Orteronel Maintenance Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer and Non-progressive Disease After First-line Docetaxel Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01707966
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 16, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research

September 13, 2012
October 16, 2012
July 26, 2016
September 2012
September 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Event free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: At baseline; every 4 weeks until disease progression (estimated up to 1 year) ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01707966 on Archive Site
  • Adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Throughout treatment phase (estimated up to 1 year) until 30 days after last drug administration or prior to start of subsequent anticancer treatment (whichever occurs first) ]
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response (30%, 50%, 90% and best) [ Time Frame: PSA level at baseline and every 4 weeks until disease progression (estimated up to 1 year) ]
  • Time to PSA progression [ Time Frame: PSA level at baseline and every 4 weeks until disease progression (estimated up to 1 year) ]
  • Radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) [ Time Frame: Every 12 weeks until disease progression (estimated up to 1 year) ]
  • QL and pain response [ Time Frame: First 6 months of trial treatment ]
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: time from trial randomization to the date of death from any cause (estimated up to 4 years) ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Orteronel Maintenance Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer and Non-progressive Disease After First-line Docetaxel Therapy
Orteronel Maintenance Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer and Non-progressive Disease After First-line Docetaxel Therapy: a Multicenter Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Phase III Trial.
The main objective of this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial is to assess the impact of maintenance orteronel on disease progression and hence on quality of life in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have achieved at lease disease stabilization after first line chemotherapy with docetaxel.


One in six men will be diagnosed with cancer of the prostate during his lifetime. Accordingly, prostate cancer is the most common cancer amongst men in the western world. In Switzerland approximately 5'400 men are diagnosed with the disease and 1'300 die of prostate cancer every year. Prostate cancer represents 30% of all cancer diagnoses in men. Despite earlier detection and new treatments the life time risk to die of prostate cancer has remained stable at 3% since 1980.

Metastatic prostate cancer is hormone-sensitive and therefore androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the treatment of choice. Yet, virtually all patients with metastatic prostate cancer progress on androgen deprivation therapy (so called castration-resistant prostate cancer: CRPC). Further hormonal manipulations are often administered (e.g. maximal androgen blockade with addition of a non-steroidal antiandrogen such as bicalutamide), however these interventions have only modest impact. Metastatic CRPC (mCRPC) that progresses despite these therapies is nowadays treated with docetaxel-based chemotherapy. In a phase III trial, treatment of mCRPC patients with docetaxel in combination with low dose prednisone resulted in a significant survival advantage in comparison to the previous standard of care of mitoxantrone plus prednisone. Moreover docetaxel treatment improved response rate, progression free survival and symptom control.

The current standard of care in patients with disease stabilization after first line chemotherapy with docetaxel is a wait-and-watch strategy, where patients are regularly examined in the hospital every 3-4 weeks. A second line chemotherapy in patients with mCRPC was not standardized until recently. However, two trials presented in 2010 have changed the landscape: the novel taxane cabazitaxel was tested in a phase III trial against mitoxantrone as a second line chemotherapy in patients progressing under or after docetaxel. There was a significant improvement in overall survival, progression free survival and response rate. Most of the included patients had experienced disease progression during or within three months of docetaxel first line treatment. Cabazitaxel was associated with increased toxicity including 5% toxic deaths. Another randomized phase III trial using abiraterone in patients with progression after docetaxel showed a significant improvement in overall survival and pain palliation. Abiraterone belongs to a group of agents that very effectively inhibits the androgen synthesis via blockade of the key enzyme cytochrome P-450c17 (CYP17).

The new drug orteronel (TAK-700) belongs to the same group of active substances as abiraterone. Orteronel is currently the subject of a large international Phase III study in patients with metastatic carcinoma of the prostate and progression of disease following docetaxel. Initial results have shown that orteronel effectively inhibits testosterone synthesis and, in contrast to abiraterone, has fewer side effects.


CYP17 inhibitors are active and well tolerated agents for treatment of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. However, despite its activity patients become resistant to this new form of antihormonal treatment and hence develop further progression after a median of approximately 6 months. In that case, the options are very limited as outlined above.

In all reported post-docetaxel trials and in the large phase III trials, patients start on the CYP17 inhibitor treatment at the time of disease progression. Trials examining other advanced malignant diseases such as lung cancer have shown that initiating an effective treatment earlier in the disease course at the end of a first-line chemotherapy (so called switch maintenance therapy) is beneficial in terms of progression free survival (PFS) but also overall survival (OS). This may also hold true for early administration of antihormonal agents in patients with mCRPC.

Therefore, the aim of this trial is to test the hypothesis that starting orteronel after disease stabilization with docetaxel prolongs event-free survival (EFS), consequently maintains a good quality of life (QL) and eventually also improves OS.

Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Prostate Cancer
  • Drug: Orteronel
    Other Name: TAK-700
  • Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Orteronel and best supportive care
    Arm A: 300mg Orteronel twice daily and best supportive care until occurrence of an event.
    Intervention: Drug: Orteronel
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo and best supportive care
    Arm B: Placebo twice daily and best supportive care until occurrence of an event.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2016
September 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has given voluntary written informed consent
  • Male patient 18 years or older
  • WHO performance status of ≤2
  • Adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Castration resistance: tumor progression after orchiectomy or during treatment with GnRH analogues
  • Metastatic disease, radiographically documented (
  • Total testosterone ≤ 50 ng/dL
  • Non-progressive disease after docetaxel first-line treatment with a cumulative dose ≥ 300mg/m2

    • No evidence of progression on imaging according to PCWG2 and modified RECIST 1.1 criteria
    • PSA levels not elevated ≥ 25% AND at least 2 ng/mL above the nadir since start of docetaxel treatment
  • Non-surgically castrated patient agrees on ongoing use of GnRH analogues (agonists or antagonists) during the trial
  • PSA ≥ 2 ng/mL; Potassium ≥ 3.5 mmol/L; Neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 109/L; Platelets ≥ 100 x 10x9/L
  • Normal kidney and liver function
  • Planned start of trial treatment 3 to 6 weeks after last docetaxel administration
  • Screening calculated ejection fraction of ≥ 50% or normal according to local standard by echocardiogram or by multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan.
  • Baseline QL questionnaire completed
  • Patient is able and willing to swallow study drug as whole tablet
  • Patient compliance and geographic proximity allow proper staging and follow-up
  • Patient agrees to practice effective barrier contraception or to completely abstain from intercourse

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior therapy with aminoglutethimide, ketoconazole, orteronel, abiraterone or other modern CYP17 inhibitors
  • Prior chemotherapy for prostate cancer within 12 months before enrollment except from docetaxel
  • Retreatment with docetaxel after interruption of > 5 weeks
  • Concurrent disease requiring higher doses of corticosteroid than the equivalent of 10 mg prednisone per day
  • Known hypersensitivity to trial drug or hypersensitivity to any of its components
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs within 30 days before enrollment
  • Presence of a small cell component in histological specimen
  • Radiotherapy within the last 2 weeks before expected start of the trial treatment
  • Known history of central nervous system (CNS) or spinal cord metastases
  • Current spinal cord compression
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years of registration, with the exception of complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or any in situ malignancies
  • History of myocardial infarction, unstable symptomatic ischemic heart disease, ongoing arrhythmias of Grade ≥ 3 (NCI CTCAE version 4.0) or thromboembolic events (e.g., deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or symptomatic cerebrovascular events) within 6 months prior to first dose of study drug. Chronic stable atrial fibrillation on stable anticoagulant therapy is allowed
  • New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure
  • ECG abnormalities of:

    • Q-wave infarction, unless identified ≥ 6 months prior to registration
    • QTc interval > 460 msec
  • Uncontrolled hypertension despite appropriate medical therapy
  • Likely inability (e.g. due to a psychiatric disorder) to understand information on trial related topics, to give informed consent, to comply with the protocol, to fill in QL forms and to cooperate fully with the investigator and site personnel
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the GI absorption or tolerance of orteronel
  • Known active chronic hepatitis B or C, life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer, or any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with participation in this study
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
SAKK 08/11
2011-002965-39 ( EudraCT Number )
Not Provided
Plan to Share IPD: No
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
Not Provided
Study Chair: Richard Cathomas, MD Kantonsspital Graubünden
Study Chair: Silke Gillessen, Prof Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen
Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research
July 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP