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eXalt3: Study Comparing X-396 (Ensartinib) to Crizotinib in ALK Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02767804
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 10, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xcovery Holding Company, LLC

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 30, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 10, 2016
Last Update Posted Date July 23, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 9, 2016)
Progression-free survival (PFS) as assessed by independent radiology review based on RECIST v. 1.1 criteria [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 21, 2020)
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
  • CNS response rate based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Time to CNS progression based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • ORR based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 9, 2016)
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 48 months ]
  • Objective response rate (ORR) based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • PFS based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • ORR based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Time to response based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Time to response based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Duration of response based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Duration of response based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: July 21, 2020)
  • PFS based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • ORR based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Time to response based on investigator assessment and independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Duration of Response based on investigator assessment and independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • CNS response rate based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Time to CNS progression based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • 7. Patient reported time to deterioration (TTD) as measured by the EORTC C30/LC13 QoL questionnaire and Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Patient reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by the EORTC C30/LC13 QoL questionnaire and LCSS [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: May 9, 2016)
  • CNS response rate based on independent radiology review [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • CNS response rate based on investigator assessment [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Time to CNS progression [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Percentage of patients with adverse events [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Patient reported time to deterioration (TTD) as measured by EORTC C30/LC13 QoL questionnaire [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Patient reported TTD as measured by Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS) [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Patient reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by EORTC C30/LC13 QoL questionnaire [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Patient reported HRQoL as measured by LCSS [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Plasma concentrations (Cmax) at participating sites [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
  • Plasma concentrations (Cmin) at participating sites [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE eXalt3: Study Comparing X-396 (Ensartinib) to Crizotinib in ALK Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients
Official Title  ICMJE Phase 3 Randomized Study Comparing X-396 (Ensartinib) to Crizotinib in Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients
Brief Summary The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of X-396 (ensartinib) vs. crizotinib in patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer that have received up to 1 prior chemotherapy regimen and no prior ALK inhibitor.
Detailed Description To evaluate the efficacy and safety of X-396 (ensartinib) vs. crizotinib in patients with ALK-positive NSCLC that have received up to 1 prior chemotherapy regimen and no prior ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), to obtain additional pharmacokinetic (PK) data from sparse PK sampling, to compare the quality of life (QoL) in patients receiving X-396 vs. crizotinib, to evaluate the status of exploratory biomarkers and correlate with clinical outcome, and to obtain germline DNA samples for possible pharmacogenetic analysis in the event that outliers with respect to efficacy, tolerability/safety, or exposure are identified.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: X-396 (ensartinib)
    oral ALK inhibitor
  • Drug: crizotinib
    oral ALK inhibitor
    Other Name: Xalkori
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: X-396 (ensartinib)
    Eligible patients with ALK+ NSCLC will receive oral X-396 (ensartinib) at 225mg QD with or without food until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops
    Intervention: Drug: X-396 (ensartinib)
  • Active Comparator: crizotinib
    Eligible patients with ALK+ NSCLC will receive oral crizotinib at 250mg BID with or without food until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops
    Intervention: Drug: crizotinib
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 23, 2019)
290
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 9, 2016)
402
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced or recurrent (Stage IIIB not amenable for multimodality treatment) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC that is ALK-positive by an FDA-approved assay performed centrally. Patients must be ALK positive by local test prior to submitting tissue to the central lab. Randomization will occur after ALK positive confirmation is received from the central lab. Patients may have received up to 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease, which may also include maintenance therapy. Note that patients that have received adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy and developed metastatic disease within 6 months from the end of that therapy would be considered to have received 1 prior regimen for metastatic disease.
  2. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) score of 0 to 2. (see Appendix A)
  3. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  4. Ability to swallow and retain oral medication.
  5. Adequate organ system function, defined as follows:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109/L
    2. Platelets ≥100 x 109/L
    3. Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (≥90 g/L) Note that transfusions are allowed to meet the required hemoglobin level
    4. Total bilirubin ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    5. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 x ULN if no liver involvement or ≤5 x ULN with liver involvement.
    6. Creatinine < 1.5 x ULN. If >1.5 x ULN, patient may still be eligible if calculated creatinine clearance >50 mL/min (0.83mL/s) as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault method.
  6. Brain metastases allowed if asymptomatic at study baseline. Patients with untreated brain metastases must not be on corticosteroids. If patients have neurological symptoms or signs due to CNS metastases, patients need to complete whole brain radiation or focal treatment at least 14 days before start of study treatment and be asymptomatic on stable or decreasing doses of corticosteroids at baseline.
  7. Men with partners of childbearing potential willing to use adequate contraceptive measures during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study medication.
  8. Women who are not of child-bearing potential, and women of child-bearing potential who agree to use adequate contraceptive measures during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study medication, and who have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 1 week prior to initial trial treatment.
  9. Patients must be >18 years-of-age.
  10. Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST v. 1.1.
  11. Willingness and ability to comply with the trial and follow-up procedures.
  12. Ability to understand the nature of this trial and give written informed consent.

Note the following pertains to patients enrolled in France

In France, a subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only affiliated to the French Social Security system, and currently benefit from the corresponding rights and cover.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Patients that have previously received an ALK TKI or PD-1/PD-L1 therapy, and patients currently receiving cancer therapy (i.e., other targeted therapies, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, hormonal therapy, surgery and/or tumor embolization).
  2. Use of an investigational drug within 21 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Note that to be eligible, any drug-related toxicity should have recovered to Grade 1 or less, with the exception of alopecia.
  3. Any chemotherapy within 4 weeks, or major surgery or radiotherapy within the last 14 days.
  4. Patients with primary CNS tumors and leptomeningeal disease are ineligible.
  5. Patients with a previous malignancy within the past 3 years (other than curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ carcinoma of the cervix, or any cancer that is considered to be cured and have no impact on PFS and OS for the current NSCLC).
  6. Concomitant systemic use of anticancer herbal medications. These should be stopped prior to study entry.
  7. Patients receiving

    1. strong CYP3A inhibitors (including, but not limited to, atazanavir, clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, troleandomycin, voriconazole, grapefruit, grapefruit juice)
    2. strong CYP3A inducers (including, but not limited to, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampin, St. John's Wort)
    3. CYP3A substrates with narrow therapeutic window (including, but not limited to, alfentanil, cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, fentanyl, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, tacrolimus).
  8. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  9. Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study medications.
  10. Patients at risk for GI perforation.
  11. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease including:

    1. QTcF interval >450 ms for men and >470 ms for women, symptomatic bradycardia <45 beats per minute or other significant ECG abnormalities in the investigator's opinion.
    2. Clinically uncontrolled hypertension in the investigator's opinion (e.g., blood pressure >160/100 mmHg; note that isolated elevated readings considered to not be indicative of uncontrolled hypertension are allowed).

    The following within 6 months prior to Cycle 1 Day 1:

    1. Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Class III or IV).
    2. Arrhythmia or conduction abnormality requiring medication. Note: patients with atrial fibrillation/flutter controlled by medication and arrhythmias controlled by pacemakers are eligible.
    3. Severe/unstable angina, coronary artery/peripheral bypass graft, or myocardial infarction.
    4. Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemia.
  12. Patients who are immunosuppressed (including known HIV infection), have a serious active infection at the time of treatment, have interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis, or have any serious underlying medical condition that would impair the ability of the patient to receive protocol treatment. Patients with controlled hepatitis C, in the investigator's opinion, are allowed. Patients with known hepatitis B must be HBeAg and HB viral DNA negative for enrollment. Note that, because of the high prevalence, all patients in the Asia-Pacific region (except Australia, New Zealand, and Japan) must be tested and, if HBsAg positive, must be HBeAg and HB viral DNA negative for enrollment.
  13. Known hypersensitivity to tartrazine, a dye used in the ensartinib 100 mg capsule.
  14. Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol.
  15. Concurrent condition that in the investigator's opinion would jeopardize compliance with the protocol or would impart excessive risk associated with study participation that would make it inappropriate for the patient to be enrolled.
  16. Inability or unwillingness to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol.

    Note the following pertains to patients enrolled in France

  17. In France, a subject will not be eligible when under legal protection.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Argentina,   Australia,   Belgium,   Brazil,   Canada,   China,   Czechia,   France,   Germany,   Hong Kong,   Israel,   Italy,   Korea, Republic of,   Netherlands,   Peru,   Poland,   Russian Federation,   Spain,   Turkey,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries Czech Republic
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02767804
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE X396-CLI-301
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Xcovery Holding Company, LLC
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Xcovery Holding Company, LLC
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Xcovery Holding Company, LLC
Verification Date July 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP