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Open-label, Phase II Study of Stomatitis Prevention With a Steroid-based Mouthwash in Post-menopausal Women With Estrogen-receptor-positive (ER+), Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)- Metastatic or Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02069093
First received: February 20, 2014
Last updated: December 20, 2016
Last verified: December 2016

February 20, 2014
December 20, 2016
May 2014
March 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Number of Participants With Stomatitis Grade ≥ 2 [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
The incidence of grade ≥ 2 stomatitis was reported. Grade 1 = minimal symptoms, normal diet; grade 2 = symptomatic, but able to swallow a modified diet; grade 3 = symptomatic and unable to aliment or hydrate orally; and grade 4 = symptoms associated with life-threatening consequences.
Incidence of Grade ≥ 2 stomatitis at 2 months [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
Report the incidence of Grade ≥ 2 stomatitis at 2 months, in patients using prophylactic steroid mouthwash alcohol-free dexamethasone 0.5mg/5ml and compare to BOLERO-2 historical controls, in postmenopausal women with advanced or metastatic hormone receptor positive breast cancer.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02069093 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Time to Resolution of Stomatitis From Grade 2 or Greater to Grade 1 or Less [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
    The number of days to achieve resolution of stomatitis from grade 2 or greater to grade 1 or less was assessed. Grade 1 = minimal symptoms, normal diet; grade 2 = symptomatic, but able to swallow a modified diet; grade 3 = symptomatic and unable to aliment or hydrate orally; and grade 4 = symptoms associated with life-threatening consequences.
  • Median Number of Mouthwashes Per Day [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
    The median number of mouthwashes per day was assessed.
  • Number of Participants With All Grades of Stomatitis [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
    The number of participants with all grades of stomatitis was defined as the number of participants who had stomatitis grade 1 or higher. Grade 1 = minimal symptoms, normal diet; grade 2 = symptomatic, but able to swallow a modified diet; grade 3 = symptomatic and unable to aliment or hydrate orally; and grade 4 = symptoms associated with life-threatening consequences.
  • Dose Intensity of Everolimus and Exemestane [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
    The dose intensity was calculated as the cumulative dose of everolimus or exemestane divided by the length of time on treatment during the first 56 days of treatment.
  • Blood Concentration of Everolimus and Exemestane [ Time Frame: 28 days (pre-dose) ]
    Blood samples were collected and analyzed.
Average time to resolution [ Time Frame: 56 days ]
Average number of times per day mouthwash regimen performed at 2-months (56 days). Dose intensity of everolimus and exemestane at 2-months (56 days). Incidence of all grades stomatitis at 2-months (56 days). Time to resolution (total # days) from diagnosis of stomatitis (Gr>2) to resolution (Gr≤ 1).
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Open-label, Phase II Study of Stomatitis Prevention With a Steroid-based Mouthwash in Post-menopausal Women With Estrogen-receptor-positive (ER+), Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)- Metastatic or Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
A Phase II, Single Arm Study of the Use of Steroid-based Mouthwash to Prevent Stomatitis in Postmenopausal Women With Advanced or Metastatic Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer Being Treated With Everolimus Plus Exemestane
Open-label, Phase II study of Stomatitis prevention with a steroid-based mouthwash in Post-menopausal women with ER+, HER2- Metastatic or Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Advanced Breast Cancer
  • Drug: Dexamethasone based mouthwash
    Dexamethasone steroid-based oral solution, comprised of 0.5 milligrams per 5mL of alcohol-free dexamethasone.
  • Drug: Everolimus
    Commercially available everolimus 10 mg was prescribed to participants by the Investigator according to local regulations.
  • Drug: Exemestane
    Commercially available exemestane 25 mg was prescribed to participants by the Investigator according to local regulations.
Experimental: Dexamethasone based mouthwash
Participants swished and spat 10mL of 0.5mg/5mL dexamethasone steroid mouthwash (investigational treatment) 4 times daily (qid) orally for 2 minutes each for 8 weeks. Participants remained without food or drink (NPO) for one hour after administration of the mouthwash. Also, participants received everolimus 10 mg and exemstane 25 mg (study treatments) according to local regulations.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Dexamethasone based mouthwash
  • Drug: Everolimus
  • Drug: Exemestane
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
92
March 2016
March 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adult women > 18 years of age with metastatic or locally advanced breast cancer not amenable to curative treatment by surgery or radiotherapy
  2. Histological or cytological confirmation of hormone-receptor positive (HR+) human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-) breast cancer
  3. Postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal status is defined either by:

    • Age ≥ 55 years and one year or more of amenorrhea
    • Age < 55 years and one year or more of amenorrhea, with an estradiol assay < 20 pg/ml
    • Surgical menopause with bilateral oophorectomy
    • Note: Ovarian radiation or treatment with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist (goserelin acetate or leuprolide acetate) is not permitted for induction of ovarian suppression
  4. Patient has been assessed by treating physician to be appropriate candidate for everolimus plus exemestane therapy as treatment of advanced or metastatic breast cancer and plans to prescribe everolimus 10mg PO QD in combination with exemestane 25mg PO QD
  5. Patient must start everolimus 10mg plus exemestane 25mg treatment on Cycle 1 Day 1 of trial
  6. ECOG Performance status ≤ 2
  7. Adequate renal function: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5x ULN;
  8. Willingness to self-report level of oral pain using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Normalcy Diet Scale (NDS) throughout each stomatitis event, as required in the patient diary. At baseline, patient's self-reported oral pain level, using VAS, must be 0 and the normalcy diet scale score should ≥ 60
  9. Signed informed consent obtained prior to any screening procedure

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Patients currently receiving anticancer therapies (except biphosphonate, denosumab);
  2. Patients who currently have stomatitis/oral mucositis/mouth ulcers;
  3. Known intolerance or hypersensitivity to everolimus or other rapamycin analogs (e.g. sirolimus, temsirolimus);
  4. Known impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral Everolimus;
  5. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by HbA1c >8% despite adequate therapy. Patients with a known history of impaired fasting glucose or diabetes mellitus (DM) may be included, however blood glucose and antidiabetic treatment must be monitored closely throughout the trial and adjusted as necessary;
  6. Patients who have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions such as:

    • Unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction ≤6 months prior to start of everolimus, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or any other clinically significant cardiac disease
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure of New York heart Association Class III or IV
    • active (acute or chronic) or uncontrolled severe infection, liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease (except for Hep B and Hep C positive patients)
    • Known severely impaired lung function (spirometry and DLCO 50% or less of normal and O2 saturation 88% or less at rest on room air)
    • active, bleeding diathesis;
  7. Chronic treatment with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents. Topical or inhaled corticosteroids are allowed;
  8. Known history of HIV seropositivity;
  9. Patients who have received live attenuated vaccines within 1 week of start of everolimus and during the study. Patient should also avoid close contact with others who have received live attenuated vaccines. Examples of live attenuated vaccines include intranasal influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, oral polio, BCG, yellow fever, varicella and TY21a typhoid vaccines;
  10. Patients who have a history of another primary malignancy, with the exceptions of: non-melanoma skin cancer, and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, uteri, or breast from which the patient has been disease free for ≥3 years;
  11. Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study or patient diaries;
  12. Patients who are currently part of any clinical investigation or who has not had resolution of all acute toxic effects or prior anti-cancer therapy to NCI CTCAE version 4.03 Grade 1 (except alopecia or other toxicities not considered a safety risk for the patient at investigator's discretion).
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT02069093
CRAD001JUS226
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Not Provided
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Novartis
December 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP