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Study of RM-1929 and Photoimmunotherapy in Patients With Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02422979
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 22, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rakuten Medical, Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 3, 2015
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 22, 2015
Last Update Posted Date February 26, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date February 25, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2017)
  • Part I: Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) or Maximum Feasible Dose (MFD) of RM-1929, whichever is lowest [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Determine the MTD or MFD of RM-1929
  • Part I: Adverse Event profile for each drug dose of RM-1929 [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Assessment of safety of the combination of drug dose with low energy localized light irradiation
  • Part I: Photosafety (sunburn) Testing [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Determination of skin Minimal Erythema Dose (MED) following infusion of RM-1929
  • Part II: Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) or Maximum Feasible Dose (MFD) of a fixed drug dose with fixed light dose [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Determination of MTD or MFD of fixed drug dose with fixed light dose
  • Part II: Safety with repeat dosing [ Time Frame: 2 years or until death ]
    Safety parameters associated with repeat dosing
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2015)
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) or Maximum Feasible Dose (MFD) of RM-1929, whichever is lowest [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Determine the MTD or MFD of RM-1929
  • Adverse Event profile for each drug dose of RM-1929 [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Assessment of safety of the combination of drug dose with low energy localized light irradiation
  • Skin Photosafety (sunburn) Testing [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Determination of skin Minimal Erythema Dose (MED)
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 21, 2017)
  • Part I: Tumor response [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Document tumor response using response assessment in solid tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1), including additional assessment of target lesion volumetrics
  • Part 1: Tumor reduction/necrosis [ Time Frame: 2 month ]
    Document tumor reduction/necrosis using Choi criteria
  • Part I: Pharmacokinetics of RM-1929 and for both RM-1929 and unconjugated IRDye 700DX (Cmax, T 1/2, AUC, CL and Vss) [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
  • Part I: Immunogenic response to RM-1929 [ Time Frame: 2 month ]
    To assess antibodies to RM-1929 or cetuximab
  • Part II: Tumor Response [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Assessed using RECIST 1.1
  • Part II: Tumor Reduction [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Evaluation by CT scans, clinical measurement, photographs, biopsies, symptom relief and ECOG performance
  • Part II: Immunogenic response to RM-1929 [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    To assess antibodies to RM-1929 or cetuximab
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2015)
  • Pharmacokinetics Profile (Cmax, AUC, Clearance, Volume of distribution at steady state, and half-life) of RM-1929 [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Maximum concentration (Cmax), area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), clearance (CL), apparent volume of distribution at steady state (Vss), and half-life (T1/2) of the drug for up to 14 days post administration.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 years or until death ]
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 2 years or until progression of disease/pursuit of other treatment, whichever comes first ]
  • Tumor Response [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Assessed using RECIST 1.1
  • Tumor Reduction [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Evaluation by CT scans, clinical measurement, photographs, biopsies, symptom relief and ECOG performance
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study of RM-1929 and Photoimmunotherapy in Patients With Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 1/2a Multicenter, Open-Label, Dose-Escalation, Combination Study of RM-1929 and Photoimmunotherapy in Patients With Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer, Who in the Opinion of Their Physician, Cannot Be Satisfactorily Treated With Surgery, Radiation or Platinum Chemotherapy
Brief Summary

This is a two-part clinical study of patients with recurrent Head and Neck Cancer (HNC), who in the opinion of their physician, cannot be satisfactorily treated with surgery, radiation or platinum chemotherapy. The purpose of the study is to determine the safety and anti-cancer activity of various doses and repeated cycles of the experimental treatment using the study drug RM-1929 and fixed amounts of red light applied at the tumor site to activate the pharmacodynamics of the drug.

The part 1 of the study has been completed and consisted in a single cycle, 3+3 dose escalation safety study of the experimental drug RM-1929 using a fixed amount of 690 nm red light. The part 1 was designed to determine the safety of the treatment as set by the maximal feasible dose or the maximal tolerable dose of RM-1929. From the part 1 results, the maximal feasible dose of RM-1929 was determined.

The part 2 of the study is currently ongoing and it is evaluating the safety and anticancer efficacy of up to four repeated treatments of Photoimmunotherapy with RM-1929 at the maximal feasible dose of RM-1929 activated with a fixed amount of red light.

Detailed Description

Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) is a new cancer targeted technology invented at the National Cancer Institute, USA. This clinical study evaluates the treatment of the experimental drug RM-1929 with Photoimmunotherapy (PIT).

The experimental drug, RM-1929, is a parental formulation consisting of a chemical conjugate of the dye IR700 with the FDA approved antibody, Erbitux® (Cetuximab), that targets EGFR receptors (EGFR is a cancer expressed protein, a cancer antigen). EGFR is highly expressed in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC). It is expected that systemic administration of RM-1929 will lead to tumor accumulation and binding to EGFR expressed at cancer cells. It is expected that treatment with RM-1929 and Photoimmunotherapy can lead to the selective destruction of the HNSCC cancer cells and provide an effective therapy to manage the disease.

The treatment using RM-1929 with Photoimmunotherapy requires two steps:

(i) the administration by infusion of the drug RM-1929 targeting the cancer protein EGFR

AND

(ii) the illumination of the tumor with red light (690 nm) using sufficient energy to activate the drug and induce cancer cell killing.

Light illumination is applied at 24 h post drug infusion to enable sufficient time for the drug to distribute in the tumor after administration. Cell killing occurs only at cancer cells expressing the protein EGFR that is bound to the drug RM-1929. The requirement of binding of the drug to EGFR of cancer cells enables the selective destruction of cancer cells with minimum damage of healthy tissue surrounding the tumor cells. Preclinical pharmacology demonstrated that light-induced activation of RM-1929 elicits rapid tumor destruction of human cancer xenografts implanted in mice and that the treatment is cancer specific.

The Part 1 study has been completed and consisted of a single cycle 3+3 dose escalation study of RM-1929 to determine the safety of the treatment and the maximal feasible dose of RM-1929. From the part 1 of this study, the maximal feasible dose for treatment with RM-1929 was selected. The currently ongoing Part 2 of the clinical study is evaluating the safety and anti-cancer activity of up to 4 repeat treatment cycles of Photoimmunotherapy with RM-1929.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 160 mg/m^2
  • Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 320 mg/m^2
  • Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640 mg/m^2
  • Combination Product: PIT: 75 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 150 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640mg/m^2
  • Combination Product: PIT: 100 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 200 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640mg/m^2
  • Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640mg/m^2
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: PART 1 - Cohort 1
    3-6 patients
    Intervention: Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 160 mg/m^2
  • Experimental: PART 1 - Cohort 2
    3-6 patients
    Intervention: Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 320 mg/m^2
  • Experimental: PART 1 - Cohort 3
    3-6 patients
    Intervention: Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640 mg/m^2
  • Experimental: PART 2 - Cohort 1
    Number of patients depend on Part 1
    Intervention: Combination Product: PIT: 75 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 150 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640mg/m^2
  • Experimental: PART 2 - Cohort 2
    Number of patients depend on Part 1
    Intervention: Combination Product: PIT: 100 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 200 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640mg/m^2
  • Experimental: PART 3
    Up to 30 patients
    Intervention: Combination Product: PIT: 50 J/cm^2 for superficial lesions or 100 J/cm for interstitial lesions and Drug RM-1929: 640mg/m^2
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 19, 2019)
40
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2015)
24
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 25, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date February 25, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must meet the following criteria to be eligible for study participation:

  1. Patients with recurrent squamous carcinoma of the Head and Neck, who in the opinion of their treating physician, cannot be satisfactorily treated with surgery, radiation, or platinum chemotherapy. Diagnosis must be confirmed by biopsy and histopathology.
  2. Patient must have received prior systemic platinum-based chemotherapy for treatment of their head and neck cancer, unless in the opinion of the medical oncologist, the use of platinum-based chemotherapy is contraindicated or not recommended, e.g., renal impairment, allergy to platinum compounds, age, liver disease, myelosuppression, neuropathy, hearing loss, etc.
  3. Patients must have life expectancy > 6 months based on investigator judgment.
  4. Male or female patients at least 18 years old. Female patients must not be pregnant or breast feeding and must be practicing a medically acceptable form of birth control, be sterile, or post-menopausal. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) is defined as premenopausal women capable of becoming pregnant. This includes women who are post-menopausal for at least 12 months after the last menses. FCBP must agree to use a medically acceptable form of birth control during the study and for at least 6 months after discontinuation of Erbitux® or study medication. Females must agree not to breast feed during the study and for at least two months after discontinuation of Erbitux® or study medication. Male patients should be using a double barrier protection method that is a medically acceptable form of birth control during the study or be sterile.
  5. Patients must have an ECOG score of 0 - 2.
  6. Patient must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with any of the following will be excluded from participation in the study:

  1. Patients with a history of significant Erbitux infusion reactions (≥ Grade 3).
  2. Patients on chemotherapy or Erbitux® therapy or radiation therapy within 4 weeks of enrollment.
  3. Tumor invading a major blood vessel (such as the carotid artery) unless the vessel has been embolized, stented or surgically ligated to prevent hemorrhage.
  4. Tumor is not clearly shown on a CT scan or clinically measurable.
  5. Location and extension of the tumor precludes an effective PIT.
  6. Patients with impaired hepatic function (ALP (hepatic), AST and/or ALT >3 times the upper normal limits, or total serum bilirubin > 2 mg/dL.
  7. Patients with impairment of renal function (serum creatinine >2 mg/dL).
  8. Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements.
  9. Any condition which in the Investigator's opinion deems the patient an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug.
  10. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  11. Patient requires examinations or treatments within 4 weeks after study drug administration where they would be exposed to significant light, e.g., eye examinations, surgical procedures, endoscopy, etc.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02422979
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE RM-1929/101
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Rakuten Medical, Inc.
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Rakuten Medical, Inc.
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Rakuten Medical, Inc.
Verification Date February 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP