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A Phase I/IIa Sporozoite Challenge Study to Assess the Efficacy of Candidate Combination Malaria Vaccine Approaches Using the ChAd63 and MVA Vectors Encoding the Antigens ME-TRAP, CS and AMA1

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01739036
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 30, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 11, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 28, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 30, 2012
Last Update Posted Date November 11, 2013
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2012)
The effectiveness of ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-CS and ChAd63-MVA AMA1 at preventing malaria infection. [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post challenge ]
To assess the efficacy of each of two combinations of heterologous prime-boost immunisation strategies:
  1. ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS
  2. ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS and ChAd63-MVA AMA1 Kaplan-Meier analysis of time to blood stage infection in vaccinees compared to unvaccinated control volunteers.
Comparison of the number of individuals who develop malaria infection between vaccinees and unvaccinated control volunteers.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2012)
The effectiveness of ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-CS and ChAd63-MVA AMA1 at preventing malaria infection. [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post challenge ]
To assess the efficacy of each of two combinations of heterologous prime-boost immunisation strategies:
  1. ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS
  2. ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS and ChAd63-MVA AMA1
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01739036 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 20, 2012)
Safety and immunogenicity of ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP, ChAd63-MVA CS, ChAd63-MVA AMA1. [ Time Frame: Up to 7 months post first vaccination ]
To assess the safety and immunogenicity of heterologous prime-boost immunisation of malaria-naïve individuals with ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS or with ChAd63-MVA CS plus ChAd63-MVA AMA1. The safety of the vaccine regimens will be assessed by analysing actively and passively collected data from clinical review of volunteers and laboratory measurements. The ability of the vaccines to induce malaria-specific immune responses immunogenicity) will be assessed by the following laboratory tests; (A) Interferon gamma ELISPOT. (B) Flow cytometry to measure T cell responses. Other laboratory investigations including microarray analysis may be performed.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2012)
Safety and immunogenicity of ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP, ChAd63-MVA CS, ChAd63-MVA AMA1. [ Time Frame: Up to 7 months post first vaccination ]
To assess the safety and immunogenicity of heterologous prime-boost immunisation of malaria-naïve individuals with ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS or with ChAd63-MVA CS plus ChAd63-MVA AMA1.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase I/IIa Sporozoite Challenge Study to Assess the Efficacy of Candidate Combination Malaria Vaccine Approaches Using the ChAd63 and MVA Vectors Encoding the Antigens ME-TRAP, CS and AMA1
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I/IIa Sporozoite Challenge Study to Assess the Efficacy of Candidate Combination Malaria Vaccine Approaches Using the ChAd63 and MVA Vectors Encoding the Antigens ME-TRAP, CS and AMA1
Brief Summary

This is an open label, multi-centre phase I/IIa sporozoite-challenge trial to assess the safety, immunogenicity and efficacy of two combination ChAd63-MVA heterologous prime-boost vaccination regimens. All volunteers recruited will be healthy, malaria naïve adults aged between 18 and 45 years.

To determine the efficacy of each of two combinations of heterologous prime-boost immunisation strategies:

  1. ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS
  2. ChAd63-MVA ME-TRAP combined with ChAd63-MVA CS and ChAd63-MVA AMA1

The study will be conducted at the University of Oxford's Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine (CCVTM), Oxford, UK and the Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility in Southampton, UK. The malaria challenge will take place at the insectary at Imperial College (Infection and Immunity Section) in London, UK.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: ChAd63 CS/ME-TRAP
    Mixture of ChAd63 CS 5 x 1010 vp and ChAd63 ME-TRAP 5 x 1010 vp. Intramuscular needle injection.
  • Biological: MVA CS/ME-TRAP
    Mixture of MVA CS 2 x 108 pfu and MVA ME-TRAP 2 x 108 pfu. Intramuscular needle injection.
  • Biological: ChAd63 CS/ME-TRAP/AMA1
    Mixture of ChAd63 CS 5 x 1010 vp, ChAd63 ME-TRAP 5 x 1010 vp, and ChAd63 AMA1 5 x 1010 vp. Intramuscular needle injection.
  • Biological: MVA CS/ME-TRAP/AMA1
    Mixture of MVA CS 1.33 x 108 pfu, MVA ME-TRAP 1.33 x 108 pfu, and MVA AMA1 1.33 x 108 pfu. Intramuscular needle injection.
  • Other: Controlled Human Malaria Infection Administered by Mosquito Bite
    Approximately three weeks post MVA dosing.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Group 4
    Unvaccinated control volunteers who undergo controlled human malaria infection.
    Intervention: Other: Controlled Human Malaria Infection Administered by Mosquito Bite
  • Active Comparator: Group 3
    Controlled human malaria infection administered at an interval of approximately 8-12 months after the initial controlled human malaria infection that the volunteers received in the VAC045 clinical trial.
    Intervention: Other: Controlled Human Malaria Infection Administered by Mosquito Bite
  • Active Comparator: Group 2
    Intramuscular administration of a mixture of ChAd63 ME-TRAP 5 x 1010 vp and ChAd63 CS 5 x 1010 vp and ChAd63 AMA1 5 x 1010 vp followed by intramuscular administration of a mixture of MVA ME-TRAP 1.33 x 108 pfu and MVA CS 1.33 x 108 pfu and MVA AMA1 1.33 x 108 pfu eight weeks later, followed by controlled human malaria infection 17-24 days later.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: ChAd63 CS/ME-TRAP/AMA1
    • Biological: MVA CS/ME-TRAP/AMA1
    • Other: Controlled Human Malaria Infection Administered by Mosquito Bite
  • Active Comparator: Group 1
    Intramuscular administration of a mixture of ChAd63 ME-TRAP 5 x 1010 vp and ChAd63 CS 5 x 1010 vp, followed by intramuscular administration of a mixture of MVA ME-TRAP 2 x 108 pfu and MVA CS 2 x 108 pfu eight weeks later, followed by controlled human malaria infection 17-24 days later.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: ChAd63 CS/ME-TRAP
    • Biological: MVA CS/ME-TRAP
    • Other: Controlled Human Malaria Infection Administered by Mosquito Bite
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2013)
48
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2012)
45
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date October 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years.
  • Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements.
  • Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner.
  • Women only: Must practice continuous effective contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study and for at least 3 years after the end of their involvement in the study.
  • Written informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Reachable (24/7) by mobile phone during the period between CHMI and completion of antimalarial treatment.
  • Willingness to take a curative anti-malaria regimen following CHMI.
  • For volunteers not living in Oxford: agreement to stay in a hotel room close to the trial centre during a part of the study (from at least day 6.5 post mosquito bite until anti-malarial treatment is completed).
  • Answer all questions on the informed consent quiz correctly.
  • Group 3 volunteers only: have been sterilely protected against malaria following CHMI after receiving ChAd63-MVA prime-boost vaccination in the VAC045 clinical trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of clinical malaria (any species).
  • Travel to a malaria endemic region during the study period or within the preceding six months with significant risk of malaria exposure.
  • Use of systemic antibiotics with known antimalarial activity within 30 days of CHMI (e.g. trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, doxycycline, tetracycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, fluoroquinolones and azithromycin)
  • Receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned receipt during the study period.
  • Prior receipt of an investigational malaria vaccine or any other investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data. For Group 3 participants, and Group 1 and 2 participants undergoing rechallenge, this exclusion criterion does not extend to the vaccines previously received for the VAC045 and VAC052 trials.
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Use of immunoglobulins or blood products within 3 months prior to enrolment.
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine (e.g. egg products, Kathon) or malaria infection.
  • Any history of anaphylaxis post vaccination.
  • History of clinically significant contact dermatitis.
  • History of sickle cell anaemia, sickle cell trait, thalassaemia or thalassaemia trait or any haematological condition that could affect susceptibility to malaria infection.
  • Pregnancy, lactation or intention to become pregnant during the study.
  • Use of medications known to cause prolongation of the QT interval or to otherwise have a potentially clinically significant interaction with Riamet
  • Any clinical condition known to prolong the QT interval
  • History of cardiac arrhythmia, including clinically relevant bradycardia
  • Disturbances of electrolyte balance, eg, hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia
  • Family history of congenital QT prolongation or sudden death
  • Contraindications to the use of all three proposed anti-malarial medications; Riamet, Malarone and Chloroquine.
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ).
  • History of serious psychiatric condition that may affect participation in the study.
  • Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision.
  • Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 units every week.
  • Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment.
  • Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV) with positive PCR for hepatitis C at screening.
  • An estimated, ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5%, as estimated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system.76
  • Positive family history in 1st and 2nd degree relatives < 50 years old for cardiac disease.
  • Volunteers unable to be closely followed for social, geographic or psychological reasons.
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on biochemistry or haematology blood tests, urinalysis or clinical examination.
  • Any other significant disease, disorder, or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01739036
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE VAC052
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University of Oxford
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Oxford
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Adrian V S Hill, MD University of Oxford
PRS Account University of Oxford
Verification Date November 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP