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Topical Green Tea Ointment in Treatment of Superficial Skin Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02029352
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Will-Pharma
Medigene AG
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maastricht University Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 18, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 7, 2014
Last Update Posted Date May 18, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date September 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 6, 2014)
Percentage of patients with complete histological clearance [ Time Frame: After 6 weeks treatment ]
Therapeutic surgical excision of the target tumour will be performed eight weeks after start of study treatment, for histological evaluation of response.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02029352 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 6, 2014)
  • Number of applications actually done by the patient divided by the total prescribed number of applications. [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
  • Number of local skin reactions, adverse events and serious adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks ]
    Objective local skin signs (ie. Erythema, edema, induration, vesicles, erosion/ulceration, or other) will be assessed by the investigator at 3, 6 and 8 weeks after start of treatment. Subjective symptoms (ie. Pain, burning, itching, or other) will be assessed from a personal diary kept by patients once a week during treatment. Adverse events other than local skin reactions at the application site reported by the patient will be assessed according to the same grading. Other adverse events or (suspected) (unexpected) serious adverse events will be recorded by the investigator.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Topical Green Tea Ointment in Treatment of Superficial Skin Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Topical Sinecatechins Ointment in Treatment of Primary Superficial Basal Cell Carcinoma: a Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial.
Brief Summary

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequently occurring nonmelanoma skin cancer in Caucasians, representing approximately 80% of cases. Incidence rates for men and women in the Netherlands are 165 and 157 per 100,000 person-years respectively and are still rising 3-10% annually. In 2009, the lifetime risk for developing a first histologically confirmed BCC for men was approximately 1 in 5 (21%) and for women it was 1 in 6 (18%).

A simplified classification of BCC includes the following three histological subtypes: nodular (40,6), superficial (30,7%) and infiltrative BCC (28,7%). Superficial BCCs (sBCCs) differ from the other subtypes as they tend to appear at a younger age, usually occur on the trunk and are often multiple. This subtype has the fastest growing incidence.

A characteristic feature of BCCs is their low risk to metastasize, though if untreated they may induce considerable functional and cosmetic morbidity as they are locally invasive. Surgery is the first treatment of choice for BCC. However due to the rising incidence and the extensive workload this entails, a non-invasive topical treatment is often chosen for sBCC as they grow down from the epidermis into the superficial dermis and therefore are easily accessible for topical treatment. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), imiquimod cream or 5-fluorouracil cream are available topical treatments for sBCC however their tumour free survival rates are not equal to the higher tumour free survival rates of surgical treatment. Next to the efficacy, the now available topical treatments are associated with local skin reactions at the treatment site, mainly erythema and erosion (imiquimod cream and 5-fluorouracil cream) or pain and burning sensation (PDT). This creates the need for additional or alternative non-invasive topical treatments.

The active constituents of green tea are promising as they are supported to have anti-BCC-carcinogenesis effects by several epidemiological, cell culture and animal studies. The so-called polyphenols known as catechins are the active constituents of green tea and the catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the major and most active catechin. EGCG is thought to have a cytotoxic effect on skin cancer cells and has the availability of inhibition of cell growth and induction of apoptosis. It is also suggested that EGCG plays a role in inactivation of β-catenin signalling, an important component of the WNT pathway.

Sinecatechins 10% ointment (Veregen®) is a standardized extract of green tea leaves of the species Camellia sinensis, containing mainly green tea polyphenols, particularly catechins (more than 85%). The lead catechin in sinecatechins ointment is EGCG. It is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for genital warts in adults.

There are no clinical trials on human subjects with topical EGCG on sBCC yet. With this trial we are the first to try to validate the anti-carcinogenic potentials of topical EGCG in humans with sBCC. We assess the effectiveness of sinecatechins 10% (Veregen®) versus placebo for the topical treatment of sBCCs.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Carcinoma, Basal Cell
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Sinecatechins 10%
    Other Name: Veregen
  • Drug: Placebo
    Composition, apart from the active substance, is otherwise identical to the investigational medical product.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Sinecatechins 10%
    Patients are instructed to apply a thin layer of the sinecatechins 10% ointment twice daily (morning and evening) in a thin layer to the tumour including 5mm of the surrounding skin. Before applying a new layer patients are advised to wipe off the remnants. Sinecatechins 10% ointment has to be applied for six weeks. Patients are advised to wash their hands after each application to prevent spreading of the ointment.
    Intervention: Drug: Sinecatechins 10%
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Patients are instructed to apply a thin layer of the placebo ointment twice daily (morning and evening) in a thin layer to the tumour including 5mm of the surrounding skin. Before applying a new layer patients are advised to wipe off the remnants. Sinecatechins 10% ointment has to be applied for six weeks. Patients are advised to wash their hands after each application to prevent spreading of the ointment.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 6, 2014)
42
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date September 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults aged 18 years or older
  • Primary histological proven superficial basal cell carcinoma ≥ 4mm and ≤ 20mm
  • Comorbidities may not interfere with study treatment (evaluated by investigator)
  • Capable to understand instructions

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recurrent sBCC (previous treatment)
  • Breast-feeding or pregnant women
  • Serious comorbidities
  • Use of immunosuppressive medication during the trial period or within 30 days before enrolment
  • Patients with genetic skin cancer disorders
  • Tumour located in the H zone (high-risk area of face) or scalp
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Netherlands
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02029352
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NL47392.068.13
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Maastricht University Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Maastricht University Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Will-Pharma
  • Medigene AG
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Nicole WJ Kelleners-Smeets, MD, PhD Maastricht University Hospital
PRS Account Maastricht University Medical Center
Verification Date June 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP