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Feasibility Studies to Inform Novel Proposals to Avert Community-Based Antimicrobial Resistance Spread

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02666274
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2016 by Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : January 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date January 18, 2016
First Posted Date January 28, 2016
Last Update Posted Date November 28, 2016
Study Start Date December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 26, 2016)
  • Transmission of resistant gram negative bacteria from index participants and network participants [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    To measure household transmission between index participants and household members of resistant bacteria through collection of stool samples.
  • Length of Gut Carriage of resistant gram negative bacteria in index participants [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Measure how long resistant gram negative bacteria persist in the stool by measuring carriage of bacteria in longitudinal stool samples
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02666274 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Feasibility Studies to Inform Novel Proposals to Avert Community-Based Antimicrobial Resistance Spread
Official Title Feasibility Studies to Inform Novel Proposals to Avert Community-Based Antimicrobial Resistance Spread
Brief Summary

There are many bacteria that naturally live in our gut and are essential for good health. These bacteria have a variety of helpful functions, such as aiding digestion, synthesizing vitamins, repressing the growth of harmful bacteria and defending against some diseases. The desirable bacteria that live in the gut are collectively known as 'gut flora', or more appropriately, as 'gut microbiota'.

The less desirable resistant bacteria, however, can also be carried in a person's gut for prolonged periods of time and be found in the stools without causing illness. Persons that carry the resistant bacteria in the gut are known as "carriers" and they require no treatment. Knowing that a person carries resistant bacteria is helpful, because it will inform the choice of antibiotic if the person were to become unwell or had an intervention such as surgery in the future.

There is some evidence that resistant bacteria found in the stools can sometimes be passed from one person to another and eventually make someone ill if they infect (invade) their body. The investigators do not know how often this may happen, or how much carrying resistant bacteria in the stools may facilitate the spread of resistant bacteria in the population. It is important to address these questions and study ways to stop the resistant bacteria from spreading to safeguard the efficacy of antibiotics.

Detailed Description
  1. Study A. Mapping of resistant gram negative bacteria (RGNB) in the community: Based on RGNB clinical isolates as a proxy for gut colonising RGNB and residential Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA) data retrieved from laboratory information systems of a hospital cohort, to describe the geographical distribution of RGNB in South East London in relation to demographic, cultural and socioeconomic indicators and to investigate whether geographical clustering of resistance, compatible with the occurrence of community based transmission hotspots, occurs in our local community.
  2. Study B. Tracking gut colonisation with carbapenem resistant Klebsiella spp. or Klebsiella spp. resistant to third generation cephalosporins (3GC), herein referred to as 'Resistant Klebsiella' (RK):

To investigate the duration of gut colonisation with Klebsiella spp. in a small cohort of discharged hospital patients with resistance to the carbapenems (eg. meropenem), defined by presence of either blaKPC, blaNDM, blaIMP , blaVIM or blaOXA48 genes, or Klebsiella spp. with resistance to the 3GC (eg. ceftazidime), defined by presence of blaCTX_M or AmpC βlactamase genes. To determine the occurrence of participant to participant RK transmission events within a household, in relation to gut bacterial load and the gut microbiota profile. To characterise over time, the gut microbiota profile of participants colonised with RK as compared to participants who only carry antibiotic susceptible enterobacteria in the gut. It is beyond the scope of our feasibility study to enrol a sample of persons that is representative of the wider population, or to account for sample size and power calculations that would allow for characterisation of statistically meaningful associations.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:
stool samples
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Any adult hospitalized patient at Guy's and St Thomas' Foundation Trust who carries resistant gram negative bacteria on a screening or clinical sample
Condition Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts RK Group
participants colonised with Klebsiella spp. resistant to either 3GC or carbapenems (RK cohort of index carriers of Resistant Klebsiella)
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: January 26, 2016)
45
Original Estimated Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Study A ('Mapping'): Retrospective data collection from the hospital laboratory information system on patients diagnosed with infection and/or colonisation by relevant gram negative bacteria and antibiotic resistance profile.
  • Study B ('Tracking'):

    • Inclusion criteria for index participants are being at least 16 years of age, able to consent for themselves and to communicate in English at the time of being invited to participate in the study. Inclusion criteria for index participants in the RK group include gut colonisation by Klebsiella spp. with resistance to carbapenems or third generation cephalosporins, as demonstrated by the analysis of a stool sample provided at baseline. Inclusion criteria for index participants in the control group, are lack of colonisation by bacteria resistant to third generation cephalosporins or carbapenems, as demonstrated by the analysis of a stool sample provided at baseline and at 6 months after discharge from hospital.
    • Inclusion criteria for network participants are persons of any age who are sharing the household with an index participant in the RK group and who meet the definition of usual household resident.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Study A ('Mapping'): Exclusion criteria include data from penitentiary patients.

Study B ('Tracking'):

  • Exclusion criteria for index participants are those not meeting the inclusion criteria, penitentiary patients, those with no fixed adobe or not residing in a household space as defined in this study, and those living alone.
  • Exclusion criteria for network participants are those not meeting the inclusion criteria, those meeting exclusion criteria as defined for index participants, those who are adults unable to consent for themselves, and those who are not able to communicate in English.
  • Exclusion criteria for households are those not meeting the inclusion criteria, those where the index participant resides alone (i.e. no other usual residents in the household), those were at least one resident is not eligible for inclusion (including where a resident does not meet the definition of usual resident), those where at least one usual resident does not want to take part in the study, and those which are more than one hour commute from the study site
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT02666274
Other Study ID Numbers RJ115/N354
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Study Sponsor Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Edgeworth, MBBS Guy's and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust
PRS Account Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Verification Date November 2016