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A Phase 1/2 Trial of SRA737 in Combination With Gemcitabine Plus Cisplatin or Gemcitabine Alone in Subjects With Advanced Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02797977
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 14, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 3, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sierra Oncology, Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 23, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 14, 2016
Last Update Posted Date January 3, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE July 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 3, 2018)
  • Number of subjects with adverse events as assessed by CTCAE4.03 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of SRA737 ]
  • Maximum tolerated dose of SRA737 administered in combination with gemcitabine [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (28 days) in the Dose Escalation Phase ]
  • Recommended Phase 2 dose of SRA737 in combination with gemcitabine. [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of SRA737 ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 13, 2016)
  • Safety and Tolerability of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin assessed as the incidence, severity and causality of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after last dose of CCT245737 ]
  • To propose a recommended Phase II dose of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after last dose of CCT245737 ]
    A recommended Phase II dose of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin as defined by a dose at which no more than one patient out of up to six patients at the same dose level experience a highly probably or probably drug-related dose limiting toxicity (DLT).
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 13, 2016)
  • Assessment of the plasma levels of CCT245737 to define the maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: 48 hour time course after the first dose of CCT2456737 and again for 48 hours after dosing on Cycle 1 Day 2. ]
    Pharmacokinetic profile of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin.
  • Assessment of the plasma levels of CCT245737 to define the terminal elimination half-life (Tmax) [ Time Frame: 48 hour time course after the first dose of CCT2456737 and again for 48 hours after dosing on Cycle 1 Day 2. ]
    Pharmacokinetic profile of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin.
  • Assessment of the plasma levels of CCT245737 to define the area under the curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: 48 hour time course after the first dose of CCT2456737 and again for 48 hours after dosing on Cycle 1 Day 2. ]
    Pharmacokinetic profile of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin.
  • Assessment of the plasma levels of CCT245737 to define the terminal elimination half-life (T1/2) [ Time Frame: 48 hour time course after the first dose of CCT2456737 and again for 48 hours after dosing on Cycle 1 Day 2. ]
    Pharmacokinetic profile of CCT245737 administered in combination with gemcitabine +/- cisplatin.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase 1/2 Trial of SRA737 in Combination With Gemcitabine Plus Cisplatin or Gemcitabine Alone in Subjects With Advanced Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 1/2 Trial of Oral SRA737 (a Chk1 Inhibitor) Given in Combination With Gemcitabine Plus Cisplatin or Gemcitabine Alone in Subjects With Advanced Cancer
Brief Summary

The purpose of this clinical study is to establish the safety profile, determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommend a Phase 2 dose (RP2D) and schedule of SRA737 in combination with low dose gemcitabine; and to evaluate the efficacy of SRA737 in combination with low dose gemcitabine in prospectively-selected subjects with genetically-defined tumors that have predicted sensitivity to Chk1 inhibition based on factors including: genetic profiling of tumor tissue or ctDNA, HPV status, and germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene status. Specific cancer indications that frequently feature these factors will be studied.

Preclinical and clinical data support the hypothesis that active doses of SRA737 may be strongly potentiated by sub-therapeutic doses of gemcitabine, which should lead to clinical efficacy. To test this hypothesis, SRA737 in combination with low dose gemcitabine is being explored in this study.

Detailed Description

SRA737 is a potent, highly selective, orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitor of Chk1, a key regulator of cell cycle progression and the DNA Damage Response (DDR) replication stress response. In cancer cells, intrinsic replication stress (RS) is induced by factors such as oncogenes (e.g., CCNE1 or MYC), genetic mutations in DNA repair machinery (e.g., BRCA1 or FA), genetic mutations leading to a dysregulated cell cycle (e.g., TP53 or RAD50) or other genomic alterations. This replication stress results in persistent DNA damage and genomic instability leading to an increased dependency on Chk1 for survival. Targeted inhibition of Chk1 by SRA737 may therefore be synthetically lethal to cancer cells with elevated intrinsic RS.

The critical role of Chk1 in mediating cellular responses to RS affords the opportunity to combine SRA737 with sub-therapeutic concentrations of the RS-inducing agent gemcitabine. Low concentrations of gemcitabine cause a prolonged cell cycle S-phase and induce hallmarks of RS without inducing overt cytotoxicity. Gemcitabine profoundly depletes DNA replication building blocks and targets proliferating cells by inducing RS through induction of stalled replication forks. In response, Chk1 has an important role in stabilizing and preserving replication fork complexes in the context of RS, preventing catastrophic replication fork collapse and double strand breaks. Extensive preclinical data, as well as clinical data, support the synergistic interaction between Chk1 inhibition and gemcitabine.

