Imatinib Treatment in Recent Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01781975
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 1, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 21, 2017
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen E. Gitelman, University of California, San Francisco

January 17, 2013
February 1, 2013
June 21, 2017
January 2014
May 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Effect of treatment with imatinib versus placebo in individuals [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) ]
The primary outcome of each participant is the area under the stimulated C-peptide curve (AUC) over the first 2 hours of a 4-hour mixed meal glucose tolerance test conducted at the one-year visit.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01781975 on Archive Site
  • Mean area under the stimulated C-peptide curve (AUC) curve at 12 months [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) ]
    MMTT-stimulated peak and 4 hour C-peptide AUC at weeks 52
  • Mean area under the stimulated C-peptide curve (AUC) over 4 hours at 24 months [ Time Frame: Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
    MMTT-stimulated peak, 2 hour C-peptide, and 4 hour C-peptide AUC at week 104.
  • Change in HbA1c levels over time [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) and Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
  • Change in Insulin dose (units/kg) over time [ Time Frame: Visit 9 (Week 52) and Visit 13 (Week 104) ]
    Assess insulin use in units per kilogram body weight per day at weeks 52 and 104.
  • Number of severe hypoglycemic events [ Time Frame: Visit 0 (Week 0), Visit 9 (Week 52), and Visit 13 (Week 52) ]
    Major hypoglycemic events occurring from randomization at weeks 0, 52 and 104.
  • Number and severity of adverse events [ Time Frame: Adverse Events will be assessed at Visit 0 (week 0), Visit 1 (Week 2), Visit 2 (Week 4), and every month thereafter. ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Imatinib Treatment in Recent Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Safety and Efficacy of Imatinib for Preserving Beta-Cell Function in New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing ß cells. Although exogenous insulin is widely available, it is not possible for affected individuals to consistently achieve euglycemia with current technology, and thus they are at risk for devastating long-term complications. This phase II study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of imatinib mesylate as a novel therapy for new-onset T1DM. Imatinib is a first-in-class tyrosine kinase inhibitor.

This study will explore the potential role of short-term therapy with imatinib to induce tolerance and possibly lead to a durable long-term remission of T1DM.

Eligible participants will be randomized to receive either imatinib mesylate or placebo daily.

All participants randomized into this study will be seen at a study site for a follow-up evaluation, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after randomization, and every month month thereafter for the first year. Participants will come in for a visit ever 6 months for the second year.

At the study visits, participants will undergo assessments of their insulin production, immunologic status, and overall health. Subjects will be followed until the conclusion of the study. The trial is expected to last approximately 2-4 years or until the required amount of information is gathered.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type I
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, 1
  • Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus 1
  • IDDM
  • Drug: Imatinib Mesylate
    Other Names:
    • Glivec
  • Drug: Placebo (For imatinib mesylate)
  • Experimental: Imatinib Mesylate
    400 mg imatinib given once daily basis.
    Intervention: Drug: Imatinib Mesylate
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Placebo given once daily basis.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo (For imatinib mesylate)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Active, not recruiting
September 2018
May 2017   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females age 12-45 years of age who meet the ADA standard T1DM criteria1. Positive for at least one islet cell autoantibody. Initial enrollment will be for subjects ages 18-45, with the goal to lower the age down to 12 upon acceptable safety review and prospect of benefit for this initial older cohort.
  • Diagnosis of T1DM within 100 days of Visit 0.
  • Peak stimulated C-peptide level >0.2 pmol/mL following an MMTT.
  • Participants of childbearing age who are sexually active must agree to use an effective form of birth control (e.g., barrier method, oral contraception, or surgery). For females, these contraceptive measures must be maintained throughout the study; for males these measures must be followed for a minimum of 3 months after discontinuation of imatinib therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior history of any significant cardiac disease such as congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, or structural defects or suspicion thereof.
  • Leukopenia (<3,000 leukocytes/μL), neutropenia (<1,500 neutrophils/μL), or thrombocytopenia (<125,000 platelets/μL).
  • Low Hemoglobin (baseline hemoglobin below lower limit of normal)
  • Prior history of anaphylaxis, angioedema or serious cutaneous drug reactions
  • Any sign of significant chronic active infection (e.g., hepatitis, tuberculosis, EBV, CMV, or toxoplasmosis), or screening laboratory evidence consistent with a significant chronic active infection (such as positive for HIV, PPD, or HBSAg). Significant acute infections must be resolved before treatment may commence, e.g., acute respiratory tract, urinary tract, or gastrointestinal tract infections.
  • Anticipated ongoing use of diabetes medications other than insulin that affect glucose homeostasis, such as metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) mimetics, dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors, or amylin.
  • Prior or current treatment that is known to cause a significant, ongoing change in the course of T1DM or immunologic status, including high-dose inhaled, extensive topical or systemic glucocorticoids.
  • Evidence of liver dysfunction, with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2.0 times the upper limit of normal persistent for 1 week or greater.
  • Evidence of renal insufficiency as indicated by serum creatinine > 1.2 times the upper limit of normal and confirmed in a repeat test at least one week apart. Evidence of clinically significant metabolic bone disease (except adequately treated rickets).
  • Females who are pregnant at the time of screening or unwilling to defer pregnancy during the 24-month study period.
  • Prior treatment with imatinib or related tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
  • Unable to avoid medications that affect CYP3A4: either inducers that may decrease imatinib levels, or inhibitors that may increase drug concentrations. (Refer to section for a complete list of inducers and inhibitors.)
  • Height standard deviation score ≥2 standard deviations below mean
  • Any sign of QT prolongation on Visit -1 noted on ECG (> 450 ms in males and > 470 ms in females)
  • Known coagulation disorders or use of anticoagulants
  • Current and anticipated on-going treatment with drugs that may increase or decrease imatinib plasma concentrations (CYP3A4 family inhibitors or inducers) or drugs that may have their plasma concentration altered by imatinib (drugs metabolized by CYP3A4/5 and CYP2D6).
  • Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, may compromise study participation or may confound the interpretation of the study results.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Australia,   United States
Not Provided
Not Provided
Stephen E. Gitelman, University of California, San Francisco
University of California, San Francisco
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Stephen E Gitelman, MD University of California, San Francisco
University of California, San Francisco
June 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP