Fetal Cystoscopy for Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02446184|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Original P.I. of this study transferred to a different institution.)
First Posted : May 18, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2017
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||May 12, 2015|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||May 18, 2015|
|Last Update Posted Date||February 13, 2017|
|Actual Study Start Date ICMJE||December 4, 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||August 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Postnatal survival at 2 years of life [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
We will evaluate the survival rate at 2 years of life
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Postnatal renal function at 2 years of life [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
We will evaluate the renal function at 2 years of life based on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). In addition, we will evaluate the need for dialysis and renal transplant.
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Fetal Cystoscopy for Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction|
|Official Title ICMJE||Fetal Cystoscopy for Severe Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction - a Prospective Trial|
|Brief Summary||This is a pilot study to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of fetal cystoscopy as an experimental procedure in avoiding perinatal death and renal impairment and to compare to the investigators clinical experience with fetal vesicoamniotic shunting.|
Patients with severe LUTO will come for clinical evaluation as part of the standard clinical care at the Fetal Center at Texas Children's Hospital. Once the diagnosis of fetal severe LUTO is confirmed and the patient is considered for fetal intervention, patient will be invited to participate in the present study. Fetal cystoscopy will be offered as an optional experimental procedure.
The following information will be obtained in the standard clinical care visit as usual: a. demographics (maternal age, parity); b. gestational age at the diagnosis of LUTO; c. fetal ultrasound findings including documentation of cervical length, gestational age,fetal bladder size, bladder wall thickness, degree of fetal hydronephrosis, amount of amniotic fluid, fetal biometry; d. fetal urinary biochemistry; e. fetal echocardiogram findings.
The standard management options for fetal LUTO include expectant management, fetal vesico-amniotic shunting or termination of pregnancy according to the law. These options will be offered to all patients as the first set of management options and the gold standard. In addition, the investigators group will offer the procedure as an alternative experimental option, with a full explanation of the experimental nature of the procedure, the technical benefits and difficulties, and the risks and potential benefits of the procedure and the limited long-term outcomes information. Those patients who request participation in the present study will be informed that they can, a priori, select a crossover arm if for any reason the fetal cystoscopic procedure is not possible. They can elect that a fetal vesico-amniotic shunting be performed or prenatal expectant management or even termination of pregnancy (as part of the standard management of fetuses with LUTO).
Participation in the study:
Once the patient is deemed eligible, all prenatal standard management options will be offered first to the patient. Fetal cystoscopy will be offered as an investigational procedure for evaluation. If the patient opts for the fetal cystoscopy, we will explain that this procedure can be diagnostic and therapeutic. In order to prevent coercion, the investigation procedure will be presented to the patient in a manner that is an option and voluntary, if the patient chooses not to participate in the investigational procedure, the clinical care will not be affected. Informed consent to participate in the present study will be obtained. We will also include non-English speaking subjects in the present study. We will submit a full Spanish consent via amendment for IRB approval after approval of the English consent. We will not enroll any non-English subjects until we receive final approval. The study flow is demonstrated in Figure 1 (see attached document).
Description of the fetal cystoscopy procedure (experimental procedure):
Fetal cystoscopy will be performed between 16 0/7 and 25 6/7 weeks at the Pavilion for Women - TCH. This procedure will be performed under maternal local anesthesia and sedation. In some cases, according to the anesthesiologist's indication, maternal epidural may be performed. Fetal anesthesia will be performed by ultrasound-guided injection into fetal arm or leg of a combination of fentanyl (15µglKg), atropine and vecuronium (0.5-2mg/Kg).
Prophylactic tocolysis will be used in all patients with a protocol employing magnesium sulfate - 6 gram IV loading dose followed by a 2 gram/hour continuous infusion for 24 hours, followed by nifedipine 10mg Q6 during until 36 weeks of gestation.
Prophylactic antibiotics will also be used during the procedure using Cefazolin 2 g IV immediately before the procedure. Nafcillin will be injected into the amniotic cavity at the conclusion of the procedure. In case the patient has allergies to cephalosporin, clindamycin 600 mg will be used as alternative.
Steroids for fetal lung maturation will be given between 24 and 25 6/7 weeks (two doses of 12 mg betamethasone given 24 hours apart, with the last dose given 48-72 hours before the procedure), if the procedure is performed during this gestational period.
The procedure will be performed percutaneously under ultrasound-fetoscopic guidance. An 18G needle will be introduced into the fetal bladder through the maternal abdominal wall and uterus under ultrasound guidance. Using a Seldinger technique an 8-9Fr Cook trocar will be inserted through the maternal wall towards the fetal bladder. A curved Storz sheath for 1.3 mm (11530AA, Karl Storz, Tuttlinglen, Germany) or 2.0 mm fetoscopy (26120BA, Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) or flexible ureteroscope will be introduced into the Cook catheter into the fetal bladder. After confirming that the trochar is inside the fetal bladder, urine samples will be collected for further renal function analysis. The fetoscope will be advanced toward the bladder neck and the dilated posterior urethra. If a membrane-like obstruction of the urethral lumen is seen, the diagnosis of PUV will be confirmed and at this time the valves will be fulgurated using a Diode laser with low energy (15-20W). If necessary, we will use a guide-wire to perforate the valves. Fulguration of the valves will be performed very cautiously with the laser fiber almost touching them in order to avoid damaging peripheral tissues. When the valves are completely disrupted, the urine will be released through the now patent urethra, which results in emptying the bladder. A transurethral shunt may be placed depending on the cause of the obstruction (urethral stenosis). In addition, power Doppler will be applied to confirm passage of fluid through the patent urethra into the amniotic cavity. However, if a non membrane-like structure is found, even with the fluid injection or the guide-wire, urethral atresia (UA, US or Prune Belly syndrome) will be diagnosed and we will not attempt to perforate this structure. A vesicoamniotic shunting placement will be performed in this situation depending on the patient's consent prior to the surgery.
The postsurgical care is going to follow the same standard prenatal care after fetal vesico-amniotic shunting. The expected hospital course is 72 hours as it is also expected for fetal vesico-amniotic shunting; however, it is possible that the patient will be hospitalized for complications or preterm labor. The patient will then be discharged home with recommendations for modified bed rest for the first 2 weeks post discharge, but will subsequently be allowed to graduate to moderate activity if the uterus is quiescent. Patients will return on a weekly basis for clinical and ultrasound evaluation. On ultrasound, fetal kidneys, bladder thickness and dilatation, and amniotic fluid volume will be assessed. Fetal Surveillance by biophysical profiles and Doppler studies will begin at 34 weeks
Delivery mode will be performed based on the obstetrical management following the investigators clinical algorithm.
The subjects that undergo fetal cystoscopy will have exactly the same postnatal routine (standard of care) clinical follow-up that is provided to all infants with LUTO. All infants with LUTO are followed-up by the pediatric urology and nephrology services and may need postnatal surgical intervention. At birth, the clinical evaluation will include a renal ultrasound, voiding cysto-urethrogram (VCUG) as well as clinical laboratory examinations such as serum creatinine, sodium, calcium, potassium and chloride, and a urine analysis will be performed as part of the standard clinical care. Information from these routine examinations will be collected and documented.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Not Applicable|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
This study is an un-blinded, non-randomized, single arm Phase 1 study. Fetal intervention is usually offered to patients carrying fetuses with isolated LUTO that meet the inclusion criteria. Once the patient elected to have fetal intervention, fetal cystoscopy will be offered as an experimental procedure as an option to fetal vesico-amniotic shunting.Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Urethral Obstruction|
|Study Arms ICMJE||
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Terminated|
|Actual Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Estimated Enrollment ICMJE
|Actual Study Completion Date ICMJE||August 23, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date||August 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages ICMJE||16 Weeks to 26 Weeks (Child)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT02446184|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||BCM H33626|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||
|Responsible Party||Michael Belfort, Baylor College of Medicine|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Baylor College of Medicine|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|PRS Account||Baylor College of Medicine|
|Verification Date||February 2017|
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