The purpose of this clinical study is to: establish the safety profile, determine the MTD, and propose a RP2D and schedule for SRA737 in combination with low dose gemcitabine. In addition, the study aims to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of SRA737 in combination with low dose gemcitabine in prospectively-selected subjects with tumors that have predicted sensitivity to Chk1 inhibition.

This clinical study consists of three phases:

  1. A Standard-Dose Triplet Combo Dose Escalation Phase 1. This phase, which has concluded, evaluated a triplet combination of SRA737 with standard-dose gemcitabine and cisplatin in subjects with solid tumors.
  2. A Low-Dose Gemcitabine Combo Dose Escalation Phase 1. Cohorts of 3 to 6 subjects are being given escalating doses of SRA737 on an intermittent schedule in addition to low dose gemcitabine until the combination MTD is reached. The dose or frequency of gemcitabine may also be reduced during this process and alternative dosing schedules for SRA737 may be considered. When the MTD or a minimum efficacious dose range has been achieved for SRA737, or when evidence of anti-tumor activity is observed, the gemcitabine dose may be escalated with corresponding decreases in the SRA737 dose as necessary for safety.
  3. A Low-Dose Gemcitabine Combo Cohort Expansion Phase 2. After the MTD and/or RP2D has been identified, the trial will explore the preliminary efficacy of SRA737 plus low dose gemcitabine in prospectively-selected subjects with tumors that harbor genomic alterations linked to increased replication stress and that are hypothesized to be more sensitive to Chk1 inhibition via synthetic lethality. Enrollment for expansion cohorts may alternatively begin prior to the completion of dose escalation and determination of MTD or RP2D, if there is evidence of anti-tumor activity or if the minimal plasma concentration of SRA737 is maintained above a threshold at which sustained Chk1 inhibition is anticipated at 24 hours after dosing.

This phase is targeting enrollment of genetically-selected patients into four expansion cohorts from specific indications that are predicted to have a high prevalence of such alterations, including locally advanced or metastatic:

  • high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC),
  • small cell lung cancer (SCLC);
  • soft tissue sarcoma (STS); and
  • cervical/anogenital cancer.

To qualify for enrolment into these cohorts, the subject's tumor must have evidence of predicted sensitivity to Chk1 inhibition based on factors including:

  • For subjects with HGSOC, documented somatic or germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 wild-type status will confer eligibility without requirement for prospective genetic profiling. If documented BRCA status is not available, genetic profiling may be performed prospectively to determine eligibility.
  • Subjects with SCLC are eligible without requirement for prospective genetic profiling on the basis of very high prevalence of cancer related alterations in the tumor suppressor genes (eg, TP53 and RB1) in this population.
  • For subjects with STS, and any others for whom genetic profiling is performed prospectively, eligibility will be determined by the sponsor's review of genetic abnormalities detected in genes in the following categories:

    • Key tumor suppressor genes regulating G1 cell cycle progression/arrest such as RB1, TP53, etc.
    • The DNA damage response pathway including ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, mismatch repair genetic alterations and/or high microsatellite instability.
    • Genetic indicators of replicative stress such as gain of function/amplification of Chk1 or ATR or other related gene.
    • Oncogenic drivers such as MYC, CCNE1, etc.
  • For subjects with anogenital cancer, known HPV positive status will confer eligibility without requirement for prospective genetic profiling. If HPV status is not known or not positive, genetic profiling (or HPV testing where appropriate) may be performed prospectively to determine eligibility. Subjects with cervical cancer or squamous cell carcinoma of the anus are eligible without requirement for prospective genetic profiling based on the very high prevalence of HPV positivity in these populations.

Tumor genetics will be determine using Next-Generation Sequencing.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Advanced Solid Tumors
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: SRA737, gemcitabine, cisplatin
  • Drug: SRA737, gemcitabine
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Standard-Dose Triplet Combination
    SRA737 will be administered orally on Days 2, 3, 9, and 10 of each 21-day cycle. Subjects will receive a single dose of SRA737 between 4 to 7 days prior to starting the first cycle for PK profiling. Gemcitabine will be administered intravenously on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle. Cisplatin will be administered on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Subjects can continue taking the study treatment if they are safely receiving clinical benefit and able to follow the requirements of the study.
    Intervention: Drug: SRA737, gemcitabine, cisplatin
  • Experimental: Low-Dose Gemcitabine Combination
    SRA737 will be administered orally on Days 2, 3, 9, 10, 16, and 17 of each 28-day cycle. Subjects will receive a single dose of SRA737 between 4 to 7 days prior to starting the first cycle. Gemcitabine will be administered intravenously on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 28-day cycle. Subjects can continue taking the study treatment if they are safely receiving clinical benefit and able to follow the requirements of the study.
    Intervention: Drug: SRA737, gemcitabine
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2019)
153
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 13, 2016)
70
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  1. For Dose Escalation: subjects with locally advanced or metastatic, histologically or cytologically proven solid tumor, relapsed after or progressing despite conventional treatment
  2. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  3. World Health Organization (WHO) performance status of 0-1
  4. Must meet select hematological and biochemical laboratory indices
  5. Archival tumor tissue or accessible tumor and willingness to consent to a biopsy

Expansion Only:

  1. Histologically or cytologically proven advanced malignancy of the following types, for which no other conventional therapy is considered appropriate:

    • High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC)
    • Small cell lung cancer
    • Soft tissue sarcoma
    • Cervical/anogenital cancer
  2. Measurable disease per RECIST v1.1
  3. Subjects must have predicted sensitivity to Chk1 inhibition based on factors including: genetic profiling of tumor tissue or ctDNA, HPV status, and germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene status. All subjects will have genetic profiling from tumor tissue or ctDNA; profiling will be performed prospectively if required to evaluate Chk1 sensitivity or otherwise performed retrospectively.

    1. For subjects with HGSOC, documented somatic or germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 wild-type status will confer eligibility without requirement for prospective genetic profiling. If documented BRCA status is not available, genetic profiling may be performed prospectively to determine eligibility.
    2. Subjects with SCLC are eligible without requirement for prospective genetic profiling on the basis of very high prevalence of cancer related alterations in the tumor suppressor genes (eg, TP53 and RB1) in this population.
    3. For subjects with STS, and any others for whom genetic profiling is performed prospectively, eligibility will be determined by the sponsor's review of genetic abnormalities detected in genes in the following categories:

      Key tumor suppressor genes regulating G1 cell cycle progression/arrest such as RB1, TP53, etc. For relevant cancers, positive human papilloma virus (HPV) status is also considered for eligibility.

      • The DNA damage response pathway including ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2, mismatch repair genetic alterations and/or high microsatellite instability.
      • Genetic indicators of replicative stress such as gain of function/amplification of Chk1 or ATR or other related gene.
      • Oncogenic drivers such as MYC, CCNE1, etc.
    4. For subjects with anogenital cancer, known HPV positive status will confer eligibility without requirement for prospective genetic profiling. If HPV status is not known or not positive, genetic profiling (or HPV testing where appropriate) may be performed prospectively to determine eligibility. Subjects with cervical cancer or squamous cell carcinoma of the anus are eligible without requirement for prospective genetic profiling based on the very high prevalence of HPV positivity in these populations.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Received the following prior or current anticancer therapy in the timeframes noted prior to receiving SRA737 and have recovered from toxicity:

    1. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, PARP inhibitors, other targeted therapies, or other IMPs within 2 weeks
    2. Nitrosoureas or Mitomycin C within 6 weeks
    3. Any prior treatment with a Chk1 inhibitor at any point or prior treatment with an ATR inhibitor within 6 months
  2. No more than 3 previous treatment regimens for advanced disease (not applicable to HGSOC expansion cohort)
  3. Other malignancy within the past 2 years, except for adequately treated tumors
  4. If, in the opinion of the Investigator, the subject is highly likely to experience clinically significant myelosuppression
  5. Ongoing toxic manifestations of previous treatments greater than NCI-CTCAE Grade 1
  6. History of allergy to gemcitabine
  7. New or progressing brain metastases. Subjects with brain metastases that have been asymptomatic and radiologically stable over an 8-week period and have not been treated with steroids during that time may be included with approval from the sponsor.
  8. High medical risk because of nonmalignant systemic disease
  9. Serologically positive for hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV
  10. Serious cardiac condition, left ventricular ejection fraction < 45% at baseline, history of cardiac ischemia within the past 6 months, or prior history of cardiac arrhythmia requiring treatment, unless approved by the sponsor.
  11. Prior bone marrow transplant or extensive radiotherapy to greater than 25% of bone marrow within the previous 8 weeks
  12. Peanut allergy
  13. QTcF > 450 msec in adult makes and > 470 msec in adult females
  14. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of SRA737
  15. Inability to swallow capsules without chewing or crushing
  16. Is a participant or plans to participate in another interventional clinical trial
  17. Any other condition which in the Investigator's opinion would not make the subject a good candidate
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Spain,   United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02797977
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SRA737-02
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Sierra Oncology, Inc.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Sierra Oncology, Inc.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Sierra Oncology, Inc.
Verification Date July 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP