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Nivolumab and Plinabulin in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB-IV, Recurrent, or Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02846792
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Immunotherapy approved for NSCLC in the first line setting)
First Posted : July 27, 2016
Results First Posted : March 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 19, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 27, 2016
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 22, 2019
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE March 4, 2019
Last Update Posted Date March 4, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 14, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date July 12, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 27, 2019)
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose of Plinabulin and Nivolumab (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Defined as no more than 1 of 6 patients experiencing a dose limiting toxicity, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria version 4.0.
  • Overall Response Rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Time between receipt of first study drug until disease progression date, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of patient consent, assessed up to 16 months ]
    Defined as the sum of complete and partial responses for more than 8 weeks according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 22, 2016)
  • Maximum tolerated dose of plinabulin and nivolumab defined as no more than 1 of 6 patients experiencing a dose limiting toxicity, graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) version 4.0 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) defined as the sum of complete and partial responses for more than 8 weeks according to RECIST 1.1 criteria (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 16 months ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 27, 2019)
  • Disease Control Rate [ Time Frame: Time between receipt of first study drug until disease progression date, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of patient consent, assessed up to 16 months ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with complete response, partial response, and stable disease for more than 8 weeks according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1.
  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Time between receipt of first study drug until disease progression date, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of patient consent, assessed up to 16 months ]
    Will be summarized using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, minimum and maximum values).
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time between receipt of first study drug until death date or last known alive date, assessed up to 16 months ]
    Will be summarized using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, minimum and maximum values).
  • Toxicity Rates [ Time Frame: Adverse events collected from the time patient received the first dose of study therapy through 28 days following the last dose of study therapy or the start of a new cancer therapy, whichever occurred first, assessed up to 28 days post therapy. ]
    Overall Percentage and number of patients experiencing grade 3 or higher severity of adverse events, graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria version 4.0.
  • Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: Time between receipt of first study drug until disease progression date, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of patient consent, assessed up to 16 months ]
    Assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 22, 2016)
  • Disease Control Rate (DCR) defined as the proportion of patients with complete response, partial response, and stable disease [ Time Frame: Up to 16 months ]
  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Time between receipt of first study drug and until the date of progression, assessed up to 16 months ]
  • Percentage of patients experiencing grade 3 or higher severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]
    Adverse events will be graded using the NCI CTC version 4.0.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Nivolumab and Plinabulin in Treating Patients With Stage IIIB-IV, Recurrent, or Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/II Clinical Trial of Nivolumab and Plinabulin for Patients With Advanced Stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Have Progressed Through First Line Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy
Brief Summary This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of plinabulin when given together with nivolumab and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage IIIB-IV non-small cell lung cancer that has come back or spread to other places in the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as plinabulin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving nivolumab and plinabulin together may work better at treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of the combination of nivolumab and plinabulin. (Phase I)

II. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) of treatment with nivolumab with the addition of plinabulin in the treatment of advanced stage non-small cell lung cancer in the second line setting. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the progression free survival (PFS), disease control rate (DCR), duration of response (DOR) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with nivolumab in combination with plinabulin.

II. To determine the safety and tolerability of the combination of plinabulin and nivolumab.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Patients who have a pre-treatment and/or post cycle one biopsy will have flow cytometry of their tissue to identify infiltration of immune cells, rates of expression of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), programmed cell death 2 (PD-2) and programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDL1).

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of plinabulin followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive plinabulin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 28 days.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • ALK Gene Translocation
  • EGFR Activating Mutation
  • Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • ROS1 Gene Translocation
  • Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7
  • Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Nivolumab
    Given IV
    Other Name: Opdivo
  • Drug: Plinabulin
    Given IV
    Other Name: NPI-2358
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Treatment (plinabulin, nivolumab)
Patients receive plinabulin IV over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Biological: Nivolumab
  • Drug: Plinabulin
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 27, 2019)
5
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 22, 2016)
39
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 16, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date July 12, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have histologically or cytologically-documented stage IIIB or stage IV, recurrent, or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  • Subjects must have received prior platinum doublet based treatment

    • Up to 2 lines of prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease are permitted
    • Adjuvant chemotherapy or concurrent chemoradiation for early stage disease does not count as prior therapy unless subject progressed within 6 months of completion of regimen
    • Patients with known activating mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), or known translocation in anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) or ROS-1 are eligible provided they have progressed on or were intolerant to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved targeted therapy
  • Subjects must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 2
  • Subjects, including those in the dose-escalation portion of the study, must have measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria; imagining must be within 28 days of trial enrollment

    • Target lesions may be located in a previously irradiated field if there is documented (radiographic) disease progression in that site prior to trial enrollment
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 75,000/dL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL x upper limit of normal (ULN) (except subjects with Gilbert syndrome who can have total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dL)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 times the upper limit of normal if no liver involvement or =< 5 times the upper limit of normal with liver involvement
  • For women of child bearing potential, documented negative pregnancy test within two weeks of study entry and agreement to acceptable birth control throughout the trial starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study medication

    • Abstinence is an acceptable method of birth control
  • Male subjects with a female partner(s) of child-bearing potential must agree to use acceptable birth control throughout the trial starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study medication
  • Capability to understand and comply with the protocol requirements as and signed informed consent documents

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Systemic anticancer therapy within 21 days of the first dose of study drug

    • All adverse events from prior systemic therapy must have either stabilized or returned to baseline
  • Prior treatment with nivolumab or any other PD1/PDL1 checkpoint inhibitor
  • Major medical conditions that might affect study participation (e.g. uncontrolled pulmonary, renal, or hepatic dysfunction, uncontrolled serious infection, cardiac disease)
  • Significant cardiac history:

    • History of myocardial infarction or ischemic heart disease within 1 year before first study drug administration;
    • Uncontrolled arrhythmia;
    • History of congenital QT prolongation;
    • New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease;
    • Uncontrolled hypertension: blood pressure consistently greater than 150 mm Hg systolic and 100 mm Hg diastolic in spite of antihypertensive medication
  • History of hemorrhagic diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease or active uncontrolled peptic ulcer disease; (concomitant therapy with ranitidine or its equivalent and/or omeprazole or its equivalent is acceptable); history of ileus or other significant gastrointestinal disorder known to predispose to ileus or chronic bowel hypomotility
  • Subjects with untreated symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases are excluded

    • Subjects are eligible if symptomatic CNS metastases are treated and subjects have neurologically returned to baseline (except for residual signs and symptoms related to CNS treatment) for at least 7 days prior to first dose of study treatment

      • Subjects must be off corticosteroids for at least 7 days prior to first dose of study treatment
  • Subjects with leptomeningeal disease are excluded
  • Subjects with planned radiation therapy to a target lesion will be excluded
  • Radiation therapy within 14 days of the first dose of study drug
  • Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding are excluded
  • Subjects who are unable or unwilling to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator or designee are excluded
  • Pulmonary conditions such as sarcoidosis, silicosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, or hypersensitivity pneumonitis are excluded
  • Subject who have active non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Subjects who have a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or are receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Subjects with any active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease; subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll

    • Subjects with asthma that require intermittent use of bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study
    • Subjects on chronic systemic steroids for any reason would be excluded from the study; the use of topical steroids is allowable
  • Any known additional malignancy (with exception of non-melanoma skin cancer, in-situ breast cancer or a malignancy diagnosed >= 3 years ago and with no evidence of requiring active treatment)
  • Patients with known active hepatitis B, or hepatitis C will be excluded
  • Patients with risk factors for bowel obstruction or bowel perforation (e.g., acute diverticulitis) will be excluded
  • Has any serious or uncontrolled active infection
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02846792
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 9602
NCI-2016-01009 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9602 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party University of Washington
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Washington
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Rafael Santana-Davila Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
PRS Account University of Washington
Verification Date February 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP