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A Phase II Trial of MLN8237 in Patients With Metastatic Castrate Resistant and Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01799278
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 26, 2013
Results First Posted : November 29, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 22, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 26, 2013
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 30, 2017
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE November 29, 2017
Last Update Posted Date January 23, 2018
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 18, 2017)
Response Rate, as Assessed by CT/MRI and Bone Scan, of Treatment With MLN8237 for Patients With Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer [ Time Frame: one year ]
Evaluated per RECIST 1.1 guidelines: Complete response (CR) is defined as complete disappearance of all measurable and evaluable lesions by physical examination or imaging studies and normalization of PSA with no appearance of new lesions for > 1 month. Partial response (PR) is defined as a 30% 56 or greater reduction in the sum longest unidimensional diameter of all measurable lesions. There may be no new lesions. Stable Disease (SD) is characterized by patients who do not meet the criteria of PR and who are without signs of progressive disease for at least 1 month. Disease Progression (DP) is defined as a greater than 20% increase in the sum longest unidimensional diameters of the indicator lesions or the appearance of new lesions. Bone scan progression (evaluable disease only) is defined by PCWG2 criteria. Per consensus guidelines in CRPC, to be considered measurable, lymph nodes need to be at least 2 cm in greatest dimension and 1.5 cm in short axis.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 25, 2013)
Response Rate, as Assessed by CT/MRI and Bone Scan, of Treatment With MLN8237 for Patients With Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer [ Time Frame: one year ]
To evaluate the objective response rate of MLN8237 for patients with neuroendocrine prostate cancer with CT/MRI and bone scan every three cycles. Response will be based on Recist criteria 1.1.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 25, 2013)
  • Progression-free Survival in Response to Therapy [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Patients will be followed for survival endpoints following completion of this study until death.
  • Overall Survival in Response to Therapy [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Patients will be followed for survival endpoints following completion of this study until death
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    PSA to be followed every cycle to determine response.
  • Circulating Tumor Cell (CTC) Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    CTC counts by CellSearch will be performed at baseline, at 4-6 weeks, and upon progression to determine response.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase II Trial of MLN8237 in Patients With Metastatic Castrate Resistant and Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Trial of the Aurora Kinase A Inhibitor MLN8237 in Patients With Metastatic Castrate Resistant and Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer
Brief Summary This study will evaluate the response rate of MLN8237 in patients with histologically confirmed or clinically suspected metastatic neuroendocrine prostate cancer (NEPC). MLN8237 is an orally administered Aurora kinase A inhibitor that has demonstrated broad antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. In preclinical models, aurora kinase inhibition resulted in dramatic and preferential anti-tumor activity in NEPC with suppression of neuroendocrine marker expression.
Detailed Description This is a multi-institutional single-arm, open-label Phase 2 trial evaluating MLN8237 in patients with histologically confirmed or clinically suspected metastatic neuroendocrine prostate cancer. Subjects will be treated with MLN8237 at 50 mg twice daily for 7 days repeated every 21 days. Individual dose reductions will be made on the basis of the AEs observed. Therapy will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity as a result of MLN8237, or withdrawal of patient consent. Patients will be followed with history, physical, and blood tests at each visit to monitor for toxicity. Response and progression will be evaluated by CT/MRI scan and bone scan after every 3 cycles and determined using RECIST v1.1. PSA and serum chromogranin A and NSE will be followed every cycle. CTC counts by CellSearch will be performed at baseline, at 4-6 weeks, and upon progression. Patients will be followed for survival endpoints following completion of this study until death.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Small Cell Prostate Cancer
  • Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer
  • Prostate Adenocarcinoma Plus > 50% Immunohistochemical Staining for Neuroendocrine Markers
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: MLN8237
MLN8237 will be administered orally. The study drug will be administered on an empty stomach with the patient remaining nothing by mouth (NPO), except for water and prescribed medications, for 2 hours before and 1 hour after each dose. Patients will be instructed to take each oral dose of MLN8237 with 8 ounces (1 cup, 240 mL) of water.
Other Name: Alisertib
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: All Patients
MLN8237 at 50 mg twice daily for 7 days repeated every 21 days. Therapy will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity as a result of MLN8237, or withdrawal of patient consent.
Intervention: Drug: MLN8237
Publications * Beltran H, Oromendia C, Danila DC, Montgomery B, Hoimes C, Szmulewitz RZ, Vaishampayan U, Armstrong AJ, Stein M, Pinski J, Mosquera JM, Sailer V, Bareja R, Romanel A, Gumpeni N, Sboner A, Dardenne E, Puca L, Prandi D, Rubin MA, Scher HI, Rickman DS, Demichelis F, Nanus DM, Ballman KV, Tagawa ST. A Phase II Trial of the Aurora Kinase A Inhibitor Alisertib for Patients with Castration-resistant and Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer: Efficacy and Biomarkers. Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Jan 1;25(1):43-51. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-1912. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 4, 2015)
60
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 25, 2013)
10
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Metastatic prostate carcinoma and at least one of the following:

    • Histologic diagnosis of small cell or neuroendocrine prostate cancer
    • Histologic diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma plus > 50% immunohistochemical staining for neuroendocrine markers (chromogranin, synaptophysin or neuron specific enolase)
    • Development of liver metastases in the absence of PSA progression as defined by PCWG2
  • Serum chromogranin A level >5 x upper limit of normal and/or serum neuron specific enolase (NSE) >2x upper limit of normal
  • Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 with PCWG2 modifications
  • Patients with pure small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma on histology are not required to have received prior androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or castrate levels of testosterone, but their testosterone state should be maintained for the duration of the study. Other patients are required to have surgical or ongoing chemical castration, with baseline testosterone level <50ng/dL.
  • Patients capable of fathering children must agree to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial and should continue use for 4 months after last dose of study drug
  • Subjects must be able to take oral medication and to maintain a fast as required for 2 hours before and 1 hour after MLN8237 administration.
  • ANC > 1500/mm³, platelets > 100,000/mm³, Hgb > 9 g/dL. Values must be obtained without need for myeloid growth factor or platelet transfusion support within 14 days, however, erythrocyte growth factor is allowed as per published ASCO guidelines.
  • Total bilirubin ≤ ULN, SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT)< 1.5 x ULN. AST and/or ALT may be up to 5X ULN if with known liver metastases provided bilirubin is normal.
  • Adequate renal function as defined by serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN. If creatinine >1.5 x ULN, calculated or measured creatinine clearance must be ≥ 40 mL/minute (Cockcroft-Gault).
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Estimated life expectancy > 3 months
  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Radiation therapy to 25% of bone marrow within 2 weeks of first dose
  • Residual > Grade 2 toxicity from prior treatment must have resolved with the exception of those explicitly described elsewhere in entry criteria
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness, such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; requirement for supplemental oxygen.
  • Requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, H2 antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes. Intermittent uses of antacids or H2 antagonists are allowed (see section 5.5)
  • Severe or uncontrolled systemic infection
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs with 14 days before enrollment
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, including uncontrolled diabetes, malabsorption, resection of the pancreas or upper small bowel, requirement for pancreatic enzymes, any condition that would modify small bowel absorption of oral medications, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment in this study.
  • Currently active other malignancy excluding controlled non-melanoma skin cancer. Patients are considered NOT to have "currently active" malignancy if they have completed any necessary therapy and are considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse.
  • Treatment with the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or St. John's wort within 14 days prior to the first dose of MLN8237 and during the study
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. Testing is not required in the absence of clinical findings or suspicion.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01799278
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 1210013164
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Collaborators  ICMJE Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Himisha Beltran, MD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
PRS Account Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Verification Date December 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP