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DEB-TACE for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (QED)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02748161
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low enrollment)
First Posted : April 22, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SurefireMedical ( Surefire Medical, Inc. )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 18, 2016
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 22, 2016
Last Update Posted Date June 21, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date May 15, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 29, 2016)
Objective tumor response [ Time Frame: 1 month following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 19, 2016)
Objective tumor response [ Time Frame: 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 5, 2018)
  • Objective tumor response [ Time Frame: 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure (or 1 month following retreatment if DEB-TACE retreatment performed) ]
  • Dose of doxorubicin-eluting beads used during DEB-TACE procedure(s) [ Time Frame: Procedure ]
  • Number of repeat DEB-TACE procedures per lesion [ Time Frame: 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 19, 2016)
  • Objective tumor response [ Time Frame: 1 month following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
  • Dose of doxorubicin-eluting beads used during DEB-TACE procedure(s) [ Time Frame: 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
  • Contrast dose [ Time Frame: DEB-TACE procedure(s) ]
  • Fluoroscopic time [ Time Frame: DEB-TACE procedure(s) ]
  • Number of repeat DEB-TACE procedures per lesion [ Time Frame: 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
  • Complications unique to embolization [ Time Frame: 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
    Including: vasospasm rates, technical failures, arterial dissection & arterial thrombosis
  • Post DEB-TACE conebeam CT measurement of contrast retention in tumor [ Time Frame: DEB-TACE procedure(s) ]
  • Changes in alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood levels [ Time Frame: 1 & 3 months following initial DEB-TACE procedure ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE DEB-TACE for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Official Title  ICMJE Surefire vs. Endhole for DEB-TACE: Quantifying Hepatic Artery Embolization to Improve Outcomes by Comparing Two Different Catheter Systems for DEB-TACE (QED Study)
Brief Summary

Patients enrolled in this study have been diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and are scheduled to have a procedure called drug-eluting bead trans-arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE). During the DEB-TACE procedure, very small beads are mixed in with a chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin, and delivered to the tumor through an arterial catheter.

The DEB-TACE procedure allows the treatment to be delivered directly into the liver. It also causes arterial embolization, the process in which a blood vessel is blocked. Treatment of HCC using DEB-TACE may help delay tumor progression and can downstage (decrease the size) the cancer in order to meet the criteria which may allow patients to become candidates for liver transplantation. The purpose of this study is to compare tumor response and medical outcomes for patients who undergo DEB-TACE with standard endhole catheter versus Surefire® Infusion System.

Detailed Description

Conventional transarterial chemoembolization with lipiodol/doxorubicin (cTACE) is known to prolong survival compared to supportive therapy in certain patients with unresectable HCC, including patients with unilateral portal vein invasion (PVI). TACE with doxorubicin-eluting beads (DEB-TACE) is a relatively new modality associated with favorable systemic doxorubicin exposure/toxicity and liver-specific toxicity compared to cTACE and studies have documented its safety and efficacy. DEB-TACE is currently utilized for: (1) patients who have unresectable HCC; and (2) patients who meet the Milan Criteria and currently on liver transplantation lists.

The biggest challenge for these procedures has been the inability to actually quantify embolization in a real-time setting to provide immediate feedback to the operator. Although various methods, such as perfusion analysis with CT or MRI, have been described, these require advanced imaging equipment/capabilities, extensive post processing analysis, and can create challenging workflows.

Currently the best results occur when the dose is delivered in a highly targeted manner into the tumor. Dense accumulation of embolic spheres or lipiodol into the tumor as documented by CT has been shown to have improved outcomes. However, with standard endhole catheters achieving maximum delivery of embolic agents is limited by the development of stasis and subsequent non-target injury.

As DEB-TACE is performed through an endhole catheter with either stasis or substasis as an endpoint. The current methodology is extremely subjective, lacks a quantifiable endpoint, and results in various degrees of embolization on patients. Often this can result in repeat procedures or the progression of tumor.

Recently, there has been FDA clearance of a new anti-reflux catheter, Surefire® Infusion System (SIS, Westminster, CO). The current design has an expandable tip which collapses during forward flow, and then dynamically seal off the vessel with reversal of flow, analogous to a valve. SIS, with its expandable tip microcatheter, has been demonstrated clinically to cause a slight decrease in intra-arterial pressure in the antegrade, or downstream, vascular compartment. Although this device was designed primarily to prevent retrograde reflux of embolic agents, the downstream blood pressure reduction may serve as a biomarker on quantifying embolization.

The goal is to develop a method that: (1) allows maximum delivery of embolic spheres into the tumor tissue to stasis without reflux; (2) enables direct real time numerical quantification on the degree of embolization; and (3) provides an intra-procedural functional parameter which could be used to guide the optimal therapeutic endpoints at the time of treatment.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Intervention  ICMJE Procedure: DEB-TACE
Transarterial chemoembolization with doxorubicin-eluting beads.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: DEB-TACE: Standard Endhole Catheter
    Subjects will undergo DEB-TACE using a standard endhole catheter.
    Intervention: Procedure: DEB-TACE
  • Active Comparator: DEB-TACE: Surefire Infusion System
    Subjects will undergo DEB-TACE using the Surefire Infusion System.
    Intervention: Procedure: DEB-TACE
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 5, 2017)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 19, 2016)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 15, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date May 15, 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients aged 18 years or older, inclusive
  • Diagnosis of HCC
  • Meets UCSF criteria: a single lesion less than or equal to 6.5 cm in diameter or 2-3 lesions less than or equal to 4.5 cm with total tumor diameter less than or equal to 8 cm.
  • No portal invasion or extrahepatic spread on imaging.
  • Child-Pugh Class A or B.
  • No previous chemotherapy, radiotherapy or transarterial embolization (with or without chemotherapy).
  • An Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • A discrete hepatic artery feeding the tumor with diameter of the vessels equal to or greater than 1.5 mm.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Bilirubin levels greater than 3 mg/dl
  • AST or ALT greater than 5 times upper limit of normal or greater than 250 U/l.
  • Advanced tumoral disease (vascular invasion or extrahepatic spread, portal vein thrombosis of bland or malignant origin), or diffuse HCC, defined as 50% liver involvement).
  • Contraindications for doxorubicin administration.
  • Subject has a known history contraindicating contrast dye or iodine that cannot be safely controlled via antihistamine, steroids, or with any other agent.
  • Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent.
  • Vessels providing flow to the tumor that are less than 1.5 mm in diameter.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Women of childbearing potential who are not using an acceptable method of birth control (e.g., pill, patch, IUD, ring, condom, sponge, foam).
  • Portal vein thrombosis of bland or malignant origin.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02748161
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE HP-00061366
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party SurefireMedical ( Surefire Medical, Inc. )
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Surefire Medical, Inc.
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account SurefireMedical
Verification Date June 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP