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A Phase I/IIa AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With & Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection (C-035-456)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01865487
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2013
Results First Posted : December 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Statens Serum Institut
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aeras

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 21, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 31, 2013
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 23, 2019
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 19, 2019
Last Update Posted Date December 19, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 3, 2019)
Number and Percentage of Unsolicited and Solicited Adverse Events Recorded Post Day 0 Vaccination. [ Time Frame: Up to 10 months ]
Evaluation of unsolicited and solicited AEs was performed through 28 days after each study vaccination. Serious AEs were collected throughout the entire study period (i.e., 292 days). Evaluation of the safety profile of AERAS-456 was performed using data from all subjects who received at least one dose.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 28, 2013)
Evaluate the safety profile of multiple dosage levels and dosing regimens of AERAS-456 administered to HIV-negative, BCG-vaccinated adults with and without LTBI and with no history or evidence of TB disease. [ Time Frame: June 2013 - July 2015 ]
The safety population will consist of all subjects who received at least one dose of study vaccine. The safety profile of AERAS-456 will be described by study group and treatment assignment. The primary variable for evaluation of the safety profile will be the number and percentage of unsolicited and solicited adverse events recorded at all available post-vaccination time points. For all presentations of adverse events, additional summaries based on reporting period of adverse events following each study vaccination may also be presented.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 3, 2019)
  • Evaluate Immunogenicity of Multiple Dosage Levels and Dosing Regimens of H56:IC31 - CD4+ ICS (LTBI-negative) [ Time Frame: Day 292 ]
    LTBI: Latent TB Infection QFT: QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) is an in vitro diagnostic aid for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection Percent Antigen-specific T Cell DMSO-subtracted Cytokine Response Change from Baseline 13-color ICS assay using PBMCs T Cell: CD4+ Stimulation Antigen: Total Cytokine: Any
  • Evaluate Immunogenicity of Multiple Dosage Levels and Dosing Regimens of H56:IC31 - CD4+ ICS (LTBI-positive) [ Time Frame: Day 292 ]
    Percent Antigen-specific T Cell DMSO-subtracted Cytokine Response Change from Baseline. 13-color ICS assay using PBMCs. T Cell: CD4+ Stimulation Antigen: Total Cytokine: Any
  • Evaluate Immunogenicity of Multiple Dosage Levels and Dosing Regimens of H56:IC31 - IFN-gamma ELISpot [ Time Frame: Day 292 ]
    DMSO-subtracted Antigen-specific IFN-gamma ELISpot Response (SFU - Background/10^6 PBMC) Change from Baseline LTBI Status at Baseline: Total Stimulation Antigen: Total
  • Evaluate Kinetics of QuantiFERON®-TB Gold Test (QFT) Responses in LTBI-negative Participants [ Time Frame: Up to Study Day 292 ]
    QFT results were summarized using subject count (percentage) for qualitative results. Number of participants QFT-positive at any time point.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 28, 2013)
Evaluate the immunogenicity of multiple dosage levels and dosing regimens of AERAS-456 administered to HIV-negative, BCG-vaccinated adults with and without LTBI and with no history or evidence of TB disease. [ Time Frame: June 2013 - July 2015 ]
All immunogenicity analyses will be based on subjects who received at least one dose of study vaccine. Immunogenicity will be summarized for all time points as collected and as available. No imputation for missing data will be performed. Data will be transformed as appropriate prior to analysis.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: May 28, 2013)
Select a dosage of AERAS-456 for testing of dose regimens. [ Time Frame: June 2013 - January 2014 ]
One dose level of AERAS-456 will be selected by the sponsor and SSI for the second phase of the study, based on analysis of unblinded safety and immunogenicity data through 28 days after the second dose in the first phase, in conjunction with safety and immunogenicity data from study C-032-456. The criteria for dose-selection will be specified in a statistical analysis plan to be finalized prior to the unblinded review. The selected dose, in conjunction with the unblinded safety and immunogenicity data, will be submitted to the SMC for review.
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase I/IIa AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With & Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection (C-035-456)
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/IIa Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Dose-Finding Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With and Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection
Brief Summary This is a Phase I/IIa, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose- and regimen-finding study in healthy adults with and without LTBI, who are BCG-vaccinated, HIV negative, and have no history or evidence of TB disease. The investigational product is AERAS-456 at 3 dose levels: 5, 15, and 50ug of H56 antigen with 500 nmol IC31. The vaccine is administered by IM injection.
Detailed Description

This is a Phase I/IIa, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose- and regimen-finding study in healthy adults with and without latent Tuberculosis (TB) Infection, who are Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG)-vaccinated, HIV negative, and have no history or evidence of TB disease. The investigational product is AERAS-456 at 3 dose levels: 5, 15, and 50ug of H56 antigen with 500 nmol IC31. The vaccine is administered by intramuscular (IM) injection. The study will be conducted at two sites in South Africa.

A total of 98 subjects will be enrolled in 2 phases into 4 groups based on Latent TB Infection (LTBI) status. The initial phase will be a dose ranging study of a 2-dose regimen at 3 dosage levels in LTBI(-) subjects, to select a dosage for the second phase. In the second phase, the study will be expanded to evaluate both 2-dose and 3-dose regimens and to include LTBI(+) subjects. In the first phase, 50 LTBI(-) subjects will be enrolled in Group 1 and randomized at a ratio of 3:3:3:1 to receive 2 doses of 5/500, 15/500, or 50/500 of AERAS-456, or placebo given at Study Days 0 and 56 (Table 0 1).

One dose level of AERAS-456 will be selected by the sponsor and SSI for the second phase of the study, based on analysis of unblinded safety and immunogenicity data through 28 days after the second dose in the first phase, in conjunction with safety and immunogenicity data from study C-032-456. The criteria for dose-selection will be specified in a statistical analysis plan to be finalized prior to the unblinded review. The selected dose, in conjunction with the unblinded safety and immunogenicity data, will be submitted to the SMC for review. In the second phase, 48 subjects will be enrolled concurrently into Group 2 (LTBI[-]) and into Groups 3 and 4 (LTBI[+], Table 0 2). In each of Groups 2 and 4, 16 subjects will be randomized at a ratio of 3:1 to receive 3 doses of AERAS-456 or placebo given at Study Days 0, 56, and 112. In Group 3, 16 subjects will be randomized at a ratio of 3:1 to receive 2 doses of AERAS-456 or placebo given at Study Days 0 and 56.

All subjects will stay on the study for 292 days after receiving the first vaccination. The subjects in Groups 1 and 3 will be followed up for 236 days after the second vaccination and subjects in Groups 2 and 4 will be followed up for 180 days after the third vaccination. The sample size for each study cohort was selected because it was judged to be adequate for preliminary safety and immunogenicity evaluations for a Phase I/IIa study rather than for statistical reasons. Given 12 and 15 subjects in individual AERAS-456 dosing groups, the study will have an 80% probability of detecting at least 1 specified event which occurs at a rate of 12.5% and 10.0%, respectively. If no such events are observed among 12 and 15 subjects receiving active study vaccine, an approximation to the upper one-sided 95% confidence bound on the rate of occurrence for that event would be 22% and 18%, respectively.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
A 2 phase study based on LTBI status. Phase 1 is a dose ranging study of a 2 dose regimen at 3 dosage levels and placebo in LTBI negative participants. The second phase evaluated 2 and 3 dose regimens and included + and - LTBI participants.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE
  • Latent Tuberculosis Bacteriology and Histology Unknown
  • Latent Tuberculosis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
    H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
    Other Name: AERAS-456
  • Biological: Placebo
    Sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: 2-Dose Placebo
    Placebo QFT Neg and Pos, 2 Doses, days 0,56
    Intervention: Biological: Placebo
  • Experimental: 2-Dose 5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
    5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Neg and Pos, 2 Doses, days 0,56
    Intervention: Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
  • Experimental: 2-Dose 15/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
    15/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Negative 2 Doses, days 0,56
    Intervention: Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
  • Experimental: 2-Dose 50/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
    50/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Negative 2 Doses, days 0,56
    Intervention: Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
  • Placebo Comparator: 3-Dose, Placebo
    Placebo QFT Neg and Pos, 3 doses, days 0, 56, 112
    Intervention: Biological: Placebo
  • Experimental: 3-Dose, 5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol
    5/500 H56ug/IC31nmol QFT Neg and Pos, 3 Doses, days 0, 56, 112
    Intervention: Biological: H56ug/IC31nmol
Publications * Suliman S, Luabeya AKK, Geldenhuys H, Tameris M, Hoff ST, Shi Z, Tait D, Kromann I, Ruhwald M, Rutkowski KT, Shepherd B, Hokey D, Ginsberg AM, Hanekom WA, Andersen P, Scriba TJ, Hatherill M; H56-035 Trial Group. Dose Optimization of H56:IC31 Vaccine for Tuberculosis-Endemic Populations. A Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose-Selection Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Jan 15;199(2):220-231. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201802-0366OC.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 28, 2013)
98
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2015   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria prior to Study Day 0 vaccination:

  1. Has completed the written informed consent process prior to the start of screening evaluations.
  2. Is male or female.
  3. Is age 18 through 50 years at the time of randomization.
  4. Received BCG vaccination at least 5 years prior to randomization.
  5. Females: Ability to avoid pregnancy during the trial: Women physically capable of pregnancy (not sterilized and still menstruating or within 1 year of the last menses if menopausal) in sexual relationships with men must avoid pregnancy with an acceptable method of avoiding pregnancy from 28 days prior to administration of the study vaccine through the end of the study.
  6. Has general good health, confirmed by medical history and physical examination at screening.
  7. Is able and willing to complete the full follow-up period of 292 days as required by the protocol.
  8. Agrees to avoid elective surgery for the full duration of the study.
  9. [Groups 1 and 2] Does not have LTBI, determined by a negative QFT at screening or[Groups 3 and 4] Has LTBI, determined by a positive QFT at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet none of the following criteria prior to Study Day 0 vaccination:

  1. Acute illness at the time of randomization.
  2. Oral temperature 37.5 degrees C at the time of randomization.
  3. Abnormal laboratory values from blood collected within 21 days prior to Study Day 0 vaccination.
  4. Abnormal urinalysis that, in the opinion of the investigator, indicates systemic or local disease.
  5. History or evidence of tuberculosis disease, including but not limited to pulmonary tuberculosis, pleural tuberculosis, lymph node tuberculosis or tuberculosis meningitis.
  6. Received a TST within 21 days prior to a scheduled study vaccination.
  7. Received investigational Mtb vaccine at any time prior to Study Day 0.
  8. History or evidence of autoimmune disease.
  9. History or laboratory evidence of HIV-1 infection at screening.
  10. Positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody at screening.
  11. Used immunosuppressive medication (other than inhaled or topical immunosuppressants) within 21 days prior to Study Day 0.
  12. Received immunoglobulin or blood products within 21 days prior to Study Day 0.
  13. Received any investigational product within 21 days prior to Study Day 0, or plans to participate in any other study involving administration of investigational product during the study period.
  14. Inability to discontinue current chronic prescription medications, except contraceptives, inhaled or topical immunosuppressants, or nutritional supplements, during the study period.
  15. Documented history of allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to any component of the study vaccine.
  16. All female subjects: currently pregnant or lactating/nursing; or positive serum pregnancy test during screening; or positive urine pregnancy test on the day of any study vaccination.
  17. History or evidence of any systemic disease or any acute or chronic illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, may compromise the safety of the subject in the study or interfere with the evaluation of the safety or immunogenicity of the vaccine.
  18. History of dermatologic disease or skin features that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the assessment of injection site reactions.
  19. History or evidence of any medical, psychiatric, occupational, or substance abuse problems that, in the opinion of the investigator, will make it unlikely that the subject will comply with the protocol.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE South Africa
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01865487
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE C-035-456
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Aeras
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Aeras
Collaborators  ICMJE Statens Serum Institut
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Dereck Tait, MD Aeras
Principal Investigator: Angelique Luabeya, MD University of Cape Town South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative
PRS Account Aeras
Verification Date December 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP