Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

MEsenchymal StEm Cells for Multiple Sclerosis (MESEMS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02403947
Recruitment Status : Terminated (inclusion default)
First Posted : March 31, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Toulouse

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 9, 2015
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 31, 2015
Last Update Posted Date December 3, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 25, 2015)
  • Safety of MSCs infusion, number, timeframe of occurrence and severity of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 24 weeks from the first infusion ]
    Safety assessed by number, timeframe of occurrence and severity of Adverse Events
  • efficacy: number of contrast-enhancing lesions (GEL) at MRI scan [ Time Frame: 24 weeks from the first infusion ]
    total number of contrast-enhancing lesions (GEL) at MRI scan
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02403947 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 25, 2015)
  • Efficacy of the experimental treatment in term of combined MRI activity [ Time Frame: 48 weeks from the first infusion ]
    Number of GEL counted over week 28, 36 and 48 compared with the number of GEL counted over 4, 12 and 24 weeks.
  • Efficacy assessed by combined unique MRI activity, volume of GEL, and volume of BH [ Time Frame: 24 weeks from the first infusion ]
    Combined unique MRI activity (number of new or enlarging T2, or enhancing or re-enhancing lesions), volume of GEL and volume of black holes (BH) over 4, 12, 24 weeks compared between treatment groups.
  • Efficacy assessed by combined unique MRI activity, volume of GEL and volume of BH [ Time Frame: 48 weeks from the first infusion ]
    Combined unique MRI activity, volume of GEL and volume of BH over week 28, 36 and 48 compared with the same outcomes over 4, 12 and 24 weeks.
  • Efficacy: Number of relapses [ Time Frame: 24 weeks from the first infusion ]
    Number of relapses in MSC treatment group vs. placebo group in the first 24 weeks and after cross-over re-treatment in the two groups.
  • Efficacy: Time to sustained progression of disability [ Time Frame: 24 weeks from the first infusion ]
    Time to sustained progression of disability compared between treatment groups during the first 24 weeks and after cross-over
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE MEsenchymal StEm Cells for Multiple Sclerosis
Official Title  ICMJE Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis With Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Phase I/II Study
Brief Summary

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS), which ultimately leads to myelin damage and axonal loss. The disease is complex and multifactorial, but the key pathogenic event appears to be an uncontrolled response of components of the immune system (T and B lymphocytes) to myelin proteins. No definitive treatment is available for MS, however immunomodulatory and immunosuppressant drugs act as disease-modifying agents (DMDs).

Unfortunately, the current treatments demonstrate partial efficacy in targeting the deleterious immune reactions. According to the present knowledge of the pathophysiology of MS, an ideal therapeutic strategy would be to modulate or suppress the aggressive immune process, to protect axons and neurons from degeneration, and to enhance repair and facilitate remyelination.

A specific form of stem cells, called adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), has shown remarkable ability to modulate the immune response. This study will evaluate the safety of injecting MSCs in people with MS.

Detailed Description MSCs have the remarkable ability to modulate the immune response mainly by inhibiting proliferation of T cells and to protect injured tissues through paracrine mechanisms. There is an urgent need to evaluate the real efficacy of MSC transplantation, and its possible position in the current therapeutic armamentarium. An international panel of MS neurology and stem cell experts, as well as immunologists formed an "International Mesenchymal Stem Cells Transplantation" (MSCT) Study Group with the aim to derive a consensus on what cells should be used for transplantation and develop a treatment protocol and an experimental program that will eventually attest to the efficacy of MSC transplantation and understand the mechanism that underlie the benefit. 12 patients with MS will be treated with IV injections of autologous isolated and expanded mesenchymal stem cells. Clinical and objective evaluations will be performed at baseline and during 12 months follow-up.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Multiple Sclerosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Mesenchymal stem cells
    After the sampling of bone-marrow and culture of MSCs by the French Blood Establishment (Midi-Pyrénées), patients will receive an IV injection of MSCs.
  • Drug: Suspension media
    injection suspension media
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Mesenchymal stem cells
    At week 0 a single infusion of either ex-vivo expanded autologous MSC or suspension media will be administered intravenously at a dose of 1-2 x 1000000 MSC/Kg body weight. At week 24, another infusion will be performed for cross-over re-treatment: at week 24 treatments will be reversed compared to week 0
    Intervention: Drug: Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Placebo Comparator: Suspension media
    At week 0 a single infusion of either ex-vivo expanded autologous MSC or suspension media will be administered intravenously at a dose of 1-2 x 1000000 MSC/Kg body weight. At week 24, another infusion will be performed for cross-over re-treatment: at week 24 treatments will be reversed compared to week 0
    Intervention: Drug: Suspension media
Publications * Uccelli A, Laroni A, Brundin L, Clanet M, Fernandez O, Nabavi SM, Muraro PA, Oliveri RS, Radue EW, Sellner J, Soelberg Sorensen P, Sormani MP, Wuerfel JT, Battaglia MA, Freedman MS; MESEMS study group. MEsenchymal StEm cells for Multiple Sclerosis (MESEMS): a randomized, double blind, cross-over phase I/II clinical trial with autologous mesenchymal stem cells for the therapy of multiple sclerosis. Trials. 2019 May 9;20(1):263. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3346-z.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2018)
1
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 25, 2015)
12
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date December 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 to 50 years
  • Disease duration 2 to 10 years (included)
  • Diagnosis of MS

Relapsing remitting MS (RRMS) not responding to at least a year of attempted therapy with one or more of the approved therapies (beta-interferon, glatiramer acetate, natalizumab, mitoxantrone, fingolimod) as evidenced by one or more of the following:

  • more or egal 1 clinically documented relapse in past 12 months
  • more or egal 2 clinically documented relapses in last 24 months
  • more or egal 1 GEL at MRI performed within the last 12 months

Secondary progressive MS (SPMS) not responding to at least a year of attempted therapy with one or more of the approved therapies (beta-interferon, glatiramer acetate, natalizumab, mitoxantrone, fingolimod) as evidenced by both::

  • With more or egal 1 clinically documented relapse in the last twelve months
  • Without on-going relapses, but with more or egal 1 GEL at MRI performed within the last 12 months.

Primary progressive MS (PPMS) patients with all the following features:

  • an increase ofmore or egal 1 EDSS point (if at inclusion EDSS inferior or egal 5.0) or 0.5 EDSS point (if at inclusion EDSS more or egal 5.5), in the last twelve months
  • more or egal 1 GEL at MRI performed within the last 12 months
  • Positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (oligoclonal banding).

    • EDSS (Expanded Disability Status Scale) 3.0 to 6.5
    • Women of childbearing age with an effective contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • RRMS not fulfilling inclusion criteria
  • SPMS not fulfilling inclusion criteria
  • PPMS not fulfilling inclusion criteria
  • Inferior to 3 months since treatment with any immunosuppressive therapy including natalizumab and fingolimod
  • Inferior or egal to 1 month since last treatment with interferon-beta or glatiramer acetate
  • Corticosteroid treatment Inferior or egal to 30 days
  • Relapse inferior or egal to 60 days
  • Any active or chronic infection including infection with HIV1-2 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus 2) or HTLV I-II (Human T-lymphotropic virus I-II) or Syphilis or chronic Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C inferior to 1 month
  • Previous history of a malignancy other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ that has been in remission for more than one year
  • Severely limited life expectancy by another co-morbid illness
  • History of previous diagnosis of myelodysplasia or previous hematologic disease or current clinically relevant abnormalities of white blood cell counts
  • Pregnancy or risk or pregnancy (this includes patients that are unwilling to practice active contraception during the duration of the study)**
  • eGFR (estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate ) inferior to 60 mL/min/1.73m2 or known renal failure or inability to undergo MRI examination.
  • Inability to give written informed consent in accordance with research ethics board guidelines.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE France
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02403947
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 12 394 03
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University Hospital, Toulouse
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University Hospital, Toulouse
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Clanet Michel, MD,PhD Neurology Department of Purpan Hospital
PRS Account University Hospital, Toulouse
Verification Date November 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP