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A Safety and Efficacy Study of R21 +/- ChAd63/MVA ME-TRAP

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02905019
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 19, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 28, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 19, 2016
Last Update Posted Date June 13, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date December 21, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 16, 2016)
  • Efficacy of adjuvanted R21 at two different doses and adjuvanted R21 + ChAd63 and MVA encoding ME-TRAP in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers as assessed by number of completely protected individuals. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Use statistical analysis to compare number of completely protected individuals (those who do not, by Day 21 following sporozoite challenge, develop blood stage infection measured by occurrence of P. falciparum parasitemia, assessed by blood slide) in the vaccine groups compared to the controls.
  • Safety of adjuvanted R21 at two different doses and adjuvanted R21 + ChAd63 and MVA encoding ME-TRAP in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers as assessed by frequency of adverse events. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Solicited and unsolicited adverse event data will be collected at each clinic visit from diary cards, clinical review, clinical examination (including observations) and laboratory results. This AE data will be tabulated and frequency, duration and severity of AEs compared between groups.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 16, 2016)
  • Humoral immunogenicity generated in malaria naïve individuals with adjuvanted R21 at two different doses [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Antibody response to the circumsporozoite protein generated by vaccination with adjuvanted R21.
  • Cell-mediated immunogenicity generated in malaria naïve individuals with ChAd63 and MVA encoding ME-TRAP [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    T-cell responses to the TRAP antigen of the malaria parasite generated by vaccination with ChAd63 and MVA encoding ME-TRAP .
  • Efficacy measured as time to P. falciparum parasitemia assessed by PCR against malaria sporozoite challenge, in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Statistical analyses using blood stage infection as defined by 500 or more parasites/ml in peripheral blood by quantitative PCR.
  • Efficacy measured as time to P. falciparum parasitemia assessed by blood slide against malaria sporozoite challenge, in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Statistical analyses using blood stage infection defined by a composite of symptoms, blood film result and parasitaemia.
  • Efficacy measured as time to P. falciparum parasitemia assessed by parasite density dynamics assessed by PCR against malaria sporozoite challenge, in healthy malaria-naïve volunteers. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Statistical analyses using blood stage malaria infection as defined by 20 or more P. falciparum parasites/ml in peripheral blood by quantitative PCR.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: September 16, 2016)
Long term protective efficacy of adjuvanted R21 at two different doses and adjuvanted R21 + ChAd63 and MVA encoding ME-TRAP [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Long term efficacy of the vaccination regimens will be assessed by re-challenging any sterilely protected individuals at 5 - 7 months after the first sporozoite challenge (~12 months after the start of the study) and comparing the number of re-challenges who develop blood stage infection with unvaccinated controls.
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Safety and Efficacy Study of R21 +/- ChAd63/MVA ME-TRAP
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/IIa Sporozoite Challenge Study to Assess the Safety and Protective Efficacy of Adjuvanted R21 at Two Different Doses and the Combination Malaria Vaccine Candidate Regimen of Adjuvanted R21 + ChAd63 and MVA Encoding ME-TRAP.
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of adjuvanted R21 alone and in combination with a viral-vectored vaccine regimen (constituting adjuvanted R21 + ChAd63 and MVA encoding ME-TRAP) against malaria sporozoite challenge in healthy malaria-naive volunteers.

Healthy adult volunteers will be recruited in London, Oxford and Southampton.

All vaccinations will be administered intramuscularly. The study involves having either two, three or five vaccinations and then undergoing challenge infection with malaria, or receiving no vaccinations then undergoing challenge infection with malaria.

Detailed Description

Vaccination phases and challenge procedures have been staggered over the trial period into 2 parts, challenges A and B.

Challenge A:

  • Groups 1-3 consist of volunteers receiving either R21 alone or R21 + ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP followed by CHMI by sporozoite challenge (mosquito bite) at week 12. Twelve volunteers will be recruited to each group.
  • Group 4a will serve as infectivity controls, these volunteers will not be vaccinated.

Challenge B:

  • Sterilely protected volunteers in groups 1 - 3 may be rechallenged to assess durability of efficacy, 5-12 months after the initial challenge.
  • Groups 5-7 will also be enrolled to participate in challenge B.
  • Group 5 (8 volunteers) will test the efficacy of standard dose R21 with a fractional third dose followed by CHMI at week 12.
  • Group 6 will test the long-term efficacy of the standard dose R21 vaccination regimen (volunteers in this group will have already received their vaccinations whilst enrolled in the VAC053 malaria trial and will therefore not receive any additional vaccinations before undergoing challenge).
  • Group 7 (8 volunteers) will test the efficacy of a two dose R21 vaccination regimen followed by CHMI at week 8.
  • Group 4b will serve as infectivity controls for groups 5-7 and sterilely protected group 1-3 volunteers. Group 4c volunteers will be used as infectivity controls if any volunteers from groups 5 and 7 are rechallenged.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE Malaria
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: R21 with Matrix-M1
    Vaccine
  • Biological: ChAd63 ME-TRAP
    Vaccine
  • Biological: MVA ME-TRAP
    Vaccine
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Standard Dose x3 (Group 1)
    R21 with Matrix-M1. Three vaccinations with 10 µg R21/ 50 µg Matrix-M1 on days 0, 28 and 56.
    Intervention: Biological: R21 with Matrix-M1
  • Active Comparator: High Dose (Group 2)
    R21 with Matrix-M1. Two vaccinations with 50µg R21/50µg Matrix-M1 on days 0 and 28 and one vaccination with 10 µg R21/ 50 µg Matrix M1 on day 56.
    Intervention: Biological: R21 with Matrix-M1
  • Active Comparator: Combination (Group 3)
    R21 with Matrix-M1, ChAd63 ME-TRAP and MVA ME-TRAP. Three vaccinations with 10 µg R21/ 50 µg Matrix-M1 on days 0 , 28 and 56. Plus one vaccination with ChAd63 ME-TRAP on day 7 and one vaccination with MVA ME-TRAP on day 63.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: R21 with Matrix-M1
    • Biological: ChAd63 ME-TRAP
    • Biological: MVA ME-TRAP
  • No Intervention: Control Group 4a
    These volunteers will not be vaccinated and will serve as infectivity controls when groups 1-3 undergo challenge.
  • No Intervention: Control Group 4b
    These volunteers will not be vaccinated and will serve as infectivity controls when group 5-7 and sterilely protected volunteers from groups 1-3 undergo challenge.
  • No Intervention: Control Group 4c
    These volunteers will not be vaccinated and will serve as infectivity controls if any volunteers from groups 5 and 7 are rechallenged.
  • Active Comparator: Fractional Dose (Group 5)
    R21 with Matrix-M1. Two vaccinations with 10 µg R21/ 50 µg Matrix-M1 on days 0 and 28 and one vaccination with 2µg R21/ 50 µg Matrix-M1 on day 56.
    Intervention: Biological: R21 with Matrix-M1
  • No Intervention: Long-term Efficacy (Group 6)
    Volunteers in this group have received vaccinations in a different malaria vaccine trial. These volunteers will not receive any vaccinations in this trial, but will undergo controlled human malaria infection as part of this study.
  • Active Comparator: Standard Dose x2 (Group 7)
    R21 with Matrix-M1. Two vaccinations with 10 µg R21/ 50 µg Matrix-M1 on days 0 and 28.
    Intervention: Biological: R21 with Matrix-M1
Publications * Ssemaganda A, Giddam AK, Zaman M, Skwarczynski M, Toth I, Stanisic DI, Good MF. Induction of Plasmodium-Specific Immune Responses Using Liposome-Based Vaccines. Front Immunol. 2019 Feb 1;10:135. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2019.00135. eCollection 2019. Review.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 12, 2018)
63
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 16, 2016)
48
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 21, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date December 21, 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years.
  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements.
  • Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner.
  • Women only: Must practice continuous effective contraception* for the duration of the study.
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study and for at least 3 years after the end of their involvement in the study.
  • Written informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Reachable (24/7) by mobile phone during the period between CHMI and completion of antimalarial treatment.
  • Willingness to take a curative anti-malaria regimen following CHMI.
  • For volunteers not living close to their designated malaria challenge follow-up site (Oxford or Southampton): agreement to stay in a hotel room close to the trial centre during a part of the study (from at least day 6.5 post mosquito bite until anti-malarial treatment is completed).
  • Answer all questions on the informed consent quiz correctly.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of clinical malaria (any species).
  • Travel to a clearly malaria endemic locality during the study period or within the preceding six months
  • Use of systemic antibiotics with known antimalarial activity within 30 days of CHMI (e.g. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, tetracycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, fluoroquinolones and azithromycin)
  • Receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt during the study period.
  • Prior receipt of an investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data as assessed by the investigator. If any volunteers in Group 1-3 undergo rechallenge, this exclusion criterion does not extend to the vaccines previously received in the VAC065 trial
  • For Group 3 volunteers only: prior receipt of a non-malaria MVA or non-malaria adenovirus vectored experimental vaccine
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Use of immunoglobulins or blood products within 3 months prior to enrolment.
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine (e.g. egg products, Kathon) or malaria infection.
  • Any history of anaphylaxis post vaccination.
  • History of clinically significant contact dermatitis.
  • History of sickle cell anaemia, sickle cell trait, thalassaemia or thalassaemia trait or any haematological condition that could affect susceptibility to malaria infection.
  • Pregnancy, lactation or intention to become pregnant during the study.
  • Use of medications known to cause prolongation of the QT interval and existing contraindication to the use of Malarone
  • Use of medications known to have a potentially clinically significant interaction with Riamet and Malarone
  • Any clinical condition known to prolong the QT interval
  • History of cardiac arrhythmia, including clinically relevant bradycardia
  • Disturbances of electrolyte balance, eg, hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia
  • Family history of congenital QT prolongation or sudden death
  • Contraindications to the use of all three proposed anti-malarial medications; Riamet, Malarone and Chloroquine.
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ).
  • History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study.
  • Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision.
  • Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 standard UK units every week.
  • Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment.
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) detected in serum.
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV) at screening (unless has taken part in a prior hepatitis C vaccine study with confirmed negative HCV antibodies prior to participation in that study, and negative HCV RNA PCR at screening for this study).
  • An estimated, ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5%, as estimated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system.60
  • Positive family history in 1st and 2nd degree relatives < 50 years old for cardiac disease.
  • Volunteers unable to be closely followed for social, geographic or psychological reasons.
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or haematology blood tests, urinalysis or clinical examination.
  • Any other significant disease, disorder, or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02905019
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE VAC065
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Responsible Party University of Oxford
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Oxford
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Adrian V Hill, DPhil FRCP Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Churchill Hosptal, Oxford, United Kingdom
PRS Account University of Oxford
Verification Date August 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP