Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 2 of 5 for:    "Teratoma" | "Dexamethasone acetate"

Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02375204
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 2, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Movember Foundation
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom
Cancer Research UK
UNICANCER
Irish Group CTI
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 20, 2015
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 2, 2015
Last Update Posted Date November 20, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 25, 2015)
overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months post-treatment ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02375204 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 26, 2016)
  • progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months post-treatment ]
  • proportion of patients achieving either a complete response (CR) or partial response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-registration ]
  • treatment related mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-treatment ]
  • number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-registration ]
  • Validation of International Prognostic Factor Study Group stratification system (eg, primary site, prior response, progression free interval) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years post-registration ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 25, 2015)
  • progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months post-treatment ]
  • proportion of patients achieving either a complete response (CR) or parital response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-registration ]
  • treatment related mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-treatment ]
  • toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 3 months post-registration ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Phase III Trial Comparing Conventional-Dose Chemotherapy Using Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide, and Cisplatin (TIP) With High-Dose Chemotherapy Using Mobilizing Paclitaxel Plus Ifosfamide Followed by High-Dose Carboplatin and Etoposide (TI-CE) as First Salvage Treatment in Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors
Brief Summary This randomized phase III trial studies how well standard-dose combination chemotherapy works compared to high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant in treating patients with germ cell tumors that have returned after a period of improvement or did not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, ifosfamide, cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy before a stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. Giving colony-stimulating factors, such as filgrastim or pegfilgrastim, and certain chemotherapy drugs, helps stem cells move from the bone marrow to the blood so they can be collected and stored. Chemotherapy is then given to prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant are more effective than standard-dose combination chemotherapy in treating patients with refractory or relapsed germ cell tumors.
Detailed Description

The study is an international collaboration with European sites. Collaborators on the study include the National Cancer Institute, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the Movember Foundation. Randomization will be stratified by region (North America and Europe) and by modified IPFSG (International Prognostic Factor Study Group) risk classification (low, intermediate and high). The primary and secondary objectives are described below.

Primary Objective:

1. To compare the overall survival in patients treated with conventional-dose chemotherapy using the TIP regimen with high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) plus autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) using the TI-CE regimen as initial salvage treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors (GCT)

Secondary Objectives:

  1. To compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients treated with initial salvage HDCT with TI-CE versus initial salvage CDCT with TIP
  2. To compare the favorable response rate (FRR) of patients treated with initial salvage HDCT with TI-CE versus initial salvage CDCT with TIP
  3. To compare the toxicity, including treatment-related mortality, associated with high-dose chemotherapy and ASCT using TI-CE compared with conventional-dose chemotherapy using TIP as initial salvage treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory GCT
  4. To prospectively evaluate the IPFSG scoring system as a predictor of outcome to initial salvage therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory GCT. In this trial, randomization will be stratified by a modification of their IPFSG category and we will prospectively evaluate whether or not actual outcomes vary by risk group in the appropriate manner (low risk patients have higher OS than high-risk group).
  5. To evaluate the association between tumor marker decline rates of Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) with OS and PFS.

Treatment is to continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or completion of all protocol treatment.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Germ Cell Tumor
  • Teratoma
  • Choriocarcinoma
  • Germinoma
  • Mixed Germ Cell Tumor
  • Yolk Sac Tumor
  • Childhood Teratoma
  • Malignant Germ Cell Neoplasm
  • Extragonadal Seminoma
  • Non-seminomatous Germ Cell Tumor
  • Seminoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: paclitaxel
    IV
    Other Name: Taxol
  • Drug: ifosfamide
    IV
    Other Name: Ifex®, IFOS
  • Drug: cisplatin
    IV
    Other Name: CDDP
  • Drug: pegylated G-CSF
    IV
  • Drug: G-CSF
    IV
  • Drug: carboplatin
    IV
    Other Name: Paraplatin®, CBDCA
  • Drug: etoposide phosphate
    IV
    Other Name: VePesid®, Toposar®, VP16
  • Procedure: stem cell reinfusion
    surgical procedure
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Arm A: TIP

    Patients will receive treatment for 4 cycles administered every 21 days.

    Cycles 1-4 (1 cycle = 21 days)

    • paclitaxel 250 mg/m^2 IV over 24 hours on Day 1 including premedication as defined in the protocol (eg, dexamethasone, diphenhydramine and H2 blocker)
    • ifosfamide 1500 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 2-5 with mesna protection as defined in the protocol
    • cisplatin 25 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 2-5
    • pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneous on Day 6 or 7 or G-CSF as defined in the protocol on Days 6-18

    Patients may commence with each Arm A cycle provided they meet the criteria as defined in the protocol.

    Interventions:
    • Drug: paclitaxel
    • Drug: ifosfamide
    • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: pegylated G-CSF
    • Drug: G-CSF
  • Arm B: TI-CE

    Patients will receive treatment for a total of 5 cycles.

    Cycles 1-2 (1 cycle = 14 days)

    • paclitaxel 200 mg/m^2 IV over 3 hours on Day 1 including premedication as defined in the protocol (eg, dexamethasone, diphenhydramine and H2 blocker)
    • ifosfamide 2000 mg/m^2 IV daily on Days 1-3 with mesna protection as defined in the protocol
    • G-CSF 10 µg/kg subcutaneously on Days 3-15 (cycle 1) and Days 3-14 (cycle 2) or pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneous on Day 4 or 6 (cycle 1) and Day 4 or 5 (cycle 2)
    • leukapheresis every 14 days, if there is an inadequate number of CD34+ cells/kg collected in cycle 1

    Cycles 3-5 (1 cycle = 21 days)

    • carboplatin daily on Days 1-3
    • etoposide 400 mg/m^2 daily on Days 1-3
    • stem cell reinfusion on day 5
    • pegylated G-CSF 6 mg subcutaneously or G-CSF at approximately 5 µg/kg daily on Days 5-15

    Patients may commence with each Arm B cycle provided they meet the criteria as defined in the protocol.

    Interventions:
    • Drug: paclitaxel
    • Drug: ifosfamide
    • Drug: pegylated G-CSF
    • Drug: G-CSF
    • Drug: carboplatin
    • Drug: etoposide phosphate
    • Procedure: stem cell reinfusion
Publications * Tan YY, Al-Bubseeree B, Irvine D, MacDonald G, McQuaker G, Parker A, Waterston A, White J. High-Dose Chemotherapy in Relapsed or Refractory Metastatic Germ-Cell Cancer: The Scotland Experience. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2019 Apr;17(2):125-131. doi: 10.1016/j.clgc.2018.11.013. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 25, 2015)
420
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE
  1. Documentation of Disease

    • Histologic Documentation: Confirmation of GCT histology (both seminoma and nonseminoma) on pathologic review at the center of enrollment.
    • Tumor may have originated in any primary site. NOTE: In rare circumstances, patients will be allowed to enroll even if a pathologic diagnosis may not have been established.
    • This would require a clinical situation consistent with the diagnosis of GCT (testicular, peritoneal, retroperitoneal or mediastinal mass, elevated tumor marker levels {HCG ≥ 500; AFP ≥ 500} and typical pattern of metastases)
  2. Evidence of Disease

    • Must have evidence of progressive or recurrent GCT (measurable or non-measurable) following one line of cisplatin-based chemotherapy, defined as meeting at least one of the following criteria:

      • Tumor biopsy of new or growing or unresectable lesions demonstrating viable non-teratomatous GCT (enrollment on this study for adjuvant treatment after macroscopically complete resection of viable GCT is not allowed). In the event of an incomplete gross resection where viable GCT is found, patients will be considered eligible for the study.
      • Consecutive elevated serum tumor markers (HCG or AFP) that are increasing. Increase of an elevated LDH alone does not constitute progressive disease.
      • Development of new or enlarging lesions in the setting of persistently elevated HCG or AFP, even if the HCG and AFP are not continuing to increase.
  3. Prior Treatment

    • Must have received 3-6 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy as part of first-line (initial) chemotherapy.

      • Prior POMBACE, CBOP-BEP, or GAMEC are allowed.
      • Note: For patients requiring immediate treatment, 1 cycle of conventional-dose salvage chemotherapy is allowed. Therefore, these patients may have received 7 prior cycles of chemotherapy. 6 cycles as part of first-line chemotherapy and 1 cycle of salvage conventional chemotherapy.
    • No more than one prior line of chemotherapy for GCT (other than the 1 cycle of salvage chemotherapy as defined in the protocol)

      • Definition of one line of chemotherapy: One line of therapy can in some cases consist of 2 different cisplatin-based treatment combinations, provided there is no disease progression between these two regimens.
      • Prior treatment with carboplatin as adjuvant therapy is allowed, provided patients meet other eligibility criteria (e.g., the patient has also received 3-4 cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy).
      • Prior treatment with 1-2 cycles of BEP or EP as adjuvant chemotherapy for early stage GCT is allowed, provided the patient also received 3-4 cycles of BEP or EP again at relapse. Patients treated with 3-4 cycles of VIP at relapse following 1-2 cycles of BEP/EP are not eligible as this would be considered more than 1 line of prior therapy.
    • No prior treatment with high-dose chemotherapy (defined as treatment utilizing stem cell rescue)
    • No prior treatment with TIP with the exception when given as a bridge to treatment on protocol for patients with rapidly progressive disease who cannot wait to complete the eligibility screening process. Only one cycle is allowed.
    • No concurrent treatment with other cytotoxic drugs or targeted therapies.
    • No radiation therapy (other than to the brain) within 14 days of day 1 of protocol chemotherapy except radiation to brain metastases, which must be completed 7 days prior to start of chemotherapy.
    • No previous chemotherapy within 17 days prior to enrollment. A minimum of three weeks after the last day of the start of the previous chemotherapy regimen before the first day of chemotherapy on study protocol.
    • Must have adequate recovery from prior surgery (eg, healed scar, resumption of diet)
  4. Age ≥ 14 years (≥ 18 years in Germany)
  5. ECOG Performance Status 0 to 2
  6. Male gender
  7. Required Initial Laboratory Values:

    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm^3
    • Platelet Count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
    • Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
  8. No concurrent malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer, superficial noninvasive (pTa or pTis) TCC of the bladder, contralateral GCT, or intratubular germ cell neoplasia. Patients with a prior malignancy, but at least 2 years since any evidence of disease are allowed.
  9. Negative Serology (antibody test) for the following infectious diseases:

    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) type 1 and 2
    • Human T-cell Leukemia Virus (HTLV) type 1 and 2 (mandatory in US but optional in Canada and Europe)
    • Hepatitis B surface antigen
    • Hepatitis C antibody
  10. No late relapse with completely surgically resectable disease. Patients with late relapses (defined as relapse ≥ 2 years from the date of completion of the last chemotherapy regimen) whose disease is completely surgically resectable are not eligible. Patients with late relapses who have unresectable disease are eligible.
  11. No large (≥ 2 cm) hemorrhagic or symptomatic brain metastases until local treatment has been administered (radiation therapy or surgery). Treatment may begin ≥ 7 days after completion of local treatment. Patients with small (< 2 cm) and asymptomatic brain metastases are allowed and may be treated with radiation therapy and/or surgery concurrently with Arm A or cycles 1 and 2 of Arm B if deemed medically indicated.

    Radiation therapy should not be given concurrently with high-dose carboplatin or etoposide.

  12. No secondary somatic malignancy arising from teratoma (e.g., teratoma with malignant transformation) when it is actively part of the disease recurrence or progression.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
Ages  ICMJE 14 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Darren Feldman, MD 646 422-4491
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia,   Belgium,   Denmark,   France,   Germany,   Ireland,   Italy,   Netherlands,   Spain,   Switzerland,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02375204
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE A031102
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
NCI-2014-01696 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Reporting Program )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
  • Movember Foundation
  • Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), United Kingdom
  • Cancer Research UK
  • UNICANCER
  • Irish Group CTI
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Darren Feldman, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
PRS Account Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Verification Date November 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP