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Efficacy and Safety of GWP42003-P for Seizures Associated With Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome in Children and Adults (GWPCARE3)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02224560
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 25, 2014
Results First Posted : July 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jazz Pharmaceuticals

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 21, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 25, 2014
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 25, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE July 27, 2018
Last Update Posted Date September 28, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 8, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date May 19, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 26, 2018)
Percentage Change From Baseline In Drop Seizure Frequency During The Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline to End of Treatment (EOT) (Day 99) or Early Termination (ET) ]
Drop seizures were recorded by the participant or caregiver using an interactive voice response system (IVRS) diary. Drop seizures were defined as the subset of tonic-clonic, tonic or atonic seizures that were reported as drop seizures in the IVRS. Percentage change from baseline was calculated as: ([frequency during the treatment period - frequency during baseline]/frequency during baseline) x 100. The frequency during each period was based on 28-day averages and calculated as: (number of seizures in the period/number of reported days in the IVRS period) x 28. Baseline included all available data prior to Day 1 (28-day average). Negative percentages show an improvement from baseline.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 22, 2014)
Mean percentage change from baseline in number of drop seizures (average per week) during the maintenance period. [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
The primary endpoint is the mean percentage change from baseline in number of drop seizures (average per week) during the maintenance period (Day 15 to the end of the evaluable period) in subjects taking GWP42003-P compared with placebo.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 26, 2018)
  • Number Of Participants With A ≥50% Reduction From Baseline In Drop Seizure Frequency During The Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (Day 99) or ET ]
    Drop seizures were recorded by the participant or caregiver using an IVRS diary. Drop seizures included the subset of tonic-clonic, tonic, or atonic seizures that were reported as drop seizures in IVRS. Percentage change from baseline was calculated as per the primary outcome measure.
  • Percentage Change From Baseline In Total Seizure Frequency During The Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (Day 99) or ET ]
    Total seizures included the sum of all seizures (tonic-clonic, tonic, atonic, clonic, myoclonic, countable partial, other partial, and absence seizures) recorded by the participant or caregiver using an IVRS diary. Percentage change from baseline was calculated as per the primary outcome measure. Negative percentages show an improvement from baseline.
  • Subject/Caregiver Global Impression Of Change (S/CGIC) Assessment [ Time Frame: Baseline to Last Visit (Day 99) or ET ]
    The S/CGIC was used to assess the participant's overall condition on a 7-point scale, using the markers "very much improved, much improved, slightly improved, no change, slightly worse, much worse, or very much worse" (1 = very much improved; 7 = very much worse). On Day 1 (prior to starting IMP), the caregiver was asked to write a brief description of the participant's overall condition as a memory aid for the S/CGIC questionnaire at subsequent visits. If both a CGIC and SGIC were completed then the CGIC was used; if only a CGIC was completed then the CGIC was used; if only a SGIC was completed then the SGIC was used. Last visit for endpoints assessed at clinic visits was defined as the last scheduled visit (not including the end of taper or safety follow-up visits) at which participant's last evaluation was performed.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 22, 2014)
  • Mean percentage change from baseline in number of drop seizures (average per week) during the Weeks 1-4, 5-8 and 9-12 of the maintenance period. [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • Number of subjects considered treatment responders, defined as those with a ≥25%, ≥50%, ≥75%, or 100% reduction in drop seizures from baseline. Summaries will be presented overall and four-weekly. [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • Number of subjects experiencing a >25% worsening, -25 to +25% no change, 25-50% improvement, 50-75% improvement or >75% improvement in drop seizures from baseline. [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • Mean percentage change from baseline in number of non-drop seizures (average per week). [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • Mean percentage change from baseline in the frequencies of sub-types of seizures (average per week). [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • Mean change from baseline in Quality of Life. [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • Changes from baseline in the Caregiver Global Impression of Change (CGIC) score. [ Time Frame: 2-14 weeks ]
  • The incidence of adverse events as measure of subject safety. [ Time Frame: Day -28 to Day 137 ]
  • The number of age-appropriate subjects with a treatment-emergent flag using the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS or C-SSRS Children's depending on age) during the course of the study. [ Time Frame: Day -28 to Day 137 ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Efficacy and Safety of GWP42003-P for Seizures Associated With Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome in Children and Adults
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol (GWP42003-P; CBD) as Adjunctive Treatment for Seizures Associated With Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome in Children and Adults.
Brief Summary The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of GWP42003-P as adjunctive treatment in reducing the number of drop seizures when compared with placebo in participants with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS).
Detailed Description

This study was a 1:1:1 randomized, double-blind, 14-week comparison of 2 dose levels (10 milligram [mg] per kilogram [kg] per day [mg/kg/day] and 20 mg/kg/day) of GWP42003-P versus placebo. Participants who satisfied all inclusion and none of the exclusion criteria began a 28-day baseline observation period. The treatment period consisted of a 2-week titration period followed by a 12-week maintenance period. The 20 mg/kg/day dose was recommended by the Data Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC) after assessment of safety and pharmacokinetic data from Part A of study GWEP1332 (NCT02091206). The 10 mg/kg/day dose was defined as 50% of the 20 mg/kg/day dose. The first participant was not enrolled into this study until the DSMC had reviewed the safety data from Part A of study GWEP1332.

Participants who satisfied all eligibility criteria were randomized at Day 1 to receive 10 mg/kg/day GWP42003-P, 20 mg/kg/day GWP42003-P, or placebo at a 1:1:1 ratio. Participants in the placebo group were split into 2 equivalent cohorts; one half received 10 mg/kg/day dosing volumes and one half received 20 mg/kg/day dosing volumes. The 2 placebo cohorts were pooled for the analyses of efficacy. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to the 10 mg/kg/day or 20 mg/kg/day (or equivalent volume of placebo) dose over 7 and 11 days, respectively, and remained at this dose for the 12-week maintenance period. Following the end of treatment (Day 99), participants were invited to continue to receive GWP42003-P in an open-label extension (OLE) study under a separate protocol (GWEP1415; NCT02224573). All participants who did not immediately enter the OLE study tapered investigational medicinal product (IMP) (10% per day over 10 days). However, the taper period could be interrupted if the participant wished to enter the OLE study within a 7-day timeframe. Participants who down-titrated IMP returned for an end of taper period visit (Day 109). Participants who did not enter the OLE study or who withdrew prematurely had a safety follow-up visit 28 days later (Day 137).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Epilepsy
  • Lennox Gastaut Syndrome
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: GWP42003-P
    GWP42003-P was presented as an oral solution containing 100 mg/milliliter (mL) cannabidiol (CBD) in the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL). Participants were randomly assigned to receive either 10 or 20 mg/kg/day.
    Other Names:
    • Cannabidiol
    • Epidiolex
  • Drug: Placebo control
    Placebo was presented as an oral solution containing 0 mg/mL CBD in the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL).
    Other Name: Placebo
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/day Dose
    Participants received GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/day administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to 20 mg/kg/day over 11 days and remained at this dose for the 12-week maintenance period. If the participant did not immediately enter the OLE study, the maintenance period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day) period.
    Intervention: Drug: GWP42003-P
  • Experimental: GWP42003-P 10 mg/kg/day Dose
    Participants received GWP42003-P 10 mg/kg/day administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to 10 mg/kg/day over 7 days and remained at this dose for the 12-week maintenance period. If the participant did not immediately enter the OLE study, the maintenance period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day) period.
    Intervention: Drug: GWP42003-P
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Participants received placebo (0 mg/mL CBD) volume matched to 1 of the 2 dose levels (10 or 20 mg/kg/day) administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening. To maintain the blinded aspect of the study, participants titrated the placebo dose over 7 to 11 days according to the matched IMP group (7 or 11 days for the 10 or 20 mg/kg/day GWP42003-P groups, respectively) and remained at this dose for the 12-week maintenance period. If the participant did not immediately enter the OLE study, the maintenance period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day of the matched dose) period.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo control
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 10, 2017)
225
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 22, 2014)
120
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 19, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date May 19, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant and/or parent(s)/legal representatives were willing and able to give informed assent/consent for participation in the study.
  • Participant and his or her caregivers were willing and able (in the investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements.
  • Participant was male or female aged between 2 and 55 years (inclusive).
  • Participant had a documented history of LGS. This included written documentation of having met electroencephalogram (EEG) diagnostic criteria during the participant's history and evidence of at least 1 type of generalized seizure, including drop seizures (atonic, tonic, tonic-clonic or myoclonic) for at least 6 months.
  • Participant had a history of slow (<3.0 hertz [Hz]) spike-and-wave pattern in an EEG prior to the enrollment into the baseline period.
  • Participant had at least 2 drop seizures each week during the first 28 days of the baseline period.
  • Participant was refractory; that is having documented failures on more than 1 antiepileptic drug (AED).
  • Participant was taking 1 or more AEDs at a dose which had been stable for at least 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • All medications or interventions for epilepsy (including ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation [VNS]) were stable for 4 weeks prior to screening and the participant was willing to maintain a stable regimen throughout the study. The ketogenic diet and VNS treatments were not counted as an AED.
  • Participant and/or parent(s)/legal representatives were willing to allow his or her primary care practitioner and consultant to be notified of participation in the study.
  • Participant completed his or her interactive voice response (IVRS) telephone diary on at least 25 days of the baseline period.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Etiology of participant's seizures was a progressive neurologic disease. Participants with tuberous sclerosis were not excluded from study participation, unless there was a progressive tumor.
  • Participant had an anoxic episode requiring resuscitation within 6 months of screening.
  • Participant had clinically significant unstable medical conditions other than epilepsy.
  • Participant had clinically relevant symptoms or a clinically significant illness in the 4 weeks prior to screening or randomization, other than epilepsy.
  • Participant had a history or presence of alcohol or substance abuse within the last 2 years prior to the study or daily consumption of 5 or more alcohol-containing beverages.
  • Participant was currently using or had in the past used recreational or medicinal cannabis, or synthetic cannabinoid-based medications (including Sativex®) within the 3 months prior to study entry and was unwilling to abstain for the duration of the study.
  • Participant had a history of symptoms (for example, dizziness, light-headedness, blurred vision, palpitations, weakness, syncope) related to a drop in blood pressure due to postural changes.
  • Participant had any known or suspected hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or any of the excipients of the IMP, such as sesame oil.
  • Female participant was of child bearing potential or male participant's partner was of child bearing potential; unless willing to ensure that they or their partner used a highly effective method of contraception for the duration of the study and for 3 months thereafter.
  • Female participant was pregnant (positive pregnancy test), lactating or planning pregnancy during the course of the study and for 3 months thereafter.
  • Participant had been part of a clinical study involving another IMP in the previous 6 months.
  • Patient had significantly impaired hepatic function at screening (Day -28) or randomization (Day 1), defined as any of the following: alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 5 × upper limit of normal (ULN); ALT or AST > 3 × ULN and total bilirubin > 2 × ULN or international normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5; ALT or AST > 3 × ULN with the presence of fatigue, nausea, vomiting, right upper quadrant pain or tenderness, fever, rash, and/or eosinophilia (>5%). This criterion could only be confirmed once the laboratory results were available; participants randomized into the study who were later found not to meet this criterion were withdrawn from the study.
  • Any history of suicidal behavior or any suicidal ideation of type 4 or 5 on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale in the last month or at screening.
  • Participant was unwilling to abstain from donation of blood during the study.
  • Participant planned to travel outside his or her country of residence during the study.
  • Participant had previously randomized into the study.
  • Participant was taking more than 4 concurrent AEDs.
  • Participant had taken corticotropins in the 6 months prior to screening.
  • Participant was currently taking long-term systemic steroids (excluding inhaled medication for asthma treatment) or any other daily medication known to exacerbate epilepsy. An exception was made of prophylactic medication, for example, idiopathic nephrotic syndrome or asthma.
  • Participant was taking felbamate, and he or she had been taking it for less than 1 year prior to screening.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 2 Years to 55 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE France,   Spain,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02224560
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE GWEP1414
2014-002940-42 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Jazz Pharmaceuticals
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Jazz Pharmaceuticals
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Jazz Pharmaceuticals
Verification Date September 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP