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Genetically Determined Response to Atenolol in Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01719367
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Matt Kolek, Vanderbilt University

October 29, 2012
November 1, 2012
November 2, 2016
January 2013
September 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Ventricular rate response during exercise. [ Time Frame: 1 day ]
After baseline vital signs and ECG are recorded, patients will be asked to perform a baseline standardized (modified Bruce) exercise protocol. Heart rate will be recorded during each stage of the exercise protocol. Patients will be asked to exercise to sub-maximal exertion. After the baseline exercise protocol, patients will be given a single dose of oral atenolol. After a two hour waiting period to allow for peak effect of atenolol, patients will repeat the exercise protocol. The primary study outcome measure will be the difference in pre- and post-atenolol ventricular rate response to exercise. The primary outcome measure will be compared in patients with various polymorphisms in genes that might play a role in the inter-individual response to atenolol.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01719367 on Archive Site
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Genetically Determined Response to Atenolol in Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
Genetically Determined Response to Atenolol in Patients With Persistent Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained heart rhythm disorder, is becoming increasingly prevalent in the Western world. The number of people with AF in the United States is projected to roughly double by the year 2050, to an estimated 6-12 million. For many patients with AF, rate control with atrioventricular (AV) node blockers is a widely accepted therapeutic strategy. These agents control heart rate, thus preventing symptoms and systolic heart failure associated with tachycardia due to a rapid ventricular response to AF. Beta-blockers are widely accepted as first line agents for rate control in AF, especially when patients have concomitant hypertension (HTN), coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathies, or heart failure (HF). As a class, beta-blockers are among the most commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications.

Among patients with AF treated with beta-blockers, the heart rate (HR) response varies substantially. Sometimes, adequate rate control can be achieved by titration of the beta-blocker dose; but frequently, additional AV nodal blockers and/or digoxin are necessary. In some cases, adequate rate control cannot be achieved even with the simultaneous use of multiple AV nodal blockers, necessitating mechanical ablation of the AV node and permanent pacemaker implantation.

Patient-specific variables that influence the response to beta-blockers include comorbid conditions, weight, age, and level of physical activity. Ethnic differences in the response to beta-blockers for the treatment of HTN and HF are well-described. However, the contribution of genetic variants to beta-blocker efficacy in AF is unknown. We propose to study, using a candidate gene approach, the effect of genetic variants on heart rate response to beta-blockade in patients with AF.

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Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Atrial Fibrillation
Drug: Atenolol
Experimental: Atenolol
Patients will undergo a standardized, graded exercise protocol before ank after receiving a dose of oral atenolol.
Intervention: Drug: Atenolol

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2016
September 2016   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Subjects must have a history of persistent AF currently treated with a rate control strategy.
  • Subjects should be willing to give written, informed consent.
  • Subjects must be willing and able to participate in the exercise protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure.
  • A history of heart failure induced by tachy-arrhythmia.
  • A history of coronary artery disease and the presence of at least one of the following:

    • Canadian Class III or IV angina.
    • Recent myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, or percutaneous coronary intervention within 6 months.
  • Severe renal or hepatic impairment.
  • Subjects who have a clinically significant allergy/intolerance to atenolol, including a history of beta-blocker induced bronchospasm.
  • Females who are pregnant or nursing.
  • History of severe AV node dysfunction/pacemaker dependence.
  • Subjects who have a systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg or resting VR <50 or >120 per minute on the day of the study.
  • Patients currently taking Vaughan-Williams Class I or III anti-arrhythmic drugs.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Kolek 01
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Matt Kolek, Vanderbilt University
Vanderbilt University
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Vanderbilt University
December 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP