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Trial record 48 of 59 for:    MLN8237

Study to Compare Alisertib With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02187991
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 20, 2018
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
US Oncology Research

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 6, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 11, 2014
Last Update Posted Date December 20, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 12, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date September 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 9, 2014)
Time to Disease Progression - Tumor Response based on RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Measurement of tumors (sum of longest diameters) every 8 weeks for CT/MRI and photographs, and every 12 weeks for bone scan, if applicable.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02187991 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 9, 2014)
  • Number of Patients with Genetic Biomarker Expression in Tumor Tissue [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue from study patients' primary breast cancers will be retrospectively analyzed for potential biomarkers including, but not limited to expression of forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1) and Aurora kinase A (AURKA), p53 mutation status, and degree of genomic instability
  • Number of Participants with Serious and Non-Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 12 monrhs ]
    Monitoring and recording of all adverse events and serious adverse events; regular monitoring of hematology, blood chemistry, regular measurement of vital signs, physical examination (including weight); and performance status. All patients who receive at least one dose of study drug will be evaluated for safety. Toxicities will be graded and reported according to the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 4.03. Incidence and type of adverse events will be tabulated and summarized using descriptive statistics.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study to Compare Alisertib With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel Group Study to Compare Alisertib in Combination With Paclitaxel vs. Paclitaxel Alone in Patients With Metastatic or Locally Recurrent Breast Cancer
Brief Summary

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the study drug, alisertib, in combination with chemotherapy (paclitaxel), can shrink or slow tumor growth in women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative or HR-negative, HER2-negative (triple negative) locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. The safety of alisertib in combination with paclitaxel will also be studied. The physical state of the patient, symptoms, changes in the size of the tumor, and laboratory findings obtained while on-study will help the research team decide if alisertib plus paclitaxel is safe and effective in patients with this type of breast cancer.

Alisertib belongs to a group of drugs called Aurora kinase inhibitors. Alisertib blocks the activity of Aurora A kinase, a protein that is involved in tumor cell multiplication and survival. Aurora A kinase is expressed at higher than normal levels in many types of cancer, including breast cancer, and preclinical studies suggest that blocking the activity of this protein can lead to the death of cancer cells.

Paclitaxel is a chemotherapy drug commonly used to treat many different kinds of cancer, including metastatic breast cancer. The reason to combine alisertib and paclitaxel is that in cancer therapy, combinations of drugs are often more effective as a treatment than either of the same drugs used alone.

Detailed Description The rationale behind assessing the effectiveness of the addition of alisertib to weekly paclitaxel therapy in patients with Triple Negative Breast Cancer and highly proliferative ER+ and HER2- breast cancer is based on the unmet clinical need for effective strategies to prevent or delay resistance to taxane therapy in the metastatic setting. Synergistic or additive effects have been observed in breast cancer xenograft models which involved alisertib added to either paclitaxel or docetaxel. Alisertib inhibited the Pgp-mediated efflux of paclitaxel in a cell culture model. In addition, Aurora Kinase A is frequently overexpressed in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC), and expression levels have been shown to be prognostic in both of these breast cancer subtypes. The combination of alisertib with paclitaxel has also been investigated in a Phase 1 study in patients with locally advanced or metastatic ovarian and breast cancers, with preliminary evidence of activity in both tumor types including 6 PRs (partial response) and 3 SD (stable disease) in 11 patients with metastatic breast cancer.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Breast Cancer
  • Breast Carcinoma
  • Breast Tumors
  • Malignant Neoplasm of Breast
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    either 60 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle (on Paclitaxel plus Alisertib arm) or 90 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle (on Paclitaxel Alone arm)
    Other Names:
    • Taxol
    • Abraxane
  • Drug: Alisertib
    40 mg BID (twice a day) on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 of a 28-day cycle
    Other Name: MLN8237
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: ER+/HER2- Paclitaxel Alone
    Paclitaxel 90 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle
    Intervention: Drug: Paclitaxel
  • Experimental: ER+/HER2- Paclitaxel plus Alisertib
    Paclitaxel 60 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle; Alisertib 40 mg BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 of a 28-day cycle
    • Drug: Paclitaxel
    • Drug: Alisertib
  • Active Comparator: Triple Negative Paclitaxel Alone
    Paclitaxel 90 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle
    Intervention: Drug: Paclitaxel
  • Experimental: Triple Negative Paclitaxel plus Alisertib
    Paclitaxel 60 mg/m2 intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle; Alisertib 40 mg BID on days 1-3, 8-10, and 15-17 of a 28-day cycle
    • Drug: Paclitaxel
    • Drug: Alisertib
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 8, 2018)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 9, 2014)
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date September 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care, and signed Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) form.
  • Female subject (≥18 years old), who is either:

    • post-menopausal for at least one year before the screening visit, or
    • surgically sterilized, or
    • willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (i.e., a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, or condom with spermicide) for the duration of the study.
  • Metastatic or locally recurrent breast cancer with histologic confirmation (on either primary or metastatic tumor) of one of the following:

    • ER+, HER2- invasive breast cancer (any progesterone receptor [PgR] status)
    • Poorly differentiated and/or Grade 3 invasive TNBC, defined as:
    • HER2 negative status (based on most recently analyzed biopsy) is defined as immunohistochemistry (IHC) status of 0, 1+ or 2+ (if IHC 2+, a negative FISH test is required, i.e., HER2 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) ratio < 2.0 with an average HER2 copy number <4.0 signals/cell); ER-negative and PR-negative status is defined as ER and PgR <1% nuclei positive by IHC
  • Measurable disease by modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (v1.1) or non-measurable lytic, bone-only disease (mixed blastic/lytic bone disease is allowed); if patient has bone-predominant disease with no measurable disease, there must be a lytic component to the bone metastases that is visible on plain X-ray or CT scan that can be serially followed
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/mm³, platelets > 100,000/mm³, Hgb > 9 g/dL. Values must be obtained without need for myeloid growth factor or platelet transfusion support within 14 days, however, erythrocyte growth factor is allowed as per published American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guidelines (available at:
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (AST) and serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (ALT) < 2.5 x ULN. AST and/or ALT may be up to 5 x ULN if patient has known liver metastases
  • Adequate renal function as defined by: Calculated creatinine clearance must be ≥ 30 mL/minute (see Cockcroft-Gault formula in Appendix 5)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 (refer to Appendix 4)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous radiation therapy covering the whole pelvis
  • Suspected brain metastases, untreated brain metastases or current clinical or radiologic progression of known brain metastases or requirement for steroid therapy for brain metastases

    • Patients with treated brain metastases are eligible if they have been stable and off steroids for ≥ 3 weeks
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation
  • Known GI disease or GI procedures that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of alisertib. Examples include, but are not limited to partial gastrectomy, history of small intestine surgery, and celiac disease
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; requirement for supplemental oxygen.
  • Requirement for administration of proton pump inhibitor, or for constant administration of H2 antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes. Intermittent uses of antacids or H2 antagonists are allowed as described in Section 3.4.
  • Systemic infection requiring IV antibiotic therapy within 14 days preceding the first dose of study drug, or other severe infection.
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (see Appendix 3), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Female subject who is pregnant or breast-feeding. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum B-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening, within 72 hours prior to first dose of study drug(s). Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  • Patient has received an investigational agent within 30 days before enrollment
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical and/or psychiatric condition(s), including but not limited to uncontrolled diabetes, malabsorption, resection of the pancreas or upper small bowel, requirement for pancreatic enzymes, any condition that would modify small bowel absorption of oral medications, or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient not eligible for enrollment for this study.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 3 years of enrollment, with the exception of complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or an in situ malignancy, or a stage I cancer with a 5-year Disease Free Survival (DFS) of ≥ 90% (survival rates by stage are available for most cancers on the American Cancer Society website).
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or St. John's wort within 14 days prior to the first dose of alisertib and during the study.
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. Testing is not required in the absence of clinical findings or suspicion. For guidance in defining active infection for hepatitis B, please refer to the WHO guidelines. (World Health Organization, Global Alert and Response (GAR), Hepatitis B.
  • Prior administration of an Aurora A kinase-targeted agent, including alisertib
  • Need for ongoing therapeutic steroid therapy. Intermittent steroid use for the control of nausea and vomiting is allowed. Premedication with dexamethasone prior to paclitaxel administration is allowed. Topical steroid use is permitted. Inhaled steroids are permitted. Replacement doses of hydrocortisone up to 15 mg/day are allowed.
  • Inability to swallow oral medication or inability or unwillingness to comply with the administration requirements related to alisertib.
  • Administration of myeloid growth factors or platelet transfusion within 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  • More than 1 previous chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease

    • No limit on previous endocrine therapy
    • Previous mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) therapy, e.g., everolimus, is allowed
    • Prior adjuvant taxane therapy is allowed, provided the disease-free interval from the end of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy to the development of metastatic disease was ≥ 1 year
    • No prior taxane for metastatic disease
  • Peripheral neuropathy > grade 1
  • Known severe hypersensitivity to paclitaxel
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02187991
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 13-033
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party US Oncology Research
Study Sponsor  ICMJE US Oncology Research
Collaborators  ICMJE Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Joyce A. O'Shaughnessy, MD US Oncology Research, McKesson Specialty Health
PRS Account US Oncology Research
Verification Date December 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP