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Carvedilol PAH A Pilot Study of Efficacy and Safety

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02120339
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Low enrollment)
First Posted : April 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 12, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 17, 2014
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 22, 2014
Last Update Posted Date July 12, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE May 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2014)
Mean change in RVEF [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 months ]
1. The primary efficacy outcome is the mean change in RVEF as measured by cardiac MRI before and after 6 months of carvedilol treatment. An improvement of 5% will be considered to be clinically significant. Assessment of the RV is challenging due to its complex geometry. Cardiac MRI offers the ability to acquire 3-dimensional datasets that do not require geometric modeling. In addition to being highly reproducible40, RVEF measured by cardiac MRI can be used to identify PAH patients that are likely to have clinical worsening41. The prognostic ability of cardiac MRI-measurements of RVEF is similar to that as mean pulmonary artery pressure and exercise capacity
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02120339 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2014)
Absence of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
The primary safety outcome is the absence of adverse events associated with carvedilol including hypotension (<90 mm Hg), bradycardia (<50 bpm or advanced atrioventricular nodal block), bronchospam, or acute decompensated right heart failure requiring hospitalization.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Carvedilol PAH A Pilot Study of Efficacy and Safety
Official Title  ICMJE Beta Blockers in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) A Pilot Study of Efficacy and Safety
Brief Summary

Estimate the effect of chronic beta-adrenergic receptor blockade with carvedilol on RV function in patients with PAH.

Assess the safety and tolerability of chronic carvedilol therapy in patients with PAH

Detailed Description

This is a prospective, open label, uncontrolled, pilot study examining the safety and efficacy of beta-blocker therapy with carvedilol on RV function in stable PAH Patients with World Health Organization (WHO) functional class II or III symptoms and RV ejection fraction (EF) < 40%. Twenty-five evaluable patients will be enrolled at the University of Minnesota.

Specific Aims:

1.1 Primary Efficacy Endpoint: Adult males and females on a stable dose of an approved PAH medication will undergo cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), right heart catheterization (RHC), echocardiogram, 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), measurement of plasma NT-ProBNP and serum catecholamine, and quality of life assessment. Patients will receive carvedilol (3.25 mg/kg bid escalating to 25 mg/kg bid over 3 months). Testing is repeated at the end of the study (month 6). RVEF measured by cardiac MRI is the primary efficacy endpoint. We define a 5% increase in RVEF as a meaningful change.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE
  • Pulmonary Hypertension
  • Cardiac MRI <40
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Carvedilol
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Carvedilol
Carvedilol 0-3.125 mg daily Escalating to 6.25 twice a day
Intervention: Drug: Carvedilol
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2016)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2014)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects will be eligible to participate in the study if all of the following conditions exist:
  2. Age > 18 years
  3. WHO category 1 pulmonary arterial hypertension (Dana Point 2008)
  4. WHO functional class II-III
  5. RVEF by cardiac MRI < 40%
  6. Mean pulmonary artery pressure > 40 mm Hg
  7. Stable on PAH-specific therapy as defined by no change in PAH-specific treatment and functional class in the past 3 months. Patient can be on either mono or combination PAH-specific therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Subjects will be excluded from participation in the study if any of the following conditions exist: 2. Significant persistent bradycardia (resting heart rate < 60 bpm) without a permanent pacemaker 3. Second or third degree AV block without a permanent pacemaker 4. Significant sinus tachycardia (resting heart rate > 100 bpm) 5. Use of anti-arrhythmic drugs 6. Hypotension defined as systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg at the time of enrollment 7. Significant illness in the past 30 days requiring hospitalization 8. Acute decompensated right heart failure within past 30 days 9. Known allergy or intolerance to carvedilol or other β blockers 10. Cardiac index < 2 l/min/m2 or right atrial pressure > 15 mm Hg 11. Asthma
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02120339
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE PAH
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University of Minnesota
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Minnesota
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Thenappan Thenappan, MD University of Minnesota
PRS Account University of Minnesota
Verification Date July 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP