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Aspirin Attenuates Inflammation in Human Cerebral Aneurysms

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01710072
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 18, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Hasan, University of Iowa

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 15, 2012
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 18, 2012
Last Update Posted Date May 29, 2015
Study Start Date  ICMJE August 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 16, 2012)
measurement of inflammatory biomarkers [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
At the end of treatment, Inflammatory biomarkers are used to assess the efficacy of treatment (aspirin)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01710072 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 16, 2012)
change in the signal intensity of MRI [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
at the end of the 3 months, the MRI signal intensity are measured and compared to the baseline
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Aspirin Attenuates Inflammation in Human Cerebral Aneurysms
Official Title  ICMJE Aspirin as a Promising Agent to Attenuate Inflammation in the Wall of Human Cerebral Aneurysms
Brief Summary

Hypothesis: aspirin attenuates inflammation in cerebral aneurysms and hence reduces the incidence of rupture. This effect can be monitored using the signal generated by macrophages (inflammatory biomarker) in ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI.

Study aims:

1. Determine if daily aspirin intake (for three months) would obliterate/reduce ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI signal changes generated by macrophages in cerebral aneurysm wall. Fifteen patients with cerebral aneurysms > 7 mm will be selected to enroll in this pilot study. 10 patients will be imaged at base line with ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI. Following that, they will take aspirin 81 mg daily and then re-imaged again at three months. This group will be compared to a control group of 5 patients where they will have the imagings studies performed at base line and at three months but will NOT take aspirin.

Detailed Description

If you are eligible to enroll in the study, you will be contacted by the principal investigator in person and he will describe the study in a private setting (neurosurgery clinic room or hospital patient room). You will be given ample opportunity to decide to participate or not.

You will be randomly assigned to receive one of the 2 study treatments, either taking aspirin or not. This means that whichever study treatment you receive will be determined purely by chance, like flipping a coin. You will have a 2 out of 3 chance of receiving the study treatment (aspirin). You will be told which study treatment arm you are on.

A 15 minute base line MRI of the brain will be performed initially. Following that, the medication (ferumoxytol) will be injected intravenously over 3 minutes. The second MRI of the brian will obtained 24 hours later. A third MRI will be obtained also at 72 hours following the injection of medication. Then after the third MRI, ten people will be chosen randomly to start aspirin every day for three months total. The selected aspirin group will be given 3-month supply of aspirin (81 mg). The other five patients will be asked to avoid any anti-inflammatory drugs (like aspirin, Advil, ibuprofen, …) if at all possible. Following an interval of three months, a repeat MRI of the brain will be done exactly as above (a base line MRI of the brain will be done, then the medication will be injected intravenously (IV). A second MRI will be obtained 24 hours later followed by another one at 72 hours later.

MRI scans:

An MRI scanner takes pictures of the inside of your brain. You will be asked to lie on your back on a special table that slides into the tube. The sides of the tube will be fairly close to your body and the scanner makes a loud hammering noise while you are inside. You will be able to talk to people in the room through a speaker system. We will monitor you closely while you are inside the scanner.

The MRI images for this study are not being used to evaluate your health. The images obtained for this study are for specific research purposes and are not being used to find medical abnormalities. These images will not be reviewed by a radiology physician to diagnose existing abnormalities.

Sequence of events:

  1. Informed consent will be obtained.
  2. Serum pregnancy test (if you are a female of child bearing age) and blood chemistry labs will be collected. If the results are positive, you will not be able to continue in the study.
  3. IV access will be inserted.
  4. 15-30 minutes base-line MRI will be performed
  5. The study medication, ferumoxytol, will be given to you via IV line immediately after the first MRI
  6. The second MRI will be obtained 24 hours later
  7. The third MRI will be obtained 72 hours following infusion of ferumoxytol.
  8. You will be selected randomly to either receive aspirin or not.
  9. Ten patients will be assigned to start taking aspirin (325mg) every day for 3 months.
  10. Five patients will be asked to avoid any anti-inflammatory drugs (like aspirin, Advil, ibuprofen…) for three months if all possible.
  11. At three months, another base-line MRI will be performed
  12. The study medication, ferumoxytol, will be given to you via IV line immediately after the first MRI
  13. The second MRI will be obtained 24 hours later
  14. The third MRI will be obtained 72 hours following infusion of ferumoxytol
  15. Study is finished

WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF THIS STUDY? What are the risks of the study? You may experience one or more of the risks indicated below from being in this study. In addition to these, there may be other unknown risks, or risks that we did not anticipate, associated with being in this study.

Aspirin:

1. Nausea 2. Vomiting 3. Stomachache/burn 3 Stomach pain suggestive of stomach ulcer 5. Black stool suggestive of rectal bleeding 6. Dizziness 7. Rash 8. Fever

Ferumoxytol:

  1. Diarrhea (4%),
  2. nausea (3.1%),
  3. dizziness (2.6%),
  4. hypotension (2.5%),
  5. constipation (2.1%),
  6. swelling of the legs, arms and/or face (2%),
  7. headache (1.8%),
  8. edema (1.5%),
  9. vomiting (1.5%),
  10. abdominal pain (1.3%),
  11. chest pain (1.3%),
  12. cough (1.3%),
  13. rash (1%),
  14. muscle spasm (1%),
  15. back pain (1%),
  16. hypertension (1%),
  17. shortness of breath (1%),
  18. itching (1%).
  19. life-threatening or severe allergic reaction that could lead to death

MRI Scan:

You may be uncomfortable inside the MRI scanner if you do not like to be in closed spaces ("claustrophobia"). During the procedure, you will be able to talk with the MRI staff through a speaker system. You can tell them to stop the scan at any time.

The MRI produces a loud hammering noise, which has produced hearing loss in a very small number of patients. You will be given earplugs to reduce this risk.

Loss of confidentiality:

1. your name, diagnosis, age, gender and potential treatment could be accessed by non-research team individuals.

Intravenous Catheter Insertion:

For this study you will need to have small amount of blood drawn for laboratory studies to make sure that it is safe for you to participate in the study. You will have an intravenous catheter (IV) placed peripherally (usually arm or hand) for infusion of the study drug, ferumoxytol. There are minimal risks associated with placement of the IV, including pain, bleeding, bruising, and infection at the IV site.

Women Capable of Becoming Pregnant If you are a woman who is capable of becoming pregnant, we will ask you to have a pregnancy test before beginning this study. You must use effective birth control methods and try not to become pregnant while participating in this study. If you become pregnant, there may be unknown risks to your fetus, or risks to your fetus that we did not anticipate, associated with being in the study. There may be long-term effects of the treatment being studied that could increase the risk of harm to an unborn child. If you believe or know you have become pregnant while participating in this research study, please contact David Hasan 319-384-8669 as soon as possible.

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF THIS STUDY? You will not benefit from being in this study.

However, we hope that, in the future, other people might benefit from this study because it may inform us if taking aspirin daily would help stabilize the aneurysm wall and reduce the risk of rupture.

WHAT OTHER TREATMENT OPTIONS ARE THERE?

Before you decide whether or not to be in this study, your doctor will discuss the other options that are available to you. Instead of being in this study, you could undergo microsurgical clipping of your aneurysm, have your aneurysm treated endovascularly by placing coils in the aneurysm sac, or just observe your aneurysm and monitored with imaging studies.

WILL IT COST ME ANYTHING TO BE IN THIS STUDY?

You will not have any additional costs for being in this research study. All the costs associated with MRIs and the injections will be covered by the study. There may be additional costs associated with travel to and from visits.

You and/or your medical/hospital insurance carrier will remain responsible for your regular medical care expenses.

WILL I BE PAID FOR PARTICIPATING?

You will not be given any direct compensation for being in this research study. However, the study will pay for any hotel accommodation that may be given should you need lodging between MRI visits.

WHO IS FUNDING THIS STUDY?

The University and the research team are receiving no payments from other agencies, organizations, or companies to conduct this research study.

WHAT IF I AM INJURED AS A RESULT OF THIS STUDY?

  • If you are injured or become ill from taking part in this study, medical treatment is available at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics.
  • The University of Iowa does not plan to provide free medical care or payment for treatment of any illness or injury resulting from this study unless it is the direct result of proven negligence by a University employee.
  • If you experience a research-related illness or injury, you and/or your medical or hospital insurance carrier will be responsible for the cost of treatment.

WHAT ABOUT CONFIDENTIALITY? We will keep your participation in this research study confidential to the extent permitted by law. However, it is possible that other people such as those indicated below may become aware of your participation in this study and may inspect and copy records pertaining to this research. Some of these records could contain information that personally identifies you.

  • federal government regulatory agencies,
  • the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
  • auditing departments of the University of Iowa, and
  • the University of Iowa Institutional Review Board (a committee that reviews and approves research studies)

To help protect your confidentiality, you will not be identified by name, social security number, address or phone number. The hard copy and electronic records will include a code number and initials. The list that matches your name with the code number will be kept in password protected computer file in Dr. Hasan's locked office. Also the hard copies of your study material will be kept in locked file cabinets in a locked office. If we write a report or article about this study or share the study data set with others, we will do so in such a way that you cannot be directly identified.

The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics generally requires that we document in your medical record chart that you are participating in this study. The information included in the chart will provide contact information for the research team as well as information about the risks associated with this study. We will keep this Informed Consent Document in our research files; it will not be placed in your medical record chart.

IS BEING IN THIS STUDY VOLUNTARY?

Taking part in this research study is completely voluntary. You may choose not to take part at all. If you decide to be in this study, you may stop participating at any time. If you decide not to be in this study, or if you stop participating at any time, you won't be penalized or lose any benefits for which you otherwise qualify.

What if I Decide to Drop Out of the Study?

If you decided to drop out of the study, you will not suffer any adverse consequences (physical, social, economic, legal or psychological).

Will I Receive New Information About the Study while Participating? If we obtain any new information during this study that might affect your willingness to continue participating in the study, we'll promptly provide you with that information.

Can Someone Else End my Participation in this Study? Under certain circumstances, the researchers might decide to end your participation in this research study earlier than planned. This might happen if your aneurysm ruptures or becomes symptomatic.

WHAT IF I HAVE QUESTIONS?

We encourage you to ask questions. If you have any questions about the research study itself, please contact: David Hasan, MD, 319-331-1459. If you experience a research-related injury, please contact:

David Hasan MD, 319-331-1459.

If you have questions, concerns, or complaints about your rights as a research subject or about research related injury, please contact the Human Subjects Office, 105 Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, 600 Newton Rd, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1098, (319) 335-6564, or e-mail irb@uiowa.edu. General information about being a research subject can be found by clicking "Info for Public" on the Human Subjects Office web site, http://research.uiowa.edu/hso. To offer input about your experiences as a research subject or to speak to someone other than the research staff, call the Human Subjects Office at the number above.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Condition  ICMJE The Focus of the Study is to Monitor MRI Signal Changes and Inflammatory Biomarkers With Use of Aspirin in Patients With Unruptured Cerebral Aneurysm
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: aspirin
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: aspirin
    aspirin 81 mg po every day
    Intervention: Drug: aspirin
  • No Intervention: no aspirin
Publications * Hasan DM, Chalouhi N, Jabbour P, Dumont AS, Kung DK, Magnotta VA, Young WL, Hashimoto T, Richard Winn H, Heistad D. Evidence that acetylsalicylic acid attenuates inflammation in the walls of human cerebral aneurysms: preliminary results. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Feb 22;2(1):e000019. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.112.000019.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 28, 2015)
11
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 16, 2012)
15
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age 18-80 years.
  2. Incidental (non-ruptured) IA ≥5 mm.
  3. Treating neurosurgeon and patient agree on observation period of 3 months before proceeding with treatment either endovascularly or by microsurgical clipping.
  4. Positive MRI signal change corresponding of ferumoxytol uptake is observed.
  5. No history of aspirin intake or NSAIDs for 4 weeks prior to enrolment.
  6. No current history of statin use.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with treated IAs (by coil embolization or surgical clipping) will be excluded.
  2. Patients presenting with ruptured intracranial IAs will also be excluded from the study, to avoid interfering with timely treatment of ruptured IAs.
  3. Children
  4. pregnant women
  5. persons with history of allergy or hypersensitivity to iron or dextran or iron-polysaccharide preparations
  6. patients requiring monitored anesthesia or intravenous (IV) sedation for MR imaging
  7. patients with contraindication to MRI
  8. patients with renal insufficiency, hepatic insufficiency or iron overload, 9. patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01710072
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 201108750
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party David Hasan, University of Iowa
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Iowa
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account University of Iowa
Verification Date May 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP