Placebo-controlled RCT of Botulinum Toxin A as a Treatment for Provoked Vestibulodynia
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02773641|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2019
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||May 4, 2016|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||May 16, 2016|
|Last Update Posted Date||August 14, 2019|
|Actual Study Start Date ICMJE||May 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||June 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Self-reported dyspareunia measured by VAS [ Time Frame: Baseline to 6 months after baseline ]
VAS 0 (no pain) to 100 (worst pain imaginable)
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||The reduction of patient self-reported dyspareunia measured by VAS 0 (no pain) to 100 (worst pain imaginable). [ Time Frame: 6 months ]|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02773641 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Placebo-controlled RCT of Botulinum Toxin A as a Treatment for Provoked Vestibulodynia|
|Official Title ICMJE||Double Blind Placebo-controlled RCT of the Efficacy and Safety of Intramuscular Injections of Botulinum Toxin A as a Treatment for Provoked Vestibulodynia|
|Brief Summary||Women with provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) suffer from severe dyspareunia and often present a hyperactivity of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) which maintain the dyspareunia. The rationale for the study is that for women with PVD who don't succeed to restore the function of the PFM by physiotherapy, Botulinum Toxin A (BTA) could be an optional treatment by decreasing the high muscle tonus and thus possibly reduce the coital pain.|
Design and methodology General outline The study is an investigator- initiated phase III study to determine the effect of botulinum toxin A injections in the bulbocavernosus muscles in women with provoked vestibulodynia for reduction of the level of dyspareunia. The study will be a double blind, placebo-controlled RCT analyzed according to the intention to treat. The study will be carried out according the trial protocol, current regulations (LVFS 2011:19, ICH GCP) and to the latest version of the Helsinki declaration. Ethical approval from the Stockholm regional ethic committee will also be obtained before the study begins. No financial support from the manufacturer of the active drug is obtained.
Women with PVD, age 18-40 years, will be informed about the study by their gynecologist or via advertisement with information on how to contact the research nurse or the responsible gynecologists for more information. If the diagnosis of PVD needs to be clarified, a screening appointment will be scheduled.
It is estimated that the project will require 4 years for recruitment and treatment of all participants, follow-ups, data analyses and report of results.
During the recruitment, the patients with PVD will be asked to participate in an epigenetic study analyzing the grade of methylation of certain candidate genes associated to pain and anxiety before and after treatment and a "genome wide association study" with the aim to find possible genetic markers of PVD. If they accept, a venous blood sample will be taken during Visit 1 and Visit 5. These studies are otherwise separated from the RCT and have ethical approval. The blood samples will be registered in Stockholms Medicinska Biobank (registreringsnummer 941 hos IVO) and stored for later analyses at the research department of Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 182 88 Danderyd, Sweden.
Visit 1(recruitment and baseline) If the patient is willing to participate and fulfill inclusion and exclusion criteria she will sign informed consent in the presence of the gynecologist in charge of the injections of BTA or placebo.
Evaluation of psycho-sexual health and quality of life (QoL) The following validated (including the Swedish language) questionnaires will be filled in;
Evaluation of coital pain/dyspareunia
Vaginal pressure measurement Measurement of vaginal pressure will be performed by the use of a thin plastic catheter with a small pressure transducer at the top (4 mm), connected to a manometer. The catheter is placed in the vagina, 3 -4 cm from the vaginal opening. Vaginal resting pressure in mm Hg (VRP), pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength, PFM endurance for 10s will be measured.
Venous blood sample of 20 ml to separate genetic studies
Randomization The research nurse will perform the randomization according to a computerized block-randomization and prepare sealed envelopes containing data of randomized treatment for each participant. She will also prepare a randomization list with name, personal number and randomization number that will be kept locked away in the research department.
Blinding and masking The research nurse who opens the randomization envelope will prepare the syringe with active drug or placebo according to the randomization number. The syringe will be marked with the patient's name, personal number and randomization number and left on a tray at an assigned place where it will be collected by the insertion provider (responsible investigator). Thus, a double blind procedure is obtained. Participation in the study and the patient's randomization number will be noted and kept in each patient's Clinical Research Format (CRF). Copies of the randomization envelopes will be kept locked away in the research department of the Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Danderyd Hospital. In case of emergency the individual envelopes can be obtained at all times and can then be accessed by all investigators involved in the study. Thereby the blinding of the study is not jeopardized in case of emergency.
Drug administration A total amount of 50 Allergan-units BTA, diluted in sterile NaCl solution 9 mg/ml to 0, 5 ml or 0, 5 ml of the sterile NaCl solution 9 mg/ml will be injected at two occasions (tree months apart) at 4 sites (2 at each side) in m. bulbocavernosus approximately 3-4 cm from the vaginal opening by EMG guidance and the use of an EMG needle (37mm x 27G, Natus Manufacturing Limited, Ireland).
Participants without a highly effective anti-conception method will undergo a pregnancy test before randomization and treatment. Highly anti-conception methods are defined as; combined hormonal method containing estrogen and progesterone (oral, intravaginal, transdermal), progesterone only (oral, injectable, implantable), intrauterine device, intrauterine hormone-releasing system, bilateral tube occlusion, vasectomized partner, sexual abstinence.
In between visits, a web-based diary will be kept for reporting of adverse events, pain during sexual activity and the result of the tampon test performed once a week at home. The research nurse will send e-mails with the questionnaires to be filled in before each follow-up visit and check that all questionnaires have been completed. She will also remind the participants via e-mail to report adverse events and perform the tampon test as required.
Visit 2, 4-6 weeks after baseline
Evaluation of reported adverse events Vaginal pressure measurement
Visit 3, 12 weeks after baseline Evaluation of reported adverse events Questionnaires for psycho-sexual health and QoL - same as Visit 1
Coital pain and the tampon test (VAS 0-100) and functional measure of coital impairment Vaginal pressure measurement Pregnancy test of participants without highly effective anti-conception method The patients will be treated with the same treatment as they were randomized for at baseline (either 50 Allergan-units BTA (0.5 ml) or 0.5 ml placebo) injected in the same manner.
Visit 4, 16-18 weeks after baseline Evaluation of reported adverse events Vaginal pressure measurement
Visit 5, 24 weeks after baseline Evaluation of reported adverse events Questionnaires for psycho-sexual health and QoL - same as Visit 1
Coital pain and the tampon test (VAS 0-100) and functional measure of coital impairment
Vaginal pressure measurement Venous blood sample of 20 ml to separate genetic studies At this point patients will be offered, if needed, information on conventional treatment of PVD with exercises for desensitizing the vestibular mucosa and exercises pelvic floor muscles rehabilitation.
Visit 6, 12 months from baseline Questionnaires for psycho-sexual health and QoL - same as Visit 1
Coital pain and the tampon test (VAS 0-100), and functional measure of coital impairment
Vaginal pressure measurement
End of Trial
The trial is completed when the last patients has come for her Visit 6.
After the trial is completed, participants who have received placebo will be offered treatment with Botox injections, administered the same way as in the study, if the results show that Botox is more effective than placebo for PVD and that no serious adverse events have occurred during the trial. For the post-trial treatment, the patients have to pay for the medication. The treatment is otherwise free of charge. No other treatment for PVD is planned to be carried out and the participants will resume contact with their ordinary open care gynecologist if needed when the trial is completed.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 3|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arms ICMJE||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Actual Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||Same as current|
|Actual Study Completion Date ICMJE||June 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||June 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages ICMJE||18 Years to 40 Years (Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Sweden|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT02773641|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||BotA -KKDS2016, version 3|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||
|Responsible Party||Nina Bohm-Starke, Karolinska Institutet|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Karolinska Institutet|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|PRS Account||Karolinska Institutet|
|Verification Date||August 2019|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP