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Cooling in Myocardial Infarction (STATIM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01777750
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 29, 2013
Last Update Posted : March 14, 2019
Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Christoph Testori, Medical University of Vienna

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 23, 2013
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 29, 2013
Last Update Posted Date March 14, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE February 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 24, 2013)
Infarct size (as percentage of myocardium at risk) assessed by cardiac MRI [ Time Frame: Day 4±2 ]
The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate a reduction in infarct size (as percentage of myocardium at risk) assessed by cardiac MRI at 4±2 days when ST-elevation myocardial infarction is treated with primary coronary intervention (PCI) plus hypothermia compared to PCI alone
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 24, 2013)
  • Incidence of major adverse cardiac events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    The effect of the hypothermia protocol on the incidence of the composite of death, heart failure, recurrent MI, malignant arrhythmias (i.e. ventricular fibrillation, sustained ventricular tachycardia) emergent stent revascularisation or any hospitalisation at 45±15 days and 6 months.
  • Immune cell activation [ Time Frame: 4±2 days ]
    Impact of hypothermia on the number, the activation state, the adhesion and transmigratory capacity of coronary and systemic neutrophils and monocytes as well as impact of hypothermia on coronary and systemic plasma levels of soluble proteins related to innate immune cell chemotaxis and activation.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Cooling in Myocardial Infarction
Official Title  ICMJE Strategic Target Temperature Management in Myocardial Infarction
Brief Summary

The primary goal in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction is to reperfuse the ischemic myocardium to reduce infarct size. Animal data and human data suggest that whole-body cooling to temperatures below 35°C before revascularisation can additionally reduce infarct size and therefore improves outcome in these patients.

The purpose of the study is to determine if a combined cooling strategy started in the out-of-hospital arena is able to reduce infarct size in acute myocardial infarction.

Detailed Description

Background: Contemporary therapy in patients with an on-going ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is to reperfuse the ischemic myocardium as soon as possible to reduce infarct size and associated complications. A recent pilot-study showed a significant reduction in infarct size by the induction of pre-reperfusion hypothermia.

Objectives: To demonstrate a reduction in infarct size/myocardium at risk (measured by magnet resonance imaging) in patients with ST-Elevation myocardial infarction by strategic temperature management with the use of external cooling pads in the out-of-hospital setting and the continuation with cold saline and central venous catheter cooling in hospital. In a parallel translational study, the molecular effects of rapid and early cooling on inflammatory processes at the culprit lesion site will be defined.

Methodology: Randomized, prospective, controlled trial Number of subjects: 120 patients (60 per group) Investigational medical device: EMCOOLS flex pad is an external cooling pad, that consists of multiple cooling cells filled with a patented cooling gel. EMCOOLS flex pad will be used in the out-of-hospital setting to initiate cooling. The Philips RTx Endovascular System™ is an endovascular thermal control system that circulates cooled saline through an indwelling central venous catheter in a closed-loop manner. It will be used in combination with 1-2 litres of intravenous cold saline to induce hypothermia below 35 degrees Celsius.

Duration: One hour after successful revascularization the cooling procedure will be stopped, subjects will be covered with a blanket and are allowed to passively re-warm. Clinical follow-up for 180 days.

Primary endpoint: Myocardial infarct size (as a percentage of myocardium at risk) assessed by cardiac MRI at 4±2 days. Influence of target temperature management on coronary macrophages and monocytes as well as impact on plasma levels of immune cell chemotaxis and activation.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction
Intervention  ICMJE Device: EMCOOLS flex pad; Philips Innercool RTx
Surface cooling with EMCOOLS flex pads (out-of-hospital); Infusion of 1000ml to 2000ml of cold saline (out-of-hospital); central-venous cooling (Philips Inntercool RTx)
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Pre- and perinterventional hypothermia
    Cooling will be initiated by the application of cooling pads in the out-of-hospital setting followed by an infusion of 1000-2000ml of cold saline. In the cath lab a endovascular cooling catheter will be placed into the inferior vena cava via a femoral vein to achieve a core temperature of <35°C prior to revascularization.
    Intervention: Device: EMCOOLS flex pad; Philips Innercool RTx
  • No Intervention: Standard treatment
    Standard treatment
Publications * Testori C, Beitzke D, Mangold A, Sterz F, Loewe C, Weiser C, Scherz T, Herkner H, Lang I. Out-of-hospital initiation of hypothermia in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a randomised trial. Heart. 2019 Apr;105(7):531-537. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-313705. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 28, 2014)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 24, 2013)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age between 18 and 75 years
  • Immediate transfer to cath-lab is possible
  • Anterior or inferior ST-segment myocardial infarction
  • ST-Segment elevation of >0.2mV in 2 or more anatomically contiguous leads
  • Duration of symptoms <6 hours

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in another study
  • Patients presenting with cardiac arrest/cardiogenic shock
  • Tympanic temperature <35.0°C prior to enrolment
  • Thrombolytic therapy
  • Previous MI
  • Previous PCI or coronary artery bypass graft
  • Severe heart failure at presentation (defined as a New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III or IV), or Killip classes II through IV
  • Clinical signs of active infection
  • End-stage kidney disease or hepatic failure
  • Recent stroke (within the past six months)
  • Conditions that may be exacerbated by hypothermia, such as haematological dyscrasias, oral anticoagulant treatment with international normalized ratio >1.5, severe pulmonary disease
  • Pregnancy
  • Women of childbearing potential
  • Allergy to meperidine, buspirone, magnesium, or polyvinyl chloride
  • Use of a monoamine oxidase inhibitor such as selegiline in the previous 14 days
  • absolute contraindications against MRI (PM, ICD, ferromagnetic implants)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Austria
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01777750
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE KLI209
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Dr. Christoph Testori, Medical University of Vienna
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Medical University of Vienna
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Christoph Testori, MD Medical University of Vienna, Dept. of Emergency Medicine
PRS Account Medical University of Vienna
Verification Date March 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP