We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Influence of Bupropion on the Effects of MDMA

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01771874
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 21, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 24, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 18, 2013
Last Update Posted Date January 21, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2013)
Positive Mood Effects [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
A significant reduction of the (100-mm Visual Analog Scale) positive mood response to MDMA by bupropion.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2013)
  • Blood pressure(mmHg)during 10 hours [ Time Frame: 10 hours ]
  • Neuroendocrine plasma levels [ Time Frame: 10 hours ]
    assessed: prolactin, cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, oxytocin, pro-vasopressin, vasopressin, estrogen,and progesterone
  • Drug plasma levels [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    The plasma concentration of MDMA and bupropion is repetitively assessed
  • Heart rate (bpm) [ Time Frame: 10 hours ]
  • Body temperature [ Time Frame: 10 hours ]
  • Effects on social cognition (emotion recognition and empathy) [ Time Frame: 10 hours ]
  • Influence of genetic cytochrome P450 2D6 polymorphisms on the metabolism of MDMA [ Time Frame: 24hours ]
    We will assess the effects of the subjects' genotype and phenotype on MDMA and its metabolites plasma concentrations.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Influence of Bupropion on the Effects of MDMA
Official Title  ICMJE Influence of Bupropion on the Effects of MDMA
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determinate the effect of a pre-treatment with bupropion, a dopamine and norepinephrine transporter inhibitor, on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy"). The study will provide further understanding of the dopaminergic regulation of mood.
Detailed Description 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is widely used by young people for its euphoric effects. MDMA releases serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and norepinephrine (NE). 5-HT release mainly contributes to the subjective effects of MDMA whereas NE release is involved in the cardiovascular and psychostimulant effects of MDMA. DA mediates the reinforcing addiction-related effects of drugs of abuse but it is unclear whether DA contributes to the acute effects of MDMA in humans. To determine the role of DA transporter-mediated DA release in the acute response to MDMA in humans the investigators test the effects of the DA transporter inhibitor bupropion on the physiological and subjective effects of MDMA. The investigators use a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over design with four experimental sessions. Bupropion or placebo will be administered before MDMA or placebo to 16 healthy volunteers. Subjective and cardiovascular responses will be repeatedly assessed throughout the experiments and plasma samples are collected for pharmacokinetics. The primary hypothesis is that bupropion reduces the MDMA-induced increase in positive mood.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE
  • Healthy
  • Substance-related Disorders
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: MDMA
    125 mg per os, single dose
    Other Names:
    • Ecstasy
    • 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • Drug: Bupropion
    Bupropion will be administered in a dose of 150mg (Wellbutrin XR) once-daily in the morning for three days followed by 300mg (2x150mg) for 4 days before the test day. On the test day, a final dose of 300mg will administered 2 hours before the administration of MDMA 125 mg or placebo.
    Other Names:
    • Wellbutrin XR
    • Zyban
  • Drug: Placebo
    per os
    Other Name: capsules containing manitol looking identical to MDMA or bupropion
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: MDMA, bupropion, placebo
Cross-over within-subjects design with all treatment conditions tested in the same subject. This design has 1 arm but two (actually 4) treatment conditions in the same subject. The four treatment conditions are placebo-placebo, bupropion-placebo, placebo-MDMA, and bupropion-MDMA.
  • Drug: MDMA
  • Drug: Bupropion
  • Drug: Placebo
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2013)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age between 18 and 45
  • Understanding of the German language
  • Subjects understand the procedures and the risks associated with the study
  • Participants must be willing to adhere to the protocol and sign the consent form
  • Participants must be willing to adhere to the protocol and sign the consent form
  • Participants must be willing to drink only alcohol-free liquids and no xanthine-containing products(such as coffee, black or green tea, red bull, chocolate) after midnight of the evening before the study session, as well as during the study day
  • Participants must be willing not to drive a traffic vehicle within 48 h following MDMA administration
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at the beginning of the study and must agree to use an effective form of birth control. Pregnancy tests are repeated before each study session
  • Body mass index: 18-27 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic or acute medical condition including clinically relevant abnormality in physical exam, laboratory values, or ECG. In particular: Hypertension (>140/90 mmHg) or Hypotension (SBP<85 mmHg). Personal or first-grade history of seizures. Cardiac or neurological disorder
  • Current or previous psychotic or major affective disorder
  • Psychotic or major affective disorder in first-degree relatives
  • Prior illicit drug use (except tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-containing products) more than 5 times or any time within the previous 2 months
  • Pregnant or nursing women
  • Participation in another clinical trial (currently or within the last 30 days)
  • Use of medications that are contraindicated or otherwise interfere with the effects of the study medications (monoamine oxidase inhibitors, antidepressants, sedatives etc.)
  • Tobacco smoking
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Switzerland
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01771874
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE EK 190/12
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Matthias E Liechti, MD, MAS University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
PRS Account University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Verification Date January 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP