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A Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Single Doses of GSK2256294 in Healthy Volunteers, and Single and Repeat Doses of GSK2256294 in Adult Male Moderately Obese Smokers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01762774
First Posted: January 8, 2013
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
December 13, 2012
January 8, 2013
May 9, 2017
January 16, 2013
May 1, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of vital signs (Cohort 1). [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days. ]
    Vital signs include systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate. Vital signs will be collected with the subject semi-supine and after they have been resting for 5 minutes.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of vital signs (Cohort 2). [ Time Frame: Up to 144 days. ]
    Vital signs include systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate. Vital signs will be collected with the subject semi-supine and after they have been resting for 5 minutes.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of Electrocardiogram (Cohort 1). [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days. ]
    12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) will be obtained at each time point during the study using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the heart rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, and QTcF intervals. ECGs will be obtained in the semi-supine position after the subject has been resting for at least 5 minutes.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of Electrocardiogram (Cohort 2). [ Time Frame: Up to 144 days. ]
    12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) will be obtained at each time point during the study using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the heart rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, and QTcF intervals. ECGs will be obtained in the semi-supine position after the subject has been resting for at least 5 minutes.
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of vital signs (Cohort 3 and 4). [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days ]
    Vital signs include systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate. Vital signs will be collected with the subject semi-supine and after they have been resting for 5 minutes.
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring ECG (Cohort 3 and 4). [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days. ]
    12-lead ECGs will be obtained at each time point during the study using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the heart rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, and QTcF intervals. ECGs will be obtained in the semi-supine position after the subject has been resting for at least 5 minutes.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical laboratory assessments (Cohort 1 ). [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days. ]
    Safety data will include assessments of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis).
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical laboratory assessments (Cohort 2). [ Time Frame: Up to 144 days. ]
    Safety data will include assessments of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis).
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical laboratory assessments (Cohort 3 and 4). [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days. ]
    Safety data will include assessments of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis).
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by number of participants with adverse events (Cohort 1). [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days. ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be recorded from the start of Study Treatment until the follow-up contact.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by number of participants with adverse events (Cohort 2). [ Time Frame: Up to 144 days. ]
    AEs will be recorded from the start of Study Treatment until the follow-up contact.
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by number of participants with adverse events (Cohort 3 and 4). [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days. ]
    AEs will be recorded from the start of Study Treatment until the follow-up contact.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate and ECG (Cohort 1 and 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days ]
    Safety data will include single 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) readings obtained at each timepoint during the study using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the pulse rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, and QTc intervals. Blood pressure (BP) will include systolic and diastolic BP and will be collected with the subject in semi-supine position after they have been resting for 5 minutes.
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate and ECG (Cohort 3 and 4) [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days ]
    Safety data will include ECG, BP.
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical laboratory assessments (Cohort 1 and 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days ]
    Safety data will include assessments of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis).
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by clinical laboratory assessments (Cohort 3 and 4) [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days ]
    Safety data will include assessments of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis).
  • Safety of single oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by adverse events (Cohort 1 and 2) [ Time Frame: Up to 98 days ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be recorded from the start of Study Treatment until the follow-up contact.
  • Safety of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 assessed by adverse events (Cohort 3 and 4) [ Time Frame: Up to 67 days ]
    Adverse events (AEs) will be recorded from the start of Study Treatment until the follow-up contact.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01762774 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Composite of PK parameters following single dose of GSK2256294. [ Time Frame: PK samples will be collected at pre-dose, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 72 hours post dose in each treatment period. ]
    PK parameters include: maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax), time to Cmax (tmax), area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero (pre-dose) to last time of quantifiable concentration (AUC [0-t]) and from time zero extrapolated to infinite time (AUC[0-infinity]), apparent terminal phase half-life (t1/2). AUC (0-infinity) or area under the concentration-time curve over the dosing interval (AUC[0-tau]) and Cmax following single and repeat doses may be used for assessment of dose proportionality.
  • Composite of PK parameters following repeat doses of GSK2256294. [ Time Frame: Up to Day 17 in Cohort 3 and 4 ]
    PK parameters include: Cmax, tmax, (AUC [0-t]), (AUC [0-infinity]), (t1/2). AUC (0-infinity) or (AUC [0-tau]) and Cmax following single and repeat doses may be used for assessment of dose proportionality. Trough concentration (Ctau) samples collected on the specified days may be used to assess attainment of steady state.
  • Percent inhibition of sEH enzyme activity in whole blood after single oral dose of GSK2256294 as a measure of PD effect. [ Time Frame: Plasma samples will be collected at pre-dose, 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post dose in Cohort 1 and 2. ]
    Percent inhibition of soluble sEH enzyme activity in whole blood will be measured from plasma samples. GSK2256294 is a potent and reversible inhibitor of sEH and this will be evaluated to determine the PD effect of GSK2256294 on sEH enzyme activity.
  • Percent inhibition of sEH enzyme activity and Leukotoxin : leukotoxin-diol ratio in plasma after repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 . [ Time Frame: Up to Day 17 in Cohort 3 and 4 ]
    The PD inhibitory effect of repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 on sEH inhibition in the study population will be investigated via the sEH enzyme inhibition assay and the ratio of leukotoxin to leukotoxin diol data subject to data available from the study. Samples will be collected to measure sEH enzyme inhibition and the ratio of substrate to product for biomarkers: leukotoxin: leukotoxin diol ratio
  • Exposure-response relationship between the blood concentration of GSK2256294 and sEH enzyme inhibition, leukotoxin : leukotoxin-diol ratio (if data permit) following single dose of GSK2256294. [ Time Frame: Plasma samples will be collected at pre-dose, 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours post dose in cohort 1 and 2. ]
    Based on the availability of data, a PK/PD model will be attempted to explain the dose response (exposure response) relationship between GSK2256294 and the various biomarkers analyzed in the study.
  • Exposure-response relationship between the blood concentration of GSK2256294 and sEH enzyme inhibition, leukotoxin : leukotoxin-diol ratio (if data permit) following repeat doses of GSK2256294. [ Time Frame: Up to Day 17 in cohort 3 and 4. ]
    Based on the availability of data, a PK/PD model will be attempted to explain the dose response (exposure response) relationship between GSK2256294 and the various biomarkers analyzed in the study.
  • Change from baseline forearm blood flow relative to the preceding challenge agent, as measured by venous occlusion plethysmography. [ Time Frame: Baseline (screening) and Day 1 and Day 14 in Cohort 3 and 4. ]
    A plethysmograph is an instrument for measuring changes in volume within an organ or whole body (usually resulting from fluctuations in the amount of blood or air it contains). It will be used to determine the effects of GSK2256294 and placebo on endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilatation.
  • PK parameters derived after single and repeat doses of GSK2256294 [ Time Frame: For Cohort 1 and 2, on Day 1: pre-dose, 15 minutes (min), 30 min, 1 hour [hr], 1.5 hr, 2hr, 3 hr, 4 hr, 6 hr, 8 hr, 12 hr, 18 hr, 24 hr, 36 hr (Day 2), 46 hr (Day 3), 72 hr (Day 4) ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters for GSK2256294 will be measured to evaluate PK of single and repeat doses of GSK2256294. From the plasma concentration-time data, the following pharmacokinetic parameters will be determined, as data permit: maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax), time to Cmax (tmax), area under the plasma concentration-time curve [AUC(0-t) and AUC(0-infinity)], and apparent terminal phase half-life (t1/2). AUC(0-infinity) or AUC(0-tau) and Cmax following single and repeat doses may be used for assessment of dose proportionality. Trough concentration (Ctau) samples collecte
  • Percent inhibition of sEH enzyme activity in whole blood after single and repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 [ Time Frame: For Cohort 1 and 2, on Day 1: pre-dose, 1 hr, 3 hr, 6 hr, 8 hr, 12 hr, 24 hr (Day 2), 46 hr (Day 3), 72 hr (Day 4) ]
    Percent inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) enzyme activity in whole blood (after single and repeat oral doses) and leukotoxin (LT) to leukotoxin diol (LTOL) (after repeat oral doses) in plasma will be measured. Samples will be collected to measure sEH enzyme inhibition and the ratio of substrate to product for biomarkers: LT:LTOL ratio. GSK2256294 is a potent and reversible inhibitor of sEH and this was evaluated to determine the pharmacodynamic effect of GSK2256294 on sEH enzyme activity.
  • Exposure-response relationship between the blood concentration of GSK2256294 and sEH enzyme inhibition, leukotoxin : leukotoxin-diol ratio (if data permit) [ Time Frame: Upto Day 17 (Cohort 3 and 4) ]
    Based on the availability of data, a PK/PD (Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic) model will be attempted to explain the dose response (exposure response) relationship between GSK2256294 and the various biomarkers analyzed in the study.
  • Change in forearm blood flow relative to saline [ Time Frame: Day 1, 14 in Cohort 3 and 4 ]
    To determine the effect of GSK2256294 on endothelium-dependent and independent vasodilatation as compared to baseline, change in forearm blood flow was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography.
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Single Doses of GSK2256294 in Healthy Volunteers, and Single and Repeat Doses of GSK2256294 in Adult Male Moderately Obese Smokers
A Single-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Escalating Dose Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Single Doses of GSK2256294 in Healthy Volunteers, and Single and Repeat Doses of GSK2256294 in Adult Male Moderately Obese Smokers
This study is the First Time in Human Study for GSK2256294 and will evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of single and repeat oral doses of GSK2256294 administered to healthy male volunteers (Cohort 1) and otherwise healthy adult male moderately obese smokers (Cohorts 2 to 4). Cohorts 1 and 2 will enrol 12 subjects each and each subject will take part in four study periods. All subjects will receive placebo regimen and three dosing regimens of GSK2256294 in a specified sequence (planned doses 2 mg, 6 mg and 18 mg in Cohort 1 and 15 mg, 40 mg and 100 mg in Cohort 2). Each study period will be followed by a Wash-out period of 7 to 14 days in Cohort 1 and up to 4 weeks in Cohort 2. During each study period subjects will be in-house from Day -1 until the 48 hours post dose assessments have been completed. Subjects will return to the unit as out-patients for remaining post-dose assessments. Subjects will then be followed for 7 to 14 days in Cohort 1 and up to 3 to 4 weeks in Cohort 2. Total duration of the study for Cohort 1 will be 98 days and for Cohort 2 it will be up to 144 days. Cohort 3 and 4 will each recruit 15 subjects. For Cohorts 3 and 4, each subject will take part in one treatment period of 18 days (Day-1 to Day 17) with dosing from Day 1 to Day 14. Subjects will then be followed for 7 to 14 days. Total duration of the study for Cohort 3 and Cohort 4 will be 67 days. Dose selection for Cohorts 3 and 4 will be based on the safety, PK profile and enzyme inhibition obtained in Cohorts 1 and 2. This study will also evaluate the evidence for a functional effect of soluble Epoxide Hydrolase (sEH) in a forearm blood flow (FBF) model.
Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
  • Drug: GSK2256294
    GSK2256294 capsules will be administered as once daily as single dose 2 mg, 6 mg, 15 mg in Cohort 1 and 15 mg, 40 mg, 100 mg in Cohort 2. GSK2256294 capsules will be administered once or twice daily (cohorts 3 and 4) at the dose determined from the data from Cohort 1 and 2. GSK2256294 capsules will be available in 1, 5, 25 mg dose strength.
  • Drug: Placebo
    Matching placebo will be administered once daily (cohorts 1 and 2); and once or twice daily (cohorts 3 and 4).
  • Experimental: Cohort 1
    Healthy male subjects in this cohort will take part in 4 treatment periods with one of the following treatments in each period. Subjects will receive single dose of all four treatments (one per period) in a random order. Treatment A = 2 mg GSK2256294 capsules, Treatment B = 6 mg GSK2256294 capsules, Treatment C = 18 mg GSK2256294 capsules, Treatment P = Matched Placebo capsules.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: GSK2256294
    • Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 2
    Obese adult male smoker subjects in this cohort will take part in 4 treatment periods with one of the following treatments in each period. Subjects will receive single dose of all four treatments (one per period) in a random order. Treatment A = 15 mg GSK2256294 capsules, Treatment B = 40 mg GSK2256294 capsules, Treatment C = 100 mg GSK2256294 capsules, Treatment P = Matched Placebo capsules.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: GSK2256294
    • Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 3
    Obese adult male smoker subjects in Cohort 3 will receive single or twice daily dose of GSK2256294 or placebo for 14 days. Dose selection for Cohort 3 will be based on the safety, PK profile and enzyme inhibition obtained in cohorts 1 and 2.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: GSK2256294
    • Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 4
    Obese adult male smoker subjects in Cohort 4 will receive single or twice daily dose of GSK2256294 or placebo for 14 days. Dose selection for Cohort 4 will be based on the safety, PK profile and enzyme inhibition obtained in cohorts 1 and 2 as well as safety and PK profile obtained in cohort 3.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: GSK2256294
    • Drug: Placebo
Lazaar AL, Yang L, Boardley RL, Goyal NS, Robertson J, Baldwin SJ, Newby DE, Wilkinson IB, Tal-Singer R, Mayer RJ, Cheriyan J. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and adverse event profile of GSK2256294, a novel soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2016 May;81(5):971-9. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12855. Epub 2016 Jan 17.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
56
May 1, 2014
May 1, 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Suitable for cannulation and with adequate venous access.
  • 12 lead ECG without any clinically significant abnormality as judged by the Investigator, and ECGs QTcF (QT interval was corrected using Fridericia's formula)<=450 milliseconds (msec) determined by the average of triplicate ECGs.
  • Healthy as determined by a responsible and experienced physician, based on a medical evaluation including medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests and cardiac monitoring. A subject with a clinical abnormality or laboratory parameter outside the reference range for the population being studied may be included only if the Investigator agree that the finding is unlikely to introduce additional risk factors and will not interfere with the study procedures. Consultation with the medical monitor is required.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin <=1.5xupper limit of normal (ULN) (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).
  • Male between 18 and 55 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.
  • Male subjects must agree to use one of the approved contraception methods This criterion must be followed from the time of the first dose of study medication until the follow-up visit.
  • Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.
  • For Cohort 1 Only: Subjects should have blood pressure (BP) <=130/80; body weight >=60 kilograms (kg) and body mass index (BMI) within the range 19 to 25 kilogram/meter squared (kg/m^2) (inclusive); subjects should be non-smokers, which for this study is defined as having smoked <100 cigarettes or <1 pack per year in their lifetime.
  • For Cohorts 2 to 4 Only: Subjects must have smoked in the 12 month period preceding the screening visit. Smoking is defined as >=10 cigarettes/day for at least the preceding 1 year, and have a >5-pack year history. [number of pack years = (number of cigarettes per day/20) x number of years smoked]; having body weight >=60 kg and BMI within the range 28 to 35 kg/m^2 (inclusive); and BP <=140/90.
  • Cohorts 3 and 4 Only: Palpable brachial artery in the non-dominant and/or dominant hands, as assessed by a clinician at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with any history of a carcinoma.
  • Participants who have had previous vasovagal events secondary to any painful stimulus e.g. venepuncture or have a phobia of blood.
  • Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).
  • Significant cardiac, pulmonary, metabolic, renal, gastrointestinal or other conditions that in the opinion of the investigator and/or GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) medical monitor, places the subject at an unacceptable risk as participant in this trial. Patients with asthma or diabetes are excluded.
  • A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody at screening.
  • A positive pre-study drug/alcohol screen.
  • A positive test for HIV antibody.
  • History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined as an average weekly intake of >21 units for males. One unit is equivalent to 8 g of alcohol: a half-pint (~240 mL) of beer, 1 glass (125 mL) of wine or 1 (25 mL) measure of spirits.
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).
  • Exposure to more than four new chemical entities within 12 months prior to the first dosing day.
  • The use of prescription or non-prescription drugs, including vitamins, herbal and dietary supplements (including St John's Wort) within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer) or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study medication, unless in the opinion of the Investigator or GSK Medical Monitor the medication will not interfere with the study procedures or compromise subject safety. Other concomitant medication may be considered on a case by case basis by the GSK Medical Monitor.
  • History of sensitivity to any of the study medications and challenge agents, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation.
  • Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period.
  • For Cohorts 2 to 4 Only: Smokers who require a cigarette within 30 minutes after they wake in the morning, or cannot abstain from smoking for approximately 5 hours; or subjects with symptomatic asthma requiring regular inhaled or oral steroids and bronchodilators.; or subjects who are currently on statins or have been on statins within 3 months prior to the first dose of study medication.
  • For Cohorts 3 and 4 Only: Subjects who are unable to lie still for the duration of the forearm study (up to 3 hours).
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
 
 
NCT01762774
114068
No
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Patient-level data for this study will be made available through www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com following the timelines and process described on this site.
GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
Not Provided
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
May 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP