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HRME: Screening for Cervical Cancer and Its Precursors in Low‐Resource Settings (HRME-UH2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02494310
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 10, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
William Marsh Rice University
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jose Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, PhD, Barretos Cancer Hospital

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 6, 2015
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 10, 2015
Last Update Posted Date February 3, 2017
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date August 31, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2015)
Treatment completion rate. [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for two years. ]
Treatment completion for screen-positive women invited to visit a mobile diagnostic and treatment unit in their local area compared to those who are asked to return to a central facility for diagnosis and treatment.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02494310 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2015)
Efficacy (ability to detect CIN 2+ in women with previous abnormal Pap test). [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Efficacy of HRME in detecting CIN 2+ in women with previous abnormal Pap test.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE HRME: Screening for Cervical Cancer and Its Precursors in Low‐Resource Settings
Official Title  ICMJE Point‐of‐Care, Real‐Time Optical Imaging to Enable Screening for Cervical Cancer and Its Precursors in Low‐Resource Settings
Brief Summary A new mobile diagnostic and treatment unit is being developed by BCH to address the loss-to follow-up associated with the mobile screening program and demonstrate POC diagnosis by HRME. The mobile diagnostic and treatment unit will be equipped with the tools and infrastructure necessary to perform HRME, VIA, colposcopy, biopsy and treatment with cryotherapy. A team of a colposcopist, nurse, nursing assistant, and driver will staff the mobile diagnostic and treatment unit. The unit will travel to offer follow-up diagnostic and treatment services to women who have screened positive during a prior visit with the mobile screening unit. The mobile diagnostic and treatment unit will be constructed and maintained at BCH.
Detailed Description

A new mobile diagnostic and treatment unit is being developed by BCH to address the loss-to follow-up associated with the mobile screening program and demonstrate POC diagnosis by HRME. The mobile diagnostic and treatment unit will be equipped with the tools and infrastructure necessary to perform HRME, VIA, colposcopy, biopsy and treatment with cryotherapy. A team of a colposcopist, nurse, nursing assistant, and driver will staff the mobile diagnostic and treatment unit. The unit will travel to offer follow-up diagnostic and treatment services to women who have screened positive during a prior visit with the mobile screening unit. The mobile diagnostic and treatment unit will be constructed and maintained at BCH.

The study will include 200 women with abnormal Pap tests identified through BCH's existing mobile screening program. Participants will be randomized by cluster to receive follow up care either through the new mobile diagnostic and treatment unit (experimental arm) or through recall to BCH (standard of care). We are using cluster randomization to avoid contamination between arms because some women getting mobile unit services may be concerned that they are getting lesser services than what they could get at BCH or some women being referred to BCH may resent not having the convenience of a mobile unit. Because the areas visited by the mobile units are geographically isolated, we do not anticipate any patients crossing over to the other study arm.

VIA will be performed with 5% acetic acid applied to the cervix and any abnormal lesions noted. Standard colposcopy will then be performed and abnormal lesions noted. Proflavine (0.01%) will then be applied topically. Lugol's solution will then be applied and colposcopy performed and abnormal lesions noted. Proflavine (0.01% will then be reapplied. HRME images will be acquired from any areas that are abnormal by VIA and/or colposcopy. In addition, all 4 quadrants will be probed by HRME (4Q HRME) to ensure that non-acetowhite lesions are also located. The provider will note their impression of the lesion and the HRME image at each site (normal, benign, low-grade precancer, high grade precancer or cancer). The entire HRME imaging procedure should add less than 10 minutes to the standard colposcopy exam. VIA, colposcopy and HRME observations will recorded by quadrant. Any abnormal areas by VIA and/or colposcopy will be biopsied. If no abnormal areas are noted, one cervical biopsy will be obtained from a normal appearing area with a HRME image of this area obtained. Two expert pathologists, blinded to all study results, will review histology and classify as either normal, CIN1, CIN2, CIN3, AIS or cancer, according to standard criteria; discrepant results will be resolved by consensus review.

TREATMENT:

Women randomized to the mobile diagnostic and treatment unit who have a HSIL Pap and/or a lesion noted by VIA and/or colposcopy will undergo immediate treatment with cryotherapy following biopsies, provided the lesion meets the following criteria: 1) covers <75% of the ectocervix; 2) can be fully covered with the cryotherapy tip; 3) does not extend into the endocervical canal. If the colposcopic findings are concerning for invasive cancer or the lesion is not amenable to treatment with cryotherapy, the patient will be referred immediately to BCH for additional evaluation and treatment per standard of care.

Women with a biopsy showing CIN2+ who did not undergo cryotherapy due to a negative VIA/colposcopy, will be recalled to BCH immediately for LEEP (CIN2/3). Women with a biopsy showing CIN2/3 who underwent cryotherapy will be recalled to BCH or the mobile unit for a 6-month follow-up visit. If persistent or recurrent disease is noted, they will be referred to BCH for further treatment. Women with a biopsy showing cancer of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) will be recalled to BCH immediately for cold knife cone (CKC) or other evaluation and treatment per standard of care regardless of whether or not cryotherapy was performed. Women with CIN1 or less will return for follow-up to the mobile unit or BCH for follow-up at 12 months. Women randomized to return to a central facility for follow up care will undergo VIA, colposcopy, HRME and biopsies as described above. Patients found to have CIN2+ will be treated per standard of care at BCH.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Neoplasia of the Uterine Cervix
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Intervention  ICMJE Device: High-Resolution Microendoscopy Imaging
Innovative technique to evaluate epithelial cell morphology in situ. The device is not invasive and does not exchange energy with human body.
Other Name: HRME
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: HRME - Prevention Mobile Unit
    Procedures to be done in the mobile unit (van): Visual inspection will be performed with 5% acetic acid (VIA) applied to the cervix followed by standard colposcopy. Proflavine (0.01%) will then be applied topically. Lugol's solution will then be applied and colposcopy performed and abnormal lesions noted. HRME images will be acquired from any areas that are abnormal by VIA and/or colposcopy. VIA, colposcopy and HRME observations will recorded by quadrant. Any abnormal areas by VIA and/or colposcopy will be biopsied. If no abnormal areas are noted, one cervical biopsy will be obtained from a normal appearing area with a HRME image of this area obtained.
    Intervention: Device: High-Resolution Microendoscopy Imaging
  • Experimental: HRME - Barretos Cancer Hospital
    Procedures to be done at Barretos Cancer Hospital: Visual inspection will be performed with 5% acetic acid (VIA) applied to the cervix followed by standard colposcopy. Proflavine (0.01%) will then be applied topically. Lugol's solution will then be applied and colposcopy performed and abnormal lesions noted. HRME images will be acquired from any areas that are abnormal by VIA and/or colposcopy. VIA, colposcopy and HRME observations will recorded by quadrant. Any abnormal areas by VIA and/or colposcopy will be biopsied. If no abnormal areas are noted, one cervical biopsy will be obtained from a normal appearing area with a HRME image of this area obtained.
    Intervention: Device: High-Resolution Microendoscopy Imaging
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 8, 2015)
200
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date August 31, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women with an abnormal Pap test (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or more severe interpretations [≥ASC-US])
  2. Women with an intact cervix (patients who have undergone previous LEEP, cone and/or cryotherapy are eligible)
  3. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test
  4. Women who are at least 18 years of age or older
  5. Ability to understand and the willingness to provide informed consent and sign a written Informed Consent Document (ICD)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Women <18 years of age
  2. Women who have undergone a hysterectomy with removal of the cervix
  3. Women with a known allergy to proflavine or acriflavine
  4. Women who are pregnant or nursing
  5. Women unable or unwilling to provide informed consent or sign a written Informed Consent Document (ICD)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02494310
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE HRME-UH2
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Jose Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, PhD, Barretos Cancer Hospital
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Barretos Cancer Hospital
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • William Marsh Rice University
  • M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Barretos Cancer Hospital
Verification Date February 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP