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Comparing Treatments for HIV-Infected Opioid and Alcohol Users in an Integrated Care Effectiveness Study (CHOICES)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01908062
First Posted: July 25, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
P. Todd Korthuis, Oregon Health and Science University
July 23, 2013
July 25, 2013
October 12, 2017
June 2014
March 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Treatment initiation [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Successful induction onto XR-NTX or initiation of treatment as usual within 4 weeks of randomization.
  • Retention on treatment [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    Percent of expected doses of XR-NTX received or percent of recommended treatment received for TAU arm.
  • Treatment initiation [ Time Frame: One month ]
    Successful induction onto extended release naltrexone or initiation of treatment as usual within 1 month of randomization.
  • Retention on treatment [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    4 extended release naltrexone injections
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01908062 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • HIV Outcomes [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    • Plasma HIV viral load of < 200 copies/mL compared with screening
    • Change in CD4 count compared with screening
  • Substance Use Outcomes [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    • Change in 30 day opioid abstinence (by Addiction Severity Index (ASI)-lite self-report, Time-Line Follow Back, and urine drug screen (UDS) confirmation) in the final 30 days of the 16 week trial compared to screening.
    • Change in past 30-day alcohol and other drug use by ASI-lite, Time-line Follow Back, and UDS at 16 weeks, compared with screening.
  • HIV Care Engagement [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    • Change in the proportion of participants prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART) within 16 weeks following randomization, compared to baseline.
    • Proportion of participants taking 100% of prescribed ART doses in the past 3 days at 16 weeks for those prescribed ART at any point during the 16 week trial.
    • Number of HIV primary care visits at 16 weeks.
  • Participant Safety [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    • Change in liver enzymes between screening and Week 16.
    • Any fatal and non-fatal overdose between screening and Week 16.
    • Change in Concise Health Risk Tracking score between screening and Week 16.
    • Proportion of participants assigned to XR-NTX who develop precipitated opioid withdrawal.
  • HIV RNA suppression [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Plasma HIV viral load of < 200 copies/mL
  • Substance use [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    • Change in 30 day opioid abstinence (by Addiction Severity Index (ASI)-lite self-report and urine drug screen (UDS) confirmation) in the final 30 days of the 16 week trial compared to baseline.
    • Change in past 30-day alcohol and other drug use by ASI-lite and UDS at 16 weeks, compared with baseline.
    • Number of medical management visits attended, measured at 16 weeks post- randomization.
  • HIV Care Engagement [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    • Change in the proportion of participants prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART) within 16 weeks following randomization, compared to baseline.
    • Proportion of participants taking 100% of prescribed ART doses in the past 3 days at 16 weeks for those prescribed ART at any point during the 16 week trial.
    • Number of HIV primary care visits at 16 weeks.
  • Participant Safety [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    • Percent of subjects with precipitated withdrawal, hepatotoxicity, or overdose.
    • Change in liver enzymes between baseline and 16-week follow-up.
    • Change in Beck Depression Inventory score at 16 weeks compared to baseline.
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Comparing Treatments for HIV-Infected Opioid and Alcohol Users in an Integrated Care Effectiveness Study
Comparing Treatments for HIV-Infected Opioid and Alcohol Users in an Integrated Care Effectiveness Study
The purpose of this study is to learn how best to treat substance use disorders in an HIV clinic setting. Specifically, the purpose of this pilot study is to learn if extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) would be a feasible and acceptable treatment for HIV-infected individuals with opioid or alcohol use disorders.
Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Opioid Use Disorder
  • Alcohol Use Disorder
  • Drug: Extended Release Naltrexone
    Other Name: Vivitrol
  • Other: Treatment As usual
  • Active Comparator: Treatment as Usual
    The current standard of care for treatment of opioid use disorders in HIV clinics is opioid agonist therapy. HIV-infected patients with alcohol use disorders are typically referred for residential, outpatient, and self-help groups.
    Intervention: Other: Treatment As usual
  • Experimental: Extended Release Naltrexone
    Extended release naltrexone (XR-NTX), delivered by monthly injection. Dose: 380 mg. Frequency: One injection per month, for four months. Duration: 30 days.
    Intervention: Drug: Extended Release Naltrexone
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
51
March 2015
March 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Meet DSM-5 criteria for moderate or severe opioid use disorder and/or alcohol use disorder.
  2. Be willing to be randomized to antagonist-based therapy or TAU for treatment of opioid and/or alcohol use disorders.
  3. Be HIV-infected as defined by history of positive HIV serology or HIV RNA pcr >10,000 copies/mL).
  4. Be willing to establish ongoing HIV care at CTP if not already receiving ongoing care.
  5. Be willing to initiate ART if not already prescribed ART, regardless of CD4 count.
  6. Be at least 18 years old.
  7. Be able to provide written informed consent and HIPAA (if applicable) for medical record abstraction.
  8. Be able to communicate in English.
  9. If female, be willing to take measures to avoid becoming pregnant.

Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals will be excluded from pilot study participation if they:

  • Have a serious medical, psychiatric or substance use disorder that, in the opinion of the study physician, would make study participation hazardous to the participant, compromise study findings, or prevent the participant from completing the study.

Examples include:

  1. Disabling or terminal medical illness (e.g., active opportunistic infection, uncompensated heart failure, cirrhosis or end-stage liver disease, acute hepatitis and moderate to severe renal impairment) as assessed by medical history, review of systems, physical exam and/or laboratory assessments;

    1. Severe, untreated or inadequately treated mental health disorder (e.g., active psychosis, uncontrolled manic-depressive illness) as assessed by history and/or clinical interview;
    2. Current severe benzodiazepine or other depressant or sedative hypnotic use requiring medical detoxification;
    3. Suicidal or homicidal ideation requiring immediate attention.
  2. Have aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) liver enzymes greater than 5 times upper limit of normal on screening phlebotomy. Results from tests conducted within the past 30 days which are abstracted from medical record information are acceptable.
  3. Have INR > 1.5 or platelet count <100k. Results from tests conducted within the past 30 days which are abstracted from medical record information are acceptable.
  4. Have known allergy or sensitivity to naloxone, naltrexone, polylactide-co-glycolide, carboxymethylcellulose, or other components of the Vivitrol® diluents.
  5. Anticipate undergoing surgery during study participation.
  6. Have chronic pain requiring ongoing pain management with opioid analgesics.
  7. Pending legal action or other reasons that might prevent an individual from completing the study.
  8. Currently pregnant or breastfeeding.
  9. Body habitus that, in the judgment of the study physician, precludes safe intramuscular injection of XR-NTX, (e.g. excess fat tissue over the buttocks).
  10. Received methadone or buprenorphine maintenance therapy for treatment of opioid dependence in the 4 weeks prior to screening.
  11. Have taken an investigational drug in another study within 30 days of study consent.
  12. Have ECG findings that, in the opinion of the study medical clinician would preclude safe participation in the study. Results from ECGs conducted within the past 30 days which are abstracted from medical record information are acceptable.
  13. Have had treatment with XR-NTX for opioid or alcohol dependence in the 3 months prior to screening.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Canada,   United States
 
 
NCT01908062
NIDA-CTN-0055
U10DA015815 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Yes
Not Provided
Not Provided
P. Todd Korthuis, Oregon Health and Science University
Oregon Health and Science University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Philip T Korthuis, MD, MPH Oregon Health and Science University
Oregon Health and Science University
October 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP