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Effect of Isosorbide Mononitrate on Hypertension to Improve Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Fibrosis and Myocardial Function (ISMN)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01961453
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Funding)
First Posted : October 11, 2013
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center

October 9, 2013
October 11, 2013
August 11, 2016
August 2013
January 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in left ventricular mass [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01961453 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change in extracellular volume fraction [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  • Change in peak myocardial systolic longitudinal strain measured by MRI [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  • Change in peak early diastolic intraventricular pressure gradient measured by MRI [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  • Change in late systolic hypertension derived from pulse wave analysis [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Effect of Isosorbide Mononitrate on Hypertension to Improve Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Fibrosis and Myocardial Function
Targeting Wave Reflections to Improve Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Fibrosis and Myocardial Function in Hypertension
The purpose of this research study is to test whether treatment with isosorbide mononitrate will improve left ventricular hypertrophy ("thickening") which puts people at risk for developing heart failure. Once it develops, heart failure is a very serious condition and thus it is important to find ways to prevent it from happening. The investigators have reasons to believe that dilating the blood vessels with this specific medication will improve the thickening of the heart, which increases the risk of heart failure.
Not Provided
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Drug: Isosorbide Mononitrate, sustained release
    60 mg if Titration Stage 1 OR 120 mg if Titration Stage 2
  • Drug: Placebo capsule
    One capsule of placebo administered once daily at 8 am.
  • Active Comparator: Isosorbide Mononitrate, sustained release
    One tablet containing 60 mg (Titration Stage 1) OR 120 mg (Titration Stage 2) of sustained-release ISMN administered at 8 AM.
    Intervention: Drug: Isosorbide Mononitrate, sustained release
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo capsule
    One capsule of placebo administered once daily at 8 AM
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo capsule

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
January 2016
January 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Systolic blood pressure >140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg.
  • An elevated left ventricular mass index (defined as >60 g/m1.7 in women and 80 g/m1.7 in men) OR LV posterior wall thickness >1.4 cm documented in a clinically indicated echocardiographic examination or magnetic resonance imaging scan within the previous 12 months.
  • Stable medical therapy as defined by: (1)No addition or removal of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, or calcium channel blockers for 30 days. (2)No change in dosage of ACE, angiotensin-receptor blocker, beta-blockers or calcium-channel blockers s of more than 100% for 30 days.
  • Current therapy with an ACE inhibitor, hydralazine or a statin, all of which have been shown to reduce nitrate tolerance.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Rhythm other than sinus rhythm (i.e., atrial fibrillation).
  • Non-cardiac condition limiting life expectancy to less than one year, per physician judgment.
  • Current or anticipated future need for nitrate therapy.
  • Valve disease (> mild aortic or mitral stenosis; > moderate aortic or mitral regurgitation).
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • Known infiltrative or inflammatory myocardial disease (amyloid, sarcoid).
  • Pericardial disease.
  • Primary pulmonary arteriopathy.
  • Have experienced a myocardial infarction or unstable angina, or have undergone percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography (PTCA) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) within 60 days prior to consent, or requires either PTCA or CABG at the time of consent.
  • Resting heart rate (HR) > 100 bpm.
  • A reduced LV ejection fraction (EF<50%).
  • Known severe liver disease (AST > 3x normal, alkaline phosphatase or bilirubin > 2x normal).
  • Patients with a clinically indicated stress test demonstrating significant ischemia within a year of enrollment which was not followed by percutaneous or surgical revascularization.
  • Allergy to isosorbide mononitrate.
  • Current therapy with phosphodiesterase inhibitors, such as sildenafil, vardenafil or tadalafil, since the combination of nitrates and phosphodiesterase inhibitors can result in severe hypotension.
  • Therapy with rosiglitazone, since this combination is not recommended based on epidemiologic data suggesting that it may increase the risk of myocardial ischemia.
  • Current pregnancy or a positive urine pregnancy test. Women who become pregnant during the study will be discontinued from the trial.
  • Contraindications to a cardiac MRI: (i) Central nervous system aneurysm clips; (ii) Implanted neural stimulators; (iii) Implanted cardiac pacemaker or defibrillator; (iv) Cochlear implant; (v) Ocular foreign body (e.g. metal shavings); (vi) Other implanted medical devices: (e.g. drug infusion ports); (vii) Insulin pump; (viii) Metal shrapnel or bullet; (ix) Claustrophobia; (x) Extreme obesity rendering the patient unable to fit into narrow-bore scanners; (xi) Unwillingness of the patient to undergo a cardiac MRI. All patients with metallic implants will be individually evaluated prior to MRI.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 89 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center
Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Julio A Chirinos, MD, PhD Philadelphia VA Medical Center & University of Pennsylvania
Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center
October 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP