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Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study on Current Treatments of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (IPSG1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02040714
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : January 20, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Alberta Children's Hospital
Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital
Children's Hospital Colorado
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Children's National Research Institute
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Columbia University
Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
Boston Children's Hospital
Johns Hopkins University
Kaiser Permanente
Kasturba Medical College
Montefiore Medical Center
Nationwide Children's Hospital
NYU Langone Health
OrthoCarolina Research Institute, Inc.
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
Seoul National University Childrens Hospital
Shriners Hospitals for Children
University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust
Baylor College of Medicine
Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf
Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
British Columbia Children's Hospital
Children's of Alabama
Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain
University of Oklahoma
Oregon Health and Science University
Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego
San Jorge Children's Hospital (Puerto Rico)
University College Dublin
Tianjin Children's Hospital
University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein
University of California, San Francisco
University of Haifa
Uppsala University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Harry Kim, MD, Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date January 2, 2014
First Posted Date January 20, 2014
Last Update Posted Date October 25, 2021
Study Start Date August 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date September 2032   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 15, 2014)
Sphericity deviation score of the femoral head [ Time Frame: 5 years post intervention ]
The primary outcome for each age group will be a quantitative estimate of the sphericity of the femoral head as a measure of femoral head deformity. A more deformed head will be less spherical. Greater deformity leads to an increased risk of arthritis early in life.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 15, 2014)
Perfusion percentage [ Time Frame: Just after diagnosis of Perthes disease ]
The perfusion percentage is a measure of the amount of blood flow in the femoral head relative to the volume of the whole head. This measure is calculated from the perfusion MRI images that are collected just prior to the application of the intervention.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 15, 2014)
Stulberg classification [ Time Frame: at 2 years and 5 years post intervention ]
The Stulberg classification is a categorical system used to describe the shape of the femoral head that is traditionally used to evaluate outcomes and arthritis risk for patients with Perthes disease.
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study on Current Treatments of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
Official Title Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study on Current Treatments of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
Brief Summary

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is a childhood hip disorder which is common enough to be a significant public health problem (affects 1 in 740 boys between ages 0-14), but uncommon enough to have a sufficient number of patients from a single institution to perform a definitive prospective study comparing the results of current treatments. The present study will establish a database of prospectively identified patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) Disease and collect information regarding their presentation, treatment, and outcomes in the course of receiving currently available treatments.

This study seeks to compare the outcomes of current treatments in the management of different age groups (ages 1-6, 6-8, 8-11, >11) of patients with Perthes disease at two- and five-year followup and at skeletal maturity. For each age group, two to three common treatment regimens currently used by practicing pediatric orthopaedic surgeons will be compared. The intervention a patient receives is determined through physician treatment expertise, and is not pre-determined by the study.

Detailed Description

Approximately 50 pediatric orthopaedic surgeons from pediatric centers in the US and other countries have agreed to participate in this database as members of the International Perthes Study Group (IPSG). TSRH will be the lead center. Sites who agree to participate will seek IRB approval from their own institutions. Data will be collected prospectively and entered into REDCap (Research Electronic Data Capture), a browser-based research database.

1-6 Cohort: For the 1-6 age patient group, patients involved in any treatment will be asked to participate in the study.

6-8 Cohort: For the 6-8 age patient group, patients presenting in an early stage of the disease (stage I or IIa), the surgeons who treat their patients with one of the following three treatment regimens currently used in practice will be asked to participate in the study :

  1. Non-operative management (i.e., no osteotomy but can include soft tissue release);
  2. Operative containment treatment (femoral or pelvic osteotomy or Shelf acetabuloplasty).

8-11 Cohort: For the 8-11 patient age group, patients presenting in an early stage of the disease (stage I or IIa), the surgeons who treat their patients with one of the following treatment regiments currently used in practice will be asked to participate in the study:

  1. Non-operative management (i.e., no osteotomy);
  2. Operative containment treatment (femoral or pelvic osteotomy or Shelf acetabuloplasty) followed by 6 weeks of postoperative non-weight bearing; and,
  3. Operative containment treatment (femoral or pelvic osteotomy or Shelf acetabuloplasty) followed by 6 months of postoperative non-weight bearing.

>11 Cohort Registry: For the >11 patient age group, we will collect prospective data from surgeons who are currently treating their patients with any treatment regimens.

Patients who present to an IPSG member or their group during the late stages of the disease (stage IIb or stage III) will also be arranged into four separate age cohorts, identical to the list above. We will collect prospective data for these cases, as well.

Regardless of the patient's stage at enrollment, the patient's age at diagnosis or assigned cohort, the following data will be collected: information regarding patient characteristics at presentation, physical exam findings, responses to Perthes patient and/or outcomes questionnaires, and results of radiographic and MR imaging.

Participants will be assigned a unique study number. A secure web application, REDCap, will be used to capture and store research information including radiographic and MR images, clinical information, and de-identified outcomes questionnaire responses. Data will be transmitted and stored on a secure and dedicated server for the purpose of this study.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Participants with a recent diagnosis of Perthes disease that are being followed by a participating orthopedic surgeon. Participants are invited to participate during a visit to their treating hospital.
Condition Legg Calve Perthes Disease
Intervention
  • Procedure: Osteotomy + Long Term Non-Weight Bearing
    Surgical procedure that improves femoral head containment, plus a post-operative protocol that requires patient to maintain non-weight bearing for 6 months.
  • Procedure: Osteotomy + Short Term Non-Weight Bearing
    Surgical procedure that improves femoral head containment, plus a post-operative protocol that allows early return to function after 6 weeks of non-weight bearing.
  • Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
    Group will not undergo any surgical or invasive procedures during course of treatment.
  • Procedure: Multiple Epiphyseal Drilling
    Multiple epiphyseal drilling is a procedure that creates small holes in the femoral head growth plate to increase blood flow into the femoral head.
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Nonoperative management between ages 6-8 in early stage
    The choice of non-osteotomy management without containment or surgical containment would be solely governed by the current practice of the participating surgeons (i.e. the current practice of the individual surgeon would be followed within the broad framework of the study).
    Intervention: Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
  • Operative management between age 6-8 in early stage
    Operative containment treatment (femoral or pelvic osteotomy or Shelf acetabuloplasty) rendered in the early stage of the disease process
    Interventions:
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Long Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Short Term Non-Weight Bearing
  • Nonoperative management between age 8-11 in early stage
    Patients who do not undergo some form of containment surgery because of medical, social, or other reasons will receive no surgical treatment.
    Intervention: Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
  • Operative containment with short-term non-weightbearing in early stage
    As per the current standard practice for patients between age 8-11 in developed countries, all patients will undergo some form of containment surgery (pelvic or femoral osteotomy) in order to better "contain" the femoral head underneath the acetabulum. Post-operative treatment will include 6 weeks of non-weight bearing on the operated leg.
    Intervention: Procedure: Osteotomy + Short Term Non-Weight Bearing
  • Operative containment with prolonged non-weightbearing in early stage
    As per the current standard practice for patients between age 8-11, all patients will undergo some form of containment surgery (pelvic or femoral osteotomy) in order to better "contain" the femoral head underneath the acetabulum. Post-operative treatment will include 6 months of non-weight bearing on the operated leg.
    Intervention: Procedure: Osteotomy + Long Term Non-Weight Bearing
  • Operative containment for over 11 age group
    Patients presenting over age 11 may receive multiple drilling and be non weight bearing for up to 6 months according to the treating physician's preference. Patients with application of fixator (arthrodiastasis) will be studied in this cohort arm as well, which typically involved 3-4 months followed by 8-12 weeks of non-weight bearing after fixator removal. Other surgical techniques may be included, however these are the most common for this age group.
    Interventions:
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Long Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Short Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Multiple Epiphyseal Drilling
  • Nonoperative management in over 11 age group
    Patients will be non-weight bearing and receive physical therapy according to the physician preferences.
    Intervention: Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
  • Nonoperative management in 1-6 age group
    The choice of non-osteotomy management without containment or surgical containment would be solely governed by the current practice of the participating surgeons (i.e. the current practice of the individual surgeon would be followed within the broad framework of the study).
    Intervention: Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
  • Operative management in 1-6 age group
    The choice of osteotomy management with containment would be solely governed by the current practice of the participating surgeons (i.e. the current practice of the individual surgeon would be followed within the broad framework of the study).
    Interventions:
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Long Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Short Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Multiple Epiphyseal Drilling
  • Late Stage Bracing group
    Patients presenting with <= 20 degrees of abduction on a maximum abduction x-ray treated with bracing who also present in the late stages of the disease (Waldenstrom Stage IIb or IIIa).The choice of management with or without containment or surgical containment would be solely governed by the current practice of the participating surgeons (i.e. the current practice of the individual surgeon would be followed within the broad framework of the study).
    Intervention: Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
  • Late Stage Symptomatic treatment group
    Patients presenting in the late stages of the disease (defined as Waldenstrom stage IIb or IIIa) who are treated symptomatically. The choice of management with or without containment or surgical containment would be solely governed by the current practice of the participating surgeons (i.e. the current practice of the individual surgeon would be followed within the broad framework of the study).
    Intervention: Procedure: Nonoperative Observation
  • Late Stage Surgical Containment group
    Patients presenting in the late stages of the disease (defined as Waldenstrom stage IIb or IIIa) who are treated with surgical containment. The choice of management with or without containment or surgical containment would be solely governed by the current practice of the participating surgeons (i.e. the current practice of the individual surgeon would be followed within the broad framework of the study).
    Interventions:
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Long Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Osteotomy + Short Term Non-Weight Bearing
    • Procedure: Multiple Epiphyseal Drilling
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Enrolling by invitation
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: April 26, 2017)
1500
Original Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: January 15, 2014)
600
Estimated Study Completion Date September 2032
Estimated Primary Completion Date September 2032   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease
  • Between age 1-18
  • Patients with possible secondary femoral osteonecrosis if over the age of 11 due to trauma or corticosteroid therapy are also eligible.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with previous surgical treatment on the affected hip
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 1 Year to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries Australia,   Brazil,   Canada,   China,   Germany,   India,   Korea, Republic of,   Norway,   Poland,   Sweden,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries Mexico
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT02040714
Other Study ID Numbers IPSG 001
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Patient enrolled in study will be deidentified (a specific ID will be assigned to participants) in each respective site, Each site will be in charge of entering their respective data in a main database. Data analysis of this collective data will be done mainly through the host site.
Current Responsible Party Harry Kim, MD, Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children
Original Study Sponsor Same as current
Collaborators
  • Alberta Children's Hospital
  • Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
  • Le Bonheur Children's Hospital
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
  • Children's Hospital Los Angeles
  • Children's National Research Institute
  • Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
  • Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
  • Columbia University
  • Connecticut Children's Medical Center
  • Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
  • Boston Children's Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Kaiser Permanente
  • Kasturba Medical College
  • Montefiore Medical Center
  • Nationwide Children's Hospital
  • NYU Langone Health
  • OrthoCarolina Research Institute, Inc.
  • University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
  • Seoul National University Childrens Hospital
  • Shriners Hospitals for Children
  • University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust
  • Baylor College of Medicine
  • Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf
  • Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
  • British Columbia Children's Hospital
  • Children's of Alabama
  • Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain
  • University of Oklahoma
  • Oregon Health and Science University
  • Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego
  • San Jorge Children's Hospital (Puerto Rico)
  • University College Dublin
  • Tianjin Children's Hospital
  • University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein
  • University of California, San Francisco
  • University of Haifa
  • Uppsala University
Investigators
Study Chair: Harry KW Kim, MD, MS Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children
PRS Account Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children
Verification Date October 2021