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Phase 1/2 Study of Vorinostat Therapy in Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02124083
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 28, 2014
Results First Posted : February 22, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Washington University School of Medicine
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 25, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 28, 2014
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 12, 2017
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE February 22, 2018
Last Update Posted Date February 22, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 25, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date December 13, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 24, 2018)
  • Number of Participants With Tolerabilty of 200 mg Vorinostat in Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1 [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The number of Niemann-Pick Disease, type C1 patients completing 3 month 200 mg phase
  • Number of Participants With Tolerabilty of 400 mg Vorinostat in Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1 [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The number of Niemann-Pick Disease, type C1 patients completing 3 month 400 mg phase
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 25, 2014)
To assess the safety and tolerability of oral Vorinostat therapy in Niemann-Pick Disease, type C1 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 24, 2018)
  • Biochemical Efficacy as Measured by Serum Cathepsin D [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Serum concentration of Cathepsin D. Cathepsin D is an aspartyl protease involved in protein catabolism and tissue remodeling. Cathepsin D normal range = 220-515 ng/ml.
  • Biochemical Efficacy as Measured by Serum Cathepsin D [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Serum concentration of Cathepsin D. Cathepsin D is an aspartyl protease involved in protein catabolism and tissue remodeling. Cathepsin D normal range = 220-515 ng/ml.
  • Biochemical Efficacy as Measured by Serum LGALS3 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Serum concentration of LGALS3 (galectin-3). Galectin-3 is a carbohydrate-binding lectin whose expression is associated with inflammatory cells including macrophages, neutrophils, and mast cells. LGALS3 normal range = 1.4-5.3 ng/ml.
  • Biochemical Efficacy as Measured by Serum LGALS3 [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Serum concentration of LGALS3 (galectin-3). Galectin-3 is a carbohydrate-binding lectin whose expression is associated with inflammatory cells including macrophages, neutrophils, and mast cells. LGALS3 normal range = 1.4-5.3 ng/ml.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 25, 2014)
To obtain pilot data on Plasma and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers and on Potential clinical endpoints [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Phase 1/2 Study of Vorinostat Therapy in Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1
Official Title  ICMJE Phase 1/2 Study of Vorinostat Therapy in Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C1
Brief Summary Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lethal, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disorder characterized by neurodegeneration in early childhood and death in adolescence. The causative genes NPC1 (about 95% of cases) and NPC2 (about 5% of cases) are involved in the intracellular trafficking of lipids and cholesterol. Mutations on either of these genes lead to progressive accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and other lipids in the central nervous system (CNS). Vorinostat is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that has been shown in vivo to increase mutant NPC1 protein levels and to reverse cellular accumulation of unesterified cholesterol. Vorinostat has been labeled by the FDA for treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. In this Phase I, non-randomized, open-label, single-center study, we plan to study whether Vorinostat can be repurposed to treat patients with NPC1. Our primary objective is to determine the safety and tolerability of Vorinostat in NPC1 disease. Our secondary objectives will be to determine biochemical efficacy of Vorinostat to increase expression of NPC1 protein and normalize lipid and protein biomarkers. This study will enroll up to 12 NPC1 patients and test the safety of two dose levels (200 and 400 mg). Drug will be administered on a 3 days on/4 days off schedule for 3 months at each dose level. Patients will be evaluated at the NIH Clinical Center at 0, 3 and 6 months. Safety will be assessed by adverse events (AEs), clinical laboratory tests and physical examinations. Biochemical efficacy will be assessed by measurement of serum and cerebral spinal fluid biomarkers. Clinical efficacy will be evaluated by audiologic testing, assessment ataxia, and swallowing studies.
Detailed Description Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lethal, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disorder characterized by neurodegeneration in early childhood and death in adolescence. The causative genes NPC1 (about 95% of cases) and NPC2 (about 5% of cases) are involved in the intracellular trafficking of lipids and cholesterol. Mutations on either of these genes lead to progressive accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and other lipids in the central nervous system (CNS). Vorinostat is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that has been shown in vivo to increase mutant NPC1 protein levels and to reverse cellular accumulation of unesterified cholesterol. Vorinostat has been labeled by the FDA for treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. In this Phase I, non-randomized, open-label, single-center study, we plan to study whether Vorinostat can be repurposed to treat patients with NPC1. Our primary objective is to determine the safety and tolerability of Vorinostat in NPC1 disease. Our secondary objectives will be to determine biochemical efficacy of Vorinostat to increase expression of NPC1 protein and normalize lipid and protein biomarkers. This study will enroll up to 12 NPC1 patients and test the safety of two dose levels (200 and 400 mg). Drug will be administered on a 3 days on/4 days off schedule for 3 months at each dose level. Patients will be evaluated at the NIH Clinical Center at 0, 3 and 6 months. Safety will be assessed by adverse events (AEs), clinical laboratory tests and physical examinations. Biochemical efficacy will be assessed by measurement of serum and cerebral spinal fluid biomarkers. Clinical efficacy will be evaluated by audiologic testing, assessment ataxia, and swallowing studies.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Neimann-Pick Disease
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Vorinostat
Histone deactylase inhibitor
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Vorinostat
Trial participants were treated with Vorinostat (3 days on/4 days off regimen) to limit toxicity. Subjects were initially dosed with 200 mg (two 100 mg capsules) by mouth daily for three months, followed by dose escalation to 400 mg (four 100 mg capsules) by mouth daily for three months.
Intervention: Drug: Vorinostat
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 14, 2016)
12
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 25, 2014)
15
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 13, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date December 13, 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

-INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Aged greater than or equal to 18 and less than or equal to 60 years old at time of enrollment, either gender, and any ethnicity.
  2. Diagnosis of NPC1 based upon one of the following:

    • Two NPC1 mutations;
    • Positive filipin staining and at least one NPC1 mutation;
    • Vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSNGP) in combination with either:
    • One NPC1 mutation, or
    • Positive filipin staining and no pathogenic NPC2 mutations.
  3. Patients with at least one neurological manifestation of NPC1. For example, but not limited to, hearing loss, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, ataxia, dementia, dystonia, seizures, dysarthria, or dysphagia.
  4. A patient s cultured skin fibroblasts when treated with 10 M Vorinostat must exhibit a reduction in the filipin lysosomal storage organelle ratio equivalent to 75% of the response measured in NPC1 positive control fibroblasts.
  5. Ability to travel to the NIH Clinical Center repeatedly for evaluation and follow-up.
  6. If taking miglustat, the patient must have been taking a constant dose of the medication for no less than three months prior to baseline evaluation and must be willing to maintain that dose level for the duration of the trial.
  7. Willing to discontinue all non-prescription supplements, with the exception of an age-appropriate multivitamin.
  8. Women of reproductive age must be willing to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial.
  9. Willing to participate in all aspects of trial design including serial blood and CSF collections.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Aged below 18 or above 60 years of age at enrollment in the trial.
  2. Severe manifestations of NPC1 that would interfere with the patient s ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol.
  3. Neurologically asymptomatic patients.
  4. Patients who have received any form of cyclodextrin or an HDACi in an attempt to treat NPC1.
  5. History of hypersensitivity reactions to Vorinostat or components of the formulation.
  6. Pregnancy or breastfeeding at any time during the study.
  7. Patients with suspected infection of the CNS or any systemic infection.
  8. Neutropenia, defined as an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of less than 1,500 per microliter.
  9. Thrombocytopenia defined as a platelet count less than 75,000 per microliter, or a history of greater than or equal to grade 2 thrombocytopenia (50,000-75,000 platelets/microliter).
  10. Prior use of anticoagulants or history/presence of a bleeding disorder.
  11. Hepatic laboratory parameters (aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase, (ALT)) greater than four-times upper limit of normal.
  12. Presence of anemia defined as two standard deviations below normal for age and gender.
  13. Serum creatinine level greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.
  14. Hematuria (greater than15 RBC/mcL or positive hemoglobin). This exclusion criteria will not apply to a female currently menstruating who has no history of renal disease or other evidence of renal impairment (eg hypertension, serum creatinine above upper limit of normal, history of renal disease). Urinalyis will be repeated after menses has ended and drug discontinued if hematuria persists. Efforts will be made to avoid menses in scheduling the initial admission.
  15. Proteinuria (1+ protein on urinalysis) Patient will not be excluded if urine protein/creatinine ratio is normal or if classified as benign by either patient's primary medical provider or upon obtaining a nephrology consult.
  16. Serum potassium or Magnesium outside of the normal laboratory range prior to initiation of vorinostat therapy.
  17. Diabetes or a fasting glucose greater than 106 mg/dl.
  18. Active pulmonary disease, oxygen requirement or clinically significant history of decreased blood oxygen saturation, pulmonary therapy, or requiring active suction.
  19. Patients with uncontrolled seizures per either of the criteria below.

    1. Unstable frequency, type or duration of seizures. Quantified by a seizure log over the two months prior to enrollment.
    2. Patients requiring antiepileptic medication changes (other than dose adjustments for weight) in the two months prior to enrollment, or requiring three or more antiepileptic medications to control seizures.
  20. Use of another HDAC inhibitor or compounds with established HDAC inhibitory activity, including valproic acid, unless discontinued at least 2 months prior to enrollment.
  21. History of a thromboembolic event (such as DVT or Pulmonary embolism).
  22. Patients, who in the opinion of the investigators, are unable to comply with the protocol or have specific health concerns that would potentially increase the risk of participation.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02124083
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 140102
14-CH-0102 ( Other Identifier: The National Institutes of Health )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Washington University School of Medicine
  • Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Forbes D Porter, M.D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date January 13, 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP