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Specialty Mental Health Probation in North Carolina (SMHP)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02990026
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
North Carolina Department of Public Safety
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

December 6, 2016
December 12, 2016
February 14, 2018
September 22, 2016
December 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Recidivism [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
Recidivism, probation revocation or other criminal justice events
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02990026 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Mental health service engagement [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Administrative data from local and state mental health authorities will be accessed to assess mental health service utilization
  • Mental health functioning [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Assessment of mental health functioning - standardized measure (Symptom Checklist - SCL-10-R)
  • Social support [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Assessment of social support - standardized measure (Medical Outcomes Study - Social Support Scale [MOS])
  • Life events checklist [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Assessment of traumatic life events - standardized measure (Life Events Checklist - LEC-5 Standard)
  • Substance use [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Criminal justice contact related to substance use - via administrative records
  • Social network (researcher-created measure of social support network) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Access and utilization of pro-social network as measured by a researcher-created instrument
  • Dual Role Relationship Inventory (DRRI, standardized measure) [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ]
    Assessment of probationer's relationship with probation officer
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Specialty Mental Health Probation in North Carolina
Specialty Mental Health Probation in North Carolina
Specialty mental health probation for offenders with severe mental illness has been widely disseminated; however, randomized studies are needed to determine its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to test the feasibility and efficacy of specialty mental health probation (SMHP) for probationers with mental illness in North Carolina. 320 adult probationers with mental illness in will be randomly assigned to specialty mental health probation (experimental condition) or usual probation (control condition). Probationers assigned to the experimental condition will be supervised by specialty mental health probation officers, who will have reduced caseloads and advanced training in mental health and other topics. Probationers assigned to the control condition will receive standard probation. Criminal justice and mental health outcomes will be examined.
Specialty mental health probation for offenders with severe mental illness has been widely disseminated; however, randomized studies are needed to determine its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to test the feasibility and efficacy of specialty mental health probation (SMHP) for probationers with mental illness in North Carolina. 320 adult probationers with severe mental illness in will be randomly assigned to receive specialty mental health probation (experimental condition) or standard probation (control condition). Probationers assigned to the experimental condition will be supervised by specialty mental health probation officers, who will have reduced caseloads and advanced training in mental health and other topics. Probationers assigned to the control condition will receive standard probation. Criminal justice and mental health outcomes will be examined.
Interventional
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Mental Illness
  • Substance Use
  • Criminal Behavior
Behavioral: Specialty Mental Health Probation
Specialty mental health probation includes the following components: (1) exclusively mentally ill caseload of probationers; (2) reduced caseload of 40-45 probationers; (3) problem-solving supervision orientation; (4) ongoing training and consultation; and (5) greater connection with local mental health services
  • Experimental: Treatment
    Specialty mental health probation - delivered by probation officers who receive specialized training and ongoing clinical consultation with a licensed mental health professional and who have reduced caseloads of exclusively mentally ill offenders.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Specialty Mental Health Probation
  • Active Comparator: Control
    Standard probation - delivered by a standard probation officer - care as usual
    Intervention: Behavioral: Specialty Mental Health Probation
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
320
Same as current
December 2021
December 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Qualifying diagnosis of severe mental illness - schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder + on probation in North Carolina + capable of passing study competency quiz administered by the research team

Exclusion Criteria:

Sexes Eligible for Study: All
21 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Yes
United States
 
 
NCT02990026
14-0492
2015-SM-BX-0004 ( Other Identifier: UNC )
No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Plan to Share IPD: No
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
North Carolina Department of Public Safety
Principal Investigator: Gary Cuddeback University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
February 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP