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Trial record 1 of 597 for:    WARFARIN
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Assessment of 2012 Bioequivalence Standards for Warfarin

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02574754
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 14, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 9, 2015
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 14, 2015
Last Update Posted Date August 5, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 9, 2015)
S- and R- enantiomers of warfarin (S-warfarin, R-warfarin) Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve (AUC) from 0 to 72 hours [ Time Frame: 0 to 72 hours after warfarin dosing ]
The primary outcome measure will be warfarin area-under-the-concentration-time curve (AUC) values from zero to seventy-two (0-72) hours. Values from the Experimental Arm (warfarin) of each the 3 study periods will be compared against each other and analyzed for intra-individual variability and tested for bioequivalence using the new narrow therapeutic index drug (NTID) regulations. Blood collection at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 hours after warfarin dosing.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02574754 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 9, 2015)
  • S- and R- enantiomers of warfarin (S-warfarin, R-warfarin) Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve (AUC) from time zero to infinity hours [ Time Frame: 0 to 8 weeks after warfarin dosing ]
    A secondary outcome measure will be warfarin area-under-the-concentration-time curve (AUC) values from zero to infinite time (0-inf) where infinite time represents the duration of the study (8 weeks). Values from the Experimental Arm (warfarin) of each the 3 study periods will be compared against each other and analyzed for intra-individual variability and tested for bioequivalence using the new narrow therapeutic index drug (NTID) regulations. Analysis of all concentration-time data; blood collection at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours after warfarin dosing.
  • Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of S-warfarin and R-warfarin [ Time Frame: 0 to 72 hours after warfarin dosing ]
    A secondary outcome measure will be maximum plasma concentration (Cmax). Values from the Experimental Arm (warfarin) of each the 3 study periods will be compared against each other and analyzed for intra-individual variability and tested for bioequivalence using the new narrow therapeutic index drug (NTID) regulations. Blood collection 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours after warfarin dosing.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Assessment of 2012 Bioequivalence Standards for Warfarin
Official Title  ICMJE Assessment of 2012 Bioequivalence Standards for Narrow Therapeutic Index Drugs: a Study With Warfarin
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to assess the 2012 bioequivalence statistical criteria for warfarin, a narrow therapeutic index drug, set forth in the draft guidance issued by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Detailed Description

This study is a reasonable starting point to assess the appropriateness of the 2012 FDA bioequivalence (BE) statistical criteria for narrow therapeutic index drugs (NTIDs). The idea stems from an earlier study conducted in Dr. Benet's lab with the drug furosemide. The furosemide study yielded triplicate data that were unable to purely meet the BE statistical criteria set forth by the FDA due to the inherent study design. Furosemide is not an NTID to be considered by the FDA for BE studies, however. Hence, the investigators have proposed a new study to assess the BE statistical criteria with warfarin, an NTID with a draft guidance issued by the FDA. By providing the reference product (brand name warfarin) three times to each study participant and recording the relevant pharmacokinetic parameters for BE (AUC and Cmax), the investigators can make three comparisons between the data (R1 and R2 vs. R2 and R3; R1 and R2 vs. R1 and R¬3; R2 and R3 vs. R1 and R3).

The investigators have three concerns that can be tested here.

  1. Will normal within subject variability potentially lead to inequivalence of the reference product using the new NTID BE regulations?
  2. Is it possible that the BE interval could be less than the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) content uniformity limits for warfarin?
  3. Provide a comparison of the within-subject variance for the 2.5 ratio comparison.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE Healthy
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: warfarin
warfarin 10 mg PO x 1
Other Names:
  • Coumadin
  • Jantoven
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: warfarin
Subjects will receive a single dose of warfarin 10 mg PO at each of 3 visits. The study days will be separated by at least 14 days to allow adequate time for the drug to reach washout.
Intervention: Drug: warfarin
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 9, 2015)
10
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date February 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female aged 18-60 years
  • Healthy adult without active medical problems or chronic diseases based on medical history, physical exam, and laboratory results
  • BMI 18.5-32 kg/m2
  • Ceased all medications 2 weeks prior to start of study and during study enrollment (includes drugs of abuse, prescription medications, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications [exception: acetaminophen])
  • Maintain adequate birth control independent of hormonal contraceptive use throughout study
  • Provide written informed consent to take part in and comply with the requirements of the study
  • Speak, read, and understand English
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and orange juice from 6pm the night before the study day until the completion of the study day
  • Avoid contact sports and/or other activities with significant risk of trauma injury for 7 days after each study day
  • Do not eat food or consume beverages at least 8 hours before medication dosing
  • Present with wild type VKORC1, VKORC-1639G>A and wild type CYP2C9 genotype

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects on prescription or chronic OTC medications (including hormonal contraceptives)
  • Subjects with known allergy to warfarin
  • Subjects with a history of or diagnosis of hemorrhagic tendencies or blood dyscrasias
  • Subjects with liver failure or liver function tests (LFTs) > 2x upper limit normal
  • Subjects with clinically significant elevations of international normalized ratio (INR), prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), or other screening laboratory tests as determined by study physician
  • Subjects with hematocrit (Hct) < 30 mg/dL
  • Subjects with history of GI bleed or peptic ulcer disease
  • Subjects with recent history of trauma
  • Subjects with recent history of or upcoming plan for surgery
  • Subjects who smoke tobacco
  • Subjects with ongoing alcohol use
  • Subjects with ongoing illegal drug use
  • Subjects who are pregnant, attempting to become pregnant, or lactating
  • Subjects who are unable to maintain adequate birth control during the study
  • Subjects who are unable to follow protocol instructions or criteria
  • Subjects with genotypes that are not wild type VKORC1, VKORC-1639G>A and wild type CYP2C9
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02574754
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 15-17226
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University of California, San Francisco
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of California, San Francisco
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Leslie Z Benet, PhD University of California, San Francisco
Principal Investigator: Lynda A Frassetto, MD University of California, San Francisco
PRS Account University of California, San Francisco
Verification Date August 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP