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Trial of Rehabilitation in Phase 1 After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (SheppHeart)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01941355
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 13, 2013
Last Update Posted : November 5, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 6, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 13, 2013
Last Update Posted Date November 5, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date November 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 11, 2013)
  • Change in peak oxygen uptake (VO2) between groups [ Time Frame: At hospital discharge and 4 weeks following surgery ]
  • Change in self-reported health measured by SF-36 between groups [ Time Frame: At hospital discharge and 4 weeks following surgery ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Trial of Rehabilitation in Phase 1 After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Official Title  ICMJE SheppHeartCABG Shaping Outcomes by Exercise Training and Psycho-education in Phase 1 for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patients
Brief Summary

Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of problems and symptoms related to the procedure and the underlying heart disease. These problems include anxiety and depressive symptoms, immobility issues, complications such as wound seeping, neck and shoulder pains, interrupted and insufficient sleep. Over the last 2 decades, cardiac rehabilitation has become recognized as a significant component in the continuum of care for persons with cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, cardiac rehabilitation has undergone a significant evolution moving from a focused exercise intervention to a comprehensive disease management program. In Guidelines for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery cardiac rehabilitation is described to include early ambulation during hospitalisation, and outpatient prescriptive exercise training beginning 6-8 weeks following surgery. Our hypothesis is that physical exercise with moderate intensity and a psycho-educative component as a part of cardiac rehabilitation can begin in early postoperatively during hospitalising. Results from studies on phase 1 rehabilitation in coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients are promising. However, no randomised trials have been conducted, and evidence is therefore lacking.

The objective of this pilot trial is to investigate the effect of a phase 1 comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programme consisting of a psycho-educative component, an exercise-training component including pulmonary training, cycling, neck and shoulder exercises, these in combination plus treatment as usual and treatment as usual in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting.

SheppHeartCABG is an investigator-initiated 2 x 2 factorial randomised clinical pilot trial with blinded outcome assessment. Recruitment from one site with 1:1:1:1 central randomisation to phase 1 rehabilitation; 1) exercise-training plus usual care, 2) psycho-educative plus usual care 3) exercise-training and psycho-educative plus usual, 4) usual care alone.

Detailed Description The explorative outcome measures consist of two parts: physical capacity and mental and physical health. Physical capacity is measured by peak VO2 max and 6 minutes' walk test at discharge and 4 weeks following surgery. Perceived mental and physical health is measured by the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) at admission, discharge and 4 weeks following surgery. Furthermore questionnaires measuring anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), health-related quality of life (HeartQoL), fatigue (MFI-20) cognitive and emotional representation of illness (B-IPQ), physical activity (IPAQ), self-rated health (EQ-5D), sleep (PSQI) and pain (ÖMPSQ)
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Condition  ICMJE Ischaemic Heart Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Behavioral: Exercise training component
    The physical exercises consist of; deep breathing exercises and breathing exercises using incentive spirometry with expiratory positive pressure airway, cycling exercises during hospitalisation and an individualised exercise programme running from discharge to 4 weeks following surgery.
  • Behavioral: Psycho-educative component
    The psycho-educative rehabilitation programme consists of four psycho-educative consultations with a specially trained nurse. The last consultation will take place 4 weeks following surgery.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Exercise training, psycho-educative
    • Behavioral: Exercise training component
    • Behavioral: Psycho-educative component
  • Experimental: Psycho-educative component
    Intervention: Behavioral: Psycho-educative component
  • Experimental: Exercise training component
    Intervention: Behavioral: Exercise training component
  • No Intervention: Usual care
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 11, 2013)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date November 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older.
  • Persons with ischaemic heart disease referred to elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
  • Speaks and understands Danish.
  • Provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients at intermediate or high risk according to their cardiovascular status
  • Patients with illness limiting the ability to exercise.
  • Patients without permanent residence.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Denmark
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01941355
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SheppHeartCABG
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Selina K Berg, PhD, Post doc Rigshospitalet, Denmark
PRS Account Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Verification Date November 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP