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Pilot Study to Evaluate Reparixin With Weekly Paclitaxel in Patients With HER 2 Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02001974
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2013
Last Update Posted : July 1, 2015
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PRA Health Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 15, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 5, 2013
Last Update Posted Date July 1, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2013)
  • Pk profile of orally administered reparixin [ Time Frame: Days -3, 1, 8 and 21 of chemotherapy cycle ]
    C0 (Concentration at pre-dose), Cmax (Maximal concentration), tmax (Time to maximum plasma concentration), AUC0-8 (area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 8 hours post dosing), AUCinf (area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity), Kel (terminal elimination rate constant), t½ (terminal half-life), CL/F (oral clearance), Vz/F (apparent volume of distribution following oral administration) on Days -3, 1, 8 and 21 of Cycle 1.
  • AE events [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days following the last dose of study drug ]
    Monitoring of AEs throughout the study and at the off-treatment visit.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2013)
  • ALDH1 (Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1) [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
    ALDH1 by immunohistochemistry
  • ALDH1 (Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1) [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
    ALDH1 by immunohistochemistry
  • CD44 antibody [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
    CD44 antibody co-staining
  • CD44 antibody [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
    CD44 antibody co-staining
  • FAK [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
    Focal adhesion kinase
  • FAK [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
    Focal adhesion kinase
  • AKT [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
    Serine-threonine protein kinase (also known as protein kinase B, PKB)
  • AKT [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
    Serine-threonine protein kinase (also known as protein kinase B, PKB)
  • FOXO3A [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
    Forkhead box 03 protein
  • PTEN [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
    Phosphatase and tensin homolog
  • FOXO3A [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
    Forkhead box 03 protein
  • PTEN [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
    Phosphatase and tensin homolog
  • CXCR1 [ Time Frame: Within 14 days of the first dose ]
  • CXCR1 [ Time Frame: At one time point between Days 18 and 21 of the first cycle ]
  • IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α and GM-CSF levels [ Time Frame: Days -3, 1, 8, and 15 of Cycle 1 ]
  • IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α and GM-CSF levels [ Time Frame: Day 1 (pre-dose) of cycle 2 onwards ]
  • 6-month progression-free survival rate [ Time Frame: After 24-week ]
    Measure the 6-month progression-free survival rate (%) defined as the percentage of the patients having 24-week duration of CR, PR or SD of the total patients treated according to RECIST criteria version 1.1
  • Median time to tumor progression in days (TTP) [ Time Frame: After 24-week ]
    Measure the median time to tumor progression in days (TTP) defined as the number of days between the date of the first reparixin administered and the date of clinical disease progression (PD) according to RECIST criteria version 1.1
  • Best overall response (BOR) rate [ Time Frame: After 24-week ]
    Measure the best overall response (BOR) rate defined as the percentage of the patients reaching complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR) or stable disease (SD) according to RECIST criteria version 1.1
  • Clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: After 24-week ]
    Measure the clinical benefit rate (CBR) as the percentage of the patients having four month duration of CR, PR or SD of the total patients treated according to RECIST criteria version 1.1
  • Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Pre-dose on day 1 of each treatment cycle ]
    Minimal and Maximal Blood Pressure at rest
  • Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Within 28 days following last dose of study drug ]
    Minimal and Maximal Blood Pressure at rest
  • Heart Rate [ Time Frame: At Day 1 of each cycle ]
  • Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Within 28 days following last dose of study drug ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Pilot Study to Evaluate Reparixin With Weekly Paclitaxel in Patients With HER 2 Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC)
Official Title  ICMJE Phase Ib Pilot Study to Evaluate Reparixin in Combination With Chemotherapy With Weekly Paclitaxel in Patients With HER 2 Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer (MBC)
Brief Summary This is a phase I study to evaluate the safety and define the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of orally administered reparixin in combination with paclitaxel in HER 2 (Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2) negative metastatic breast cancer patients.
Detailed Description

The CSC (Cancer stem cell) concept has important implications for understanding carcinogenesis as well as for the development of cancer therapeutics. According to this concept, tumors are initiated and maintained by a cellular subcomponent that displays stem cell properties. These properties include self-renewal, which drives tumorigenesis, and differentiation (albeit aberrant), which contributes to tumor cellular heterogeneity. The existence of CSCs has been described in a variety of hematologic and solid tumors including those of the breast, brain, colon, pancreas, lung, liver, and head and neck. In addition to driving tumorigenesis, CSCs may contribute to tumor metastasis as well as to tumor recurrence after treatment.

One of the therapeutic strategies being pursued to target CSCs involves inhibition of self renewal or survival pathways in these cells. These pathways include NOTCH (Notch signaling pathway), Hedgehog, and WNT (Wnt signaling pathway). Such strategies may be limited by the role of these pathways in normal stem cell function, which could result in systemic toxicities from pathway inhibition. In addition to intrinsic pathways regulating stem cell functions, normal and malignant stem cells are regulated by extrinsic signals generated in the microenvironment or CSC niche. In the breast, this niche is composed of immune cells, mesenchymal elements that include fibroblasts, endothelial cells, adipocytes, and extracellular matrix components. These components play an important role in normal breast development and carcinogenesis. If the cellular microenvironment plays an important role in the regulation of CSC growth and survival, then strategies aimed at interfering with these interactions represent a rational approach to target breast CSCs.

There are limited data on the impact of treatment tailoring based on CSCs detection. Gene profiling of CSCs could lead to identification of therapeutic targets on CSCs (e.g. hormone receptors, HER-2 [Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2] expression, EGFR [Epidermal growth factor receptor] expression), and could represent tumor biopsy in "real time". Several groups showed frequent discordance of HER-2 status between primary tumor and CSCs, and case reports showed clinical utility to use of trastuzumab-based therapy based on HER-2 CSCs status. Similarly, the hormonal status of CSCs could be different from that of the primary tumor, which could lead to increase the number of patients suitable for endocrine therapy, but also could explain why endocrine therapy fails in a subset of hormone receptor-positive patients. The study provided the in vivo demonstration that CXCR-1 (Chemokine receptor 1) targeting with specific blocking antibodies or reparixin is associated with reduced systemic metastases. The experimental data provides another therapeutic target in metastatic disease and warrants a pilot study investigation in humans to further explore effects of reparixin on breast CSCs and the tumoral microenvironment.

Reparixin seems to be a good candidate for use in breast cancer patients because of its very acceptable toxicity profile shown in the Phase I and II clinical trials conducted so far, along with its observed activity in vitro against breast cancer cell lines and in vivo in tumor xenografts in mice. It potentially addresses another therapeutic target in metastatic disease. The current pilot study thus aims at exploring the safety and PK profile of orally administered reparixin in HER-2 negative metastatic breast cancer patients and its effects on breast CSC markers.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Metastatic Breast Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Paclitaxel+Reparixin
Association of Paclitaxel at fixed dosage with three increasing dosage of Reparixin
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 i.v.+Reparixin oral 400 mg t.i.d.
    Paclitaxel+reparixin three weeks on one week off (three to six patients)
    Intervention: Drug: Paclitaxel+Reparixin
  • Experimental: Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 i.v.+Reparixin oral 800 mg t.i.d.
    Paclitaxel+reparixin three weeks on one week off (three to six patients)
    Intervention: Drug: Paclitaxel+Reparixin
  • Experimental: Paclitaxel 80 mg/m2 i.v.+Reparixin oral 1200 mg t.i.d.
    Paclitaxel+reparixin oral three weeks on one week off (three to six patients).
    Intervention: Drug: Paclitaxel+Reparixin
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 30, 2015)
33
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2013)
24
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Female aged ≥ 18 years.
  2. Patients with histologic or cytologic diagnosis of breast cancer with evidence of metastatic disease with documented HER-2 negative status and eligible for treatment with paclitaxel.
  3. Patients with at least one baseline measurable lesion according to RECIST version 1.1 criteria.
  4. Zubrod (Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group [ECOG]) Performance Status (PS) of 0-1.
  5. An electrocardiogram (ECG) with no clinically significant abnormalities indicative of myocardial ischemia.
  6. Ongoing toxicity associated with prior anticancer therapy ≤ grade 1 Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 4.03) with the exception of alopecia.
  7. Maximum of three prior chemotherapy lines for advanced breast cancer (not including neo/adjuvant chemotherapy). If prior treatment with paclitaxel, PD must have occurred > 12 months from the end of previous adjuvant treatment or for previous metastatic treatment no PD must have occurred during treatment or within 3 months of the end of treatment
  8. Life expectancy of at least three months.
  9. Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication (intact tablet).
  10. Able to undergo all screening assessments outlined in the protocol following written informed consent.
  11. Adequate organ function (defined by the following parameters):

    1. Serum creatinine < 140 µmol/L or creatinine clearance > 60 mL/min.
    2. Serum hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL; absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 10**9/L; platelets ≥ 100 x 10**9/L.
    3. Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper normal limit (UNL).
    4. Serum ALT, AST ≤ 2.5 x UNL but ≤ 5.0 x UNL in case of liver metastases; ALP ≤ UNL but ≤ 1.5 x ULN in case of liver metastases; albumin within normal limits. If ALP is greater than 1.5 x UNL (in the presence of liver metastases) the liver isoenzyme fraction will be measured. Liver isoenzyme fraction (absolute value) must be ≤ 1.5 x UNL.
  12. No known hepatitis B virus (not due to immunization), hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus Ι and -ΙΙ positive status.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Male.
  2. Pregnancy or lactation or unwillingness to use adequate method of birth control.
  3. HER-2 positive disease status.
  4. Less than four weeks since last chemotherapy, radiotherapy or prior investigational therapy. Less than two weeks since last hormone or immunotherapy or signal transduction therapy.
  5. Neurological or psychiatric disorders which may influence understanding of study and informed consent procedures.
  6. Active or uncontrolled infection.
  7. Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function.
  8. Hypersensitivity to:

    1. paclitaxel
    2. ibuprofen or to more than one non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
    3. medications belonging to the class of sulfonamides, such as sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, sulfasalazine, nimesulide or celecoxib.
  9. Presence of brain metastases (this does not include primary brain tumors) or leptomeningeal disease.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT02001974
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE REP0111
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
Collaborators  ICMJE PRA Health Sciences
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Anne Schott, MD University of Michigan
Principal Investigator: Lori Goldstein, MD Fox Chase Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Raymond Perez, MD University of Kansas Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Tiffany Avery, MD Thomas Jefferson University
Principal Investigator: Giraldo Kato, MD Pinnacle Oncology Hematology
PRS Account Dompé Farmaceutici S.p.A
Verification Date June 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP