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Trastuzumab Emtansine in Treating Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic or Locally Advanced Breast Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01816035
First received: March 19, 2013
Last updated: May 19, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
March 19, 2013
May 19, 2017
June 2014
December 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Platelet function, measured using a bleeding time test [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
  • Thrombokinetic changes [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days ]
    The actual analysis will fit a linear mixed effects model, using a two-sided Wald test to compare pre-therapy to the two post-therapy values, and should have greater power than a matched pairs design. Also, platelet lifespan may be measured in absolute terms (platelet lifespan) or relative terms (percentage relative to pre-therapy lifespan), and may be transformed to decrease the influence of extreme values.
  • Thrombokinetic changes in the bone marrow [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 22 days ]
    The actual analysis will fit a linear mixed effects model, using a two-sided Wald test to compare pre-therapy to the two post-therapy values, and should have greater power than a matched pairs design. Also, platelet lifespan may be measured in absolute terms (platelet lifespan) or relative terms (percentage relative to pre-therapy lifespan), and may be transformed to decrease the influence of extreme values.
  • Megakaryocyte toxicity and depletion in bone marrow as assessed by NCI CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to day 42 ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01816035 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Cause of death [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Clinical benefit rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients who achieve an objective response (complete response or stable disease) based on investigator assessment using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 criteria at the conclusion of study procedures.
  • Death [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Incidence of abnormal laboratory values [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ]
  • Incidence of adverse events leading to study treatment discontinuation, modification, or interruption, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ]
  • Incidence, type, and severity of adverse events graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ]
  • Incidence, type, and severity of severe adverse events graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ]
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Objective response rate, based on investigator assessment using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • Incidence, type, and severity of adverse events (AEs) graded according to the NCI CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ]
  • Objective response rate (ORR), based on investigator assessment using RECIST v. 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  • PFS assessed using RECIST v. 1.1 [ Time Frame: Time from study entry to the first occurrence of disease progression, or death from any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Duration of objective response (DOR), based on investigator assessment using RECIST v.1.1 [ Time Frame: First tumor assessment that supports the patient's objective response until the time of disease progression or death from any cause, assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Clinical benefit rate, defined as the proportion of patients who achieve an objective response (complete response [CR] or partial response [PR]), or maintain SD for at least 6 months from study entry, based on investigator assessment using RECIST v. 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Trastuzumab Emtansine in Treating Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic or Locally Advanced Breast Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
Thrombokinetic Studies of Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best way of giving trastuzumab emtansine in treating patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or nearby tissue and cannot be removed by surgery. Biological therapies, such as trastuzumab emtansine, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess change in thrombokinetics (platelet circulation life span).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Benefit rate (as defined by stable disease, partial response, or complete response by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] v 1.1) at the end of study activities.

II. To evaluate the safety of trastuzumab emtansine (ado-trastuzumab emtansine) (non-platelet toxicity).

III. To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of ado-trastuzumab emtansine.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive trastuzumab emtansine intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving response may continue treatment.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

Interventional
Phase 1
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • HER2/Neu Positive
  • Recurrent Breast Carcinoma
  • Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
  • Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
  • Stage IV Breast Cancer
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
    Correlative studies
  • Biological: Trastuzumab Emtansine
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Ado Trastuzumab Emtansine
    • Kadcyla
    • PRO132365
    • RO5304020
    • T-DM1
    • Trastuzumab-DM1
    • Trastuzumab-MCC-DM1
    • Trastuzumab-MCC-DM1 Antibody-Drug Conjugate
    • Trastuzumab-MCC-DM1 Immunoconjugate
Experimental: Treatment (trastuzumab emtansine)
Patients receive trastuzumab emtansine IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving response may continue treatment.
Interventions:
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
  • Other: Pharmacological Study
  • Biological: Trastuzumab Emtansine
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
13
April 2017
December 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed study-specific informed consent form
  • Histologically or cytologically documented breast cancer
  • Metastatic or unresectable locally advanced/recurrent breast cancer
  • HER2-positive disease documented as in situ hybridization (ISH)-positive and/or 3+ by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on previously collected tumor tissue
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500 cells/mm^3
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL (patients are allowed to receive transfused red blood cells [RBC] to achieve this level)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN), except in patients with previously documented Gilbert's syndrome, in which case the direct bilirubin should be less than or equal to the ULN
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 2.5 × ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 × ULN (patients with hepatic and/or bone metastases: alkaline phosphatase =< 5 × ULN)
  • Serum creatinine < 1.5 × ULN
  • International normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5 × ULN
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% by either echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA)
  • Negative results of serum pregnancy test for premenopausal women of reproductive capacity and for women < 12 months after entering menopause
  • For women of childbearing potential and men with partners of childbearing potential, agreement by the patient and/or partner to use a highly effective, non-hormonal form of contraception or two effective forms of non-hormonal contraception; female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use two effective forms of non-hormonal contraception; effective methods of contraception include: intrauterine device (IUD); female condom; male condom; diaphragm with spermicide; cervical cap; or a sterile sexual partner; male patients with partners of childbearing potential must use barrier contraception; in addition, male patients should also have their partners use another method of contraception from the time of informed consent through the duration of study activity
  • Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures, including thrombokinetic studies and platelet function studies

Exclusion Criteria:

CANCER-RELATED CRITERIA

  • Known platelet disorder, such as von Willebrand's disease or baseline platelet count of < 100,000/mm^3
  • Chemotherapy =< 21 days before first study treatment
  • Trastuzumab =< 21 days before first study treatment
  • Lapatinib =< 14 days before first study treatment
  • Investigational therapy or any other therapy =< 28 days before first study treatment
  • Any prior ado-trastuzumab emtansine
  • Previous radiotherapy for the treatment of unresectable, locally advanced/recurrent or metastatic breast cancer is not allowed if:

    • The last fraction of radiotherapy has been administered within 14 days of first on-study thormbokinetic study
    • The patient has not recovered from any resulting acute toxicity (to grade =< 1) prior to first on-study thormbokinetic study
  • Brain metastases that are untreated or symptomatic, or require any radiation, surgery, or steroid therapy to control symptoms from brain metastases within 14 days of first on-study thrombokinetic study; for patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases or unequivocal progression of brain metastases on screening scans, localized treatment (i.e., surgery, radiosurgery, and/or whole brain radiotherapy) is required before study enrollment; subjects with known brain metastases must have clinically controlled neurologic symptoms, defined as surgical excision and/or radiation therapy followed by 14 days of stable neurologic function prior to the first thrombokinetic procedure; patients with small brain metastases not symptomatic and deemed requiring treatment by managing clinicians or study investigators may be permitted to enroll on study
  • History of intolerance (including grade 3 or 4 infusion reaction) or hypersensitivity to trastuzumab or murine proteins
  • Current peripheral neuropathy of grade >= 3 per the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v. 4.0
  • Current use of any platelet functioning inhibitors (including aspirin) within 14 days of first on-study thrombokinetic study

CARDIOPULMONARY FUNCTION CRITERIA

  • Current unstable ventricular arrhythmia requiring treatment
  • History of symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) (New York Heart Association [NYHA] classes II−IV)
  • History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of enrollment
  • History of a decrease in LVEF to < 40% or symptomatic CHF with previous trastuzumab treatment
  • Severe dyspnea at rest due to complications of advanced malignancy or requiring current continuous oxygen therapy

GENERAL CRITERIA

  • Current severe, uncontrolled non-cancer systemic disease (e.g., clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease) resulting in a life expectancy of < 6 months
  • Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days before enrollment or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of study treatment
  • Current pregnancy or lactation
  • Current known active infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, and/or hepatitis C virus; for patients who are known carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV), active hepatitis B infection must be ruled out based on negative serologic testing and/or determination of HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) viral load per local guidelines
  • Assessed by the investigator to be unable or unwilling to comply with the requirements of the protocol
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT01816035
7900
NCI-2013-00552 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CC-7900
7900 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Washington
University of Washington
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Vijayakrishna Gadi Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
University of Washington
May 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP