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Using Media to Shift Social Norms of Violence Among Youth

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02706145
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 11, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 15, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Vanderbilt University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Monica L. Wendel, University of Louisville

February 23, 2016
March 11, 2016
December 15, 2017
March 2016
September 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Proportion of youth who report descriptive norms that promote violence as measured by our school survey [ Time Frame: up to 60 months ]
    Survey will assess population level changes in descriptive norms among youth in the intervention group related to violence compared to control group
  • Proportion of youth who report injunctive norms that promote violence as measured by our school survey [ Time Frame: up to 60 months ]
    Survey will assess population level changes in injunctive norms among youth in the intervention group related to violence compared to youth in the control group
  • Proportion of youth who engaged in violent behavior in the past 12 months as measured by our school survey [ Time Frame: up to 60 months ]
    Youth engagement in violent behavior (by type of violence)
  • Community rates of violence involving youth 10-24 aggregated by police department, emergency department, and school district records [ Time Frame: up to 60 months ]
    Community-level rates of youth violence (by type of violence)
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02706145 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Using Media to Shift Social Norms of Violence Among Youth
Changing the Narrative: Using Media to Shift Social Norms of Violence Among Youth in West Louisville

The project will utilize a quasi-experimental design to examine the effectiveness of a community-level, three-year social norming campaign aimed at changing norms of violence among youth 10-24, with West Louisville (WL) as the intervention community and East Nashville, Tennessee as the control community. The project will address the following research questions (RQs):

RQ1: To what extent is a social norming campaign effective in changing the descriptive and injunctive norms of violence among youth in WL?

RQ2: To what extent are the descriptive and injunctive norms of violence among youth in WL related to violent behavior (by type)?

RQ3: To what extent is a social norming campaign effective in reducing population rates of youth violence in WL?

RQ4: Which forms of media are most effective in reaching youth of different ages with campaign messages?

RQ5: How is community readiness related to implementation of a community-level social norming campaign?

RQ6: How is community capacity related to implementation of a community-level social norming campaign?

RQ7: How does community capacity to address youth violence change over time with the implementation of a community-level social norming campaign?

RQ8: To what extent is a social norming campaign cost-effective in reducing incidents of serious violence among youth?

The Center of Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention at the University of Louisville (UofL) School of Public Health & Information Sciences capitalizes on a specific window of opportunity—where there is currently alignment of a public consciousness of the issue of youth violence, the availability of expertise to implement a feasible intervention, and substantial political will across community sectors to address the issue. This provides an ideal context for the creation of the UofL Center for Youth Violence Prevention, allowing us to partner with residents and organizations in West Louisville (WL) to develop, implement, and evaluate a community-level intervention to reduce youth violence. To this end, we plan to achieve five specific aims:

AIM 1: Strengthen the infrastructure to support youth violence prevention research and practice at the University of Louisville.

AIM 2: Develop, implement and evaluate a community-level social norming campaign to change the norms of violence among youth in West Louisville using mass and social media.

AIM 3: Document the development and implementation of the social norming campaign to improve replication and scalability in other settings or communities.

AIM 4: Evaluate the relationship between community readiness, community capacity, and the implementation of the community-level social norming campaign.

AIM 5: Facilitate knowledge translation and dissemination initiatives to relevant audiences (i.e., community, local organizations and leaders, youth violence prevention researchers and practitioners, academic peers, and policy-makers) that produce actionable community- and policy-level approaches.

Interventional
Not Applicable
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Violence
Other: Social norming campaign
community-level, three-year social norming campaign, using traditional and emerging media, aimed at changing norms of violence among youth 10-24
  • Experimental: Intervention Group (West Louisville)
    This group will be exposed to the social norming campaign via traditional, mass, and social media over the three-year intervention period.
    Intervention: Other: Social norming campaign
  • No Intervention: Control Group (East Nashville)
    This group will serve as the control group, and measures of social norms and attitudes toward violence will be compared between this group and the intervention group.
Castle B, Wendel M, Kelly Pryor BN, Ingram M. Assessing Community Leadership: Understanding Community Capacity for Health Improvement. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2017 Jul/Aug;23 Suppl 4 Supplement, Community Health Status Assessment:S47-S52. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000000587.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
8250
Same as current
September 2020
September 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • youth between 10 and 24 years of age who reside in one of the nine neighborhoods of West Louisville or in the comparison site of East Nashville

Exclusion Criteria:

  • individuals outside the age range (i.e., younger than 10 or older than 24) or who do not live in the intervention or comparison communities
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
10 Years to 24 Years   (Child, Adult)
Yes
Contact: Monique Ingram, MPH 502-852-0411 monique.ingram@louisville.edu
United States
 
 
NCT02706145
15.0910
No
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Will share data, but nothing with identifiers
Monica L. Wendel, University of Louisville
University of Louisville
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Vanderbilt University
Principal Investigator: Monica L Wendel, DrPH University of Louisville School of Public Health
Principal Investigator: Maury Nation, PhD Vanderbilt University
University of Louisville
December 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP