Comparison of Blood Cardioplegia and Custodiol

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01941459
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 13, 2013
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bjørn Braathen, Oslo University Hospital

May 7, 2012
September 13, 2013
September 13, 2013
March 2007
December 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
CK-MB ,troponin-T [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
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Comparison of Blood Cardioplegia and Custodiol
Comparison of Blood Cardioplegia and Custodiol on Patients Operated for Significant Mitral Valve Innsufisiens. An Prospective, Randomized Two-center Study.

Thru the last 20 years it has been a discussion witch solution that gives the best myocardial protection during cardiac arrest by heart operations.

  • It has been a tendency that a blood based cardioplegia gives a better protection bye long ischemic times but it has not been possible too conclude in this matter.
  • The investigators have two groups of cardioplegia, the blood based and, the crystalloid based cardioplegia.
  • It has been done a lot of studies to see what kind of cardioplegia that gives the best myocardial protection. Different temperature, different amount and content, retrograde or antegrade or both, contentiously and further on have been tested without a clear conclusion.
  • The investigators decided to make a study with a cohort of patients as homogenous as possible with a cross clamp time around 70 min.
  • Adult patients' with a severe aortic stenoses without any other significant heart disease was included in our prospective randomised study.
  • Patients with additional significant coronary artery disease (≥ 50% stenoses) were excluded from the study.
  • The investigators used the well known biomarkers CK-MB and troponin-T too evaluate the myocardial damage.

Objective: Myocardial protection during a cardiac arrest is mostly managed with cardioplegia. To day we normally used a blood or crystalloid based solutions. It has been published a lot of papers comparing the too groups with different results. To our knowledge no prospective, randomized study has compared modified St Thomas based Blood and Crystalloid cardioplegia on the acknowledged markers (CK-MB, troponin-T) of myocardial damage during aortic valve replacement on patients without additional significant coronary artery disease.

Methods: 100 patients with aorta stenoses undergoing aortic valve replacement without significant coronary artery stenoses or other significant concomitant heart valve disease were included in the study. They were given antegrade cold blood or cold crystalloid cardioplegia delivered through the coronary Ostia every 20 min throughout the period of aortic cross-clamp. CK-MB and troponin-T were compared between the two groups.

Published 2010 in the journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery.

Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample
Between Mars 2007 and December 2009, 80 consecutive patients undergoing elective mitral valve surgery for mitral regurgitation at Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway and Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden were included in the study after informed written consent.
  • Mitral Insufficiencies
  • Myocardial Protection
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  • 1 Custodiol
  • 2 Blood cardioplegia
    Blood cardioplegia
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
January 2010
December 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

The study protocol was approved by the local ethical committees. Eligible for operation were:

Inclution Criteria

  • patients with mitral regurgitation equal to or larger than grade 3 out of 4.
  • Ablation for atrial fibrillation was the only concomitant procedure that was allowed in addition to mitral valve surgery and these patients were block-randomized to ensure equally many patients with ablation in the two groups of cardioplegia.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with any other concomitant heart valve disease or coronary artery stenoses (≥ 50%) were excluded from the study.
  • Age below 18
  • Pregnant
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Bjørn Braathen, Oslo University Hospital
Ullevaal University Hospital
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Study Director: Theis Tønnessen, Thoraxkirurgisk avd. UUS
Study Chair: Bjørn Braathen, med.doc Thoraxkir.avd. UUS
Oslo University Hospital
September 2013