Safety and Efficacy of Lapatinib Plus Trastuzumab or Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer (THOR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01985893
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Due to missing patient recruitment, the financial support was stopped.)
First Posted : November 15, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2016
OnkoDataMed GmbH
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Berufsverband Niedergelassener Gynäkologischer Onkologen in Deutschland e.V.

November 10, 2013
November 15, 2013
January 14, 2016
September 2013
March 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
6 month progression-free-survival-rate (PFS6) [ Time Frame: 6 months - from the date of randomization ]

The primary outcome measure for this study is:

• The 6-month PFS-rate (PFS6) The 6-month PFS-rate (PFS6) will be the number of patients without disease progression or death within 6 months from the date of randomization, divided by the number of patients in the respective analysis population. For the purpose of the analysis patients who are lost to follow-up or deceased in at or before 6 months after randomization will be counted as "disease progression".

Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01985893 on Archive Site
Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: the complete duration of the study (up to 72 months) ]
Progression free survival (PFS), defined as the time from randomisation to disease progression (as assessed by the site radiologist and/or investigator, using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST1.1)) or death on study from any cause (defined as death within 30 days of the last study treatment), whichever occurs first. Data for patients who experienced no progress or who are lost to follow-up will be treated as censored on the last date the patient was known to be progression free.
Same as current
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Safety and Efficacy of Lapatinib Plus Trastuzumab or Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer
Randomised, Open-label Phase II Study to Compare the Safety and Efficacy of Lapatinib Plus Trastuzumab or Lapatinib Plus Capecitabine in Trastuzumab-resistant HER2-overexpressing Metastatic Breast Cancer
The purpose of this study is to estimate the clinical benefit of lapatinib plus trastuzumab compared to lapatinib plus capecitabine as measured by investigator-assessed progression-free survival, tumour response and overall survival.

This is an open-label, randomized, explorative phase II trial of lapatinib plus trastuzumab or lapatinib plus capecitabine in patients with HER2 overexpressing metastatic breast cancer. The trial is designed to obtain some evidence wether chemotherapy-free combined HER2-directed therapy with lapatinib and trastuzumab provides a similar efficacy as the established combination of lapatinib with capecitabine and a more favourable toxicity profile. This study will also assess the relationship between the anticipated anti-tumour activity of the treatment regimens and biological characteristics of subjects' tumour at baseline.

The purpose of this study is to estimate the clinical benefit of lapatinib plus trastuzumab compared to lapatinib plus capecitabine as measured by investigator-assessed progression-free survival, tumour response and overall survival.

The purpose of this study ist further

  • to characterize the safety and tolerability of lapatinib plus trastuzumab in this population.
  • to identify predictors of sensitivity to lapatinib and trastuzumab therapy. and
  • to compare the differences in health-related quality of life (HRQL) and pain symptoms for patients by treatment assignment.
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Drug: Lapatinib plus trastuzumab
Comparison of the safety and efficacy of lapatinib plus trastuzumab and lapatinib plus capecitabine.
Other Name: Tyverb plus Herceptin
  • Lapatinib plus trastuzumab
    Drug intervention: Lapatinib IMP, Trastuzumab on prescription. Lapatinib 1000 mg p.o. once daily for 21 days. Trastuzumab i.v. infusion 8 mg/kg loading dose; 6 mg/kg on Day 1 of each subsequent 3 weekly cycle.
    Intervention: Drug: Lapatinib plus trastuzumab
  • Lapatinib plus Capecitabine
    Drug intervention: Lapatinib and Capecitabine on prescription. Lapatinib 1250 mg p.o. once daily. Capecitabine 2000 mg/m2 p.o. in two divided doses on days 1 to 14 of a 21 day cycle.
    Intervention: Drug: Lapatinib plus trastuzumab
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
March 2015
March 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically confirmed and metastatic breast cancer.
  2. Hormone receptor-negative patients
  3. HER2-positive tumours with 3+ intensity on IHC staining for HER2 or amplification of the HER2 gene on ISH.
  4. Patients must have measurable metastatic disease by RECIST v1.1 with radiologic scans within 28 days of study registration.
  5. Prior anti-HER based therapy:

    • Received at least 1 but no more than 2 prior anti-HER2 based regimens for metastatic disease.
    • Prior treatment with trastuzumab-DM1 (TDM1) is allowed (T-DM1 represents one line of anti-HER2 and one line of chemotherapy).
    • Radiological evidence of confirmed progressive disease per RECIST while receiving trastuzumab as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapy for at least 6 weeks either as first line or second line therapy, for an interval of at least 6 weeks at any time.
    • Prior treatment with Lapatinib is permitted provided that at least 6 month have elapsed since the last dose.
  6. Prior chemotherapy with anthracyclines and taxanes (unless clinically contraindicated, which must have been documented).
  7. Patients must have the following laboratory values:

    • Absolute Neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    • Bilirubin level ≤ 1.25 X ULN
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 X ULN or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40ml/min
  8. Normal cardiac function with a left ventricular ejection fraction of at least 50% (as assessed by quantitative echocardiogram)
  9. ECOG performance status 0-1
  10. Age ≥ 18 years
  11. Non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant), including any female who has had hysterectomy, a bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubular ligation or is post-menopausal (total cessation of menses for ≥ 1 year; if the patient is of childbearing potential, she must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment, preferably as close to the first dose as possible, and agrees to use adequate contraception (for example, intrauterine device [IUD], birth control pills unless clinically contraindicated, or barrier device) beginning 2 weeks before the first dose of investigational product and for 28 days after the final dose of investigational product.
  12. Written informed consent prior to admission to this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with confirmed brain metastases or a history of primary central nervous system tumours or who have signs/symptoms attributable to brain metastases and have not been assessed with radiologic imaging to rule out the presence of brain metastases. Patients with treated brain metastases that are asymptomatic and have been clinically stable for 3 months will be eligible for protocol participation.
  2. Hormone receptor-positive patients
  3. Prior treatment with lapatinib within the last 6 months.
  4. More than 2 lines of trastuzumab-based treatment for advanced disease.
  5. Significant cardiovascular disease, such as

    • History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), or history of coronary angioplasty/stenting/bypass grafting within past 6 months.
    • History of symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) New York Heart Association (NYHA) Classes II-IV or LVEF <50% by ECHO.
    • Severe cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication or severe conduction abnormalities.
    • Poorly controlled hypertension (resting diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg)
    • Clinically significant valvular disease, cardiomegaly, ventricular hypertrophy, or cardiomyopathy.
  6. QTc prolongation defined as a QTc interval > 460 msec or other significant ECG abnormalities including 2nd degree (type II) or 3rd degree AV block or bradycardia (ventricular rate < 50 beats/min)
  7. Subjects who have current active hepatic or biliary disease or severe hepatic impairment (with exception of patients with Gilbert's syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, liver metastases or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment)
  8. Malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption
  9. Hypersensitivity to trastuzumab, murine proteins or to any of the excipients.
  10. Severe dyspnoea at rest due to complications of advanced malignancy or requiring supplementary oxygen therapy.
  11. History of severe and unexpected reactions to fluoropyrimidine therapy.
  12. Hypersensitivity to capecitabine or to any of the excipients or fluorouracil.
  13. Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency.
  14. Severe leucopenia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia.
  15. Severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 40 ml/min.).
  16. Treatment with sorivudine or its chemically related analogues, such as brivudine.
  17. Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that, in the investigator's opinion, gives reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, render the patient at high risk from treatment complications or interferes with obtaining informed consent.
  18. Contraindications to any of the medicinal products in the combination regimen.
  19. Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the study protocol.
  20. Patients accommodated in a closed institution by authority or court order.
  21. Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs. Participation in another clinical trial with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to study entry.
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Berufsverband Niedergelassener Gynäkologischer Onkologen in Deutschland e.V.
Berufsverband Niedergelassener Gynäkologischer Onkologen in Deutschland e.V.
OnkoDataMed GmbH
Study Chair: Dirk Elling, Professor Frauenklinik, Sana Klinikum Lichtenberg, Fanningerstr. 32, D-10365 Berlin, Germany
Berufsverband Niedergelassener Gynäkologischer Onkologen in Deutschland e.V.
January 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP