We are updating the design of this site. Learn more.
Show more
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Safety and Immunogenicity of a Trivalent Group B Streptococcus Vaccine in Healthy Pregnant Women

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02046148
First Posted: January 27, 2014
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Novartis Vaccines
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
January 21, 2014
January 27, 2014
January 31, 2017
May 30, 2017
October 12, 2017
March 1, 2014
December 30, 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Concentration of Serotype Ia GBS IgG Levels in Infant Serum at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 of Age [ Time Frame: At Birth, Day 42 and Day 90 ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific Ia GBS serum IgG antibody levels (anti-Ia) in infants born to maternal subjects receiving the GBS trivalent vaccine, as measured at birth, Day 42 and Day 90 of age. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL).
  • Concentration of Serotype Ib GBS IgG Levels in Infant Serum at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 of Age [ Time Frame: At Birth, Day 42 and Day 90 ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific Ib GBS serum IgG antibody levels (anti-Ib) in infants born to maternal subjects receiving the GBS trivalent vaccine, as measured at birth, Day 42 and Day 90 of age. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype Ib were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Concentration of Serotype III GBS IgG Levels in Infant Serum at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 of Age [ Time Frame: At Birth, Day 42 and Day 90 ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific III GBS serum IgG antibody levels (anti-III) in infants born to maternal subjects receiving the GBS trivalent vaccine, as measured at birth, Day 42 and Day 90 of age. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for seortype III were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Concentration of Serotype Ia GBS IgG Levels in Maternal Serum at Pre-vaccination, at Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 Postpartum [ Time Frame: At Day 1 (pre-vaccination), Day 31 (post-vaccination), Delivery, Days 42 and 90 (postpartum) ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific (Ia) GBS serum IgG antibody levels (anti-Ia) in maternal subjects. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL).
  • Concentration of Serotype Ib GBS IgG Levels in Maternal Serum at Pre-vaccination, at Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 Postpartum [ Time Frame: At Day 1 (pre-vaccination), Day 31 (post-vaccination), Delivery, Days 42 and 90 (postpartum) ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific (Ib) GBS serum IgG antibody levels (anti-Ib) in maternal subjects. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype Ib were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Concentration of Serotype III GBS IgG Levels in Maternal Serum at Pre-vaccination, at Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 Postpartum [ Time Frame: At Day 1 (pre-vaccination), Day 31 (post-vaccination), Delivery, Days 42 and 90 (postpartum) ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific (III) GBS serum IgG antibody levels (anti-III) in maternal subjects. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype III were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Ratio Relative to Pre-vaccination Levels of Maternal Serum GBS IgG Antibody Levels - Serotype Ia, as Measured at Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 Postpartum [ Time Frame: At Day 31 (post-vaccination), Delivery, Days 42 and 90 (postpartum) ]
    Geometric Mean Ratio relative to pre-vaccination (Day 1) of serotype-specific (Ia) GBS serum IgG antibody concentrations (anti-Ia) in maternal subjects. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL).
  • Ratio Relative to Pre-vaccination Levels of Maternal Serum GBS IgG Antibody Levels - Serotype Ib, as Measured at Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 Postpartum [ Time Frame: At Day 31 (post-vaccination), Delivery, Days 42 and 90 (postpartum) ]
    Geometric Mean Ratio relative to pre-vaccination (Day 1) of serotype-specific (Ib) GBS serum IgG antibody concentrations (anti-Ib) in maternal subjects. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype Ib were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Ratio Relative to Pre-vaccination Levels of Maternal Serum GBS IgG Antibody Levels - Serotype III, as Measured at Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 Postpartum [ Time Frame: At Day 31 (post-vaccination), Delivery, Days 42 and 90 (postpartum) ]
    Geometric Mean Ratio relative to pre-vaccination (Day 1) of serotype-specific (III) GBS serum IgG antibody concentrations (anti-III) in maternal subjects. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype III were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Concentration of GBS IgG levels in infant serum at Delivery and Days 42 and 90 of age [ Time Frame: Birth, Days 42 and 90 of infant ]
    To evaluate serotype-specific (Ia, Ib and III) GBS serum IgG antibody levels in vaccinated mothers and infant
  • Concentration of GBS IgG levels in maternal serum at prevaccination, Study Day 31, at Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 postpartum [ Time Frame: Day 1 prevaccination, Day 31 postvaccination, delivery, Days 42 and 90 postpartum ]
  • Ratio relative to prevaccination levels of maternal serum GBS IgG antibody levels as measured at Study Day 31, Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 postpartum [ Time Frame: Study Day 31, Delivery and at Days 42 and 90 postpartum ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02046148 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Ratio of GBS IgG Antibody Levels - Serotype Ia in Infant Serum Relative to Maternal Serum at the Time of Delivery [ Time Frame: At Delivery ]
    To evaluate the relationship of serotype-specific Ia GBS IgG antibody levels (anti-Ia) in the infant serum to the GBS IgG antibody levels in the maternal serum at the time of delivery/birth. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL).
  • Ratio of GBS IgG Antibody Levels - Serotype Ib in Infant Serum Relative to Maternal Serum at the Time of Delivery [ Time Frame: At Delivery ]
    To evaluate the relationship of serotype-specific Ib GBS IgG antibody levels (anti-Ib) in the infant serum to the GBS IgG antibody levels in the maternal serum at the time of delivery/birth. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype Ib were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Ratio of GBS IgG Antibody Levels - Serotype III in Infant Serum Relative to Maternal Serum at the Time of Delivery [ Time Frame: At Delivery ]
    To evaluate the relationship of serotype-specific III GBS IgG antibody levels (anti-III) in the infant serum to the GBS IgG antibody levels in the maternal serum at the time of delivery/birth. Antibody concentrations were measured by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expressed as geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), in micrograms per milliliter (µg/mL). The data for serotype III were not available at the time of the posting (new assay currently in development and to be validated before the results release).
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With Solicited Local and Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (AEs) up to 30 Minutes [ Time Frame: Up to 30 minutes post-vaccination ]
    Percentage and frequency of maternal subjects with solicited local and solicited systemic AEs up to Study Day 7 and calculated for four time intervals after vaccination: 30 minutes, Study Days 1-3 (without 30 min), Study Days 4-7, Study Days 1-7 (without 30 min). Threshold for Ecchymosis, Erythema, Swelling and Induration: Grade 0 (<25 mm), Any (≥ 25 mm). Systemic fever includes subjects with body temperature ≥ 38 °C irrespective of route of measurement.
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With Solicited Local and Solicited Systemic AEs - Study Days 1-3 [ Time Frame: During Study Days 1-3 (from 6 hours through Day 3 post-vaccination) ]
    Percentage and frequency of maternal subjects with solicited local and solicited systemic AEs up to Study Day 7 and calculated for four time intervals after vaccination: 30 minutes, Study Days 1-3 (without 30 min), Study Days 4-7, Study Days 1-7 (without 30 min). Threshold for Ecchymosis, Erythema, Swelling and Induration: Grade 0 (<25 mm), Any (≥ 25 mm). Systemic fever includes subjects with body temperature ≥ 38 °C irrespective of route of measurement.
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With Solicited Local and Solicited Systemic AEs - Study Days 4-7 [ Time Frame: During Study Days 4-7 ]
    Percentage and frequency of maternal subjects with solicited local and solicited systemic AEs up to Study Day 7 and calculated for four time intervals after vaccination: 30 minutes, Study Days 1-3 (without 30 min), Study Days 4-7, Study Days 1-7 (without 30 min). Threshold for Ecchymosis, Erythema, Swelling and Induration: Grade 0 (<25 mm), Any (≥ 25 mm). Systemic fever includes subjects with body temperature ≥ 38 °C irrespective of route of measurement.
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With Solicited Local and Solicited Systemic AEs - Study Days 1-7 [ Time Frame: During Study Days 1-7 (from 6 hours through Day 7 post-vaccination) ]
    Percentage and frequency of maternal subjects with solicited local and solicited systemic adverse events up to Study Day 7 and calculated for four time intervals after vaccination: 30 minutes, Study Days 1-3 (without 30 min), Study Days 4-7, Study Days 1-7 (without 30 min). Threshold for Ecchymosis, Erythema, Swelling and Induration: Grade 0 (<25 mm), Any (≥ 25 mm). Systemic fever includes subjects with body temperature ≥ 38 °C irrespective of route of measurement.
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With Any Unsolicited AEs [ Time Frame: From Study Day 1 through Study Day 31 ]
    An AE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a subject or clinical investigation subject administered a pharmaceutical product at any dose that does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. Therefore, an AE can be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of an investigational product, whether or not considered related to the investigational product. This definition includes inter-current illnesses or injuries and exacerbation of pre-existing conditions.
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Unsolicited Medically Attended AEs (MAEs) and Unsolicited AEs Leading to Study Withdrawal (AEs Lead. Wthwal) [ Time Frame: From Study Day 1 through Study Day 31 ]
    An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose results in one or more of the following: death; life-threatening; that does not refer to an event which hypothetically might have caused death if it were more severe; required or prolonged hospitalization; persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly/or birth defect; any important and significant medical event that may not be immediately life-threatening or resulting in death or hospitalization but, based upon appropriate medical judgement, may jeopardize the subject or may require intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed above. An MAE is defined as an adverse event that leads to an unscheduled visit to a healthcare practitioner.
  • Percentage of Maternal Subjects With SAEs, Unsolicited MAEs and Unsolicited AEs Leading to Study Withdrawal (AEs Lead. Wthwal) [ Time Frame: From Study Day 32 through Day 180 postpartum ]
    An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose results in one or more of the following: death; life-threatening; that does not refer to an event which hypothetically might have caused death if it were more severe; required or prolonged hospitalization; persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly/or birth defect; any important and significant medical event that may not be immediately life-threatening or resulting in death or hospitalization but, based upon appropriate medical judgement, may jeopardize the subject or may require intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed above. An MAE is defined as an adverse event that leads to an unscheduled visit to a healthcare practitioner.
  • Percentage of Infants With SAEs, Unsolicited MAEs and AEs Leading to Study Withdrawal [ Time Frame: From Birth through Day 180 of age ]
    An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose results in one or more of the following: death; life-threatening; that does not refer to an event which hypothetically might have caused death if it were more severe; required or prolonged hospitalization; persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly/or birth defect; any important and significant medical event that may not be immediately life-threatening or resulting in death or hospitalization but, based upon appropriate medical judgement, may jeopardize the subject or may require intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed above. An MAE is defined as an adverse event that leads to an unscheduled visit to a healthcare practitioner.
  • Birth Weight of Infants (Mean-Standard Deviation) [ Time Frame: At Birth ]
    Weight at birth was summarized by reporting the mean and standard deviation,
  • Birth Weight of Infants (Median, Minimum and Maximum) [ Time Frame: At Birth ]
    Weight at birth was summarized by reporting the median and the minimum and maximum.
  • Birth Length and Head Circumference of Infants (Mean - Standard Deviation) [ Time Frame: At Birth ]
    Length and head circumference at birth were summarized by reporting the mean and standard deviation.
  • Birth Length and Head Circumference of Infants (Median - Minimum and Maximum) [ Time Frame: At birth ]
    Length and head circumference at birth were summarized by reporting the median and minimum and maximum
  • Infants Apgar Scores (Mean - Standard Deviation) [ Time Frame: At 1, 5 and 10 minutes ]
    Apgar (Appearance, Pulse, Grimace response, Activity and Respiration) test to evaluate the new-born's physical condition. Apgar score between 0 and 10 (highest score possible). If 1 and 5 minutes Apgar score were normal, 10 minutes Apgar score might not be required.
  • Infants Apgar Scores (Median, Minimum and Maximum) [ Time Frame: At 1, 5 and 10 minutes ]
    Apgar (Appearance, Pulse, Grimace response, Activity and Respiration) test to evaluate the new-born's physical condition. Apgar scores between 0 and 10 (highest score possible). If 1 and 5 minutes Apgar score were normal, 10 minutes Apgar score might not be required.
  • Descriptive Statistics for the Score for the Long-term Developmental Outcome Assessed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition Screening Test (PsychCorp) in Infants (Mean - Standard Deviation) [ Time Frame: At Day 180 of age ]

    Long-term developmental outcome assessed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd edition Screening Test (PsychCorp). The screening test measured three domains: cognitive, language (receptive vs expressive communication), and motor (fine vs gross).

    Scaled scores range from 1 to 19 with a mean of 10 and a standard deviation of 3. The scores were summarized by reporting the mean and standard deviation.

  • Descriptive Statistics for the Score for the Long-term Developmental Outcome Assessed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition Screening Test (PsychCorp) in Infants (Median, Minimum and Maximum) [ Time Frame: At Day 180 of age ]

    Long-term developmental outcome assessed by Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd edition Screening Test (PsychCorp). The screening test measured three domains: cognitive, language (receptive vs expressive communication), and motor (fine vs gross).

    Scaled scores range from 1 to 19 with a mean of 10 and a standard deviation of 3. The scores were summarized by reporting the median, minimum and maximum.

Ratio of GBS antibody levels in infant serum relative to maternal serum at the time of Delivery [ Time Frame: Delivery ]
To evaluate the relationship of serotype-specific (Ia, Ib and III) GBS IgG antibody levels in the infant and maternal serum
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety and Immunogenicity of a Trivalent Group B Streptococcus Vaccine in Healthy Pregnant Women
A Phase II, Multicenter, Randomized, Observer-Blind, Controlled Study to Evaluate Safety and Immunogenicity of a Trivalent Group B Streptococcus Vaccine in Healthy Pregnant Women
Evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the trivalent group B streptococcus vaccine in healthy pregnant women. The study will also evaluate the levels of GBS serotype-specific antibodies in infants, placental transfer from the pregnant women to the infant and levels of antibodies in the breast milk.
Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
GBS Disease
  • Biological: GBS trivalent vaccine
    Intramuscular injection - Liquid formulation of a vaccine containing polysaccharide capsules from serotypes Ia, Ib, and III of the Group B Streptococcus and conjugated to the Corynebacterium diphtheriae CRM197 carrier protein
  • Biological: Placebo
    Intramuscular injection - Normal saline
  • Experimental: GBS Group
    Healthy pregnant women, between and including 18-40 years of age, at 24 0/7 through 34 6/7 weeks of gestation, with the intent to breastfeed, who received a single dose of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) trivalent vaccine, injected intramuscularly. (Pregnant women are referred to as maternal subjects as the study period spans from pregnancy to Day 180 postpartum).
    Intervention: Biological: GBS trivalent vaccine
  • Active Comparator: Placebo Group
    Healthy pregnant women, between and including 18-40 years of age, at 24 0/7 through 34 6/7 weeks of gestation, with the intent to breastfeed, who received a single dose of Placebo, injected intramuscularly. (Pregnant women are referred to as maternal subjects as the study period spans from pregnancy to Day 180 postpartum).
    Intervention: Biological: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
75
March 26, 2016
December 30, 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy pregnant women 18-40 years of age, inclusive and at 24 0/7 through 34 6/7 weeks gestation.
  2. Individuals who intend to breastfeed for at least 90 days postpartum.
  3. Individuals who have given written consent after the nature of the study has been explained according to local regulatory requirements.
  4. Individuals in good health as determined by the outcome of medical history, physical examination and clinical judgment of the investigator.
  5. Individuals who can comprehend and comply with all study procedures and are available for follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Individuals with history of illness or an ongoing illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose additional risk to the subject if she participates in the study.
  2. Individuals with known hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine.
  3. Individuals who received or plan to receive any licensed vaccine within 14 days before or after the study vaccine with the exception of inactivated influenza vaccine which may be administered up to 7 days before or after study vaccine.
  4. Individuals with an infection requiring systemic antibiotic or antiviral treatment within 7 days prior to Study Day 1.
  5. Individuals determined as high risk for serious obstetrical complication, including:

    • Gestational hypertension, as defined by American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines (ACOG Practice Bulletin 2012)
    • Gestational diabetes which is not controlled by diet and exercise as per American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines (ACOG Practice Bulletin 2013)
    • Pre-eclampsia or eclampsia as defined by American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines (ACOG practice bulletin, 2002)
    • HIV infection
    • Obesity class II or greater (pre-pregnancy BMI≥35.0)
    • multiple pregnancy
  6. Individuals with behavioral or cognitive impairment or psychiatric disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the subject's ability to participate in the study.
  7. Individuals who are not able to comprehend and to follow all required study procedures for the whole period of the study.
  8. Individuals with known or suspected impairment of the immune system including known or suspected HIV infection or HIV-related disease, a history of or an active autoimmune disorder and receipt of immunosuppressive therapy.
  9. Long term use of glucocorticoids, including oral or parenteral prednisone ≥ 20 mg/day or equivalent for more than 2 consecutive weeks (or 2 weeks total) within 30 days prior to enrollment. Use of inhaled, intranasal, or topical corticosteroids is allowed.
  10. Individuals participating in any clinical trial with another investigational product during the pregnancy or intent to participate in another clinical study at any time during the conduct of this study.
  11. Pregnant with a fetus with a known or suspected congenital anomaly
  12. Individuals who are acting as study personnel or immediate family members (brother, sister, child, parent) or the spouse of study personnel.
  13. Individuals with a fever (oral temperature ≥ 38°C/100.4 °F) within 3 days prior to intended study vaccination.
  14. Individuals with a history of culture confirmed GBS case in the infant(s) previously born to her.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT02046148
205235
V98_12 ( Other Identifier: Novartis )
Yes
Not Provided
Not Provided
GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
Novartis Vaccines
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
February 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP