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First-in-human Study of Oral TP-0903 (a Novel Inhibitor of AXL Kinase) in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02729298
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

March 28, 2016
April 6, 2016
May 22, 2018
December 14, 2016
June 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and treatment emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (Day 1 through Day 28) ]

A DLT is defined as any one of the following events observed within Cycle 1:

Grade 3 or greater febrile neutropenia, Grade 4 ANC for 7 or greater consecutive days, Grade 4 thrombocytopenia or Grade 3 thrombocytopenia with clinically significant bleeding or that requires a platelet transfusion, Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic AEs including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and electrolyte imbalances persisting for more than 48 hours despite optimal medical management, dosing delays of 2 weeks or greater due to treatment emergent adverse events or related severe laboratory test values

  • Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (Day 1 through Day 28) ]

    A DLT is defined as any one of the following events observed within Cycle 1:

    Grade 3 or greater febrile neutropenia, Grade 4 neutropenia for 7 or greater consecutive days, Grade 4 thrombocytopenia or Grade 3 thrombocytopenia with clinically significant bleeding or that requires a platelet transfusion, Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic AEs including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and electrolyte imbalances persisting for more than 48 hours despite optimal medical management (excluding Grade 3 asthenia, fatigue, arthralgia, and myalgia and Grade 3 or greater alopecia), dosing delays of 2 weeks or greater due to treatment emergent adverse events or related severe laboratory test values

  • Incidence rate of treatment-emergent adverse events in patients receiving oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Baseline through 30 days after last dose of study drug ]
    Toxicities will be assessed according to the NCI CTCAE, version 4.03. When the NCI CTCAE grade is not available, the investigator will use the following toxicity grading: mild, moderate, severe, life-threatening or fatal.
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of oral TP-0903 (Stage 1 only) [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 (Day 1 through Day 28) ]
    At least 3 evaluable patients will be enrolled at each dose level (3+3 design) and will be evaluated for 28 days before escalation to the next dose level can occur. MTD will be estimated by the highest TP-0903 dose for which the empirical incidence of DLT during Cycle 1 was less than 33%.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02729298 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity [AUC(0-inf)] of oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Cycles 1 and 2 (Day 1 through 23) ]
    Derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis on Cycle 1.
  • Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to last measured time point [AUC(0-last)] of oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Cycles 1 and 2 (Day 1 through 23) ]
    Derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis on Cycle 1
  • Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Cycles 1 and 2 (Day 1 through 23) ]
    Derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis on Cycle 1.
  • Activity of TP-0903 on predictive biomarkers [ Time Frame: End of every cycle (each cycle is 28 days) and End of Study (within 14 days of the last dose of study drug or within 14 days of the decision to discontinue study treatment) ]
    Assess biomarkers in tumor tissue, PBMCs, plasma and serum. The pharmacodynamic relationships of TP-0903 exposure with exploratory biomarkers will be quantified using the Spearman rank correlation statistic.
  • Objective response rate using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: End of every cycle (each cycle is 28 days) and End of Study (within 14 days of the last dose of study drug or within 14 days of the decision to discontinue study treatment) ]
    Baseline tumor assessment will be performed at screening and repeated at Cycle 2 and every even cycle thereafter.
  • Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity [AUC(0-inf)] of oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Blood will be taken from subjects at Cycle 1/Day 1 and Cycle1/Day 21at predose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hrs post dose. ]
    Derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis on Cycle 1, Days 1 and 21.
  • Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to last measured time point [AUC(0-last)] of oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Blood will be taken from subjects at Cycle 1/Day 1 and Cycle1/Day 21at predose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hrs post dose. ]
    Derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis on Cycle 1, Days 1 and 21.
  • Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of oral TP-0903 [ Time Frame: Blood will be taken from subjects at Cycle 1/Day 1 and Cycle1/Day 21at predose and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hrs post dose. ]
    Derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis on Cycle 1, Days 1 and 21.
  • Activity of TP-0903 on predictive biomarkers [ Time Frame: PBMCs and serum will be obtained prior to first dose on Day 1/Cycle 1 and at 2 and 24 hours after dosing and on Day 8 ]
    Assess biomarkers in tumor tissue, PBMCs and serum. The pharmacodynamic relationships of TP-0903 exposure with exploratory biomarkers will be quantified using the Spearman rank correlation statistic.
  • Objective response rate using RECIST v1.1 [ Time Frame: Patients will be assessed on Day 22 after every two treatment cycles through study completion ]
    Baseline tumor assessment will be performed at screening and repeated at Cycle 2 and every even cycle thereafter.
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
First-in-human Study of Oral TP-0903 (a Novel Inhibitor of AXL Kinase) in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
A Phase 1a / 1b, First-in-human, Open-label, Dose-escalation, Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Pharmacodynamic Study of Oral TP-0903 Administered Daily for 21 Days to Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

TP-0903 is a novel oral inhibitor that targets AXL kinase and reverses the mesenchymal phenotype associated with advanced cancers. Preclinical studies have shown promising antitumor activity of TP-0903 as a single agent against a variety of tumor types in both in vitro and in vivo studies.

This first-in-human Phase 1a study is conducted to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of TP-0903 administered orally to patients with advanced solid tumors and to identify the safety profile and Recommended Phase 2 Dose (RP2D) of TP-0903. Once the MTD has been established, additional patients with specific tumor types (advanced solid tumors that have progressed despite immunotherapy*, EGFR+ Non Small Cell Lung Cancer [NSCLC] and have progressed on ≤2 lines of oral TKIs*, BRAF-, KRAS-, or NRAS-mutated Colorectal Carcinoma [CRC] for whom there is no standard therapy remaining, persistent/recurrent Ovarian Cancer who would be platinum refractory/ resistant and have had any number of lines of prior therapy, and BRAF-mutated Melanoma that has not responded to immunotherapy or a combination BRAF/MEK inhibitor) will be enrolled at the MTD in the Phase 1b study. Data collected from patients enrolled in each of these additional cohorts will be used for to confirm safety, explore potential biomarkers, and evaluate potential signals of activity when TP-0903 is administered to specific groups of heavily pretreated patients or given in combination with immunotherapy or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).

*Patients with immunotherapy-resistant tumors or EGFR+ NSCLC who are enrolled in these expansion cohorts will continue treatment with their previous immunotherapy or TKI regimens, respectively, and add TP-0903. The rationale is based on preclinical data that has shown that the combination is superior in patients who have progressed on prior immunotherapy or a TKI.

The study will investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary anti-tumor activity profiles.

This is a phase 1a / 1b, first-in-human, open-label, dose-escalation, safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamic study of TP-0903 administered once daily for the first 21 out of 28 days.

There are 2 phases in this study. In Phase 1a (dose escalation), sequential cohorts of three (3) patients will be treated with escalated doses until the MTD is established. In the absence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), the dose will be increased using a modified Fibonacci dose escalation scheme.

Once the MTD has been established, dosing will change from BSA-dependent to a flat dose based on the average of the dose administered in the MTD expansion safety cohort. Once the MTD has been established, in Ph 1b (expansion), 5 additional cohorts of up to 20 patients each with specific tumor types (up to 100 additional patients total) may be enrolled at the MTD dose level to confirm safety, explore potential biomarkers, and evaluate potential signals of activity when TP-0903 is administered to specific groups of heavily pretreated patients or given in combination with immunotherapy or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI). Ten patients in each of these 5 Expansion Cohorts will be required to consent to undergo pre- and post-dose tumor biopsies. All patients who undergo these biopsies will comprise the 'Biopsy Cohorts' (Phase 1b).

Patients who successfully complete a 4-week treatment cycle without evidence of significant treatment-related toxicity or progressive disease will be permitted to continue to receive treatment with the same dose and dosing schedule.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Advanced Solid Tumors
  • EGFR Positive Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Colorectal Carcinoma
  • Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma
  • BRAF-Mutated Melanoma
Drug: TP-0903
Novel oral inhibitor that targets AXL kinase and reverses the mesenchymal phenotype associated with advanced cancers
  • Experimental: Advanced Solid Tumors

    Phase 1a Single daily dose of TP-0903 by oral administration on Days 1-21 of a 28 day cycle

    AND

    Phase 1b - Upon confirmation of MTD, will receive single oral daily doses of a flat dose of TP-0903 based on the average of the dose administered in the MTD expansion safety cohort on Days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle.

    Intervention: Drug: TP-0903
  • Experimental: EGFR+ NSCLC
    Phase 1b - Upon confirmation of MTD, will receive single oral daily doses of a flat dose of TP-0903 based on the average of the dose administered in the MTD expansion safety cohort on Days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle.
    Intervention: Drug: TP-0903
  • Experimental: BRAF-, KRAS-, or NRAS-Mutated CRC
    Phase 1b - Upon confirmation of MTD, will receive single oral daily doses of a flat dose of TP-0903 based on the average of the dose administered in the MTD expansion safety cohort on Days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle.
    Intervention: Drug: TP-0903
  • Experimental: Persistent/Recurrent Ovarian Cancer
    Phase 1b - Upon confirmation of MTD, will receive single oral daily doses of a flat dose of TP-0903 based on the average of the dose administered in the MTD expansion safety cohort on Days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle.
    Intervention: Drug: TP-0903
  • Experimental: BRAF-Mutated Melanoma
    Phase 1b - Upon confirmation of MTD, will receive single oral daily doses of a flat dose of TP-0903 based on the average of the dose administered in the MTD expansion safety cohort on Days 1-21 of each 28 day cycle.
    Intervention: Drug: TP-0903
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
140
46
September 2019
June 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

To be eligible for participation in the study, patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria:

  1. Patients enrolled in the Phase 1a study must:

    1. Have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced metastatic or progressive solid tumor
    2. Be refractory to, or intolerant of, established therapy known to provide clinical benefit for their condition
  2. Patients enrolled in the Phase 1b study must meet criteria for one of the following tumor types:

    1. Have tumors that have progressed despite immunotherapy and are felt to be appropriate for this type of treatment*
    2. Have EGFR+ NSCLC and have progressed on ≤2 lines of oral TKIs and are felt to be appropriate for this type of treatment*

      *Patients with immunotherapy-resistant tumors or EGFR+ NSCLC who are enrolled in these expansion cohorts will continue treatment with their previous immunotherapy or TKI regimens, respectively, and add TP-0903. The rationale is based on preclinical data that has shown that the combination is superior in patients who have progressed on prior immunotherapy or a TKI.

    3. Have BRAF-, KRAS-, or NRAS-mutated CRC for whom there is no standard therapy remaining
    4. Have persistent/recurrent ovarian cancer who would be platinum refractory/ resistant and have had any number of lines of prior therapy
    5. Have BRAF-mutated melanoma that has not responded to immunotherapy or a combination BRAF/MEK inhibitor
  3. Have one or more tumors measurable or evaluable as outlined by modified RECIST v1.1
  4. Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) (World Health Organization [WHO]) performance of ≤1
  5. Have a life expectancy ≥3 months
  6. Be ≥18 years of age
  7. Have a negative pregnancy test (if female of childbearing potential)
  8. Have acceptable liver function:

    1. Bilirubin ≤1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN)

      *Patients receiving immunotherapy should have a bilirubin level <3.0x ULN.

    2. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) and alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5x upper limit of normal (ULN)

      • If liver metastases are present, then ≤5x ULN is allowed.
      • Patients receiving immunotherapy should have AST and ALT levels <5.0x ULN.
  9. Have acceptable renal function:

    a. Calculated creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min

  10. Have acceptable hematologic status:

    1. Granulocyte ≥1500 cells/mm3
    2. Platelet count ≥100,000 (plt/mm3)
    3. Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
  11. Have no clinically significant abnormalities on urinalysis
  12. Have acceptable coagulation status:

    1. Prothrombin time (PT) within 1.5x normal limits
    2. Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within 1.5x normal limits
  13. Be nonfertile or agree to use an adequate method of contraception. Sexually active patients and their partners must use an effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and for at least 30 days after the last study drug dose (see Section 4.6.3). Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  14. Have read and signed the IRB-approved informed consent form prior to any study related procedure. (In the event that the patient is re-screened for study participation or a protocol amendment alters the care of an ongoing patient, a new informed consent form must be signed.)
  15. Patients enrolled in each of the five Expansion Cohorts must be willing to consider pre-study and on-study biopsies, if safe and medically feasible, as determined by local interventional radiology (3 to 5 core samples requested at each biopsy timepoint)

Patients meeting any one of these exclusion criteria will be prohibited from participating in this study:

  1. Have New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV, cardiac disease, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months prior to Day 1, unstable arrhythmia, or evidence of ischemia on electrocardiogram (ECG) or during Cardiac Stress Testing within 14 days prior to Day 1 (Appendix C)
  2. Have a corrected QT interval (QTcF, Fridericia's method) of >450 msec in men and 470 msec in women
  3. Have a seizure disorders requiring anticonvulsant therapy
  4. Presence of symptomatic central nervous system metastatic disease or disease that requires local therapy such as radiotherapy, surgery, or increasing dose of steroids within the prior 2 weeks
  5. Have severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with hypoxemia (defined as resting O2 saturation of ≤88% breathing room air)
  6. Have undergone major surgery, other than diagnostic surgery, within 2 weeks prior to Day 1
  7. Have active, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, requiring systemic therapy
  8. Are pregnant or nursing
  9. Received treatment with radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, or investigational therapy within 28 days or 5 half lives, whichever occurs first, prior to study entry (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or Mitomycin C)

    a. This exclusion criterion is not applicable for patients with EGFR+ NSCLC or immunotherapy-resistant tumors who are enrolled in expansion cohorts at the MTD.

  10. Are unwilling or unable to comply with procedures required in this protocol
  11. Have known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. Patients with history of chronic hepatitis that is currently not active are eligible
  12. Have a serious nonmalignant disease (eg, hydronephrosis, liver failure, or other conditions) that could compromise protocol objectives in the opinion of the investigator and/or the sponsor
  13. Are currently receiving any other investigational agent
  14. Have exhibited allergic reactions to a similar structural compound, biological agent, or formulation
  15. Have undergone significant surgery to the gastrointestinal tract that could impair absorption or that could result in short bowel syndrome with diarrhea due to malabsorption
  16. Have a history of severe adverse reaction (eg, hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylaxis) to sulfonamides
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
No
Contact: Holly Beever, BS, RN 210-365-9014 hbeever@toleropharma.com
Contact: Susan Smith, MSN su.smith@toleropharma.com
United States
 
 
NCT02729298
TP-0903-101
No
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: No
Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Not Provided
Study Director: Stephen P Anthony, DO Tolero Pharmaceuticals
Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
May 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP