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Preventing Bacterial and Viral Infections Among Injection Drug Users

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2016 by Butler Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Stein, MD, Butler Hospital Identifier:
First received: July 1, 2013
Last updated: June 23, 2016
Last verified: June 2016

July 1, 2013
June 23, 2016
September 2013
January 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • bacterial infections [ Time Frame: one year ]
  • high-risk behavior [ Time Frame: one year ]
  • health service use [ Time Frame: one year ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01892358 on Archive Site
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Preventing Bacterial and Viral Infections Among Injection Drug Users
Preventing Bacterial and Viral Infections Among Injection Drug Users
We propose a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the Skin intervention, compared to an assessment-only condition (both groups receive rapid HIV testing, a review of testing results, and brief HIV prevention counseling) among 350 injection drug users recruited during an acute medical hospitalization at Boston Medical Center. In the general hospital setting, injection drug users who otherwise might not seek care are accessible and teachable, and the presence of a drug-related illness can set the stage for patients to be more receptive to interventions2. We hypothesize that the Skin intervention will produce better outcomes at 1-, 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month(s) post-intervention.
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Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Bacterial Infection
  • HIV
  • Behavioral: SKIN Intervention
  • Other: Treatment as Usual
  • Active Comparator: SKIN Intervention
    Participants will receive the SKIN intervention at Baseline and 1-mo interviews.
    Intervention: Behavioral: SKIN Intervention
  • Placebo Comparator: Assessment-Only
    Participants in this arm will receive treatment-as-usual
    Intervention: Other: Treatment as Usual
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
April 2018
January 2018   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age or older
  • report injection of heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine (meth) on at least three different days in the week prior to admission
  • have injected heroin, cocaine, or meth for at least three months
  • positive urine screen for heroin, cocaine, or meth

Exclusion Criteria:

  • currently psychotic (e.g., responding to internal stimuli through observed hallucinations or delusions), homicidal or suicidal
  • cannot provide informed consent
  • not able to complete interviews in English (expected to exclude <5% of IDUs)
  • in police custody, expecting incarceration
  • unable to provide names and contact information for at least two verifiable locator persons who will know where to find them for retention/follow-up purposes
  • plan to move out of the Boston area in the next 12 months.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact: Michael Stein, MD 401-455-6646
United States
1210-003 ( Other Identifier: Butler Hospital )
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Michael Stein, MD, Butler Hospital
Butler Hospital
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Butler Hospital
June 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP