities from chemotherapy. Breast cancer patients with the tumor marker for HER2 necessitate treatment with anthracycline and/or trastuzumab and pertuzumab-based chemotherapies, which are known to cause cardiac toxicities. Breast cancer patients will undergo a "cardio-oncology echocardiogram" which incorporates advanced left ventricular assessment by utilizing deformation or strain imaging during chemotherapy treatment for surveillance of cardiac toxicities. The aims of this project are:

  1. To create a registry of both clinical, and echocardiographic variables, biomarkers, and genetic analysis that will be used to develop a risk model to predict LV dysfunction in early stage breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy with anthracycline and/or trastuzumab and pertuzumab-based chemotherapy regimens.
  2. To propose a new management algorithm for initiation of prophylactic beta-blocker therapy for early stage breast cancer patients with preclinical cardiac toxicities demonstrated by strain parameters.
  3. To determine if initiation of prophylactic beta-blocker therapy in patients with early cardiac toxicity can delay or prevent a drop in LV EF and the development of clinical heart failure.
  4. To explore serial measurements of a suite of novel biomarkers during ongoing anticancer treatment that are presumed but not yet proven to be predictive of cardiac dysfunction in women with breast cancer.
  5. To identify DNA biomarkers of predilection to cardiotoxicity.
  6. To generate hiPSC to validate markers predictive of cardiotoxicity.
Detailed Description

150 patients will be prospectively consented/screened. Over the course of the study, 30 patients are expected to develop abnormal strain with a normal EF > 53%. They will be randomized in 1:1 fashion to open label carvedilol vs. no treatment.

All consenting patients will receive a baseline echocardiogram and blood draw for biomarkers and genetic testing. Patients will be followed with echocardiograms at 3 month intervals for 12 months, until completion of trastuzumab/pertuzumab therapy.

Based on echocardiogram findings, patient will fall into four study arms (A, B, C, D). Patients in Arm A (normal EF and normal strain) and Arm D (decrease in EF > 10%, to a value <53%) will receive current standard of care treatment and will be followed in a registry arm. Arms B and C will comprise of 30 patients with normal EF who develop preclinical cardiac dysfunction, as defined as a change in global longitudinal strain of > 15% from baseline strain) or < -15% absolute longitudinal strain will be prospectively assigned 1:1 to receive prophylactic carvedilol (Arm B) vs. no treatment (Arm C). Prophylactic carvedilol will be initiated at the starting dose of 3.125 mg PO BID and titrated based on blood pressure and heart rate.

Patients will be seen every 3 weeks during the titration phase at their chemotherapy appointments. At each visit, vitals and symptoms will be assessed for dizziness and side-effects from carvedilol. If patient complains of dizziness or HR < 50 bpm, or SBP < 100 mmHg, then the dose titration should stop and the dose should be reduced to the dose at the last increased increment. If there is a > 10% decrease in EF to a value < 53% on the next echocardiogram, then standard heart failure therapy will be initiated (beta-blocker and/or ace-inhibitors) and chemotherapy will be held as per standard of care. If patients require other standard of care treatments for heart failure, such as diuretic therapy or aldosterone antagonists, then this will also be initiated. At this point, these patients will be considered to have met the study endpoint. However, if there is an improvement or no change in strain and EF, then patients will continue with cardiac surveillance with an echo at 3 month intervals. Patients who have been assigned to receive prophylactic carvedilol will continue treatment for duration of chemotherapy up to 1 year. Prophylactic carvedilol will be stopped at the completion of study.

A biomarker substudy will be conducted on 100 patients. These patients will have labs drawn every at ten time points, baseline and every 6 weeks for 12 months, and 1 year post-chemotherapy. A separate blood draw for generation of hiPSC and DNA testing would be done for 100 patients. The blood collection will coincide with the patient's chemotherapy infusions with trastuzumab. These biomarkers will allow for further characterization of patients at risk for developing CTRCD.

A "cardio-oncology" echocardiogram will include standard 2D M-mode and Doppler echocardiography, 2D strain imaging, and 3D LV volume. This data will be processed on-line or off-line within 24 hours of completion of the echocardiogram to determine randomization.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • HER2 Positive Breast Cancer
  • Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Carvedilol
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Prophylactic Carvedilol
    Carvedilol 3.125 mg by mouth every 12 hours, titrated to a max dose of 25 mg by mouth every 12 hours, depending on blood pressure and heart rate, until completion of study.
    Intervention: Drug: Carvedilol
  • No Intervention: No Therapy
    Standard of care monitoring without prophylactic treatment.
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 12, 2016)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients > 18 years of age with HER2-overexpressing early stage breast cancer (Stages I - III)
  2. Pathology report must include HER2 expression, estrogen and progesterone receptor status
  3. Normal LV function (EF > 53%) on baseline echocardiogram
  4. NYHA functional class I-II (no symptoms, dyspnea with more than 2 blocks)
  5. Scheduled to receive treatment with anthracycline and/or trastuzumab and pertuzumab-based regimens
  6. Patients with a history of HTN, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, mild CAD, mild valvular disease are permitted
  7. Patients on concomitant cardiac medications other than beta-blockers (BB) or ace-inhibitors (ACE) therapy are permitted. Other non-cardiac medications are not prohibited.
  8. Women of childbearing potential and sexually active men and women should use effective contraception.
  9. Patients must have a signed informed consent prior to registration

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. LV dysfunction (EF < 53%)
  2. New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III-IV (heart failure symptoms at less than 2 blocks to advanced symptoms at rest)

    a. NYHA Classification: I - No limitations to activity II - Slight limitation to ordinary activity, no symptoms at rest III - Marked limitation to less than ordinary activity, no symptoms at rest IV - Inability to carry out activity without symptoms, symptoms at rest

  3. Pre-existing cardiac disease (moderate-severe coronary artery disease, moderate-severe valvular heart disease, constrictive/restrictive cardiomyopathies)
  4. Metastatic breast cancer
  5. Patients who have ever taken BB/ACE therapy are excluded.
  6. 2nd and 3rd degree AV block
  7. Sick sinus syndrome
  8. Patients with severe bradycardia (< 50 bpm) or severe hypotension (SBP < 85 mmHg)
  9. Severe liver dysfunction defined as Child-Turcotte-Pugh class B & C (significant functional compromise - decompensated disease)
  10. Moderate-severe Asthma
  11. Hypersensitivity to beta-blockers
  12. Patients who are pregnant/lactating are not eligible
  13. Unwilling to consent/assent to blood donation
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Caitlin Brady, MS (312)926-5968
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02993198
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE STU00200675
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Nausheen Akhter, Northwestern University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Northwestern University
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Northwestern University
Verification Date February 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP